Presentation on theme: "Topic: Historical Documents"— Presentation transcript:
1Topic: Historical Documents Some documents in American history have considerable importance for the development of the nation. Students use historical thinking to examine key documents which form the basis for the United States of America.
2Historical Document #1: The Declaration of Independence Content Statement: The Declaration of Independence reflects an application of Enlightenment ideas to the grievances of British subjects in the American colonies.Expectations for Learning: Explain a grievance listed in the Declaration of Independence in terms of its relationship to Enlightenment ideas of natural rights and the social contract.
3Historical Document #1: The Declaration of Independence Content Elaborations: The Declaration of Independence opens with a statement that the action the American colonies were undertaking required an explanation. That explanation begins with a brief exposition of Enlightenment thinking, particularly natural rights and the social contract, as the context for examining the recent history of the colonies.The document includes a list of grievances the colonists have with the King of Great Britain and Parliament as a justification for independence. The grievances refer to as series of events since the French and Indian War which the colonists deemed were tyrannical acts and destructive of their rights.The Declaration of Independence ends with a clear statement that the political bonds between the colonies and Great Britain are ended. Independence is declared as an exercise of social contract thought.
4WHO WHAT WHERE WHEN WHY 1. Declaration of Independence 2. Northwest Ordinance3. Constitution of the United States4. Federalist and Anti-Federalist Papers5. Bill of RightsWHOWHATWHEREWHENWHY
6Historical Context Thomas Jefferson About The Author Born on April 13, 1743 in Virginia to a wealthy family.He was very well educated. Attended The College of William & Mary.Served in the Virginia House of Burgesses.Eloquent correspondent, but not good public speakerKnown as the "silent member" of the CongressWas unanimously chosen by the Committee of Five to prepare a draft of the Declaration alone.
7Major Events of The Time Common Sense is publishedNorth Carolina produces the Halifax Resolves making it the first British colony to officially authorize its delegates to vote for independence.Richard Henry Lee of Virginia proposes a resolution calling for a Declaration of Independence.Virginia Declaration of Rights by George Mason is adopted by the Virginia Convention of Delegates.The Delaware General Assembly votes to suspend government under the British Crown
8Intended AudienceThe audience were those wanting independence from England.International audience
9Jefferson’s Viewpoint on the Major Issues of His Time He believed in the separation of church and state.He believed that the colonies had the right to overthrow a tyrannical government.
10Main Points of the Declaration of Independence All men are created equal.“We hold these Truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal.Men are given by God certain unalienable rights.“They are endowed, by their Creator, with certain unalienable rights, that among these are Life, liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness.”We have the natural right by God to declare our independence from England.“When in the course of human events it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another, and to assume among the Powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which the Laws of Nature and of Nature’s God entitle them…
11Main Points of the Declaration of Independence Governments derive their authority from the consent of the people.“Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed.”When a government abuses it’s power, the people have the right to overthrow it.“That whenever any form of Government becomes destructive to these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it…The colonies tried repeatedly to compromise with King George, but has been a tyrant.“Such has been the patient sufferance of these Colonies; and such is now the necessity which constrains them to alter their former Systems of Government.
12Historical Significance Thomas Jefferson, The Declaration of IndependenceHistorical SignificanceThe American Colonies finally declared their independence from EnglandIt was the first step in the creation of a new nation.