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Upper Room Experience Metro Tabernacle Presenter: Yee Tham Wan 6 th July, 2008.

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Presentation on theme: "Upper Room Experience Metro Tabernacle Presenter: Yee Tham Wan 6 th July, 2008."— Presentation transcript:

1 Upper Room Experience Metro Tabernacle Presenter: Yee Tham Wan 6 th July, 2008

2 PENTECOSTALISM TODAY Years ago: “the last vomit of Satan” Years ago: “the last vomit of Satan” Recently: “3rd Force of Christianity” Recently: “3rd Force of Christianity” NOW: NOW: Our experience at the Azusa Street CentenaryOur experience at the Azusa Street Centenary Est. 600 million Pentecostal- Charismatics; 1 in every 10 persons on earth today!!Est. 600 million Pentecostal- Charismatics; 1 in every 10 persons on earth today!! But, who are the Pentecostals?? But, who are the Pentecostals??

3 Diversity in Modern “Pentecostalism” Pentecostalism Historical Diversity Historical Diversity Classical Pentecostals (North American)Classical Pentecostals (North American) Charismatics & “Renewal” MovementsCharismatics & “Renewal” Movements Post-denominational (“Apostolic) GroupsPost-denominational (“Apostolic) Groups Theological Diversity Theological Diversity Subsequence/Actualization TheologiesSubsequence/Actualization Theologies “Four-fold”/”Five-fold”“Four-fold”/”Five-fold” Keswickian & Baptistic / Wesleyan & HolinessKeswickian & Baptistic / Wesleyan & Holiness Geographical/Cultural Diversity Geographical/Cultural Diversity Latino PentecostalsLatino Pentecostals African Indigenous ChurchesAfrican Indigenous Churches Chinese House ChurchesChinese House Churches Other Indigenous MovementsOther Indigenous Movements Korean PentecostalsKorean Pentecostals

4 Defining Pentecostalism Historically Defined: as a historical movement Historically Defined: as a historical movement Theologically Defined: as a belief structure Theologically Defined: as a belief structure Hermeneutically Defined: as a Biblical norm Hermeneutically Defined: as a Biblical norm Eccelesiastically Defined: as a Christian Church/Sect/Denomination Eccelesiastically Defined: as a Christian Church/Sect/Denomination Culturally Defined: as a worldview Culturally Defined: as a worldview Liturgically Defined: as a worship form Liturgically Defined: as a worship form Vocationally Defined: as a prophetic voice Vocationally Defined: as a prophetic voice GLOSSOLALIA: the distinctive issue GLOSSOLALIA: the distinctive issue An Integrative Approach: “world view” & “spirituality An Integrative Approach: “world view” & “spirituality

5 Elements of History IDEAS IDEAS INDIVIDUALS INDIVIDUALS INSTITUTIONS INSTITUTIONS

6 Philosophies of Church History: Suggestions from Bill Menzies: 4 ways to relate present church with the apostolic church Roman Catholic View Roman Catholic View Reformed View Reformed View Restorationist View Restorationist View Pentecostal View Pentecostal View

7 APOSTOLIC CHURCH Roman Catholic View Continuity and Development Continuity and Development Church Age is the Millenium TODAY’S CHURCH

8 APOSTOLIC CHURCH Reformed View Discontinuity and Degeneration Discontinuity and Degeneration Partial Recovery (16th C Reformation) TODAY’S CHURCH

9 APOSTOLIC CHURCH Restorationist View E.g. Churches of Christ & Mormons E.g. Churches of Christ & Mormons Restoration TODAY’S CHURCH Apostasy

10 APOSTOLIC CHURCH Pentecostal View Continuity despite Degeneration Continuity despite Degeneration Full Recovery TODAY’S CHURCH Continuity Degeneration Revivals

11 Overview of Church History 30-95 Apostolic Age 30-95 Apostolic Age 95-590 Ancient Church (The Fathers) 95-590 Ancient Church (The Fathers) 590-1500 Medieval Age 590-1500 Medieval Age 1500-1650 Reformation Era 1500-1650 Reformation Era 1650-1800 Enlightenment 1650-1800 Enlightenment 1800-1990 Modern Church 1800-1990 Modern Church 1990- “Post-Modern” Period 1990- “Post-Modern” Period

12 Some Pentecostal Antecedents Montanism – 2 nd C Montanism – 2 nd C Albigensians (Southern France) Albigensians (Southern France) Waldensians (Northern Italy) Waldensians (Northern Italy) English Quakers English Quakers Irvingites (Catholic Apostolic Church) Irvingites (Catholic Apostolic Church) Fundamentalism Fundamentalism Holiness & “Higher Life” Movements Holiness & “Higher Life” Movements There were at least 20 “Pentecostal-type” revivals between the periods of the NT church and the modern church. But, all of them died down after a while...

13 How/Why Revivals Die Out Natural Cycle (Institutionalisation) Natural Cycle (Institutionalisation) Heresy & Fanaticism (Humanisation) Heresy & Fanaticism (Humanisation) Put out by Establishment Put out by Establishment Self-fulfilling prophecies through isolation Self-fulfilling prophecies through isolation ???? Why has the Modern Pentecostal-Charismatic Movement lasted so long ??? ???? Why has the Modern Pentecostal-Charismatic Movement lasted so long ???

14 Recent Antecedents to the Modern Pentecostal/Charismatic Movement (Fundamentalist-Modernist Controversy) (Fundamentalist-Modernist Controversy) Welsh Revival Welsh Revival Korean (Pyongyang) Revival Korean (Pyongyang) Revival Indian (Panditha Ramabai) Revival Indian (Panditha Ramabai) Revival Methodism and Holiness Movement Methodism and Holiness Movement Keswick Convention and “Higher Life” Movement Keswick Convention and “Higher Life” Movement Irvingites (1830) Irvingites (1830)

15 The Modern Pentecostal Movement The Topeka, Kansas Revival – The Foundation for Modern Pentecostal Awareness (1901) The Topeka, Kansas Revival – The Foundation for Modern Pentecostal Awareness (1901) The Azusa Street, L.A. Revival – The Spread of Pentecostalism (1906) The Azusa Street, L.A. Revival – The Spread of Pentecostalism (1906) Charismatic Renewal Movement (1960) Charismatic Renewal Movement (1960) Catholic Charismatic Movement (1967) Catholic Charismatic Movement (1967) Recent Pockets of Pentecostal/Charismatic Revivals; e.g. Toronto, Pensacola, etc. Recent Pockets of Pentecostal/Charismatic Revivals; e.g. Toronto, Pensacola, etc. Globalization of the Modern Pentecostal/Charismatic Movement Globalization of the Modern Pentecostal/Charismatic Movement

16 Pre-Pentecostals Panditha Ramabai of India. A Pentecostal outpouring took place in the girls’ home she led. Evan Roberts, leader of the Welsh Revival Contemporary scholars are now more inclined to see the possibility of a global Pentecostalism. Edward Irving, founder of the “Irvingites”

17 Topeka Picture Gallery Alexander Dowie, founder of Zion Healing City, had been one of those who influenced Charles Parham. Charles Fox Parham gave doctrinal foundation for Pentecostalism Agnes Ozman is remembered as the first person in modern recorded history to speak in tongues.

18 Azusa Picture Gallery William Seymour, leader of the Azusa Revival Azusa was a revival that crossed the “color line.”

19 Terminology Orthodox (Eastern Church) Orthodox (Eastern Church) Catholic (Western Church) Catholic (Western Church) Protestants Protestants Fundamentals Fundamentals Modernists/Liberals Modernists/Liberals Evangelicals Evangelicals Pentecostals Pentecostals Charismatics Charismatics Pentecostal-Charismatic Movement Pentecostal-Charismatic Movement

20 Figures of Speech to Describe Pentecostal History “Roots” (e.g. Hollenweger, Synan) “Roots” (e.g. Hollenweger, Synan) Wesleyan/Holiness & Keswickian/BaptisticWesleyan/Holiness & Keswickian/Baptistic Roman CatholicRoman Catholic Black AfricanBlack African “Waves” (e.g. Wagner, Barrat, Pawson) “Waves” (e.g. Wagner, Barrat, Pawson) 1 st wave: Classical Pentecostals (1900)1 st wave: Classical Pentecostals (1900) 2 nd wave: Charismatic Renewal (1960)2 nd wave: Charismatic Renewal (1960) 3 rd wave: Evangelicals (1980)3 rd wave: Evangelicals (1980) 4 th wave: Independent mega-churches??4 th wave: Independent mega-churches?? “Streams” (e.g. Hocken) “Streams” (e.g. Hocken) To culminate with entry of Messianic ChristianityTo culminate with entry of Messianic Christianity

21 Hollenweger’s Roots

22 Early AG History 1914-1927 Formative Stage 1914-1927 Formative Stage 1927-1941 Simplistic Growth 1927-1941 Simplistic Growth 1941-1953 Analytical Development 1941-1953 Analytical Development 1953-1970’s Established Mainstream 1953-1970’s Established Mainstream 1970’s-present... 1970’s-present...

23 DISTINCTIVES OF PENTECOSTAL THEOLOGY “Cardinal” Doctrines “Cardinal” Doctrines Four-foldFour-fold Five-foldFive-fold Baptism in the Holy Spirit: Baptism in the Holy Spirit: SeparabilitySeparability SubsequenceSubsequence Evidential TonguesEvidential Tongues

24 Azusa Street: “Five-Fold” First Work – Justification is that act of God’s free grace by which we receive remission of sins... Second Work – Sanctification is the second work of grace and the last work (emphasis mine) of grace. Sanctification is that act of God’s free grace by which He makes us holy... Too many have confused the grace of Sanctification with the enduement of Power, or the Baptism of the Holy Ghost;... The Holy Spirit Baptism is a gift of power upon the sanctified life... Healing – We must believe that God is able to heal.

25 POSITIVE Classical Pentecostals & Charismatics Episcopalian – Dennis Bennet Presbyterian – Rodman Williams Baptist – Howard Ervin NEGATIVE Reformed Augustine Calvin B. B. Warfield Lutheran Stolee (still remembers the extremes of left wing of Reformation e.g. Munster) Dispensationalists Logical conclusion MEDIATING “Impossible” “Possible” “Normal” “Normative” Most evangelicals e.g. Billy Graham e.g. C&MA “Seek not, forbid not” Actualization: 1. Sacramental(RCC) 2. Evangelicals (accommodate conversion- initiation) e.g. Arnold Bittlinger (RCC) and Michael Harper (Anglican)

26 TRADITIONAL “BIBLICAL” EXPLANATION FOR THE PENTECOSTAL EXPERIENCE Need to demonstrate three things: subsequence, separability and evidential tongues Need to demonstrate three things: subsequence, separability and evidential tongues Based on the 5 recorded Pentecostal outpourings in Acts: Based on the 5 recorded Pentecostal outpourings in Acts: Acts 2 – Day of PentecostActs 2 – Day of Pentecost Acts 8 – Samaritan RevivalActs 8 – Samaritan Revival Acts 9 – Paul’s BaptismActs 9 – Paul’s Baptism Acts 10 – Cornelius’ HouseholdActs 10 – Cornelius’ Household Acts 19 – Ephesian EldersActs 19 – Ephesian Elders

27 Pertinent Questions to ask What happened? What happened? When and where did it happen? When and where did it happen? Who were those involved? Who were those involved? How did it happen? How did it happen? Why did it happen? Why did it happen? SO WHAT?? SO WHAT??

28 Some Notable Features Holy Spirit Holy Spirit Mentioned in all episodesMentioned in all episodes Received by believers/disciples Received by believers/disciples From all representative groupsFrom all representative groups Impressive physical evidence Impressive physical evidence Prayer and Laying on of hands Prayer and Laying on of hands Welcomed by the Apostles Welcomed by the Apostles No mention of any opposition to the practice/experienceNo mention of any opposition to the practice/experience

29 Example of a Classical Pentecostal Doctrinal Statement This "Statement of Fundamental Truths" contains the 16 doctrines of the Assemblies of God. These are non-negotiable tenets of faith that all Assemblies of God churches adhere to. Four of these, Salvation, the Baptism in the Holy Spirit, Divine Healing, and the Second Coming of Christ are considered Cardinal Doctrines which are essential to the church's core mission of reaching the world for Christ. This "Statement of Fundamental Truths" contains the 16 doctrines of the Assemblies of God. These are non-negotiable tenets of faith that all Assemblies of God churches adhere to. Four of these, Salvation, the Baptism in the Holy Spirit, Divine Healing, and the Second Coming of Christ are considered Cardinal Doctrines which are essential to the church's core mission of reaching the world for Christ. Assemblies of God Statement of Fundamental Truths Assemblies of God Statement of Fundamental Truths

30 16 Fundamental Truths 1.The Scriptures Inspired 2.The One True God 3.The Deity of the Lord Jesus Christ 4.The Fall of Man 5.The Salvation of Man 6.The Ordinances of the Church 7.The Baptism in the Holy Ghost 8.The Initial Physical Evidence of the Baptism in the Holy Ghost – Speaking in tongues 9.Sanctification 10.The Church and Its Mission 11.The Ministry 12.Divine Healing 13.The Blessed Hope 14.The Millennial Reign of Christ 15.The Final Judgment 16.The New Heavens and the New Earth

31 Pentecostal “Distinctive” Word and Witness listed in the August 1912 issue eight benefits of tongues, indicating the high premium early Pentecostals place on the instrumentality of tongues in their spirituality: Tongues are a sign of faith Tongues are a sign of faith Tongues are a sign “that the gift of the Holy Spirit has been poured out upon the speaker” Tongues are a sign “that the gift of the Holy Spirit has been poured out upon the speaker” Tongues “bears witness to Jesus that he is at the right hand of God the Father. Tongues “bears witness to Jesus that he is at the right hand of God the Father. Tongues “is a benefit to the believer in talking to God” Tongues “is a benefit to the believer in talking to God” Tongues “is good... because the speaker ‘edifieth himself’” Tongues “is good... because the speaker ‘edifieth himself’” Tongues will edify the church if it is accompanied by interpretation Tongues will edify the church if it is accompanied by interpretation Tongues help our spirit worship and pray to God Tongues help our spirit worship and pray to God Tongues “are one of God’s signs whereby he miraculously speaks to unbelievers.” Tongues “are one of God’s signs whereby he miraculously speaks to unbelievers.”

32 Same Word & Witness article... “Yet, we never sought tongues nor fought tongues, and never tell others to seek tongues, as some falsely claim we do. Seek Jesus Christ to baptize you with the Spirit, and the result will be that you will be ‘filled with the Holy Ghost and begin to speak with tongues,’ for God is no respecter of persons.’” “Yet, we never sought tongues nor fought tongues, and never tell others to seek tongues, as some falsely claim we do. Seek Jesus Christ to baptize you with the Spirit, and the result will be that you will be ‘filled with the Holy Ghost and begin to speak with tongues,’ for God is no respecter of persons.’”

33 “Spirituality” vs. “Being Spiritual” “Spirituality” is relatively a new term to many Pentecostal believers who have all the while been more preoccupied with the whole concept of “being spiritual.” “Spirituality” is relatively a new term to many Pentecostal believers who have all the while been more preoccupied with the whole concept of “being spiritual.” “Being spiritual” involves actions like fasting, praying, speaking in tongues, operating the gifts of the spirit, raising hands while singing or praying and emotional attitudes like joy, sorrow, confidence, being comforted etc. “Being spiritual” involves actions like fasting, praying, speaking in tongues, operating the gifts of the spirit, raising hands while singing or praying and emotional attitudes like joy, sorrow, confidence, being comforted etc.

34 Definitions of Spirituality Spittler: “a cluster of acts and sentiments that are informed by the beliefs and values that characterize a specific religious community.” Spittler: “a cluster of acts and sentiments that are informed by the beliefs and values that characterize a specific religious community.” Albrecht: “the lived experience which actualizes a fundamental dimension of the human being, the spiritual dimension, that is the whole of one’s spiritual or religious experience, one’s beliefs, convictions, and patterns of thought, one’s emotions and behavior in respect to what is ultimate, or God.” Albrecht: “the lived experience which actualizes a fundamental dimension of the human being, the spiritual dimension, that is the whole of one’s spiritual or religious experience, one’s beliefs, convictions, and patterns of thought, one’s emotions and behavior in respect to what is ultimate, or God.” Robeck: “the giving of ourselves to God through both our beliefs and emotional attitudes, which ultimately influences our actions and values.” Robeck: “the giving of ourselves to God through both our beliefs and emotional attitudes, which ultimately influences our actions and values.”

35 WHY DO WE BEHAVE AS SUCH? The utmost importance of individual experience The utmost importance of individual experience The importance of the spoken (orality) The importance of the spoken (orality) The high esteem placed on spontaneity The high esteem placed on spontaneity An other-worldly tendency in which the eternal, the “up there” in heaven is more real than the present An other-worldly tendency in which the eternal, the “up there” in heaven is more real than the present The authority of the Bible as the basis of what we should experience. The authority of the Bible as the basis of what we should experience. Russell Spittler: “Spirituality, Pentecostal & Charismatic”

36 Richard Foster’s Celebration of Discipline Three spiritual disciplines: 1) the inward disciplines including meditation, prayer, fasting and study (pp. 13-66); 1) the inward disciplines including meditation, prayer, fasting and study (pp. 13-66); 2) the outward disciplines including simplicity, solitude, submission and service (pp. 69-122); and 2) the outward disciplines including simplicity, solitude, submission and service (pp. 69-122); and 3) the corporate disciplines include confession, worship, guidance and celebration (pp. 125-171) 3) the corporate disciplines include confession, worship, guidance and celebration (pp. 125-171)

37 “Crisis” & “Ascetic” Spirituality “Pentecostal” Crisis spirituality focus on crisis experiences focus on crisis experiences Gal 3:2-3, 5 e.g. Revivals, Baptism in the Holy Spirit “Evangelical” Ascetic spirituality focus on regimented disciplines focus on regimented disciplines 1Cor 9:24-27 e.g. Quiet Time, Fasting We need to have both...


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