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Ch. 10 – Word Identification Short Vowels Onsets & Rimes Consonant Clusters & Digraphs Long Vowels R-Controlled Vowels Special Vowel Combinations Phonic Generalizations
Short Vowels After consonants are taught Before long vowels Most first words are c-v-c
Short Vowels How to teach? –Direct practice –Connected Text Reading Decodable books Reading A-Z
Onsets and Rimes Onsets: the part of the syllable that comes before the vowel Rimes: AKA phonograms or word families Provides strategy for identifying unknown words
Onsets and Rimes - Consonant Substitution
Onsets & Rimes- Games Tic-Tac-Toe Hink Pinks Make a Crazy Story
Mary went for a walk with her cat bat. They sat in the park for awhile and played with a small tall dog.
Consonant Clusters Consonant Diagraphs
Clusters & Digraphs Activities Word sorts Group-Response Activity “She wore braces now her teeth are __ He is not weak, he is ___”
Long Vowel Sounds Easier to learn Sounds like the name Same teaching strategies as Short Vowels Writing
R-Controlled Vowels When a vowel is followed by an R Hard to learn Many variations for same sound How to teach? -Read stories -Matching activity (hands-on)
Special Vowel Combos
Special Vowel Combinations Dipthong: gliding sound Digraph: 2 vowels make 1 sound Not taught as separate categories, but fall under Special Vowel Combinations –Infrequent and/or too many exceptions
Important Special Vowel Combinations AU -OI -OY -OO -OU
Phonic Generalizations Teach after basics Obviously aids reading fluency Provide opportunities Memorize vs. Internalize
Phonic Generalizations Common Vowel –Short vowels between 2 consonants 71% –When 2 vowels are together the first one does the talking 34% –Silent e at the end means a long vowel before 57%
Phonic Generalizations Can you think of any?
Phonic Generalizations Obstacles –Prompting –Many exceptions to the rules “get” “friend” “way” “sew” “bread” –Can you think of any?
Phonic Generalizations Help with Onsets and Rimes “The human brain appears to have greater facility for detecting patterns than for applying rules”
Phonic Myths Direct –Practice activities are good enough Middle & High School will never get it It’s for bright students only It’s the only way to teach reading
1 Guidelines for Exemplary Phonics Instruction Builds on child’s rich concepts about how print functions.
The Study of Words Cohen and Cowan Chapter 5. Key Terms Automaticity Fluency Decode Sight words High-frequency words Phonic patterns Structural patterns.
By: Tashawna King Phonics concepts include: consonants vowels blending sounds into words phonograms phonics rules Phonics is the key to reading.
All About Phonics Instruction By: Mary Kaish. Phonological Awareness and its Role in Phonics The reading process can be described as a developmental continuum.
Word Recognition Strategies Chapter 5. 3 ways to learn words Whole word-Look Say Structural analysis-Visual patterns and endings. Context analysis-What.
Phonics and Word Identification Ch. 4 The Essentials of Teaching Children to Read: The Teacher Makes the Difference.
Chapter 9: Assessing and Teaching Spelling SPED 562: LD Methods.
Phonological Awareness and Syllable Segmentation February 17, 2012.
Copy the presentation to your hard drive. Open up the game board slide, determine the category of questions you want to construct and substitute the proper.
SPED 366. Vocabulary To Learn Onset Rime: Taking the initial consonant or blend and adding a group of letters to make a word. EXAMPLE: B = onset at =
Chapter 6—Phonics Kendra McLaren Doug McLaren The aim of phonic instruction is to help children acquire alphabetic knowledge and use it to read and spell.
PHONICS 1 st grade Comprehension Phonics. PHONICS Phonics instruction is to help students decode words. In order for students to understand passages they.
Cherry Orchard Phonics and Reading Workshop for Parents 16th January 2015.
Stages & Patterns Policies & Standards Glossary.
The Power of Chunks in The Chunk Reading Program By Ladybug Literacy.
Phonics. What is it?? Phonics is an organized program where letter/sound correspondences are directly taught.
Maine Department of Education, 2006 Maine Reading First Course Session #10 Phonics Instruction.
Phonics Ann Morrison, Ph.D.. Phonics Morrison, The intersection of Phonological Awareness and Print Awareness Alphabetics Sight Words
Reading & Writing & Spelling begin with Oral Skills: Speaking & Listening Ability to hear, speak, see, reason, connect & communicate effectively through.
Phonics Analytic vs. Synthetic. Phonics (National Institute of Child Health & Human Development, 2000) Phonics = the association between the letters in.
CHAPTER SEVEN ASSESSING AND TEACHING READING: PHONOLOGICAL AWARENESS, PHONICS, AND WORD RECOGNITION.
How does your child learn to read? Phonics Word Recognition Context Clues.
PHONICS & DECODING Chapter 6. BACKGROUND & RESEARCH By Rachel Jensen.
FOUNDATIONAL SKILLS FOR OLDER READERS A GOVERNOR’S TEACHING NETWORK PROJECT SHARON HOPPER VANCE COUNTY SCHOOLS
Letters and Sounds There are 6 Phases in Letters and Sounds, each building on the skills and knowledge of the previous one. Phases 1-4 should be taught.
Ch. 1: Structure of English Carma Ellis. What? PHONEMES: smallest unit of spoken language that makes a difference in a words meaning different phonemes.
An introduction to phonics How to support your child with learning letters and sounds by K Laidler.
Phonics Ann Morrison, Ph.D.. Phonics Ann Morrison, Ph.D. The intersection of Phonological Awareness and Print Awareness Alphabetics Sight Words.
Analytic vs. Synthetic Phonics By: Debbie Pazderski Chris Wing.
Learning To Read Jose F. Lopez March 27, 2006 Jose F. Lopez March 27, 2006.
Recommendations for Morgan’s Instruction Instruction for improving reading fluency Instruction for improving word recognition, word decoding, and encoding.
Introduction to Phonemic Awareness & Phonics. “I know how to spell S” “E - S”
Welcome. Aims for today: How you can help your child with their writing. How you can support your child to develop their reading skills.
Research shows that when phonics is taught in a structured way - starting with the easiest sounds and progressing through to the most complex – it is.
Syllable Patterns: Vowel Digraphs. load / ing The word is broken into two syllables – a base word (load) and an ending (ing). A vowel digraph is when.
1 Stages of Spelling Development Spelling is all about PATTERNS. Children need to be taught to see the patterns so they learn patterns instead of memorizing.
Your child is spelling at the Letter Name Alphabetic Spelling Stage. Continue to work on short vowel sounds and hearing beginning, middle and ending sounds.
What is a Syllable?. All words contain syllables. All words contain syllables. Syllables are often used in poetry to give meter to the work.
Guidelines for Meaningful Phonics Instruction Priscilla L. Griffith University of Oklahoma
Welcome to Ridge House Letters and Sounds Presentation.
PHONICS. Phonics teaches the relationship between letters and letter combinations in written language and the sounds in spoken language.
Letter Name Alphabetic Stage Rdg 360. Characteristics Early Do Correctly Represent most salient sounds, usually beginning consonants Directionality.
Welcome to the Year 1 Reading & Phonics meeting. Purpose of the meeting: * To explain the process of phonics teaching within Holy Trinity. * To improve.
Reading & Writing & Spelling begin with Oral Skills: Speaking & Listening including the … Ability to hear, speak, see, reason, connect & communicate effectively.
News on Reading from Mrs. Stone’s Class. Reading Mastery for Grades K, 1, 2, and 3 Corrective Reading for Grades 3, 4, and 5 SRA Program.
What About Phonics? Murray State University. Why Johnny Cant Read In 1955 Rudolph Flesch said Teach the child what each letter stands for and he can read.
Ready to Read! Developmentally Appropriate Practice for Preschool & Kindergarten Tammy Utchek Lee.
Phonics Information. Overview What is phonics? Phonics Terminolog y Overview of Phases – sounds and tricky words.
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