2Position: SIT (1:1 – 3:21). Key verse 2:6. EPHESIANS - AN OUTLINEThe believer’sPosition: SIT (1:1 – 3:21) Key verse 2:6.Practice: WALK (4:1 – 6:9) Key verse 4:1.Protection: STAND (6:10-24). Key verse 6:14.
3THE BELIEVER’S POSITION Seated with Christ in the heavenlies, and blessed with all spiritual blessings in Him. 2:6;1:3.To appreciate our position, we need to know what our previous state was.Paul describes it in 2:1-3.
4And you .. were dead in trespasses and sins, in which you once walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, the spirit who now works in the sons of disobedience, among whom also we all once conducted ourselves in the lusts of our flesh, fulfilling the desires of the flesh and of the mind, and were by nature children of wrath, just as the others.EPHESIANS 2:1-3
5WE WERE DEAD In trespasses and sins. Trespass (paraptwma) is a false step, a deviation from the right path.Sin (aJmartia) is a missing of the mark.
6WE WERE DISOBEDIENTWalked according to the course (aijwn, aeon or age) of this world.Walked according to the Devil.Walked in the lusts of our flesh.
7WE WERE DEPRAVEDWe were fulfilling the desires of the flesh and of the mind.Outside was the prevailing secular culture.Inside was our fallen nature.Both controlled by the Devil.
8WE WERE DOOMEDThe children of wrath.God’s wrath is not bad temper. Never arbitrary.It is the divine reaction to only one situation: evil.We were on our way to eternal death.
10Chose us in Christ before the foundation of the world (1:4). GOD THE FATHER’S WORKChose us in Christ before the foundation of the world (1:4).Predestined us to adoption as sons (1:5).Redeemed us through Christ's blood (1:7).
11GOD THE FATHER’S WORK (Contd.) Made us alive (2:5).Raised us up (2:6).Made us sit in the heavenlies (2:6).In all three events we are united with Christ.
12OUR UNION WITH CHRIST Paul coins three compound verbs. We were Made alive together with Christ (sunezwopoihsen).Raised together with Christ (sunhgeiren).Seated in the heavenlies with Christ (sunekaqisen).
13GOD THE FATHER’S WORK (Contd.) The mystery of the Church (3:3-6).Put us into this fellowship (3:9; 2:19, 20).The full display of his riches in the age to come (1:7; 3:11).
14GOD THE SON’S WORKRedemption through His blood (1:7).The forgiveness of sins (1:7).All things to be gathered together in Him (1:10).Inheritance in Him (1:11).
15GOD THE HOLY SPIRIT’S WORK Sealed us (1:13; 4:30).Gives us access to the Father (2:18).Strengthens us (3:16).The earnest of our inheritance (1:14).
16HISTORY OF THE NATURAL MAN PHYSICAL DEATHBIRTHSPIRITUAL DEATHSECOND (ETERNAL) DEATH
17HISTORY OF THE SPIRITUAL MAN PHYSICAL DEATHBIRTHSALVATIONSPIRITUAL DEATHETERNAL LIFE
18THE PURPOSE OF GOD’S WORK IN US The praise of His glory1:61:121:14
19A PRAYER FOR REVELATION (EPH. 1:15-23) The hope of His calling (1:18): The Past.The riches of inheritance (1:18): The Future.The exceeding greatness of His power (1:19): The Present
20PAUL’S MAGNIFICENT DOXOLOGY (3:20,21) Now unto Him who is able to do exceedingly abundantly above all that we ask or think ….
21THE BELIEVER’S PRACTICE: “WALK” In chapter 4 Paul turns from exposition to exhortation.From what God has done for us (doctrine) to what we must be and do (duty).The key word is ‘walk’ :1, 17; 5:2,8,15.
23WORKS OF THE BELIEVEROrdained by God. 2:10.The order is important: we were “created in Christ Jesus unto good works.”We work not for salvation but from salvation.
24WALK SHOULD REFLECT WORTH “Walk worthy of the vocation to which you are called” 4:1.Walk is based on our worth in Christ.Reflected in our character and conduct. 4:2.
25CHARACTERISTICS OF OUR WALK (4:2) LowlinessMeeknessLongsufferingLoveUnityPeace
26Actually Paul is describing some of the “fruit of the Spirit” (Gal The “unity of the Spirit” (Eph. 4:3) is the result of the believer’s “walking in the Spirit”.
27THE UNITY OF BELIEVERS ARISES FROM THE UNITY OF OUR GOD (4:4-6) One Spirit one body.One Lord one faith, one baptism.One God in all.
28THE UNITY OF SPIRIT IS ENRICHED BY THE DIVERSITY OF OUR GIFTS (4:7-12) The Giver of gifts is the ascended Christ. 4:7-10.It is a mistake to think of “charismata” as exclusively the “gifts of the Spirit”.In Romans 12, they are the gifts of the Father.
29SPIRITUAL GIFTS EXTREMELY VARIED “Now there are varieties of gifts.” Cor. 12:4.There are no exhaustive catalogues of spiritual gifts in the Bible.In 4:11, Paul selects only five for mention: Apostles, Prophets, Evangelists, Pastors and teachers.
30THE PURPOSE OF SPIRITUAL GIFTS IS SERVICE (4:12) For the equipping of the saints for the work of ministry (diakonia).For the edifying of the body of Christ.
31UNITY IS FOR MATURITY (4:13-16) …till we all come to the ... measure of the stature of the fullness of Christ;…may grow up in all things into Him who is the head -- Christ.
32WALK AS A NEW MAN IN CHRIST (4:17-29) Walk not as the Gentiles do (v. 17)Put off the old man (v. 22)Put on the new man (v. 24)
33WALK IMITATING OUR FATHER (5:1-17) ‘Followers’ (5:1) is literally ‘imitators’ (mimhtai)God is love walk in love (5:1-2).God is light walk as children of light (5:3-14).God is truth walk in wisdom (5:15-17).
34WALK AS SPIRIT-FILLED BELIEVERS (5:18 – 6:9) The fullness of the Holy Spirit. 5:18-21.The passage consists of two imperatives (“do not be drunk … be filled”) followed by four present participles: speaking, singing, thanking, submitting.
35“BE FILLED” MEANS “BE CONTROLLED” A person who is drunk is “under the influence of alcohol”.A Spirit-filled believer is under the influence and power of the Holy Spirit.A command (present imperative). Contrast baptism, sealing, anointing which are all past realities.
36THE RESULTS OF BEING FILLED WITH THE SPIRIT All are present participles.Fellowship (speaking to one another in psalms & hymns).Worship (singing & making melody).Gratitude (thanking God).Submission (to one another in the fear of God).
37THE WORDS OF THE BELIEVER (NEGATIVE) No corrupt communication (logo~ sapro~). 4:29.No evil speaking. (blasfemia). 4:31.No foolish talking (mwrologia) or jesting (eujtrapelia). 5:4.No vain words (kenoi logoi). 5:6.
38THE WORDS OF THE BELIEVER (POSITIVE) Speaking the truth in love. 4:15.Good, edifying, graceful words. 4:29b.Words of gratitude. 5:4b.Speaking in psalms, hymns, and spiritual songs. 5:19.
39THE PROTECTION OF THE BELIEVER: “STAND” (6:10-20) Christian life is not a playground: it is a battlefield.We face three enemies (2:1-3):the worldthe fleshthe Devil
40CHRIST IS VICTOR By His death and resurrection, Christ overcame The World (Jn. 16:33; Gal. 6:14).The Flesh (Rom. 6:1-6; Gal. 2:20).The Devil (Eph. 1:19-23).So, as believers, we fight not for victory, but from victory.
41MEANS OF OUR PROTECTION: 1. KNOW THE ENEMY (6:10-12) The leader is the Devil.His helpers are “principalities, powers, rulers of darkness ..”The enemy is strong, and we need the power of God to stand against him.It is “standing”, not “fighting”.
42MEANS OF OUR PROTECTION 2. WEAR THE EQUIPMENT God has provided the “whole armour”.Equipment for defence and offence.Don’t omit any part of it!Satan looks for that unguarded area. 4:27.
43THE FULL ARMOUR The girdle of truth. 6: 14a. The breastplate of righteousness : 14b.The shoes of the gospel. 6: 15.The shield of faith. 6: 16.The helmet of salvation. 6: 17a.The sword of the Spirit. 6: 17b.
44THE “WHOLE ARMOUR” IS A PICTURE OF CHRIST Jesus Christ is:The Truth. Jn. 14:6.Our Righteousness. 2 Cor. 5:21.Our Peace. Eph. 2:14.Our Salvation. Lk. 2:30.The Word of God. Jn. 1:1, 14.Put on the Lord Jesus Christ Rom. 13:14.
45MEANS OF OUR PROTECTION: 3. USE THE ENERGY: PRAYER Pray always.Pray “with all prayer”.Pray in the Spirit.Pray watching.Keep on praying.Pray for all the saints.
46ABIDE IN ME … AND I IN YOU (JOHN 15:4) Our Position: we are seated in Christ, and blessed with all blessings.Our Practice: we walk in Christ as Spirit-filled believers.Our Protection: we stand in the victory of Christ against the Devil.