Presentation on theme: "Forest Carbon Partnership Facility UN-REDD Programme Concrete Examples of Stakeholder Engagement in REDD+ Readiness: View from the FCPF and UN-REDD Kenn."— Presentation transcript:
Forest Carbon Partnership Facility UN-REDD Programme Concrete Examples of Stakeholder Engagement in REDD+ Readiness: View from the FCPF and UN-REDD Kenn Rapp, Facility Management Team Jennifer Laughlin, UNDP/UN-REDD Programme Asia-Pacific Indigenous Peoples Dialogue Chiang Mai, Thailand September 25-27, 2012
Outline 1.Stakeholder engagement in FCPF countries 2.Stakeholder engagement in UN-REDD countries 3.FPIC trials in Indonesia and Vietnam 4.UNDP Accountability Mechanism
Republic of Congo – Cumulative and uneven process, the inclusion of forest-dependent indigenous peoples and other forest dwellers – REDD+ Technical Committee, with CSO and indigenous representatives, giving them a voice in R-PP formulation – Creation of national-level civil society platform (CACO-REDD), which has entered into a formal partnership with the GoRC, through a negotiated MoU – FCPF has provided funding for strengthening the platform, and for the full and effective participation of forest dwelling peoples through sub- national structures – To reinforce the standing of the CACO-REDD, the GoRC has agreed to pay for 1 of its member to accompany the gov’t delegation to FCPF PC/ UN-REDD Policy Board meetings Examples of Stakeholder Engagement in FCPF Countries
Nepal – Capacity Building grant to NEFIN to carry out capacity building activities, focusing on socially vulnerable groups such as scheduled castes – REDD+ Working Group, with CSO and indigenous representatives, giving them a voice in R-PP formulation – REDD+ Stakeholder Forum, similar to CACO-REDD – Alignment of REDD+ SES process with SESA, solicitation of feedback from indigenous peoples on what indicators for monitoring should consist of Cambodia – The country has gone to UNDP as a Delivery Partner, but in the spirit of collaboration, we have provided capacity building – Grant to the Cambodia Children Development Association NGO to carry out awareness building and capacity building activities, focusing on indigenous peoples at the district and local levels – Promoting the gradual development of the civil sector Examples of Stakeholder Engagement in FCPF Countries
REDD+ Readiness Roadmap: Bangladesh, Cambodia, Mongolia R-PP/National Programme: Ecuador, Paraguay, Sri Lanka, Viet Nam, Zambia National REDD+ Strategy: DRC, Indonesia Consulting on the Benefit Sharing Plan: Viet Nam Application of SE Guidelines in UN-REDD Countries
Guided by the SE Guidelines, the Federation for the Self-Determination of Indigenous Peoples (FAPI) in Paraguay has been an equal partner of the UN-REDD NP process from the beginning Dedicated chapter on indigenous peoples’ participation for the NP FAPI is an official signatory of the UN-REDD NP document. FAPI’s President is a member of the NP Political Committee, FAPI also participates in the NP Technical Team FAPI helps to inform other communities about REDD+ Indigenous peoples’ contributions have led to important new developments to strengthen REDD+ in the country. For instance, IP’s suggestion to map scared sites will be included in the country’s multiple benefits analysis, and ultimately in the REDD+ strategy. Application of SE Guidelines, Paraguay
Central Sulawesi province FPIC Trial, Central Sulawesi (March 2012)
20 facilitators recruited from the 2 villages and nearby ones; Facilitators were trained; Initial visit to explain the FMU proposal; Facilitators returned 2 weeks later to Lembah Mukti for workshops on the proposed forest rehabilitation programme.
FPIC Trial, Central Sulawesi (March 2012) Lembah Mukti villageTalaga village The villagers agreed to implement the forest rehabilitation programme Conditional upon: Assistance to resolve boundary disputes Help clarify status of private land owned by the village v. owned by FMU Provision of forest management training Provision of nutmeg and durian seedlings Result: A Letter of Agreement was signed by the negotiators representing the village and the FMU. A platform was established to manage complaints and feedback. This village did not wish to consult on REDD+. An NGO, Pokja Pantau, had previously been to the village and told villagers that: ”REDD+ will take the forest by force and will destroy the socio-cultural values of the community”. About 50% of the villagers grow cocoa, coffee and chilli and were concerned that REDD+ would stop them from entering the forest area. Result: The FPIC process was discontinued. The NGO, Pokja Pantau, subsequently requested further consultation with the Forest Management Unit and the UN- REDD Programme.
FPIC Trial, Lam Dong Province Vietnam was the first country to pilot FPIC for REDD+ in the UN-REDD Programme (2010) 5 months; 5,500 ppl; 78 villages, 24 FPIC trained facilitators FPIC for local/migrant ethnic minority people, migrant Kinh people
Recruit, train, practise and draw lessons to be ready for village meetings (3 rounds) Contact village head, villagers to prepare for consultation meeting 4. Preparation of village meeting 6. Recording decisions 7. Do cument and Report 8. Verification and Evaluation 1. Local awareness raising 2 & 3 Recruitment and training of interlocutors 5. Village meetings Through hand voting/ secrete balloting Through hand voting/ secrete balloting The record of consent or non- consent Independent verification and evaluation Awareness raising workshops at local level (16 ?) Distributing leaflets, sticking posters and discussing with villagers Interlocutors explain on climate change, REDD, planned activities of UN-REDD and answer/record questions and facilitate the discussions. 0. Preparation: A summary of the legal basis for local community engagement and materials Consultation with local authorities Consultation with local authorities FPIC Trial, Lam Dong Province
Balance: receiving sufficient information and too many meetings Individual vote, not through representatives Document whole FPIC process, including concerns/complaints Report FPIC results back to the community Consultations need to be “prior”, but should not be so far in advance of an activity that villagers lose interest in a proposal. Balance: fear of submitting signing documents v. verbal agreements open to interpretation. FPIC guidelines are best tested with a concrete proposal. Using trained facilitators from the village’s own community can accelerate understanding. Lessons from Indonesia and Vietnam
1.A Compliance Review process to respond to claims that UNDP is not in compliance with applicable environmental and social policies, including its proposed environmental and social screening procedure. 2.A Grievance Process to ensure individuals and communities affected by UNDP projects have access to appropriate procedures for hearing and resolving project-related disputes – both corporate and support to national-level mechanisms (in the context of REDD+) UNDP Accountability Mechanism
Scope: environmental and social policies or commitments made by UNDP, including the environmental and social policy and screening procedure. UNDP must have a role in supporting the project. Who can file: Any person, group or community directly affected by a UNDP project or program; How to file: Complaints can be made in any language and through mail, , a website, or the OAI hotline. Most grievances will be dealt with at the CO level. Timeline: Interim Mechanism for FCPF UNDP Pilots set up within a couple months. Permanent Mechanism over next 1-2 years. Next steps: Revise proposal, internal/external consultation, submit to UNDP management. UNDP Accountability Mechanism
This presentation has drawn on materials from the discussions and presentations at the 2 nd UN-REDD Regional Workshop on FPIC in Bogor, Indonesia, 19 – 20 April 2012, including: – Lisa Ogle, Environmental Legal Consultant – Ms Rukmini P. Toheke, OPANT/Central Sulawesi Province Working Group; – Mr Agus Hernandi, Team Leader, UN-REDD Programme Indonesia; – Nanda Febriani and Keiko Nomura, UN-REDD Programme Indonesia – Ms Nguyen Thi Thu Huyen, Programme Manager, UN-REDD Programme Vietnam Acknowledgements