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 What do we know about terrorist radicalization?.

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Presentation on theme: " What do we know about terrorist radicalization?."— Presentation transcript:

1  What do we know about terrorist radicalization?

2  Individual  Group  Mass

3 How does a government impact the radicalization process at the individual, group and mass levels?

4  What strategies are employed by terrorist groups to mobilize individuals to choose political violence over alternative means?  How do relatively ordinary, rational individuals justify their involvement in terrorist organizations and the violence they commit?  What role do ideological entrepreneurs play in constructing a social reality?  What framing devices are utilized by these ideological entrepreneurs? (Mass level: reaction, dehumanization... )

5 Remember ideological themes: Guevara – Vanguard Fanon – Violence as necessary Marighella – Urban warfare According to Eidelson & Eidelson, What are 5 beliefs that propel groups toward conflict?

6 - Superiority - Injustice - Vulnerability - Distrust - Helplessness - Where in the world of terrorist ideologies do we see these themes represented? - 4 of these could be classified as “grievances...” - Superiority breeds entitlement; unmet, becomes grievance... p. 188 – Importance of in-group validation...

7 Andrew Kidd and Barbara Walter (2006): “Five political objectives with enduring importance” - Regime change - Territorial change - Policy change - Social control - Status quo maintenance - Remember: terrorism as driven by desire for power to make (or sometimes prevent) change

8  What is “The Logic of Ethnic Terrorism”?  What do ethnic terrorist groups have in common?  How do they differ from other terrorist groups?  What does Byman suggest a country should do, and not do, when dealing with ethnic terrorism?

9 A central proposition:  Terrorism is the direct result of an individual’s choice influenced by a combination of factors and perceptions about the world around them “The roots of terrorist activity lie in the mind... ” - Gordon McCormick, 2003

10 We need to understand:  The critical importance of perception, identity, beliefs  The main elements of the relationship between governance and terrorism  The role that economics, psychology, sociology or other grievances play in motivating terrorist groups  The ways, means, contexts for ideological resonance

11  Countering radicalization requires that we:  Identify places of ideological interpretation, especially where youth might be exposed to radical ideas (clubs, youth groups, video games, Internet, religious or educational places, etc.)  establish a presence inside the places of radicalization in order to reach the audiences that are being radicalized from within;  identify interpreters that are recognized as authoritative, credible and commanding of obedience  develop the ability to discredit radical ideas as unsupported by core values; undermine legitimacy  Identify and support countervailing influences within societies, communities, families, and other institutions

12  Think about how you have formed your view of the world, and your place within it.  Who in your life has influenced your perceptions the most?  What if your “influencers” were considered “extremists” by others”? Would you know?

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