Presentation on theme: "Phonics, Reading and Writing Instructions"— Presentation transcript:
1 Phonics, Reading and Writing Instructions 盧貞穎教育部國教司 中央課程與教學輔導諮詢教師MOE Curriculum and Instruction Consulting Team
2 Phonics Matters Teacher’s concepts and motivation Learner’s concepts and motivation Phonics knowledge Phonics instructions / strategies Textbook
3 Phonics Matters Supplementary materials Teaching aids Time limit Assignment Assessment
4 How does phonics help EFL learners? Reading(decoding and comprehension)Spelling(spelling and memorizing English words)Pronunciation
5 Phonics Related Ability Reading with phonics:letter letter-sound correspondence blending Related ability:1. Letter knowledge (pre-phonics level)2. Letter-sound correspondence3. Phonological awareness
6 Pre-phonics Level Instruction Letter name & letter formletter sound(Mostly consonants & short vowels)
7 Phonics Instruction 2. Constructive 1. Traditional a. Analytic / indirect / implicit methodb. Synthetic / direct / explicit method2. Constructivea. Spell basedmaking wordsword study: picture sort & word sortb. Compare/contrast and analogy: eat, neat, meat
8 Letter Knowledge Instruction Letter Names & Letter Forms-- Alphabet recognitionLetter Sounds-- Phonemic awareness-- PhonicsMeaningful Association-- Word recognition → Chant & Song → Reading
9 Letter Names & Letter Forms -- Alphabet recognition Introducing capital letters and small letters Focus on pronunciation/i/: b, c, d, e, g, p, t, v, z//: f, l, m, n, s, x/e/: a, h, j, k/ai/: i, y/u/: q, u, wo and r
10 Letter Names & Letter Forms -- Alphabet recognition 2. Four Skill Activities: Listening: Point to (letters on the board) Show Me (using cards) Speaking: Speed Reading (class/group/pair) Poker Game
11 Letter Names & Letter Forms -- Alphabet recognition 2. Four Skill Activities: Reading: Ordering Game (using cards, time keeping) Pair up (using cards, time keeping) Memory Game (using cards)
12 Letter Names & Letter Forms -- Alphabet recognition 2. Four Skill Activities: Writing instruction: Format (notebook & lines)頂天立地 Say and Write(in class practice)
13 Confusable Letter Pairs b, d, looking at mep, q, point to my shoes
14 Letter Sounds -- Phonemic awareness Introducing letter sounds Cat & Dog Avoid too much information and confusion:* a, a, a, /æ/, /æ/, /æ/. A, a, apple. a, /æ/, apple. Focus on pronunciationa b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z
15 Letter Sounds -- Phonemic awareness 2. Phonemic awareness training Listen for the beginning sound: apple, ball, cat, dog, egg, fox…
16 Letter Sounds -- Phonics skill 3. Phonics skill training: Manipulating the sound Making words
17 Making words for EFL Beginners Use short vowels and consonantsBegin with two-letter wordsMake CVC wordsSequential considerationC, V → V C → C V C(Ex) c, a, t → a t → c a tEnd up with meaningful reading or ask students to make sentences with the words
18 CVC Words for Beginners abc cababedef bed dadabcdefgh bagabcdefghijk big fig kid Jackabcdefghijklmn man leg canabcdefghijklmnop mop cap pigabcdefghijklmnopqr redabcdefghijklmnopqrst bat hat ratabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvw sun van wigabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz six yo-yo zebra
19 Sample Lessons of Making words, Word Sorting and Reading Letters: a i b c f g n tMake: in at cat fat bat bag bigSort for: in at ag igReading: I see a cat.I see a fat cat.I see a bag.I see a big bag.I see a fat cat in a big bag.
20 Meaningful Association Word recognition holistic way (apple, ball, elephant, umbrella) phonics way (bat, cat, hat / book, cook, look)2. Alphabet/phonics Chants & Songs finger-point reading pronunciation stress & rhythm3. Reading
21 Phonics Chants -at, -at! c, -at, cat! I see a cat. Letter sound chant-at, -at! c, -at, cat!I see a cat.-at,- at! b, -at, bat!I see a bat.-at,- at! h,- at, hat!I see a hat.
22 Phonics Chants Letter sound chant Show me, show me, show me a box. Here you are. x2Ox, ox, in the box!Fox, fox, in the box!
23 Phonics Songs Phonic Song A Phonic Song AAnts on the apple a, a, a Ants on the apple a, a, a Ants on the apple a, a, a "a" is the sound of "A"
25 Phonics Readers wordsandpictures/longvow/poems/fpoem.shtml BBC Bitesize Literacy
26 Phonics and RT R1 & R2: Cat, cat , cat. R1: A cat. R2: A fat cat. R3 & R4: I see a fat cat.R3 & R4: Hat, hat, hat.R3: A hat.R4: A big hat.R1 & R2: I see a big hat.All: Look, the fat cat is in the big hat!
27 Phonics Tongue Twisters Fuzzy WuzzFuzzy Wuzzy was a bear.Fuzzy Wuzzy had no hair.Fuzzy Wuzzy wasn’t very fuzzy, was he?
28 Phonics Tongue Twisters Peter PiperPeter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers;A peck of pickled peppers Peter Piper picked;If Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers,Where's the peck of pickled peppers Peter Piper picked?
29 Phonics Tongue Twisters SeashellsShe sells sea shells by the sea shore.And the shells she sells are surely sea shells.Since she sells shells by the sea shore,I'm sure the shells she sells are seashore shells.
30 Phonics Tongue Twisters WoodchuckHow much wood would a woodchuck chuck, if a woodchuck could chuck wood?He would chuck as much woodas a woodchuck could, if a woodchuck could chuck wood.
33 Effective Phonics Instruction 2. Incorporating phonics in vocabulary instructionSEE, HEAR, SAY and WRITE the words ----Using multi-sensory instructionFinger-pointing readingLetter- sound correspondence in reading and writing--- Say and write
34 Example 1 A Bag She is Pat. cat a ag bag bag She has a cat. Pat Rabbitsada ag bag baga at cat cata at Pat Pata ra bbit rabbita ad sad sadShe is Pat.She has a cat.
35 Example 2 a_e brave This is Dave. Dave a_e ave brave brave He is brave.Davecakenameracea_e ave brave bravea_e ave Dave Davea_e ake cake cakea_e ame name namea_e ace race raceThis is Dave.He is brave.