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Office of Bilingual Education/ESL

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1 Office of Bilingual Education/ESL
English Language Proficiency Standards (ELPS) in the Social Studies Classroom Cheryl Chance Office of Bilingual Education/ESL

2 Session Objectives Content Objectives (TAKS):
Participants will develop background knowledge of why Language Objectives (ELPS) are an essential part of lesson delivery for English language learners. Participants will be able to describe how Language Objectives (ELPS) differ from Content Objectives (TAKS). Language Objectives (ELPS): Participants will orally discuss and categorize Content (TAKS) and Language Objectives (ELPS). Participants will demonstrate their knowledge of Language Objectives (ELPS) by sharing with the group.

3 English Language Proficiency Standards (ELPS)
The English Language Proficiency Standards (ELPS) were approved by the State Board of Education on November 16, 2007.  These standards will replace the English as a Second Language Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (ESL TEKS) beginning in the school year and may be found online at

4 Attain English proficiency, Develop academic language, and
Why are English Language Proficiency Standards Necessary? Small Group Activity Attain English proficiency, Develop academic language, and Meet the same challenging academic content and achievement standards that all children are expected to meet.

5 English Language Proficiency Standards (ELPS)
The ELPS have two components: cross-curricular second language acquisition essential knowledge and skills proficiency level descriptors (Beginning, Intermediate, Advanced, and Advanced High)

6 Every teacher in any content or enrichment course in the Austin Independent School District who teaches ELLs must teach a language objective as well as a content objective.

7 The Nature of Language Proficiency:
BICS Basic Interpersonal Communication Skills Conversational CALP Cognitive Academic Language Proficiency Textbook language

8 Academic Language Academic language is the language used in content area classrooms. It is linked to higher order thinking processes and developed by extensive modeling and scaffolding of classroom talk. In order to develop academic language, students must be immersed in a language-rich, interactive environment. Academic language unique to Social Studies the past the present point of view analysis of relationships persons, places, and events cause and effect

9 Teaching Guidelines for Social Studies
Assess students’ prior knowledge about social studies topics Select content objectives from the TEKS Provide academic language activities in which students read, write, listen to, discuss, and make presentations on social student content Teach and have student practice leaning strategies with all social studies activities

10 TEKS and ELPS Objectives
Content Objectives are the: Language Objectives are the : What? How?

11 Writing Language Objectives
Language Objectives are the HOW of the lesson. Your language objectives should include interaction in the form of discussion (paired and/or cooperative learning activities). Think about specific language skills you want students to develop; include them as language objectives. Then plan the lesson accordingly. Most of the language verbs lend themselves to language objectives: define (vocabulary is most important) describe identify label name spell

12 define (vocabulary is most important)
describe identify label name Spell compare contrast explain summarize rephrase interview discuss (peer/group work) elaborate imagine predict compose

Complete a timeline listing the events leading up to the Revolutionary War. LANGUAGE In the reading, highlight the colonial action in blue and the British reaction in red. Explain to a partner your timeline. Use the words first, second, then to show sequence.

14 Sentence Stems ELLs benefit from having language scaffolded through the use of sentence stems when engaging in activities involving speaking and writing. Stems are used until they have mastered that scaffold. It should not become a “crutch” for the students. Sentence stems: Are short phrases that provide models for how to use academic vocabulary and correct grammar in context. Help English learners have a starting place for communicating their ideas orally and in writing. May be oral and/or written. Can focus on issues and concepts. Should be created using the language of TEKS and TAKS. Are created by understanding the academic language students are currently able to use and will need to use to demonstrate their knowledge of the content objective.

15 Creating Sentence Stems
Content Objective: Student will use a graphic organizer to identify colonial grievances in the Declaration of Independence. TEKS 8.6C: Identify colonial grievances listed in the Declaration of Independence. explain how those grievances were addressed in the U.S. Constitution and the Bill of Rights. Language Objective: Students will identify and describe colonial grievances using the sentence stems: A grievance can be defined as ___________. Three examples of colonial grievances listed in the Declaration of Independence are _______, ________, and ________. ELPS: 3(H) Narrate, describe, and explain with increasing specificity and detail as more English is acquired.

In writing, summarize the 3 most significant events which led to war. _______ was the most significant event because _________________. The significance of _____cannot be overstated. It _________. ________ was also significant because _________. CONTENT Select the 3 most significant events which led to the Revolutionary War.

17 Verbs for Language Objectives
Write… Read with a partner… Think… Listen… Discuss… Retell… Read…

18 ELPS Big Ideas Make Content Comprehensible Develop Academic Language
Big Responsibilities Communicate Sequence Curriculum Scaffold Identify Language Levels ELPS Student Expectations Listening Language Speaking Learning Reading Strategies Writing Cross-Curricular Language Levels Beginner Intermediate Advanced Advanced High

19 Instructional Strategies
Act out meanings Activate prior-knowledge and build upon students’ background experience (i.e., schema) Adapt content-critical content Allow multiple learning opportunities (2-3) the student to highlight texts Contextualize language Create word banks Describe difficult concepts visually with the use of graphic organizers and other charts assignments orally and in written form—having the assignment written on the board at the beginning of class gives the student the entire hour to copy it Embed definitions Emphasize of key vocabulary

20 Instructional Strategies
Employ a variety of grouping strategies brainstorming when seeking answers to questions journal writing reciprocal teaching story creation technique using key words think- pair- share techniques writing workshops Encourage active involvement Engage higher-order thinking skills students in activities and small & large group discussions Exercise inductive and deductive instruction Find supplementary materials (books related to topic & at reading level) Give demonstrations with real objects Include relevant 5-minute grammar review workshops Label maps and diagrams with necessary information Make content objectives explicit language objectives explicit learning-strategy instruction explicit

21 Instructional Strategies
Model Modify pacing Place an agenda on the board, so students have an advanced organizer for reference Plan meaningful activities (like games and flashcards) it will motivate and engage all the learners Pre-teach important concepts (A Priori) Provide a vocabulary review/preview ample practice contextualization clues lots of feedback on content and language use words and images together clear oral and written explanation of tasks links to past learning organizational charts for new information instruction to train the learners to read for context clues Repeat in a variety of ways (recycle, connect, and extend) SQ3R (survey, question, read, recite, review, reflect) Simplify! Some texts are just too wordy. Outlines Paraphrase and summarize intermittently Find the main ideas

22 Instructional Strategies
Teach the bold face and italics terms and importance of the form the text backward Use comprehension checks to check students’ attention and understanding gestures, pictures, drawings, stories. graphic organizers appropriately (not just a worksheet) activity before content or ABC=hands on activities and materials-try to allow learners to conduct a hands-on activity first before a lecture on the principles. They then have the opportunity to use inductive reasoning, and are more likely to understand the principles, or points of lesson, more clearly. interest builders (movies, photos, music, field trips, books, anticipation guides, etc) prior to chapter readings mnemonic devices native language (clarification in L1) overheads, realia, visuals, maps, charts, bulletin boards, timelines... real-life examples and anecdotes Think-Aloud Protocol to gain insight into your learners’ reading. word associations to make connections

23 Writing Language Objectives
Practice writing content objectives and correlating language objectives. Try to incorporate the four ELPS Proficiency Level Descriptors. Reading, Writing, Listening and Speaking Share with the whole group.

24 English Language Proficiency Standards Texas Education Agency
Developing Language Objectives for the Mathematics Classroom From Theory to Practice Southwest Educational Development Laboratory Mastering Multiple Literacies: Implementing the English Language Proficiency Standards Austin Independent School District Stepping Up Your Sheltered Content Instruction Dr. Kate Mastruserio Reynolds University of Wisconsin

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