2 The Mayflower Compact is important because it is an example of representative government. The men of the Mayflower formed a civil body politic.
3 Who helped to make the colony of Jamestown successful?
4 Captain John Smith made Jamestown successful as he made all the men work together for the success of the colony.
5 What were some of the pull factors that drew Europeans to migrate to America?
6 Europeans were drawn to North America for religious reasons (spread Christianity to the Native Americans) and Economic reasons. The European countries were economic rivals in competition for the great wealth in North America.
7 Explain the meaning and importance of the “3 G’s”.
8 God – religious freedom Glory – to make a name for themselves Gold – to make money
9 Who founded the colony of Pennsylvania? For what purpose?
10 William Penn founded Pennsylvania as a safe haven for Quakers who were persecuted in England due to their religion.
13 Be familiar with key figures of the Revolutionary Era Be familiar with key figures of the Revolutionary Era. Including: Patrick Henry, Paul Revere, and Ethan Allen.
14 Patrick Henry – A political leader, persuaded the Burgesses to go against The Stamp Act. Paul Revere – rode to alert the patriots that the British were coming. Ethan Allen – mounted an expedition with Benedict Arnold known as the Green Mountain boys to seize Fort Ticonderoga.
16 In 1776 Thomas Jefferson wrote the Declaration of Independence In 1776 Thomas Jefferson wrote the Declaration of Independence. At this time we broke away from England is the year of the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphian, Penn. The Convention began in June and ended on September 17th Constitution Day. The end result was creation of the U.S. Constitution.
17 Name a grievance from the Declaration of Independence that is addressed in the Bill of Rights.
18 Quartering troops in private homes without the consent of the owner of the home and unreasonable search and seizure.
21 Where did the Continental Army suffer terrible conditions for the troops?
22 The Continental Army suffered terrible conditions at Valley Forge, Penn. During the winter of Soldiers suffered from lack of shelter, food, clothing and supplies.
23 Review the Advantages and Disadvantages of the Americans and British troops at the start of the Revolutionary War.
24 American Advantages – Fought on their own ground and had stakes if the men lost the war. George Washington was our general. American Disadvantages – untrained volunteers, smaller army, and some people left their army to go to Britain’s army. British Advantages – Larger army, well-trained, and had some Americans fight for them. British Disadvantages – 3,000 miles from familiar land and hired men with no stakes if they lost the war.
25 What is considered the turning point of the Revolutionary War? Why?
26 The Battle of Saratoga, New York is the turning point in the Revolutionary War because after the Americans win at Saratoga the French decided to join the Americans in the war against the British.
27 What is the last major victory for the Americans in the Revolutionary War?
28 The last major battle of the American Revolution is the Battle of Yorktown, Virginia. After defeat at Yorktown, the British decided the war was too costly to continue fighting against the Americans.
29 Name the most important accomplishment of the Second Continental Congress.
30 The most important accomplishment of the Second Continental Congress was the creation of the Declaration of Independence.
31 What was the official end of the Revolutionary War?
32 The Treaty of Paris of 1783 was the official end of the Revolutionary War.
34 A hit-and-run technique used in fighting a war; fighting by small bands or warriors suing tactics such as sudden ambushes.
35 Define the Sons of Liberty Define the Sons of Liberty. What major event did the Sons of Liberty participate in?
36 The Sons of Liberty was an organization for protesting British policies of taxation and civil freedoms in the colonies. The Sons of Liberty were involved in the Stamp Act and Boston Tea Party.
37 What is meant by the phrase “…the shot heard round the world.”
38 This line is a reference from a poem by Emerson This line is a reference from a poem by Emerson. It refers to the beginning of the Revolutionary War with the Battle of Lexington and Concord in 1775.
40 Jones is known for pitting the Bonhomme Richard against the British warship, Serapis. After fighting for a while, the captain of the Serapis asked Jones if he was ready to surrender. Jones responded, “I have not yet begun to fight.” In the end the Serapis surrendered.
41 What do Layayette, Von Steuben, and Kosciusko have in common?
42 These men were Europeans who aided the Americans in the Revolutionary War. Lafayette, a Frenchman, was a soldier and trusted friend of Washington, Von Steuben was a German who drilled our troops to strengthen our army and Kosciusko was a Polish engineer who helped the Americans build bridges.
52 A boycott is a refusal to buy goods A boycott is a refusal to buy goods. The Colonists boycotted British and European goods in order to put pressure on the British to remove various acts of Parliament. For example, the Stamp Act.
54 The Intolerable Acts is a nickname for the Coercive Acts – the harsh laws intended as punishment for the Boston Tea Party. The Laws closed the port of Boston until the tea was paid for, took away the right to town meetings, forced the quartering of soldiers in private homes.
56 The theory that a state’s or nation’s power depended on its wealth.
57 What were the Navigation Acts passed by the Parliament designed to do?
58 To make certain that only England benefited from trade with the colonies.
59 What significant outcome of the French and Indian War eventually led to the Revolutionary War?
60 The French and Indian War cost England a great deal of money, as the war was long. The England treasury was depleted, the British started to tax the colonists to increase revenues for England.
61 Why did the three colonial regions develop different patterns of economic activity?
62 They developed different patterns of economic activity because they had many different industries because of their geographical area and what was available in their area. Ships followed many different routes, some followed routes that came to be known as the triangular trade because they formed a triangle.
63 What contributed to the increase in the transatlantic slave trade to North America?
64 The farming economy of the southern states increased the transatlantic slave trade to North America.
65 Who wrote the Federalist Papers? Why were these papers written?
66 Federalist Papers were written by John Jay, Alexander Hamilton and James Madison. The purpose of the papers was to convince people to vote to ratify the new U.S. Constitution.
67 Name the duties and responsibilities of a responsible citizen.
68 It is a responsible citizens responsibility to, be responsible for your own actions, take care of your family, and to vote. It is a responsible citizens duty to, obey laws, pay taxes, and serve jury duty, and men at age 18 must sign up to serve in military.
76 Great Compromise is today’s Congress Great Compromise is today’s Congress. The House of Representatives membership is based on a state’s population. The Senate allows two senators per state. These two bodies together are the American Congress.
77 Did the government have enough power under the Articles of Confederation?
78 The national government did not have enough power under he Articles of Confederation. The states were very powerful under the Articles, but the national government was weak. For example, the national government was suppose to maintain armed forces, but the national government had no power to tax, so did not have the money to maintain the armed forces.
80 IN 1787, the Northwest Ordinance created a single Northwest Territory out of the lands north of the Ohio River and east of the Mississippi River. The lands were to be divided into three to five smaller territories. When the population reached 60,000, the people could petition for statehood.
82 The Great Awakening is the name for a powerful religious revival that swept over the colonies in the 1720s. This movement provided a sense of connection among the colonists as they began to develop an American identity.