Presentation on theme: "PREPRECEP TS OF THE CATHOLIC CATHOLIC CHURCH PRECEPTS OF THE CATHOLIC CHURCH."— Presentation transcript:
PREPRECEP TS OF THE CATHOLIC CATHOLIC CHURCH PRECEPTS OF THE CATHOLIC CHURCH
What does it mean to be a good Catholic? What is a Catholic in good standing? What exactly is a practicing Catholic? This evening our goal is to answer thoroughly these questions and thus aid you in becoming an informed Catholic in good standing.
THE CHURCH, MOTHER/TEACHER THE PRECEPTS of the CHURCH –Catechism –Cannon Law –Scripture MORAL LIFE AND MISSIONARY WITNESS
CHURCH MOTHER AND TEACHER “And I tell you, you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my church, and the gates of the netherworld shall not prevail against it. I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven, and whatever you bind on earth shall be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven." (Mt 16:18-19). The Roman Pontiff and the Bishops, as authentic teachers, preach to the people of God the Faith which is to be believed and applied in moral life. It is also encumbent on then to pronounce on moral questions that fall within the natural law and reason. (CCC 2050)
CHURCH MOTHER AND TEACHER Although I hope to come to you soon, I am writing you these instructions so that, if I am delayed, you will know how people ought to conduct themselves in God's household, which is the church of the living God, the pillar and foundation of the truth. (1 TIM: 14-15) The moral life is also spiritual worship. Christian activity finds its nourishment in the liturgy and the celebration of the Sacraments. (CCC 2047)
“The precepts of the Church are set in the context of a moral life bound to and nourished by liturgical life. The obligatory character of those positive laws decreed by the pastoral authorities is meant to guarantee to the faithful the indispensable minimum in the spirit of prayer and moral effort, in the growth in love of God and neighbor:” PRECEPTS? (CCC 2041)
The first precept “You shall attend Mass on Sundays and holy days of obligation.” requires the faithful to participate in the Eucharistic celebration when the Christian community gathers together on the day commemorating the Resurrection of the Lord. (CCC 2042)
CANON LAW Book IV CHAPTER I : FEAST DAYS Can ß1 The Lord's Day, on which the paschal mystery is celebrated, is by apostolic tradition to be observed in the universal Church as the primary holyday of obligation. In the same way the following holydays are to be observed: the Nativity of Our Lord Jesus Christ, the Epiphany, the Ascension of Christ, the feast of the Body and Blood of Christ, the feast of Mary the Mother of God, her Immaculate Conception, her Assumption, the feast of St Joseph, the feast of the Apostles SS Peter and Paul, and the feast of All Saints. Can On Sundays and other holydays of obligation, the faithful are obliged to assist at Mass. They are also to abstain from such work or business that would inhibit the worship to be given to God, the joy proper to the Lord's Day, or the due relaxation of mind and body. Can ß1 The obligation of assisting at Mass is satisfied wherever Mass is celebrated in a catholic rite either on a holyday itself or on the evening of the previous day.
Imagine how much it must hurt Jesus if we do not love Him enough even to participate at Mass on Sunday; after all, He suffered to give us the Mass. The Holy Sacrifice of the Mass is prefigured in Gen 14:18-19; 22:13. It is foretold in Malachi 1:11. It was instituted by Christ in Mt 26:26-30, Mk 14:22-26, Lk 22:14-20, Jn 6. Ho1y Mass is attested to in 1Cor 10:16-21; Heb 13:10.
The second precept “You shall confess your sins at least once a year.” ensures preparation for the Eucharist by the reception of the sacrament of reconciliation, which continues Baptism's work of conversion and forgiveness. (CCC 2042) This means we are strictly obliged to make a good confession within the year, if we have a mortal sin to confess. However, anyone who lets confession go for a whole year IS IN DANGER OF FALLING INTO MORTAL SIN.
CANON LAW CHAPTER III : THE PENITENT Can. 987 In order that the faithful may receive the saving remedy of the sacrament of penance, they must be so disposed that, repudiating the sins they have committed and having the purpose of amending their lives, they turn back to God. Can. 988 ß1 The faithful are bound to confess, in kind and in number, all grave sins committed after baptism, of which after careful examination of conscience they are aware, which have not yet been directly pardoned by the keys of the Church, and which have not been confessed in an individual confession. Can. 989 All the faithful who have reached the age of discretion are bound faithfully to confess their grave sins at least once a year.
We need the help of frequent confession to keep out of sin. Frequent confession greatly helps us to overcome temptation, to keep in the state of grace, and to grow in virtue. Always remember, this is a great gift given to us by our Lord. He breathed on the Apostles and said 'Receive the Holy Spirit. Whose sins you forgive are forgiven, whose you hold bound are held bound." (John 20:22-23.) Did Jesus give the Apostles the ability to read minds? No! He must have meant for people to confess their sins to the Apostles. Biblical references: Mt 16:19; 18:18; 2Cor 5:18-20
The third precept “You shall humbly receive your Creator in Holy Communion at least during the Easter season.” guarantees as a minimum the reception of the Lord’s Body and Blood in connection with the paschal feasts, the origin and center of the Christian liturgy. (CCC 2042)
CANON LAW ARTICLE 2: PARTICIPATION IN THE BLESSED EUCHARIST Can. 915 Those upon whom the penalty of excommunication or interdict has been imposed or declared, and others who obstinately persist in manifest grave sin, are not to be admitted to holy communion. Can. 916 Anyone who is conscious of grave sin may not celebrate Mass or receive the Body of the Lord without previously having been to sacramental confession, unless there is a grave reason and there is no opportunity to confess; in this case the person is to remember the obligation to make an act of perfect contrition, which includes the resolve to go to confession as soon as possible. Can. 920 ß1 Once admitted to the blessed Eucharist, each of the faithful is obliged to receive holy communion at least once a year. ß2 This precept must be fulfilled during paschal time, unless for a good reason it is fulfilled at another time during the year.
Anyone who receives Communion only once a year is in danger of falling into mortal sin. Communion is food for the soul. Eating only once a year is certainly starvation. Even once a month is not often, and the result frequently is that the soul starves to death, death being mortal sin. The Easter season in the United States begins on the First Sunday of Lent and ends on Trinity Sunday.
The Holy Eucharist was prophesied in Malachi 1:11. It states: "For from the rising of the sun, even to its setting! My name is great among the nations, and everywhere they bring sacrifice to my name, and a pure offering, for great is My name among the nations says the Lord of hosts“ The Council of Trent defined this "pure sacrifice" as the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass, in which the Body and Blood of Christ, the same flesh that hung on the Cross says Saint Ignatius of Antioch are confected.
The Holy Eucharist was prefigured in Exodus 16:15. It states: "On, seeing it, the Israelites asked one another, 'what is it?' For they did not know what it was. But Moses told them, 'This is the bread which the Lord has given you to eat.'“
In chapter 6 of St. John's Gospel it clearly points out that the Eucharist is in fact the Body and Blood of Christ. "Whoever eats My Body and drinks My Blood has eternal life." Were these words spoken by our Redeemer merely symbolic or metaphorical? Then why did the other disciples leave Him? Mosaic law strictly forbids the Jews from taking any blood or fat. Did Jesus deceive them? No! He meant what He said. "Unless you eat My Body and drink My Blood there is no life within you." This is the greatest gift Our Lord left His Church.
The fourth precept “You shall keep holy the holy days of obligation.” completes the Sunday observance by participation in the principal liturgical feasts which honor the mysteries of the Lord, the Virgin Mary, and the Saints. (CCC 2043) In addition it bows to the authority of the Bishop of each particular church to act in the role of apostle to the flock that he shepherds.
CANON LAW Can ß1 Only the supreme ecclesiastical authority can establish, transfer or suppress holydays or days of penance which are applicable to the universal Church, without prejudice to the provisions of Can ß2. ß2 Diocesan Bishops can proclaim special holydays or days of penance for their own dioceses or territories, but only for individual occasions.
CATECHISM REFERENCE The fifth precept “You shall observe the prescribed days of fasting and abstinence.” ensures the times of ascesis (self-denial) and penance which prepare us for the liturgical feasts, they help us acquire mastery over our instincts and freedom of heart. (CCC 2043) The Church obliges us to abstain from servile work on Sundays and Holy Days of obligation.
CANON LAW Can. 919 ß1 Whoever is to receive the blessed Eucharist is to abstain for at least one hour before holy communion from all food and drink, with the sole exception of water and medicine. CHAPTER II : DAYS OF PENANCE Can All Christ's faithful are obliged by divine law, each in his or her own way, to do penance. However, so that all may be joined together in a certain common practice of penance, days of penance are prescribed. On these days the faithful are in a special manner to devote themselves to prayer, to engage in works of piety and charity, and to deny themselves, by fulfilling their obligations more faithfully and especially by observing the fast and abstinence which the following canons prescribe.
CANON LAW Can The days and times of penance for the universal Church are each Friday of the whole year and the season of Lent. Can Abstinence from meat, or from some other food as determined by the Episcopal Conference, is to be observed on all Fridays, unless a solemnity should fall on a Friday. Abstinence and fasting are to be observed on Ash Wednesday and Good Friday.
CANON LAW Can The law of abstinence binds those who have completed their fourteenth year. The law of fasting binds those who have attained their majority (18), until the beginning of their sixtieth year. Pastors of souls and parents are to ensure that even those who by reason of their age are not bound by the law of fasting and abstinence, are taught the true meaning of penance. Can The Episcopal Conference can determine more particular ways in which fasting and abstinence are to be observed. In place of abstinence or fasting it can substitute, in whole or in part, other forms of penance, especially works of charity and exercises of piety.
Fast and Abstinence Fasting consists of one full meal, with meat, if desired. Along with two other meals without meat, sufficient to maintain one's strength; the quantity of the two, when added up, should be less than a full meal. No in-between meal snacks. A day of abstinence is a day on which we are not allowed the use of meat or fowl. On a day of partial abstinence we may eat meat only once.
The Bishops of the United States have enacted Cannon 1253 for all Fridays outside of the Lenten season. We as Catholics in the United States are obliged on all Fridays outside the Lenten season to “substitute, in whole or in part, other forms of penance, especially works of charity and exercises of piety.”
SCRIPTURE REFERENCES The merits of fasting are found in: Jer 35:14-19; Jon 3:7-9; Jd 4:8; 8:6; 1Sam 31:13; 2Sam 1:12; Mt 6:17; Lk 2:37 Fasting has been practiced by God’s servants: 1Esdras 8:23; 2Esdras 1:4; Daniel 10:3 Fasting moves God to mercy: Jonah 3:5-10 Fasting is of great efficacy against the devil: Mt 9:15; Mk 2:20; Lk 5:35; Acts 13:3; 14:22; 2Cor 6:5; 11:27. Fasting is an obligation: Joel 2:12; Tobit 2:8; Mt 6:16; Mk 2:20; Lk 2:36; 5:35; Acts 13:2; 14:22, Rom 13:3; 2Cor 6:5; 1:27; Eph 5:18; 1Thes. 5:6; 1Peter 1:13; 5:8. Christ fasted 40 days: Matthew 4:2
CATECHISM REFERENCE The faithful also have the duty of providing for the material needs of the Church, each according to his abilities. This means simply that each and every one of us is obliged to bear his fair share of the financial burden of the Holy See, of the Diocese, and of the parish. (CCC 2043)
CANON LAW Can. 222 ß1 Christ's faithful have the obligation to provide for the needs of the Church, so that the Church has available to it those things which are necessary for divine worship, for apostolic and charitable work and for the worthy support of its ministers. ß2 They are also obliged to promote social justice and, mindful of the Lord's precept, to help the poor from their own resources.
TITHING The Catholic Encyclopedia states: The practice whereby a tenth of one's income or goods are given to the support of and extension of the Christian cause is called tithing.. It is derived from the old English word teotha, meaning "a tenth" this practice has been supported by Jewish law (Dt.14:22) and by New Testament interpretation (2 Corinth 8: 2-6; James 2:17).
Tithing however needs much understanding because of the varying economic standards, the distribution of goods, taxes, and the commitment to alms for social purposes apart from the needs of the Church in fulfilling its mission. It is evident that the message of Christ cannot become universal without the means of accomplishing this work. Nor can works of charity be extended without economic generosity.
The Church teaches that each person, according to his or her means, is to give so that there will be an "upbuildinq of the Body of Christ.” Therefore, I urge you, brothers, in view of God's mercy, to offer your bodies as living sacrifices, holy and pleasing to God--this is your spiritual act of worship. (ROM 12: 1) For some a tenth may be too small, for others impossible, for everyone too arbitrary. Hence, it is according to the conscience of each to do all they can.
SCRIPTURE REFERENCES The motivation is not only self-respect and esteem, but the very feeling of accomplishment. [See Leviticus 25:23; 1Chronicles 29:14 Psalm 24:1; Lk 16:1-8; 6:38; Mt 25:23; Galatians 6:2]. Biblical references: Genesis 14:20, 28:22; Exodus 22:20, Leviticus. 27:30-34.
MORAL LIFE AND MISSIONARY WITNESS Because they are members of the Body whose Head is Christ, Christians contribute to building up the Church by the constancy of their convictions and their moral lives. The Church increases, grows, and develops through the Holiness of her faithful, until "we all attain to the unity of the faith and of the knowledge of the Son of God, to mature manhood, to the measure of the stature of the fullness of Christ.“ (CCC 2045; Ephesian: 1:22 and 4:13).
MORAL LIFE AND MISSIONARY WITNESS Christians have to walk the walk –Precepts are a minimum –Absence makes the heart FORGET/AVOID –Examples are the best teacher –Responsibilities change with age/lifestyle TO WALK THE WALK REQUIRES A FIRST STEP