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Campus Safety & Violence Prevention Forum Navigating between Title IX and Clery Intersections Alison Kiss Executive Director ©2014 Clery Center.

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Presentation on theme: "Campus Safety & Violence Prevention Forum Navigating between Title IX and Clery Intersections Alison Kiss Executive Director ©2014 Clery Center."— Presentation transcript:

1 Campus Safety & Violence Prevention Forum Navigating between Title IX and Clery Intersections Alison Kiss Executive Director ©2014 Clery Center

2 Today’s Goals Understand the Context Understanding the Laws Intersection Identify Solutions

3 Sexual Violence Reporting and the Clery Act

4 Jeanne Clery Act: More on the Law Originally passed in 1990 as part of the Student Right-to-Know and Campus Security Act. Amended in 1992, 1998, and 2008 by the Higher Education Amendments. VAWA amendments to Clery Codified at 20 USC 1092f Regulations appear at 34 CFR The most recent Final Rules were published in Oct. 29, 2009 Federal Register (pp ), Oct. 31, 2002 Federal Register (pp ), and Nov. 1, 1999 Federal Register (pp ).

5 Jeanne Clery Act Annual Security Report  Statements of policy  Campus crime statistics  Campus Sexual Assault Victim Bill of Rights Ongoing Disclosures  Emergency notification  Timely warning  Public Crime Log U.S. Department of Education Enforces

6 Examples of CSAs Professional staff in a dean of students office (including leaders in student affairs/housing) Staff in student center building Student Activities Staff Faculty or staff advisors to student organizations Resident Assistants Coaches

7 Campus Sexual Assault Victim Bill of Rights

8 SEX OFFENSE POLICY STATEMENT REQUIREMENTS 1 ® Educational Program to Prevent Sex Offenses 2 ® Procedures to follow When a Sex Offense Occurs 3 ® Option to Notify Law Enforcement 4 ® Notification of on/off Campus Services 5 ® Change of Academic and Living Situation 6 ® Campus Disciplinary Procedures 7 ® Sanctions Following a Final Determination

9 Sexual Assault Policy Procedures Summary Simply stating the topic of the policy does not meet the requirement. All required components must be included. Institutions have some discretion in the wording and how policies and procedures are put into practice. It is imperative that the policy accurately reflects what the institution does to promote awareness of sex offenses and the procedures that are followed when a sex offense occurs Institutions have an obligation to assist victims in notifying off campus law enforcement

10 Timely Warnings

11 Ongoing Disclosures Public Crime Log All crimes reported to Police/Security Public within 2 business days Timely warning Clery crimes, ongoing threat As soon as pertinent information is available (case-by-case)

12 CIRCUMSTANCES THAT TRIGGER WARNINGS? Clery Act crimes –Included in annual statistics Reported to CSA or local law enforcement Occurred in the specified geographic areas: –On-campus –Public property –Non-campus Represents a serious or continuing threat –Students –employees

13 TIMELY WARNING DISSEMINATION PROCESS Must be quick (timely) As soon as pertinent information is available Community-wide Likely to reach the entire campus community Aid in the prevention of similar crimes Specify methods SMS Text messaging , social media Posters Other methods and/or combination of methods

14 EXEMPT CASES Crimes Reported to: Pastoral or professional counselor Privileged Information Protected by State Law: Medical doctor Attorney/client

15 Can you withhold? Yes- if it will compromise the identity of a victim/survivor If there is no longer a current or on-going threat Document decisions

16 Title IX and Sexual Violence ©2014 Clery Center

17 Title IX Title IX protects male & female students from sexual harassment by a school employee, another student or non- employee third party (visiting athlete)

18 Responding to Sexual Harassment “Yet as discussed in more detail below, the school’s inquiry must in all cases be prompt, thorough, and impartial” (p. 5). “In cases involving potential criminal conduct, school personnel must determine, consistent with State and local law, whether appropriate law enforcement or other authorities should be notified” (p. 5).

19 Title IX Coordinator “If a recipient designates more than one Title IX coordinator, the notice should describe each coordinator’s responsibilities (e.g., who will handle complaints by students, faculty, and other employees). The recipient should designate one coordinator as having ultimate oversight responsibility, and the other coordinators should have titles clearly showing that they are in a deputy or supporting role to the senior coordinator” (p. 7).

20 Grievance Procedures “Title IX does not require a recipient to provide separate grievance procedures for sexual harassment and sexual violence complaints. Therefore, a recipient may use student disciplinary procedures or other separate procedures to resolve such complaints. Any procedures used to adjudicate complaints of sexual harassment or sexual violence, including disciplinary procedures, however, must meet the Title IX requirement of affording a complainant a prompt and equitable resolution” (p. 8).

21 Prompt and Equitable Resolution of Sex Discrimination Adequate, Reliable, and Impartial Investigation of Complaints Must employ a “preponderance of the evidence standard” (pp ). “Throughout a school’s Title IX investigation, including at any hearing, the parties must have an equal opportunity to present relevant witnesses and other evidence. The complainant and the alleged perpetrator must be afforded similar and timely access to any information that will be used at the hearing” (p. 11).

22 Prompt and Equitable Resolution of Sex Discrimination Adequate, Reliable, and Impartial Investigation of Complaints Cannot rely solely on law enforcement investigations (pp. 9-10). Should inform victim of the right to notify law enforcement and not attempt to dissuade the victim from doing so (p. 10).

23 Responsible Employees ©2014 Clery Center

24 Title IX & Responsible Employees A school has notice if a responsible employee “knew or in the exercise of reasonable care should have known” about the harassment Schools should inform and obtain consent from the complainant before beginning an investigations

25 Title IX and Clery Intersection ©2014 Clery Center

26 CLERY ACT & TITLE IX INTERSECTION Disclose policies and procedures Prompt corrective action – change of academic or living situation Accused/accuser notified of outcome at the same time and same manner Title IX specifies both parties be notified in writing Disclose sanctions imposed Title IX requires interim protective measure while investigation is taking place

27 Overview: The Clery Act General Mandate The Clery Act requires participating educational institutions to disclose campus crime statistics and security information in the form of: –Daily crime logs –Timely warnings –Emergency notifications –Annual security report Applicability All post-secondary institutions, private and public, that participate the Higher Education Act of 1965 (HEA)’s Title IV student financial assistance programs must comply with the Clery Act

28 What is covered under Title IX? Relation to the institution relevant Title IX protects male and female students from sexual harassment by a school employee, another student or a non-employee third party (e.g. visiting speaker or visiting athletics) DOE Guidance Letter pg. 3 Geography Can be off campus, as long as the activity is related to the institution

29 What is covered under Clery? Relation to the institution irrelevant The institution should count all Clery Act crimes within the Clery geography even if they involve individuals not associated with the institution. »(Handbook for Clery Reporting pg. 54) Clery Crimes: Include sexual assault offenses, both forcible and non forcible. »(Handbook for Clery Reporting pg. 33; 34 CRF (c) VAWA (Campus SaVE) expands Clery crimes to include intimate partner violence, including stalking, dating violence and domestic violence offenses.

30 What is covered under Clery? Geography –A covered institution must only disclose statistics for reported Clery crimes that occur: (1) on campus, (2) on public property within or immediately adjacent to the campus, and (3) in or on non-campus buildings or property that your institution owns or controls. (Handbook for Clery Reporting pg. 54).

31 Procedural Requirements for Compliance Title IX Dissemination of Policy Designation of Title IX coordinator Adoption of Grievance Procedures Clery Policy Statement (Sex Offenses) Must include: Description of educational programs to promote SA awareness Procedures students should follow if a SA occurs Information on notifying appropriate authorities Information about available mental health resources Notification of option to change living situation Procedures for campus disciplinary action

32 Appropriate Reporters Title IX Responsible Employee standard A school has notice if a responsible employee “knew or in the exercise of reasonable care should have known” about the harassment. Includes “any employee who has the authority to take action to redress the harassment, who has the duty to report to appropriate school officials sexual harassment or any other misconduct by students or employees, or an individual who a student could reasonable believe has this authority or responsibility.” Clery Act Must be reported to a campus security authority (CSA), which includes: A campus police department or a campus security department of an institution. Those responsible for campus security but who does not constitute a campus police department or a campus security department Those specified in an institution’s statement of campus security policy as source to which students and employees should report criminal offenses An official of an institution with significant responsibility for student and campus activities, including, but not limited to, student housing, student discipline and campus judicial proceedings If someone has significant responsibility for student and campus activities, he or she is a campus security authority. ( Handbook for Clery, pgs )

33 Important Distinctions Title IX: Faculty are considered appropriate persons Clery Act holds academic faculty members who don’t have responsibility outside of the classroom to be unsuitable Sexual assaults that are only reported to faculty and are not subject to further proceedings (e.g. the student doesn’t go on to press charges) are not reported under the Clery Act. –However, if sexual assaults are reported to a CSA, the institution is required to include it as part of its Clery statistics regardless of whether the student decides to press charges or the lack of any further legal proceedings. Handbook for Clery reporting pg. 76

34 Enforcement Mechanisms Title IX Penalty for Violating Statute No fee, potential revoking of federal aid Administrative enforcement by OCR Private right of action against school Applies to private and public schools for student-on-student and teacher-on-student harassment The Clery Act Penalty for Violating Statute If DOE finds that the institution is in violation, it can issue civil fines of up to $35,000 per violation. (Handbook for Clery Reporting pg. 9). No private right to sue or receive compensation The individual must write a grievance to DOE and only DOE can bring action against the institution.

35 Reporting Obligations: Title IX Reporting timeline Upon notice of possible sexual assault, school should take “immediate and appropriate” steps to provide a remedy Confidentiality issues Schools should inform and obtain consent from the complainant before beginning an investigation.

36 Reporting Obligations: Clery Timely Warning Policy Timely warnings must be issued to the campus community regarding any Clery crime that occurs on your Clery geography that is: –Reported to campus security authorities or local police agencies; and –Is considered by the institution to represent a serious or continuing threat to students and employees. When to issue a timely warning? –Case-by-case basis Handbook for Clery Reporting 11; 34 CRF (e)

37 Outcomes: Title IX Notice of outcome Both parties must be notified concurrently about the outcome of both the complaint and any appeal –Must be related to the case: Disclosures about unrelated sanctions may result in a violation of FERPA Non-disclosure agreements –Postsecondary institutions may not require a complainant to abide by a nondisclosure agreement

38 Outcomes: Clery Act Notice of outcome –Victims and perpetrator must be simultaneously informed of campus court proceedings results Non-disclosure agreements –Institution cannot require victim to sign non- disclosure agreement Identity of victim and perpetrator –Prohibits personally identifiable information from being included in institution’s disclosure of crime statistics

39 CLERY ACT & TITLE IX INTERSECTION Disclose policies and procedures Prompt corrective action – change of academic or living situation Accused/accuser notified of outcome at the same time and same manner Title IX specifies both parties be notified in writing Disclose sanctions imposed Title IX requires interim protective measure while investigation is taking place

40 CLERY ACT & TITLE IX FOSTER COLLABORATION Institutions should foster and promote collaborative approach with police/security departments and Title IX coordinator Police/security department should be able to identify Title IX coordinator Together police/security department set the stage for comprehensive response

41 Developing Collaborative Support Services

42 TYPES OF SUPPORT SERVICES Information and referral following the crime Crisis and long-term counseling services and/or referral for therapy Accompaniment to medical and legal appointments Academic intervention as needed

43 ON- CAMPUS SUPPORT SERVICES Level or extent Implement range of programs Collaborative partnerships Institutions should decide on:

44 FACTORS INFLUENCING LEVEL OF SUPPORT SERVICES Qualified staff crisis counseling long-term therapeutic services Facilities for confidential services Liability concerns Resources available

45 IDENTIFY AND ASSESS EXISTING ON-CAMPUS RESOURCES Identify services Determine the quality Identify needs Determine resources and Desire to develop/expand

46 IDENTIFYING SERVICE NEEDS-STRATEGIES StudentsFacultyAdministration Check the Pulse of:

47 WHY COLLABORATE FOR CLERY COMPLIANCE? Provides more opportunities Provides a comprehensive approach Creates public recognition/visibility Enhances survivor-centered policies Prevents duplication Accomplishes what one alone can’t

48 THANK YOU! Clery Center for Security On Campus, Inc. 110 Gallagher Road Wayne, PA (484) ©2014 Clery Center


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