3The First Continental Congress What?= Meeting of delegates or representatives of the American coloniesWhen? 1774Where? PhiladelphiaWhy? Discuss ways to respond to the conflicts with England/ British threat – Intolerable Acts
4The First Continental Congress A congress is a formal meeting at which delegates/representatives discussed matters of concernThe First Continental Congress lasted 7 weeks
5The First Continental Congress What do they decided during this meeting/ Plan of action…They sent a letter to the king stating:Petition – asking King to have their rights backBoycott- not buying British goodsMilitia - Creation of a militiatroop of volunteers( minutemen) to defend themselves
6The First Continental Congress Kings reaction = The king refused to meet their demand and decided to use forceIn 1775 there were two battles at Lexington and Concord – The war has begun!More and more people were talking about independence.
7Fighting begins – Lexington & Concord 1775 fighting broke out between American colonies & Great BritainBritish troops to Lexington & Concord( Massachusetts)Hidden guns & weapons“First shoot heard around the world”Paul Revere &The midnight ride“ The British arecoming”
8American Revolutionary War Who? American colonies Vs. England ( mother land)When?What? War for independenceWhy? Colonists thought that they were not being treated fairly, and their rights were not being protected, so they rebelled and fought for their right to create a new & independent government.( social contract & Rousseau’s warning)Why? Colonist were not happy with the British government
9The Push for Independence Independence means self reliance and freedom from outside control; self governmentDependentIndependentInterdependent
10The Push for Independence Second Continental Congress War still going…Representatives met in Philadelphia in 1775Second Continental CongressThinking about independence…Not everyone thought it was a good idea.Why??? – colonists were divided
11Colonists were divided Colonists were hoping to avoid war…They were British citizens, most wanted to resolved the situationColonists divided into 2 groups ( in favor or against Independence)Patriots V. LoyalistsPatriots = colonists who wanted independence (favor of independence)Loyalists= colonists who were loyal to the King & to England ( against independence)
12Patriots Vs. Loyalists For Independence Against Independence Blood has been spilledWanted new kind of governmentFelt BritishLoyal to the King
13Common Sense Colonists were divided ( loyalists V patriots) Beginning 1776Most colonists wanted to avoid break with BritainCommon Sense – PamphletBy Thomas PainePropaganda supporting IndependenceSold more than 100,000 copiesKing as a tyrant – Parliament does not work alone/ without consent of KingHelped convince many Americans that they need independence from England
14Second Continental Congress The Congress decided in favor of independence.A committee was formed to create a document that would announce our independence.
16The Declaration of Independence Committee of 5 delegatesMain author was: Thomas JeffersonIt said all Americans had the right to be independent.
17The Declaration of Independence & The Enlightenment Not al the ideas came from Jefferson.Enlightenment ideas“ all man are created equal”, they are endowed by their creator by unalienable rights”( Life, liberty & pursuit of happiness)
18The Declaration of Independence Social Contract The Declaration of Independence argued that the British government did not look after the interests of the colonies nor protect their rights.For this reason, the British government was no longer the rightful government.
19Declaration of Independence What? Document drafted by Continental CongressWho? Thomas Jefferson – committee-When? July 1776Why? To explain the reasons why the colonies decided to declare independence from Britain & summarize their ideas about governmentThe document has 4 parts:Preamble :Introduction - explains why the Continental Congress drew up the Declaration.Declaration of Rights: states that people have certain basic rights and that government should protect those rights. ( Enlightenment ideas)List of Grievances: colonies complaints against England & the KingResolution of Independence: declares that the colonies are “Free and Independent States”
20The Declaration of Independence Congress approved the Declaration of Independence on July 4, 1776.The colonies were independent in theory.The war with Great Britain continue…
21Process – Declaration of Independence Read the Declaration of Independence ( Page ) 1) Find as many passages/thoughts as you can that refer to Enlightenment thinker's philosophical views. (Locke, Montesquieu, and Rousseau) 2) List several grievances the colonists have with England as written in the Declaration of Independence.3) Decide what was the worst (most valid) grievance. Tell what it is and why you chose it as the worst. Give at least three reasons your grievance is the worst, and compare it to at least one other grievance.