Presentation on theme: "Anston Hillcrest Primary School Spelling Workshop."— Presentation transcript:
Anston Hillcrest Primary School Spelling Workshop
Aims How we teach spelling in school Spelling strategies Games What you can do at home?
Spelling.. a ‘peace’ of cake? Linked to self esteem Specific difficulties Only taught spellings marked
Key Principles Gradually builds vocabulary through patterns and conventions Short, lively focused and regular sessions (2 or 3 times per week) 9:00am – 9.15am Strategies are explicitly taught Cross curricular words and HFW Proofreading Links made with handwriting Fun, fast and systematic
Objectives 6 objectives to be covered each year 2 objectives each term 1 objective each half term Plus misconceptions and errors
Differentiation Phonic / spelling sessions in phases Year 5 & 6 + TA Phase 5 & 6 Year 3 & 4 + TA Phase 3 & 5
Spelling in KS2 Builds on spelling vocabulary Recognising how these principles apply to each word, in order to learn to spell words Practising and assessing spelling Applying spelling strategies and proofreading Building pupil’s self image as spellers.
Spelling in KS2- balanced programme Phonemic Knowledge Phonics (Letter sound correspondence) Spelling patters and conventions (how consonant doubles after a short vowel) Homophones (common pronunciations but different spellings) Phonological knowledge (syllables and rhymes / analogy)
Spelling in KS2 Morphological knowledge (horse = 1 morpheme, horses =2 morphemes) Root words (elephant, table, girl, day) Compound words (2 root words combined playground) Etymology (word derivations/ sources – audi relates to hearing, audible, audience, audition) Prefixes and suffixes
Year 3 1. To consolidate knowledge of adding suffixes and to investigate the conventions related to the spelling pattern -le candle / kettle / beetle 2. To spell regular verb endings and to learn irregular tense changes (e.g. go / went) skip - skipped carry – carried find – found 3. To know what happens to the spelling of nouns when s is added. tables boxes keys armies
4. To understand how words change when the suffixes are added. -ly (in this manner) -ful (full of) - less (without) -able (able to) - er (more or belonging to ) Nice nicer nicest big bigger biggest happy happier happiest 5. To embed the correct use and spelling of pronouns I me mine myself Year 3 6. To develop knowledge of prefixes to generate new words from root words. re (again) Recycle pre (before) precook de (to do the opposite) defrost mis (the opposite of) mistake
What’s the rule? Move – moving Shove – shoving Change – changing Hop – hopping Slip – slipping Tap – tapping Step – stepping Remove the ‘e’ and add ‘ing’ Double the final consonant after a short vowel sound and add ‘ing’
To distinguish between the spelling and meaning of homophones. beech / beach witch / which 2. To investigate, collect and classify spelling patterns related to the Formation of plurals. -f and –fe endings thief thieves loaf loaves cliff cliffs irregular plurals goose geese tooth teeth Year 4 3. To investigate and learn to spell words with common letter strings. -igh fright -ough rough -ear learn
4. To understand how suffixes change the function words. In to verbs (-ate, -en, -ify, -ise) pollen pollinate beauty beautify In to nouns (-tion, -ity, -ness) stupid stupidity lazy laziness - ible horror – horrible -able comfort - comfortable Year 4 5. To understand the use of the apostrophe in contracted forms and words. you have you’ve 6. To revise and investigate links between meaning and spelling when using affixes. mis- (not) ex – (outside) re– (again) auto- (self) circ- (round) tele- (distant) trans- (across) mini- -ette -ling micro- (Small)
Homonyms & Homophones Homonyms – share same spelling but have different meanings. The bat grabbed the bat and batted the ball. Homophones – sound the same but have different spellings. The hare had spiky hair.
Which is which? Homophones stationary stationery practice practise wear where were
Rhyme it Helps tune the children into listening carefully. Sick Stick Choose ea / ee / e consonant e Meat seat treat heat complete sleet
2.To spell words with common Letter strings and different pronunciations. -ight right / weight –ear pear / earn –oo mood / good –ough cough / though –ie field / pie –our colour / hour -cian optician –sion extension –tion fiction –ssion session Year 5 3. To explore the spelling pattern of consonants and formulate rules. ci- cinema ce- ceiling cy- mercy ca- cancel co- coat 1.To spell unstressed vowels in polysyllabic words. abandoned library poisonous champagne Wednesday raspberry
Year 5 4. To explore less common prefixes and suffixes. in – inactive im- immature ir- irregular il- illegal 5. To investigate and learn spelling rules for adding suffixes to words ending in e or words ending in –y and words containing ie Year 5 PrefixesRootSuffixes Dis--ance Re-appear-ing -ed Mis-take-en Prim- 6. To identify word roots, derivations and spelling patterns as a support for spelling
Words within Words Identifying words within words Archaeology Encourage Antidisestablishmentarianism! Rearranging letters to create new words Accidental International Performance
1.To embed the use to independent spelling strategies for Spelling unfamiliar words. 2.To investigate the meaning and spelling of connectives nevertheless consequently therefore Year 6 3. To revise and extend work on spelling patterns, including unstressed vowels in polysyllabic words. Miniature parliament separate desperate Finding words within words –ve get able Linking word families e.g. definite finite infinity Syllables – choc o late
4. To use what is known about prefixes and suffixes to transform words 5. To spell unfamiliar words by using what is known of word families and spelling patters. -mb comb -gue rogue -wr wrist -ctu fracture -tch watch -phy physics -pn pneumonia -gn foreign Year 6 6. To revise and use word roots, prefixes and suffixes as a support for spelling. aqua (water) aquatic man (hand) manual min (small) minus mari (sea) marine liber (free) liberty muliti (many) multiply tri (three) triangle
Taking a mental photograph Chant the letters Take a picture Practise Cover Check
Finish st___ p 20 seconds to complete the word. stamp stoop strip steep strap stop ‘ur’ ‘er’ ‘oi’ surpise urgent purchase furniture purpose
Prefixes ‘ante’ (before) ‘anti’ (against) ‘dis’ (not or away) ‘ex’ (out of) ‘inter’ (between) ‘pre’ (before) ‘sub’ (under) ‘trans’ (across) What’s the rule? Suffixes ‘-able’ or ‘-ible’ (capable of being) ‘-ess’ (female) ‘-hood’ (state of being) ‘-less’ (without) ‘-ous’ (full of)
pat tap snip pins strap parts ward draw Anna Hannah Reversibles Palindromes!
Word Blocks stp aol bmr stop stab stamp star lamp
Assessment & Homework 10 spelling words to be given each week Final assessment based on dictation incorporating 20 key spellings. All assessments recorded in a spelling book to show clear evidence of progress.
Colour phonemes Counting letters of challenging spellings Splitting the word into syllables / phonemes Sep a rat e s e p a r a t e Look for words within words / word families. Knowledge of prefixes and suffixes Mnemonics because Big elephants can always understand small elephants Spelling Strategies
Practise spellings and have fun with words. Find the tricky bits and work on that. Read as much as possible to and with your child. Encourage and praise – get them to have a "good guess! Ask your child’s teacher if you want to know more. How to support your child?