Presentation on theme: "All about Phase 5. Year 1 Phonics. Key Principles we want children to learn in Phase 5. Phonemes are units of sound. Phonemes are represented by graphemes."— Presentation transcript:
Key Principles we want children to learn in Phase 5. Phonemes are units of sound. Phonemes are represented by graphemes. A grapheme may consist of one (t, h), two (kn, er) or more letters (igh, tch). A phoneme can be represented/spelled in more than one way – cat, kennel, choir / rain, may, lake. The same grapheme may represent more than one phoneme – me, met.
Being secure at Phase 5. Children need to:- Say the sound when shown any grapheme that has been taught. Write the common graphemes for any given sound. Begin to self correct when reading. Begin to become more fluent e.g not sounding out most words. Choose the correct phoneme or grapheme when writing or be able to offer an alternative when prompted by an adult.
What might your child find difficult? Understanding the split digraph - laet (late), tiem (time), liek (like) Choices for alternative spellings e.g /ai/ as in again, today, snake, crayon, eight Awareness of alternative pronunciations for specific graphemes in reading, e.g /ou/ out, shoulder, could, you
Nonsense Words The children have to show their phonic knowledge by reading words that are real and ‘nonsense’. Many games we play will ensure the children are exposed to both types of words. We have to use nonsense words to check the children’s ability to recognise a specific grapheme not just sight read words. This also shows that they can decode properly.
Year 1 Phonics Screening At the end of Year 1 one there is a statutory phonics screening. This is compulsary for all children. The screening is completed on a 1 to 1 basis with the class teacher. Within this screening the children must read real and nonsense words.
Phonics homework The phonics homework sheets provide you with an overview of the graphemes the children have been learning that week. Phonics homework is not something we expect to be handed in each week. Here are some games you can play........ Bingo Snap Memory Kim’s Game Labelling pictures Writing sentences with the Phase 5 graphemes Don’t forget to look on the school website too!