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Ch. 10 – Word Identification

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1 Ch. 10 – Word Identification
Short Vowels Onsets & Rimes Consonant Clusters & Digraphs Long Vowels R-Controlled Vowels Special Vowel Combinations Phonic Generalizations

2 Short Vowels After consonants are taught Before long vowels
Most first words are c-v-c

3 Short Vowels How to teach? Direct practice Connected Text Reading
Decodable books Reading A-Z


5 Onsets and Rimes Onsets: the part of the syllable that comes before the vowel Rimes: AKA phonograms or word families Provides strategy for identifying unknown words

6 Onsets and Rimes - Consonant Substitution


8 Onsets & Rimes- Games Tic-Tac-Toe Hink Pinks Make a Crazy Story

9 Make a Crazy Story Mary went for a walk with her cat bat. They sat in the park for awhile and played with a small tall dog.

10 Consonant Clusters Consonant Diagraphs

11 Clusters & Digraphs Activities
Word sorts Group-Response Activity “She wore braces now her teeth are __ He is not weak, he is ___”

12 Long Vowel Sounds Easier to learn Sounds like the name
Same teaching strategies as Short Vowels Writing

13 R-Controlled Vowels When a vowel is followed by an R Hard to learn
Many variations for same sound How to teach? Read stories Matching activity (hands-on)

14 R-controlled Vowels

15 Special Vowel Combos

16 Special Vowel Combinations
Dipthong: gliding sound Digraph: 2 vowels make 1 sound Not taught as separate categories, but fall under Special Vowel Combinations Infrequent and/or too many exceptions

17 Important Special Vowel Combinations

18 Phonic Generalizations
Teach after basics Obviously aids reading fluency Provide opportunities Memorize vs. Internalize

19 Phonic Generalizations
Common Vowel Short vowels between 2 consonants 71% When 2 vowels are together the first one does the talking 34% Silent e at the end means a long vowel before 57%

20 Phonic Generalizations
Can you think of any?

21 Phonic Generalizations
Obstacles Prompting Many exceptions to the rules “get” “friend” “way” “sew” “bread” Can you think of any?

22 Phonic Generalizations
Help with Onsets and Rimes “The human brain appears to have greater facility for detecting patterns than for applying rules”

23 Phonic Myths Direct –Practice activities are good enough
Middle & High School will never get it It’s for bright students only It’s the only way to teach reading

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