Presentation on theme: "Objectives Find out how Thomas Paine stirred support for independence."— Presentation transcript:
1Objectives Find out how Thomas Paine stirred support for independence. Understand the meaning and structure of the Declaration of Independence.Learn how Congress finally agreed to separate from England.
2Terms and PeopleThomas Paine – American colonist and author of Common SenseRichard Henry Lee – delegate who introduced a resolution calling for independence to the Second Continental Congressresolution – formal statement of opinionpreamble – introductiongrievance – formal complaint
3Why did many colonists favor declaring independence? By 1776, tension filled the colonies. The king had declared the colonists to be in open rebellion. Battles had been fought, and soldiers had died.Still, the path ahead was not clear. Though blood had been shed, many colonists still hoped for peace.
4As 1776 began, most colonists were neither Patriots nor Loyalists As 1776 began, most colonists were neither Patriots nor Loyalists. They were in the middle, torn about what to do.PatriotsLoyalistsUndecided
5That soon began to change That soon began to change. In January 1776, a colonist named Thomas Paine wrote a pamphlet that received wide attention.
6In Common Sense, Paine made powerful arguments in favor of independence. George IIIis a“royalbrute.”Kingsshould notrule overpeople.Americansshouldgovernthemselves.
7Common Sense became a bestseller, and public opinion began to shift. More colonists began to favor independence. So, too, did their representatives in the Second Continental Congress.Number ofcolonistsfavoringindependence
8In May, Virginia delegate Richard Henry Lee introduced a resolution declaring that the colonies should be free and independent states.Congress formed a committee to write a statement explaining the reasons for independence.The statement would be presented to Congress, then the question of independence would be put to a vote.
9Benjamin Franklin, John Adams, and Thomas Jefferson were appointed to the committee. Jefferson wrote most of the document, which would become the Declaration of Independence.
10The Declaration of Independence begins has four parts, beginning with a preamble. Natural RightsList of GrievancesResolutionof IndependenceThe preamble states the reason for writing the document—to explain why the colonists were breaking ties with Britain.
11Governments are created to protect those rights. To begin the explanation, Jefferson declared that everyone has unalienable rights.PreambleDeclaration ofNatural RightsList of GrievancesResolutionof IndependenceGovernments are created to protect those rights.If a government violates those rights, the people must change their government.
12taxed without their consent The British government, Jefferson argued, had violated the colonists’ rights.PreambleDeclaration ofNatural RightsList of GrievancesResolutionof IndependenceTo prove this, he presented a long list of grievances, including that the colonists were:denied trial by jurytaxed without their consent
13Therefore, Jefferson concluded, the colonies are free and independent states. PreambleDeclaration ofNatural RightsList of GrievancesResolutionof IndependenceAll ties between the colonies and the British government are now dissolved.
14The Declaration of Independence was approved by Congress on July 4, 1776.
15Americans still celebrate July 4th as Independence Day. Today, the Declaration of Independence remains a source of inspiration for Americans and for people around the world.
16For Americans in 1776, however, declaring independence was a serious and frightening step. The colonists were challenging one of the most powerful nations in the world—and risking their lives.The way ahead was dangerous, but there was no turning back. Americans were now fighting to create their own nation.
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