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Understanding & Utilizing our Spiritual Gifts PMBC Summer Session Bible Study Instructor: Dr. Guy A. Williams, Sr.

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Presentation on theme: "Understanding & Utilizing our Spiritual Gifts PMBC Summer Session Bible Study Instructor: Dr. Guy A. Williams, Sr."— Presentation transcript:

1 Understanding & Utilizing our Spiritual Gifts PMBC Summer Session Bible Study Instructor: Dr. Guy A. Williams, Sr.

2 The Importance of Spiritual Gifts It is central to one’s identity as a ChristianIt is central to one’s identity as a Christian It is essential to fulfilling one’s destiny & purpose before GodIt is essential to fulfilling one’s destiny & purpose before God Their proper use is paramount to the will of God (individual & corporate)Their proper use is paramount to the will of God (individual & corporate) It is a key catalyst to Jesus’ Church’s growth, development & maturationIt is a key catalyst to Jesus’ Church’s growth, development & maturation It is an effective draw for the unsavedIt is an effective draw for the unsaved

3 The Importance of Spiritual Gifts Its appropriate use is extremely “profitable” (1 Tim. 3:17)Its appropriate use is extremely “profitable” (1 Tim. 3:17) It clearly depicts the Christian’s presentation of themselves to God as a “living sacrifice” (Rom. 12:1-2)It clearly depicts the Christian’s presentation of themselves to God as a “living sacrifice” (Rom. 12:1-2) It helps the believer see themselves in proper perspective before God (12:3)It helps the believer see themselves in proper perspective before God (12:3) –Not “too highly” –According to one’s “measure of faith”

4 New Blessings from a New Covenant Relationship Key New Testament PassagesKey New Testament Passages –Romans 12:6-8 –1 Corinthians –Ephesians 4:11 –1 Peter 4:10-11 Key WordsKey Words –“Spiritual things” (pneumatikon) – 1 Cor. 12:1 –“Gifts” (charisma) – Rom. 12:6; 1 Cor. 12:4, 9, 28, 30-31; 1 Pet. 4:10 –“Ministries” (diakonia) – Rom. 12:7

5 What is a Spiritual Gift “Extraordinary powers, distinguishing certain Christians and enabling them to serve the church of Christ, the reception of which is due to the power of divine grace operating in their souls by the Holy Spirit.” (J.H. Thayer)“Extraordinary powers, distinguishing certain Christians and enabling them to serve the church of Christ, the reception of which is due to the power of divine grace operating in their souls by the Holy Spirit.” (J.H. Thayer) “An ability given to an individual supernaturally by God through the Holy Spirit so that the recipient may utilize that ability to minister to the needs of the church, the body of Christ.” (T.A. Edgar)“An ability given to an individual supernaturally by God through the Holy Spirit so that the recipient may utilize that ability to minister to the needs of the church, the body of Christ.” (T.A. Edgar)

6 What is a Spiritual Gift? “A divinely ordained spiritual ability through which Christ enables His church to execute its task on earth.”“A divinely ordained spiritual ability through which Christ enables His church to execute its task on earth.” “Extraordinary endowments bestowed by the Holy Spirit sovereignty and undeservedly on believers as instruments for Christian service and church edification.”“Extraordinary endowments bestowed by the Holy Spirit sovereignty and undeservedly on believers as instruments for Christian service and church edification.” “A divinely bestowed ability given to every believer in Jesus Christ in order to serve the church.” (T. Evans)“A divinely bestowed ability given to every believer in Jesus Christ in order to serve the church.” (T. Evans)

7 Who are the Recipients of Spiritual Gifts? The born-again believer in Jesus Christ, at the point of salvationThe born-again believer in Jesus Christ, at the point of salvation –1 Corinthians 12:7, 11 –Ephesians 4:16 –1 Peter 4:10

8 What is/are the Purpose of Spiritual Gifts? A few examples:A few examples: –Mk. 16:17-20 – accompanying the preaching of the Gospel –Rom. 12:6-8 – ministries to be exercised –1 Cor. 14:22 – sign to unbelievers The Answer = “FOR THE COMMON GOOD... of all in the church” (1 Cor. 12:7)The Answer = “FOR THE COMMON GOOD... of all in the church” (1 Cor. 12:7) –All three members of the Holy Trinity are united on the divine purpose of the gifts (1 Cor. 12:4-6)

9 What is/are the Purpose of Spiritual Gifts? The Answer = “FOR THE COMMON GOOD... of all in the church” (1 Cor. 12:7)The Answer = “FOR THE COMMON GOOD... of all in the church” (1 Cor. 12:7) –To minister to the church to “build” spiritual maturity (Eph. 4:11-12) –To “serve one another... as good stewards” (1 Pet. 4:10)

10 What is/are the Purpose of Spiritual Gifts? Critical Priority:Critical Priority: –“... let all things be done for edification (to build up) – 1 Cor. 14:26 –“love” must be the principle motive and guiding means (1 Cor. 13:1-13) Never SelfNever Self –In no instance does the NT ever state that gifts were to be used for personal benefit (e.g., “teaching” or “helps” = others oriented)(e.g., “teaching” or “helps” = others oriented)

11 The Giver of Spiritual Gifts Fundamental premise:Fundamental premise: –All spiritual gifts are sovereignly given by God... according to His Will... according to His assessment of the recipient’s capacity and potential (1 Cor. 12:11; Rom. 12:3-8; cf. Matt. 25:14-30)

12 Does Spiritual Giftedness = Spiritual Maturity NO!NO! –As seen in the Corinthian context, though they had all the gifts (1:7), they were spiritually immature and carnal (3:1-3) –In almost every chapter, the apostle Paul had to deal with some manifestation of their spiritual infantilism Yet...Yet... –A spiritually mature believer is one who is being filled, led, guided, in fellowship with, empowered by, and flowing in their spiritual giftedness

13 OT Examples NT Elevation In the OT the Holy Spirit is associated with all sorts of special endowments He provides and there is no clear distinction made between “secular” and “sacred” giftsIn the OT the Holy Spirit is associated with all sorts of special endowments He provides and there is no clear distinction made between “secular” and “sacred” gifts –Craftsman skilled in wood & metal (Exod. 31`:3, 6) –Sampson’s unusual strength (Judg. 14:6) –Political wisdom to Othniel (Judg. 3:10) and Daniel (Dan. 1:6-11, 17) –Spiritual wisdom to Joseph for leadership & management over Egypt (Gen. 41:38)

14 OT Examples NT Elevation But in the NT, the Holy Spirit’s gifts are referred to as “spiritual” (1 Cor. 12:1; 14:1, 12)But in the NT, the Holy Spirit’s gifts are referred to as “spiritual” (1 Cor. 12:1; 14:1, 12) As the gifts are from the same Holy Spirit, the key difference is “context” and “function” of the giftsAs the gifts are from the same Holy Spirit, the key difference is “context” and “function” of the gifts –Context = the Church, the body of Christ –Function/goal = spiritual maturity of the Church

15 OT Examples NT Extension Common problem in misunderstanding the difference:Common problem in misunderstanding the difference: –Failure to call all believers to use every talent and skill with which they’ve been endowed to carry out the revealed purposes of God in the world Downgrading these abilities and uplift the “spiritual” gifts from the NT as God’s only ratified blessingsDowngrading these abilities and uplift the “spiritual” gifts from the NT as God’s only ratified blessings –Overemphasis on the nature of the listed gifts that we have misunderstood ministry Individual vs. coordinated expression of Spirit’s activityIndividual vs. coordinated expression of Spirit’s activity

16 The Distinction between Gifts and Talents Principally we must remember James’ affirmation (Ja. 1:17)Principally we must remember James’ affirmation (Ja. 1:17) A natural talent is:A natural talent is: –Given from God at one’s natural birth (saved & unsaved) –Is a special ability to perform a task in a clearly above average manner for one’s personal benefit and potentially for the benefit of others –It can be used to advance God’s cause and bring God glory

17 The Distinction between Gifts and Talents Principally we must remember James’ affirmation (Ja. 1:17)Principally we must remember James’ affirmation (Ja. 1:17) A spiritual gift is:A spiritual gift is: –A special ability (freely and graciously given) at one’s spiritual birth (by the Holy Spirit) to perform tasks in a manner that is clearly supernatural –It is specifically designed by God to bring Him glory and to build-up His Church (the body of Christ) and empower and advance His cause on the earth

18 The Diversity of Gifts God gives differing gifts to ChristiansGod gives differing gifts to Christians –Rom. 12:4-6 –1 Cor. 12:4, 8, 10 Moreover, all Christians cannot have the same gift (1 Cor. 12:17-22)Moreover, all Christians cannot have the same gift (1 Cor. 12:17-22) Every gift God gives to the body is essential and valuableEvery gift God gives to the body is essential and valuable

19 The Difference in Value While every gift is indeed essential and valuable to God, not all gifts have the same valueWhile every gift is indeed essential and valuable to God, not all gifts have the same value –God’s order is reflected in gift of leadership to the church (1 Cor. 12:28; Eph. 4:17-8, 11-12) While every gift is indeed essential and valuable to God, some gifts are more essential than othersWhile every gift is indeed essential and valuable to God, some gifts are more essential than others –The gift of prophecy vs. the gift of tongues (1 Cor. 14:5, 19)

20 God’s Order of God’s Gifts Foundational principles:Foundational principles: –“God is not the Author of confusion, but of peace” (1 Cor. 14:33) –When it comes to the use and operation of gifts... “let all things be done decently and in order” (1 Cor. 14:40 NKJV) While persons may be supernaturally “filled with the Spirit” they are NOT truly “in the Spirit” if they are “out of control” and operating “out of order” (1 Cor. 14:26-35)While persons may be supernaturally “filled with the Spirit” they are NOT truly “in the Spirit” if they are “out of control” and operating “out of order” (1 Cor. 14:26-35)

21 The First Edifying Gift: Apostle Aside from the Lord Jesus Christ, the most important person in the NT church was the apostleAside from the Lord Jesus Christ, the most important person in the NT church was the apostle “Apostle” (Apostolos) = “a sent one”“Apostle” (Apostolos) = “a sent one” In the LXX (Septuagint – the Greek translation of the OT) the Heb. Word “shalach” = “send” is used (1 Kgs. 14:6)In the LXX (Septuagint – the Greek translation of the OT) the Heb. Word “shalach” = “send” is used (1 Kgs. 14:6) –The idea here is one who is “sent” as a “representative” – thus, “sent one”

22 The Apostle in the Gospels The Twelve were “apostles” of the LordThe Twelve were “apostles” of the Lord –(Matt. 10:2; Lk. 6:13; 9:10; 17:5)

23 The Apostle in Acts The Twelve were “the” apostles (Acts 1-2)The Twelve were “the” apostles (Acts 1-2) –The number remained the same even in the selection of Matthias (Acts 1:21-26) Critical Qualification: An apostle was a witness of the resurrection of Jesus Christ (Acts 1:22; cf. 4:33)Critical Qualification: An apostle was a witness of the resurrection of Jesus Christ (Acts 1:22; cf. 4:33) –Proof (Acts 1:1-14; 5:17-32; 10:41-42)

24 The Apostle in Acts Key Ministries of the Apostles:Key Ministries of the Apostles: –Taught (2:42) –Performed miracles (5:12) –Held the authority of the church, as Jesus’ representatives (2:42; 4:35-37; 5:1-11; 6:2-6; 9:27) Interesting: Except for Barnabas & Paul, the apostles were not characterized by missionary activityInteresting: Except for Barnabas & Paul, the apostles were not characterized by missionary activity –They actually remained at the home-base in Jerusalem while others were sent forth (Acts 5:2, 18; 6:2-6; 8:1; 9:27; 15:2; Gal. 1:17-2:10)

25 The Apostle in the Epistles The Epistles use the term apostle to refer to any of the Twelve and PaulThe Epistles use the term apostle to refer to any of the Twelve and Paul The Epistles indicate that an apostle was a direct witness of the resurrection of JesusThe Epistles indicate that an apostle was a direct witness of the resurrection of Jesus –(1 Cor. 9:1-2; 1 Cor. 15:5-8) –One must have had to actually see Jesus in one of His resurrection appearances The Epistles indicate that an apostle was able to perform miraclesThe Epistles indicate that an apostle was able to perform miracles –(2 Cor. 12:11-12)

26 The Apostle in the Epistles The Epistles indicate that the gift of apostle was given only at the beginning of the churchThe Epistles indicate that the gift of apostle was given only at the beginning of the church –(Eph. 2:20) –The context of Ephesians refers to the universal church = the whole body of Christ –Note: so called “present day” apostles (in the strict sense) CANNOT be foundational for the universal church

27 The Apostle in the Epistles The Epistles indicate that an apostle received very special and unique responsibilities and revelationThe Epistles indicate that an apostle received very special and unique responsibilities and revelation –Over local assemblies (1 Cor. 4:19-21; 5: 3-4; 2 Cor. 13:2-3, 10) –They were specifically called and/or appointed by the Lord (Rom. 1:5; Gal. 1-2; 1 Tim. 2:7; cf. Eph. 3:5 – also prophets; Paul – 2 Cor. 12:1-17)

28 The Uniqueness of the Apostle Like the OT prophets they performed mighty miraclesLike the OT prophets they performed mighty miracles They shall sit on the 12 thrones judging the 12 tribes of Israel (Matt. 19:28)They shall sit on the 12 thrones judging the 12 tribes of Israel (Matt. 19:28) Their names will be on the foundation of the heavenly city (Rev. 21:14)Their names will be on the foundation of the heavenly city (Rev. 21:14) They have authority even over NT prophets (1 Cor. 12:28; 14:37)They have authority even over NT prophets (1 Cor. 12:28; 14:37) Church history denotes that not only were they the originals; but that no other duplicates were acceptedChurch history denotes that not only were they the originals; but that no other duplicates were accepted

29 The Broader Use of the Term Beyond the 12, there were others called apostlesBeyond the 12, there were others called apostles –Barnabas (Acts 14:4, 14 –James (Gal. 1:19) –Silas & Timothy (1 Thess. 1:1; 2:6) –Matthias (Acts 2:14; 6:2; 9:27; 1 Cor. 15:5, 7) –Paul (1 Cor. 15:5, 7; 1 Cor. 9:1-5) The last NT reference for their official use was at the Council at Jerusalem (Acts 15:2-6, 23; 16:4)The last NT reference for their official use was at the Council at Jerusalem (Acts 15:2-6, 23; 16:4)

30 The Broader Use of the Term The word “missionary” conveys the broader meaning today w/the following qualifications:The word “missionary” conveys the broader meaning today w/the following qualifications: –Being sent “missionary” = (Latin) “to send”“missionary” = (Latin) “to send” “apostle” = (Greek) “to send”“apostle” = (Greek) “to send” –Transcultural Ministry –Church-Planting Ministry (Rom. 15:20; 1 Cor. 3:10)

31 The Second Edifying Gift: Prophecy The word “prophecy” conveys the idea of:The word “prophecy” conveys the idea of: “fore-telling” = “to tell those things before”“fore-telling” = “to tell those things before” “forth-telling” = “to tell those things already revealed”“forth-telling” = “to tell those things already revealed” The word “prophesy” means “to expound or preach under the influence of the Holy SpiritThe word “prophesy” means “to expound or preach under the influence of the Holy Spirit The “prophet” is one who speaks for God and interprets His will to the people.The “prophet” is one who speaks for God and interprets His will to the people. –(Heb. “nabi”) = one who speaks by direct command (revelation) of God (cf. Deut. 18:20-22)

32 The Second Edifying Gift: Prophecy The OT prophet’s message was primarily warning against judgment (re: sin)The OT prophet’s message was primarily warning against judgment (re: sin) The OT prophet expressed the Voice of God, address contemporary issues & future eventsThe OT prophet expressed the Voice of God, address contemporary issues & future events The biblical prophet was viewed as a national leader & reformerThe biblical prophet was viewed as a national leader & reformer

33 The Second Edifying Gift: Prophecy The word “prophecy” was used in the culture of the day for the oracular gift & sometimes the prophet (cf. 2 Chron. 32:32; 15:8; Ezra 5:1)The word “prophecy” was used in the culture of the day for the oracular gift & sometimes the prophet (cf. 2 Chron. 32:32; 15:8; Ezra 5:1) The word “prophesy” occurs 28x in the NTThe word “prophesy” occurs 28x in the NT –Most instances referring to the OT prophets The prophetic ministry is seen as supernatural (cf. Matt. 7:22-23; Matt. 26:67-68 Mk. 14:65)The prophetic ministry is seen as supernatural (cf. Matt. 7:22-23; Matt. 26:67-68 Mk. 14:65)

34 The Second Edifying Gift: Prophecy The “Prophet” in the Gospels:The “Prophet” in the Gospels: –Point out the similarity in the OT & NT usages of the term (Lk. 7:39; Jn. 4:19; 6:14; 7:40) The “Prophet” in the book of Acts:The “Prophet” in the book of Acts: –Some refer to NT prophets, but most OT prophets (2:30-31; 3:18-25; 7:52; 10:43; 11:27-28; 13:1; 15:32; 21:10; 26:22-23) –Their ministry primarily involved foretelling –Specific examples: Acts 11:27-28 & 21:10 – Agabus; 15:32 – Judas & Silas

35 The Second Edifying Gift: Prophecy The “Prophet” in Romans:The “Prophet” in Romans: –Each of the usages refer to OT prophets The “Prophet” according to Paul in other Epistles:The “Prophet” according to Paul in other Epistles: –1 Cor. 12:28-29; 14:29-32 –Eph. 2:20; 3:5; 4:1 –Titus 1:12 –1 Pet. 1:10

36 The Second Edifying Gift: Prophecy The “Prophet” in Revelations:The “Prophet” in Revelations: –They will be present during the end of the great tribulation and are tied to foretelling (22:6; cf. 22:9)

37 The Second Edifying Gift: Prophecy This gift is clearly differentiated from edification or exhortation (Acts 2:17-18; 19:6; 21:9; 1 Cor. 11:4-5; 13:9; 14:1-39)This gift is clearly differentiated from edification or exhortation (Acts 2:17-18; 19:6; 21:9; 1 Cor. 11:4-5; 13:9; 14:1-39) Three important essentials of a prophet:Three important essentials of a prophet: –Must receive his/her message from God in the form of special revelation –Must have divine guidance in the declaration of the prophetic message tied to the Word of God –The message must be correct & w/out error

38 Summary of the Gift of Prophecy Not all have the giftNot all have the gift They are recipients of divine revelationThey are recipients of divine revelation Their ministry particularly involved foretelling or prediction – very specific; not vague & generalTheir ministry particularly involved foretelling or prediction – very specific; not vague & general When they spoke via revelation, their ministry exhorts & causes hearers to learnWhen they spoke via revelation, their ministry exhorts & causes hearers to learn They were given at the inception of the ChurchThey were given at the inception of the Church Their ministry was both in the local church & itinerantTheir ministry was both in the local church & itinerant

39 Summary of the Gift of Prophecy The gift of prophet is a high priority gift, often linked with that of apostleThe gift of prophet is a high priority gift, often linked with that of apostle This gift (in its strictest sense) is not operational in the church todayThis gift (in its strictest sense) is not operational in the church today –Their predictions must: Come from special revelationCome from special revelation Be specificBe specific Be verifiableBe verifiable

40 The Gift of Evangelism The gift of evangelism is taken from the word evangelize (euanggellion) = to proclaim God’s message of salvation = the gospel or good newsThe gift of evangelism is taken from the word evangelize (euanggellion) = to proclaim God’s message of salvation = the gospel or good news The evangelist is the one called of God to proclaim His message of salvationThe evangelist is the one called of God to proclaim His message of salvation The word applies to both an office & a ministryThe word applies to both an office & a ministry –Phillip (Acts 21:8) –The early believers after persecution (Acts 8:4, 40)

41 The Gift of Evangelism The evangelist did not have the authority of an apostle, nor the gift of prophecy, nor the responsibility of pastoral supervision over a portion of the flockThe evangelist did not have the authority of an apostle, nor the gift of prophecy, nor the responsibility of pastoral supervision over a portion of the flock The evangelist were itinerant preachers, having it as their special function to carry the gospel to places where it was previously unknownThe evangelist were itinerant preachers, having it as their special function to carry the gospel to places where it was previously unknown The writers of the four Gospels are known as the EvangelistsThe writers of the four Gospels are known as the Evangelists

42 The Gift of Evangelism The evangelist’s effectiveness was measured (in part) by those who got saved as a result of the proclamation (Acts 2:37; 14:1)The evangelist’s effectiveness was measured (in part) by those who got saved as a result of the proclamation (Acts 2:37; 14:1) –At times b/c of a hard-heart persons simply rejected the message (Acts 19:9; 24:25) While there are those with this spiritual gift, all Christians are responsible for being a faithful witness of Jesus’ gospel (Acts 1:8; cf. Matt. 28:19-20)While there are those with this spiritual gift, all Christians are responsible for being a faithful witness of Jesus’ gospel (Acts 1:8; cf. Matt. 28:19-20)

43 The Gift of Shepherding The word shepherd (poimen) comes from the root meaning “to protect”The word shepherd (poimen) comes from the root meaning “to protect” The word has an OT origin – commonly referencing adverse behavior of these chosen by God (Jer. 2:8; 3:15; 10:21; 12:10; 23:1-4)The word has an OT origin – commonly referencing adverse behavior of these chosen by God (Jer. 2:8; 3:15; 10:21; 12:10; 23:1-4) –This gives the reverse of God’s expectations of them The word shepherd appears only 1x in the NT (Eph. 4:11)The word shepherd appears only 1x in the NT (Eph. 4:11) –Referring to the office & the gift

44 The Gift of Shepherding The word shepherd (poimen) referring to an office is used interchangeably with:The word shepherd (poimen) referring to an office is used interchangeably with: –“bishop” or “overseer” (episcopos) – referring to one who functions as an overseer of ministries or ministers (cf. 1 Tim. 3:1) –“elder” (presbuteros) – referring to an older mature male who with authority serves in a position of authority (Num. 22:7; Exod. 3:16; 24:1; Num. 11:16- 17)

45 The Gift of Shepherding The word shepherd (poimen) referring to an office is used interchangeably with:The word shepherd (poimen) referring to an office is used interchangeably with: –“elder” is the keystone of the social and political fabric wherever the patriarchal system exists –At the present day this is the case among the Arabs, where the sheik (i.e., "the old man") is the highest authority in the tribe –The body of the "elders" of Israel were the representatives of the people from the very first, and were recognized as such by Moses

46 The Gift of Shepherding The word shepherd (poimen) referring to an office is used interchangeably with:The word shepherd (poimen) referring to an office is used interchangeably with: –All down through the history of the Jews we find mention made of the elders as exercising authority among the people –They appear as: Governors (Deut. 31:28) and Local magistrates (Deut 16:18)Governors (Deut. 31:28) and Local magistrates (Deut 16:18) Administering justice (Deut. 19:12)Administering justice (Deut. 19:12) They were men of extensive influence (1Sam. 30:26-31)They were men of extensive influence (1Sam. 30:26-31)

47 The Gift of Shepherding In New Testament times they also appear taking an active part in public affairs Mt 16:21 21:23 26:59In New Testament times they also appear taking an active part in public affairs Mt 16:21 21:23 26:59 The Jewish eldership was transferred from the old dispensation to the newThe Jewish eldership was transferred from the old dispensation to the new The creation of the office of elder is nowhere recorded in the NT (as in the case of deacons and apostles) – which were created to meet new and special emergenciesThe creation of the office of elder is nowhere recorded in the NT (as in the case of deacons and apostles) – which were created to meet new and special emergencies –Elders were transmitted from OT times and their office was the only permanent essential office of the church

48 The Gift of Shepherding The "elders" of the NT church were the "pastors" (Eph 4:11), serving as the "leaders" and "rulers" of the flock (Heb 13:7; 1Th 5:12)The "elders" of the NT church were the "pastors" (Eph 4:11), serving as the "leaders" and "rulers" of the flock (Heb 13:7; 1Th 5:12) Everywhere in the NT bishop and presbyter are titles given to one and the same officer of the Christian churchEverywhere in the NT bishop and presbyter are titles given to one and the same officer of the Christian church –He who is called presbyter or elder on account of his age or gravity is also called bishop or overseer with reference to the duty that lay upon him (Ti 1:5-7; Acts 20:17-28; Phil. 1:1)

49 The Gift of Shepherding Jesus is referred to as:Jesus is referred to as: –The Good Shepherd (Jn. 10:11, 14; Heb. 13:20) –The Chief Shepherd (1 Pet. 2:25; 5:4) The fundamental ministry of shepherding is:The fundamental ministry of shepherding is: –To guide (cf. Psa. 23) At times discipline (2 Tim. 4:2b)At times discipline (2 Tim. 4:2b) –To graze (i.e., feed) the sheep (Jer. 3:15; Isa. 40:11; cf. Jn. 21:16; Acts 20:28; 1 Pet. 5:2) –To guard (1 Sam. 17:34-37; Acts 20:28-31)

50 The Gift of Shepherding The gift of shepherding is to believers other those who hold the officeThe gift of shepherding is to believers other those who hold the office –Church leaders (e.g., staff, counselor, minister, deacon, deaconess, Sunday School or Bible Study teacher) who mentor Older women (cf. Titus 2:3-5)Older women (cf. Titus 2:3-5) –Seminary or Bible College professors

51 The Gift of Teaching What proceeds the operation of the gift of teaching is the supernatural Teacher of TeachersWhat proceeds the operation of the gift of teaching is the supernatural Teacher of Teachers –Who teaches the teacher Before Moses ever taught, God taught Him (Exod. 4:12, 15)Before Moses ever taught, God taught Him (Exod. 4:12, 15) Before the tribal & family leaders could teach, God first taught them (Deut. 4:1)Before the tribal & family leaders could teach, God first taught them (Deut. 4:1) God’s expectation is for the continuation of this critical ministry to the next generations (Deut. 4:9,-10; 6:1, 7)God’s expectation is for the continuation of this critical ministry to the next generations (Deut. 4:9,-10; 6:1, 7) Critical after the return from captivity (Ez. 7:10, 25)Critical after the return from captivity (Ez. 7:10, 25)

52 The Gift of Teaching The gift of teaching is the supernatural ability to clearly explain the intended meaning of the truth of God’s WordThe gift of teaching is the supernatural ability to clearly explain the intended meaning of the truth of God’s Word –Remember, this is a spiritual gift. Thus, just b/c a person has a talent to teach does not mean they have the spiritual gift of teaching –The possession of the gift does not mean the gift does not need to be honed and perfected (Ecc. 10:10)

53 The Gift of Teaching Teaching was dominant in the ministry of the Lord Jesus (Matt. 4:23; 7:28; 9:35; 21:23, 55)Teaching was dominant in the ministry of the Lord Jesus (Matt. 4:23; 7:28; 9:35; 21:23, 55) Jesus was a profound Teacher (Lk. 4:31-32)Jesus was a profound Teacher (Lk. 4:31-32) This ministry of Jesus set the stage for other miraculous ministry (cf. Lk. 5:17-20; 13:10-13)This ministry of Jesus set the stage for other miraculous ministry (cf. Lk. 5:17-20; 13:10-13) This ministry was the primary methodology He established in the process of “making disciples” for the birth & development of His Church (Matt. 28:20)This ministry was the primary methodology He established in the process of “making disciples” for the birth & development of His Church (Matt. 28:20) There was a clear connection with the gift of teaching and that of prophecy (Acts 5:42; 31:1; 15:35; 28:30-31)There was a clear connection with the gift of teaching and that of prophecy (Acts 5:42; 31:1; 15:35; 28:30-31)

54 The Gift of Teaching The ministry of teaching was central to the qualifications of those who serve as pastors/overseers of God’s Church (1 Tim. 3:2; 2 Tim. 2:24-25)The ministry of teaching was central to the qualifications of those who serve as pastors/overseers of God’s Church (1 Tim. 3:2; 2 Tim. 2:24-25) It is through the ministry of teaching that enables the believer to walk as a Christian and have proper fellowship with God and others (Rom. 12:2)It is through the ministry of teaching that enables the believer to walk as a Christian and have proper fellowship with God and others (Rom. 12:2)

55 The Gift of Teaching The ministry of teaching was critical in equipping faithful ministers/servants of God (Acts 18:24- 28; cf. 1 Cor. 4:6)The ministry of teaching was critical in equipping faithful ministers/servants of God (Acts 18:24- 28; cf. 1 Cor. 4:6) This gifted ministry is essential for the whole bodyThis gifted ministry is essential for the whole body –Those who minister through song (Col. 3:16) –Older women to younger women (Titus 2:3) –Limitation of authority (1 Tim. 2:12)

56 The Gift of Teaching The ministry of teaching was expected to be a primary ministry for the church – as a measure of its maturity (Heb. 5:12)The ministry of teaching was expected to be a primary ministry for the church – as a measure of its maturity (Heb. 5:12) Those who participate in the ministry of teaching are particularly accountable to God (Ja. 3:1)Those who participate in the ministry of teaching are particularly accountable to God (Ja. 3:1) If one has this gift, they should be completely dedicated to flow effectively in it (Rom. 12:7)If one has this gift, they should be completely dedicated to flow effectively in it (Rom. 12:7)

57 The Gift of Exhortation The word exhort in its noun form is the same word used for the Holy Spirit (Paraclete – Jn. 4:16) = the one called alongside to helpThe word exhort in its noun form is the same word used for the Holy Spirit (Paraclete – Jn. 4:16) = the one called alongside to help It is also the same word of Jesus (Advocate – 1 Jn. 2:1)It is also the same word of Jesus (Advocate – 1 Jn. 2:1) The word exhort (parakaleo) means “to call to” or “to call for” or “to exhort” or “to encourage”The word exhort (parakaleo) means “to call to” or “to call for” or “to exhort” or “to encourage” –The word conveys the idea of comforting, consoling, appealing, and counseling

58 The Gift of Exhortation The gift of exhortation then is the supernatural ability of the Holy Spirit to “call to, encourage, appeal to, and comfort:The gift of exhortation then is the supernatural ability of the Holy Spirit to “call to, encourage, appeal to, and comfort: –Someone who needs challenging, lifting, strengthening, consoling, and comforting

59 The Gift of Exhortation NT characters with the gift of exhortation were:NT characters with the gift of exhortation were: –Paul Shown to the believers in the churches at Lystra, Iconium, and Antioch (Acts 14:21-22)Shown to the believers in the churches at Lystra, Iconium, and Antioch (Acts 14:21-22) Shown to those who were persecuted for the faith (Acts 16:40)Shown to those who were persecuted for the faith (Acts 16:40) Shown to the Ephesian Christians (Acts 20:1, 17-35)Shown to the Ephesian Christians (Acts 20:1, 17-35) –Judas (the other) and Silas Prophets of God who also flowed in this gift (Acts 15:31- 32)Prophets of God who also flowed in this gift (Acts 15:31- 32)

60 The Gift of Exhortation NT characters with the gift of exhortation were:NT characters with the gift of exhortation were: –Peter In ministering to other elders (1 Pet. 5:1-2)In ministering to other elders (1 Pet. 5:1-2) Certainly fulfilling his ministry assignment from the Lord (Lk. 22:32)Certainly fulfilling his ministry assignment from the Lord (Lk. 22:32) The operation of the gift of exhortation was encouraged in the church in generalThe operation of the gift of exhortation was encouraged in the church in general –Among the Corinthians (10x in 5 verses – 2 Cor. 1:3-7) –Church member attendance (Heb. 10:25)

61 The Gift of Exhortation The most notable NT figure who’s dominant gift was exhortation was the apostle Barnabas, the son of encouragement (Acts 4:36)The most notable NT figure who’s dominant gift was exhortation was the apostle Barnabas, the son of encouragement (Acts 4:36)


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