Presentation on theme: "Dealing with Resistance to Change PARC Lasallian Institute Dr. Carmelita I. Quebengco AFSC."— Presentation transcript:
Dealing with Resistance to Change PARC Lasallian Institute Dr. Carmelita I. Quebengco AFSC
“There is nothing more difficult to take in hand, more perilous to conduct, or more uncertain in its success than to take the lead in the introduction of a new order of things” - Niccalo Machiavelli
“The true proactive process of change is not for the faint of heart or for those who are in need of immediate gratification ” - Robert L. Ringel
“To the fearful, it is threatening because it means that things may get worse. To the hopeful, it is encouraging because things may get better. To the confident, it is inspiring because the challenges exist to make things better” - King Whitney Jr.
Why people tend to resist change: Belief that it is only a fad Belief that management and peers are incompetent Loss of authority or control Loss of status or social standing Perception of lack in ability to learn new skills Feeling of change overload
Lack of trust in management Loss of job security Loss of family/personal time Feeling that the school is not entitled to extra effort
Common reasons why teachers tend to object to change: 1. Questions about the need for the school and individuals to change 2. Philosophical and practical difficulties given old beliefs 3. Incomplete socialization/exposure of teachers to new practices resulting in resentment when pointed out 4. Threats to course taught and nature of the job 5. Political concerns like equity, ownership of change
6. The emotional drain that teachers experience as they personalize their classroom and deal with opposition to their work 7. The cumulative effects of an increase in workload of teachers 8. Disillusion in the thought that change may not succeed or bring more problems
Bridges’ Three Stages of Transition 1/ 1/ William Bridges
Determine – who are resisting, why they are resisting, and how Four types of reaction to change: EnthusiastsObjectors FollowersUnderground objectors
Example of a Force Field Analysis on Change D e s i r e d C h a n g e Drivers for Change Resisters of Change Strong support from the President Mistrust among administrators and employees Incentive ProgramWorn out by constant change Help from consultants/ government Staff reluctance to use new technology Client demandsUnion resisters Government requirementsPoor communication Low resources
Steps in Managing Transitions Manage endings by building relationships with opinion leaders who can help others understand the transition better Permit grievance to run its course Work to develop agreement on norms and standards that govern people Appoint, train, and charge a transition team to monitor progress, identify issues, control rumors, provide support, and listen to people
General process in the management of change 2/ Sensitivity to the anxieties which change elicit Reinforcement for those willing to take reasonable risks Tolerance for a path of trial and error Incentives to motivate participants to give up what may be a comfortable status quo 2/ Robert L. Ringel
The beginning of change is always a bumpy ride 3/ Things to consider: –Communicate often and openly with stakeholders –Meet resisters face to face –Point out unacceptable behavior without resorting to attacking people –Keep commitments to build trust and respect –Accept bad news; tell people candidly but sensitively –Choose people for key positions with developed interpersonal skills 3/ Change Management Principles, Business Performance Pty. Ltd.
Tips on overcoming resistance to change 4/ Listen openly and honestly to what are being said Allow objections Ask questions and pose relevant challenges than give answers Use data to support your claim Work towards collaboration, not compliance 4/ JT Waters and TD Cordell
Be open to change yourself…coach, not dictate Model what you preach and keep commitments Use a constructivist process of change to develop a learning organization
Aspects of Change 5/ 5/ Clive Anderson and Marianne Sheppard
Culture 5/ Culture can be transmitted by: The values of the institution The mission statement The criteria for evaluating and rewarding performance, job progression, etc. The approach to change which is adopted The way in which leaders act
How a school can counteract the stresses and conflicts that serious change involve Teach teamwork – listen, negotiate differences, build consensus Agree on clear goals…plan backwards Look for energy – common wants, what ca be agreed on System of participation – follow clear protocol of joint decision-making in which all those affected will have a say Keep symbols of stability – ex. grading system, the honors class, etc.
Lessons from a Superintendent of Schools in the U.S. 6/ When it is hard, and it will be hard, it doesn’t matter what you decide, you’re wrong: know what matters, what counts, what is at the core Listen to people around you, they can keep you from falling flat on your face The most important thing is to believe in the people we serve 6/ Nelson, N.W., June 2007
Things don’t have to be perfect to be successful When you are in the dark, things look better than they really are A leader is someone who gets things done to make it better
Question: Knowing the personnel you will work with and who will implement the change, –what objections do you think will they pose to the change/your project? –How do you propose to address the issues, concerns and objections raised?