Presentation on theme: "Phonic Workshop for parents of children in Reception and Year One"— Presentation transcript:
1Phonic Workshop for parents of children in Reception and Year One Supporting your child to progress through the phonic phases and be successful in the phonic screening check
2Aims To understand the importance of phonics. To get an idea of how phonics is taught in school.To learn how children progress through the phonic phases and how to support and develop children’s learning.To understand the Year One phonic screening and what this involves for your child
3+ Phonics is all about using … knowledge of the alphabet skills for reading and spelling+Learning phonics will help your child to become a good reader and writer.
4Phonic terms explained Phonemes: The smallest units of sound that are found within a word (you hear a phoneme)Grapheme: The spelling of the sound e.g. Th (you see a grapheme)Diagraph: Two letters that make one sound when readTrigraphs: Three letters that make one soundCVC: Stands for consonant, vowel, consonant (this applies to sounds NOT letters)Segmenting: is breaking up a word into its sounds to spellBlending : Putting the sounds together to read a wordTricky words: Words that cannot easily be decoded.
5Blending Moving sounds together to read a word /b/ /e/ /d/ = bed/t/ /i/ /n/ = tin/m/ /u/ /g/ = mug
6Segmenting ‘chopping a word up’ in to its phonemes to spell. bed = /b/ /e/ /d/tin= /t/ /i/ /n/mug= /m/ /u/ /g/
7Daily PhonicsIn reception children have 3 short phonic sessions throughout the day. This changes to one 20 minute session every day in year 1.• Lessons encompass a range of games, actions, songs and rhymes.We use the government produced document called Letters and Sounds to support the teaching of phonics with the Jolly Phonics materials.There are 6 phonics phases which the children work through.Phoneme frames, sound buttons, full circle, countdown, flashcards, buried treasure
8New knowledge and skills while reading/writing. Teaching SequenceRevisit and ReviewRecently and previously learned phoneme-grapheme correspondences, and blending and segmenting skills.TeachNew phoneme-grapheme correspondences; skills of blending and segmenting.PractiseNew phoneme-grapheme correspondences; skills of blending and segmenting.ApplyNew knowledge and skills while reading/writing.
9Summary of the phonic phases Phase 1 (begins in nursery and is on-going)To distinguish between sounds and become familiar with rhyme, rhythm and alliteration.Phase 2 (Reception Autumn term)To introduce 19 grapheme-phoneme correspondences.Phase 3 (Reception Spring Term)To teach one grapheme for each of the 44 phonemes in order to spell simple regular words.Phase 4 (Reception Summer Term)To read and spell words containing adjacent consonants.Phase 5 (in Yr1)To teach alternative pronunciations for graphemes and alternative spellings for phonemes.Phase 6 (in Yr 1 and Yr2)To develop their skill and automaticity in reading and writing.
10Saying the sounds Sounds should be articulated clearly and precisely. This is an important part of learning to read and spell regular words.If articulation of individual sounds are exaggerated a child will have difficulty hearing words correctly when they blend and segment. i.e. avoiding ‘derr’ and ‘serr’. Say the sound as it is said in a word
11Phase 1: Nursery+ Getting ready for phonics 1. Tuning into sounds2. Listening and remembering sounds3. Talking about soundsMusic and movementRhythm and rhymeSound effectsSpeaking and listening skills
12Phase 2:Reception Learning phonemes to read and write simple words Children will learn their first 19 phonemes:Set 1: s a t p Set 2: i n m dSet 3: g o c k Set 4: ck (as in duck) e u rSet 5: h b l f ff (as in puff) ll (as in hill) ss (as in hiss)They will use these phonemes to read and spell simple “consonant-vowel-consonant” (CVC) words:sat, tap, dig, duck, rug, puff, hill, hissAll these words contain 3 phonemes ( not always 3 letters!)
13Phoneme frame and sound buttons Phonics wordsPhoneme frame and sound buttonscatfish_these are both cvc words
14Phoneme frames activity How many sounds are in each word? log duckfill
16Phase 3: Reception-Autumn/Spring term Learning the long vowel phonemes Children will enter phase 3 once they know the first 19 phonemes and can blend and segment to read and spell CVC words.They will learn another 26 phonemes:j, v, w, x, y, z, zz, quch, sh, th, ng, ai, ee, igh, oa, oo, ar, or, ur, ow, oi, ear, air, ure, er (some alternative spellings may also be introduced at this stage if appropriate)They will use these phonemes (and the ones from Phase 2) to read and spell words ie:chip, shop, thin, ring, pain, feet, night,boat, boot, look, farm, fork, burn,town, coin, dear, fair, sure
17Phase 4: Reception-spring/Summer Term Introducing consonant clusters: reading and spelling words with four or more phonemesChildren move into phase 4 when they know all the phonemes from phases 2 and 3 and can use them to read and spell simple words (blending to read and segmenting to spell).Phase 4 doesn’t introduce any new phonemes.It focuses on reading and spelling longer words with the phonemes they already know.These words have consonant clusters at the beginning: spot, trip, clap, green, clown…or at the end: tent, mend, damp, burnt…or at the beginning and end! trust, spend,twist
18Phase 5-Year 1 Teach new graphemes for reading ay, ou, ie, ea, oy, ir, ue, aw, wh, ph, ew, oe, auSplit diagraphs; a-e, e-e, i-e, o-e, u-eLearn alternative pronunciations of graphemes (the same grapheme can represent more than one phoneme):Fin/find, hot/cold, cat/cent, got/giant, but/put, cow/blow, tie/field, eat/bread, farmer/her, hat/what, yes/by/very, chin/school/chef, out/shoulder/could/you.
19Learning all the variations! Learning that the same phoneme can be represented in more than one way:burnfirsttermheardwork
20Learning all the variations! Learning that the same grapheme can represent more than one phoneme:meat breadhe bedbear hearcow low
21Teaching the split digraph tie timetoe tonecue cubepie pine
22Phase 6;year 1/2Phase 6 focuses on spellings and learning rules for spelling alternatives. Children look at syllables, base words, analogy and mnemonics.Children might learn about past tense, rules for adding ‘ing’ and irregular verbs‘tion’ and ‘sion’ words
23How can I help at home? tray trai rain rayn boil boyl boy boi When spelling, encourage your child to thinkabout what “looks right”.Have fun trying out different options…wipe clean whiteboards are good for trying out spellings.tray trairain raynboil boylboy boithroat throwtsnow snoa
24At home Phonics Packs for every child in FS Spellings from year one Practise the phonemes together.Use them to make different words at home and play phonics gamesRead everyday with your child if possiblePractice reading and writing words every day.Use the words to make sentences.