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How to use that darn Spanish/English Dictionary. ¡¿Which word do I choose?! Looking up words in a Spanish/English dictionary can be confusing. Often times.

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Presentation on theme: "How to use that darn Spanish/English Dictionary. ¡¿Which word do I choose?! Looking up words in a Spanish/English dictionary can be confusing. Often times."— Presentation transcript:

1 How to use that darn Spanish/English Dictionary

2 ¡¿Which word do I choose?! Looking up words in a Spanish/English dictionary can be confusing. Often times a word can have many different meanings and many different translations. So how can we make sure we are looking up the right word? Let’s take a look…..

3 Pick your word First of all, let’s choose a word. For example: Wheel If we look up the word wheel in our Spanish/English dictionary, we will find an entry that may look something like this…

4 wheel 1 /hwiːl / || /wiːl/ sustantivo 1. a. (of vehicle) rueda f; to oil the ~s allanar el camino; to set o put (the) ~s in motion poner (conj. ⇒ ) las cosas en marcha; ~s within ~s entresijos mplconj. ⇒ b. (potter's ~) torno m 2. (steering ~ — of car) volante m; (— of ship) timón m; at the ~ (of car) al volante; (of ship) al timón 3. wheels pl (car) (colloq) coche m wheel 2 verbo transitivo ‹bicycle/wheelchair› empujar; ‹person› llevar (en silla de ruedas etc) verbo intransitivo a. (turn suddenly) ~ (around o (BrE) round) [person] girar sobre sus (or mis etc) talones, darse (conj. ⇒ ) media vuelta,volverse (conj. ⇒ ) ; to ~ and deal (colloq) andar (conj. ⇒ ) en tejemanejes (fam)conj. ⇒conj. ⇒conj. ⇒ b. (BrE Mil ) hacer (conj. ⇒ ) conversión, cambiar de frenteconj. ⇒ c. (circle) dar (conj. ⇒ ) vueltas;conj. ⇒ [birds] revolotear Phrasal Verbs wheel out v + o + adv, v + adv + o ‹argument› sacar (conj. ⇒ ) a relucir; ‹expert› traer (conj. ⇒ ), presentarconj. ⇒conj. ⇒ wheelbarrow sustantivo carretilla f; wheelchair sustantivo silla f de ruedas; wheel clamp sustantivo cepo m

5 Looks confusing huh? How do we decide which word is the right translation of “wheel”? Well first we need to think about how we are going to use that word in a sentence. Are we using the word as a noun, or as a verb. If we want to say “the wheel of the bus goes round and round” then wheel is being used as a noun. If we want to say “She wheeled around in her chair, “ then wheel is being used as verb. On the dictionary entry, you will see certain words that let you know if the translation is a noun or a verb. – If it is a noun, the word “sustantivo” will be present – If it is a verb, the word “verbo” will be present

6 wheel 1 /hwiːl / || /wiːl/ sustantivo 1. a. (of vehicle) rueda f; to oil the ~s allanar el camino; to set o put (the) ~s in motion poner (conj. ⇒ ) las cosas en marcha; ~s within ~s entresijos mplconj. ⇒ b. (potter's ~) torno m 2. (steering ~ — of car) volante m; (— of ship) timón m; at the ~ (of car) al volante; (of ship) al timón 3. wheels pl (car) (colloq) coche m wheel 2 verbo transitivo ‹bicycle/wheelchair› empujar; ‹person› llevar (en silla de ruedas etc) verbo intransitivo a. (turn suddenly) ~ (around o (BrE) round) [person] girar sobre sus (or mis etc) talones, darse (conj. ⇒ ) media vuelta, volverse (conj. ⇒ ) ; to ~ and deal (colloq) andar (conj. ⇒ ) en tejemanejes (fam)conj. ⇒conj. ⇒conj. ⇒ b. (BrE Mil ) hacer (conj. ⇒ ) conversión, cambiar de frenteconj. ⇒ c. (circle) dar (conj. ⇒ ) vueltas;conj. ⇒ [birds] revolotear Phrasal Verbs wheel out v + o + adv, v + adv + o ‹argument› sacar (conj. ⇒ ) a relucir; ‹expert› traer (conj. ⇒ ), presentarconj. ⇒conj. ⇒ wheelbarrow sustantivo carretilla f; wheelchair sustantivo silla f de ruedas; wheel clamp sustantivo cepo m

7 Let’s just look at the “sustantivos” for now. wheel 1 /hwiːl / || /wiːl/ sustantivo 1. a. (of vehicle) rueda f; to oil the ~s allanar el camino; to set o put (the) ~s in motion poner (conj. ⇒ ) las cosas en marcha; ~s within ~s entresijos mplconj. ⇒ b. (potter's ~) torno m 2. (steering ~ — of car) volante m; (— of ship) timón m; at the ~ (of car) al volante; (of ship) al timón 3.wheels pl (car) (colloq) coche m We still have several different translations to choose from. To narrow them down we need to decide what type of wheel we are talking about. Anywhere that you see the ~ sign, substitute in the word “wheel.” This will help give you an idea of the different types of wheels being discussed. Can you figure out the Spanish word for a car steering wheel? What about a ship steering wheel? How about if you want to talk about the wheel of a truck or car? volante rueda torno

8 Great. Now that we know how to choose the sustantivo that we want, we need to know if it is masculine or feminine. wheel 1 /hwiːl / || /wiːl/ sustantivo 1. a. (of vehicle) rueda f; to oil the ~s allanar el camino; to set o put (the) ~s in motion poner (conj. ⇒ ) las cosas en marcha; ~s within ~s entresijos mplconj. ⇒ b. (potter's ~) torno m 2. (steering ~ — of car) volante m; (— of ship) timón m; at the ~ (of car) al volante; (of ship) al timón 3.wheels pl (car) (colloq) coche m The letter m will appear next to masculine sustantivos, and the letter f will appear next to feminine sustantivos. Is a car steering wheel masculine or feminine? How would you say “the car steering wheel?” How would you say “the potter’s wheel?” How would you say “the vehicle wheel?” masculine El volante El torno La rueda

9 Now let’s look at the “verbos.” wheel 2 verbo transitivo ‹bicycle/wheelchair› empujar; ‹person› llevar (en silla de ruedas etc) verbo intransitivo a. (turn suddenly) ~ (around o (BrE) round) [person] girar sobre sus (or mis etc) talones, darse (conj. ⇒ ) media vuelta, volverse (conj. ⇒ ) ; to ~ and deal (colloq) andar (conj. ⇒ ) en tejemanejes (fam)conj. ⇒conj. ⇒conj. ⇒ b. (BrE Mil ) hacer (conj. ⇒ ) conversión, cambiar de frenteconj. ⇒ c. (circle) dar (conj. ⇒ ) vueltas;conj. ⇒ [birds] revolotear There are two types of verbs: verbos transitivos and verbos intransitivos. Verbos transitivos are always followed by a direct object; that is a person, place, or thing. If you wanted to talk about wheeling a bicycle up a hill, what translation would you use? If you wanted to talk about wheeling a person around in a wheel chair? Verbos intransitivos do not have direct objects. If you wanted to talk about wheeling around in circle, what translation would you use? If you wanted to talk about turning around suddenly? empujar Llevar en silla de ruedas Dar vueltas Girar sobre sus talones, or, darse media vuelta, or, volverse

10 Fantástico, Ahora, Te toca. Look up a noun in your Spanish/English Dictionary. Then write a sentence in Spanish using your new word. Next look up a verb and do the same thing.


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