Today we are aiming to... Explain what phonics is and how we use phonics to help your children learn to read and spell. Share information about how to pronounce the sounds and write the letters. Share ways that you can help your child at home.
What is Phonics? Phonics is a way of teaching children to link sounds and letters. It helps them to learn to read and spell words. Phonics is taught in a very structured way – starting with the easiest sounds. It is currently thought to be the most effective way of teaching children to read fluently and for enjoyment.
How is Phonics taught at Chesterhouse? Phonics, spelling and vocabulary is a key component of the Cambridge Primary English Curriculum Framework right through to Grade 6. We follow the Letters and Sounds programme, which is endorsed by Cambridge. Within Letters and Sounds there are Six Phases of phonic development.
What do children learn in Reception and Grade 1? Children are taught to: Recognise the sounds that each individual letter makes (e.g. ‘s’ = ssssssss). Identify the sounds that combinations of letters make (e.g. ‘ch’, ‘ee’, ‘igh’). Blend these sounds together to say and read words. Segment these sounds to spell words.
How many sounds are there? We teach 44 sounds (or phonemes).
It is VERY important that we pronounce these sounds correctly! Say ‘t’ not ‘tuh’ Say ‘p’ not ‘puh’ Say ‘c’ not ‘cuh’ Say ‘mmm’ not ‘muh’ Say ‘l’ not ‘L’. Say ‘ch’ not ‘chuh’
The 44 phonemes s/ssatpinmdgo c/ k/ck eurhbf/ffl/lljvwx yz/zzquchsh voiced & unvoiced th ngaieeighoa short oo long oo arorurowoiearairureer
High Frequency Words Decodable Tricky Remember, some words that were once tricky will become decodable in later phases. Some words will always be tricky and so need to be learnt in different ways. came it in iswith down the to go they are my
Please remember.... Use the Literacy at Home/Homework book activities – it will make a huge difference! Play lots of sound and listening games with your child. Read as much as possible to (and with) your child. Encourage and praise – get them to have a ‘good guess’. Ask your child’s teacher if you are unsure – we are all more than happy to help!