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REGIONAL AND LOCAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT SUMMIT 2013 AMAKHOSI’S PERSPECTIVE ON MAKING RLED WORK 12 NOVEMBER 2013 Presented by: INkosi SN Mkhize.

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Presentation on theme: "REGIONAL AND LOCAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT SUMMIT 2013 AMAKHOSI’S PERSPECTIVE ON MAKING RLED WORK 12 NOVEMBER 2013 Presented by: INkosi SN Mkhize."— Presentation transcript:

1 REGIONAL AND LOCAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT SUMMIT 2013 AMAKHOSI’S PERSPECTIVE ON MAKING RLED WORK 12 NOVEMBER 2013 Presented by: INkosi SN Mkhize

2 DETAILS KWAZULU-NATAL PROVINCIAL HOUSE OF TRADITIONAL LEADERS ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT PORTFOLIO COMMITTEE Tel: (033) Acting Secretary: Mrs. Khanya Ngwenya

3 INTRODUCTION KZN Provincial Growth & Development Strategy: “KZN is one of the most rural provinces in SA” 10.4 million people in KZN 54% of population in rural areas Argument that figure higher than that Diet system collapsed, leading to high mortality rates PGDS: “Adult life expectancy in the Province has dropped from 53 years in 1996, to 51.6% in 2000, to 43 in 2009” ***

4 WHAT IS A DICTATOR? Are amaKhosi dictators? Authoritarian, not elected, cruel Adolf Hitler, Joseph Stalin, Sadam Hussein, Hosni Mubarak Deng Xiaoping: Communist Party head ( ) – led China to market economy and higher standard of living Lee Kuan Yew (Singapore) vs Ben Ali (Tunisia) Late King Hussein (Jordan) and Park Chung Hee (S. Korea) Augusto Pinochet (Chile) vs Boris Yeltsin (Russia) Diving world between black and white term between dictators and democrats misses complexity of the geopolitics on the ground

5 ORGANOGRAM KZN PHTL LOCAL HOUSE 1 LOCAL HOUSE 2 LOCAL HOUSE 3 TCs

6 RETHINKING RURAL DEVELOPMENT What do we mean? The colonialism question: are we still victims of colonialism? Under colonialism rural backwards and somewhat barbaric; urban progressive Eurocentric ideology and definition: stigma created Sir Arthur Lewis (1954): definition of modernisation: traditional was lazy and underdeveloped, modern was progressive Result: majority of African countries underdeveloped

7 RETHINKING RURAL DEVELOPMENT/cont.… W.W. Rostow: “traditional” does not grow; paradox: most Black people live there Agricultural production very crucial but conceptually rural development is not agriculture! Exercise caution in bringing development: too much money does not solve problem

8 CHALLENGES Tense relations between amaKhosi/TC and councillors IDPs done by Municipality only; LHs should coordinate IDPs of Traditional Authorities in Districts Substandard services in rural areas: electricity, water, sanitation, roads (Saemaul Movement; South Korea) “Exploitative” development in rural areas: servitude not paid; quarry/sand not paid for: create policy Rural finance/investment not existent: DFIs not coming to table; rethink model of financing rural areas; STOP BEHAVING LIKE COMMERCIAL BANKS!

9 CHALLENGES/cont… Planning to be done concurrently with Traditional structures Democratisation, modernisation and transformation of ubuKhosi Mentality of rural people and amaKhosi needs to change: development not only about halls and agriculture Mentality of government officials must be more developmental rather than restrictive Lack of education and knowledge Engagements between ubuKhosi and government not structured

10 DEVELOPMENT PLANNING Heart of rural development Planning must be result of consensus or democratic process KZN Planning and Development Act, 2008 Spatial Planning and Land Use Management Act, 2013 Municipal Structures Act, 1998 Communicating with amaKhosi and TC: we are planners in our own right

11 MAKING RLED WORK Planning concurrently as opposed to “consultation” “FUBU” projects financed Coalface of poverty: assist us in dealing with “bread and butter” issues Encourage and finance education; no sustainable development without education – emphasis on boarding schools Teaching dangerously – shift paradigms of people (Dr. Hugh High, Thinking About Business) Institutions can work directly with ubuKhosi

12 SUCCESS STORIES High performing rural schools: Inkamana High School (Vryheid), St. Augustine’s High School (Nquthu), Buhlebethu High School (Shinga TC, Mzumbe), Limehill High School (Indaka), Michaelhouse School (Umgeni), AmaKhosi Rural and Local Economic Development Programme Educational proposal with Eskom FDI from Israel for tomato tunnel project (Maphumulo TC, eMdumezulu) Tertiary education funding (Tembe TC) Clinic (Xolo TC) Building of Administration blocks and participation of Adopt-A-School Foundation (Mzimela TC)

13 CONCLUSION By 2050 estimated that global population would have doubled; agricultural production needs to be commercialised THE KZN PROVINCIAL HOUSE OF TRADITIONAL LEADERS IS OPEN FOR BUSINESS AND IN IMPROVING THE LIVES OF OUR PEOPLE.

14 THANK YOU KWAZULU-NATAL PROVINCIAL HOUSE OF TRADITIONAL LEADERS ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT PORTFOLIO COMMITTEE Tel: (033) Acting Secretary: Mrs. Khanya Ngwenya


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