2Being able to read is one of the most important skills children will learn during their early schooling and it has far-reaching implications for lifelong confidence and well-being.(‘Letters and Sounds’ – Principles and Practice of High Quality Phonics)
3The Rose ReviewThe independent review of early reading, conducted by Jim Rose, confirmed that ‘high quality phonic work’ should be the prime means for teaching beginner readers to learn to read and spell.
4Important Reading Strategies Keep it fun → look at the pictures.Walk and talk through the book before ‘reading’.
6Important Reading Strategies To decode the words:*Guess from understanding the meaning.*Work out what it could be from the context.*Predict.*Build a bank of words recognised ‘on sight’.* For phonetically decodable words…
7'Sound out' or 'segment and blend' using phonic knowledge. Watch this space!
10Phonics is the link between letters and the sounds they make. Using a structured programme, working through 6 progressive phases, children are taught:All the common letter – sound correspondences.To hear separate sounds within words – we call this to ‘segment’.To ‘blend’ sounds together.
11MultisensoryLook… magic pen, model formation of letters – handwriting patter / using smartboard video function / visualisersDo… actions, sing songs, say rhymes, watch mouth shape in the mirror to pronounce pure soundsListen…songsContextualise - storiesJolly PhonicsGames – try some laterWrite dance/ quickwrite/sand/
12Games to play at home I spy Collect objects/words with same sounds Segment/stretch words out togetherUse lower case magnetic letters on the fridgeSnap
13What are speech sounds? Tips and e-books at www.oxfordowl.co.uk There are 26 letters in the English alphabet – but more than 40 speech sounds or phonemesA phoneme is the smallest unit of sound in a wordeg. fA grapheme is a letter or sequence of letters that represents a phonemeeg. f, ff or phFor pronunciation of pure sounds go toTips and e-books at
14It is easier for children to segment and blend pure sounds. fffffffffffffffffffffffffContinuous phonemes:-f, l, m, n, r, s, sh, v, th, zUnvoiced phonemes:-e, p, t, ch, hVoiced phonemes:-b, d, g, w, qu, y, j
15Phase 2 Sounds are introduced in sets Set 1: s, a, t, p Set 2: i, n, m, dSet 3: g, o, c, kSet 4: ck, e, u, rSet 5: h, b, f, ff, l, ll, ss
16Phase 2 Activity: How many words can you make? With the letters: s a t p i n m dMake as many cvc and cv words as you can – you will see that they are taught in this order for a reason!
17Blending – nothing to do with tea! Recognising the letter sounds in a written word- eg. C-u-p, and blending them in the order which they are written, to read the word ‘cup’.
18Segmenting – nothing to do with oranges! Segmenting/ stretching out words - to know which letters to write down to represent a word.s-e-g-m-e-n-t
20Phase 3 *Set 6: j, v, w, x * Set 7 y,z,zz,qu *Learn the alphabet and the names of the letters*Set 8: ch, sh, th, ng*Teach: ai, ee, igh, oa, oo, oo, ar, or, ur, ow, oi, ear, air, ure, er
21Digraph Two letters which make one sound. Consonant digraph – two consonants net to each other, but they make a single sound – ‘friendly letters’Eg. sh, ck, th, ll, ssVowel digraph contains at least one vowel – but the two letters make a single soundEg. ai, ee, ar, oy
23Trigraph 3 letters which make 1 sound S-igh-t F-ear Ch-air s igh t f
24Phase 4 (end of FS) Consolidation unit - no new graphemes to learn. Reading and spelling ‘tricky words’- Apply learning to reading andspelling.
25Phase 5 – throughout Year 1 Read phonetically decodable 2/3 syllable wordsUse alternative ways of pronouncing and spelling long vowel phonemes, eg / a/ ai, ei, a_e, aySpell using phonetically plausible attempts at complex words 'katorpilla'Graphemes/ alternate graphemes – find a best bet/ best fit - follow rules, even though there are exceptions to them all!
26Phase 6 – Yr 2Learn about phonic irregularities and less common gpcs (grapheme- phoneme correspondences)Apply phonics/ recognise and spell increasing number of complex words-ed past tenseAdding suffixes and prefixesPunctuationIntonationExpressionHow to make a best guess – from meaning and contextPersonalised strategies for remembering difficult words
27Tricky wordsCannot be sounded out or blended – need to be recognised as a wholeEg, said, the, eyesChildren develop their own ways of remembering over time. Constant repetition throughout daily phonics lessons.
28Play some games - have fun! Ask any questions – post it notes on board
29Quiz1. What is a phoneme?2. How many phonemes are there in the word strap?3. What is a digraph?4. Give an example of two letters next to each other but which do not make a digraph.5. Write the word strict and add the sound buttons.
30Answers 1. What is a phoneme? The smallest unit of sound in a word 2. How many phonemes in the word strap? 53. What is a digraph? Two letters next to each other that make one sound4.Two letters next to each other which don’t make a digraph – fl, tr, st5. Strict has a button per letter