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Soc. 100 Lecture 05 Freud 1 Edited 2/03/03. Freud Discussion Questions I 1. What was Freud's background prior to development of his model (social environment,

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Presentation on theme: "Soc. 100 Lecture 05 Freud 1 Edited 2/03/03. Freud Discussion Questions I 1. What was Freud's background prior to development of his model (social environment,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Soc. 100 Lecture 05 Freud 1 Edited 2/03/03

2 Freud Discussion Questions I 1. What was Freud's background prior to development of his model (social environment, training, goals) and how did this effect his psychoanalysis 2. Describe and explain the importance of the "topography" (one of Freud's models) 3. Describe and explain the importance of the "structural component" of Freud's models 4. How does Freud explain development and how does he relate development to the "topography" and " "structure", which brother in Trading Places is he more like. 5. How does Freud differentiate between adult men and women 6. What are the defense mechanisms and how do they work 7. Explain Psychoanalysis as therapy and describe the current status of Freud's theory. 2

3 (8) How would Freud explain homosexuality, a psychopath, an individual with “high anxiety”? (9) What would Freud see the following as representing in a dream; stick, snake, box, garden? (10) What was Freud’s explanation for the vomiting of a young female where there was no obvious physiological reason? (11) What was Freud’s “seduction theory” and why did he later rethink it? (12) How did Freud explain Suicide and how does his explanation compare to Morris explanation in “The Human Zoo”? Freud Discussion Questions 2 3

4 More Freud What is “bad” about Freud, a criticism What is “good” about Freud Evaluate Freud’s position as a theory Evaluate Freud’s position as a method to solve “mental” problems 4

5 Freud lecture Reason for development Basic model dynamics and components -process/development (maturation) -action, primary process, secondary process -cathexis and anticathexis displacement (sublimation), -defense mechanisms (directed against impulses) repression (unconscious) and suppression (conscious), projection fixation, regression, etc. -Stages of development (oral, anal, phallic, latency, genital,) -inborn instincts (libido[life], thantos[agression, death) -Personality structure (id, ego, super) topography/structure*(unconcious, pre conscious......)* 5

6 Freud major concepts conversion reaction free association iceberg analogy conscious vs conscience topography model structural model displacement subliminal altruistic urge primary process secondary process ego ideal psychopath Oedipus complex stages anxiety (castration, reality, neurotic moral) dream analysis transference psychoanalysis 6

7 Freud's Topography and Structure 7

8 Stages of Development (1) Oral 1-2 (2) Anal 2-3+ (3) Phallic 3-6 (Oedipus & electra) (4) Latency 6-12 (5) Genital (maturation)

9 Defense Mechanisms (1) Repression (2) Reaction formation (3) Undoing (4) Projection (5) Rationalization (6) denial (7) Identification (8) Displacement ---sublimation (9) Fixation & regression 9

10 New Information “Diagnosed with cancer of the mouth…16 years after the diagnosis ----Dr. Max Schurr [at Freud’s request] gave him 21 milligrams of morphine. The father of psychoanalysis, the man who popularized such terms as id and edipal complex, died within hours.” Okeefe, Mark “Freud’s death poses delima about euthenisa”, San Francisco Examiner 3/19/2000 page A-8 This has been used as an argument in the debate on euthanisia. How would Freud explain suicide? 10

11 Critiques “Let the credulous and the vulgar continue to believe that all mental woes can be cured by a daily application of old Greek myths to their private parts.” Vladimir Nabokov “..in Freud’s view the little girl had to come to terms with her self perception as a failed boy.” Fredrick Crews “All women in Freud’s view see themselves as ‘castrated’ males who have to make up for the castration by being permanently wily, manipulative and amoral—in other words unfit for the serious tasks of building a civilization” Fredrick Crews “The recent recovered memory fad could never have gotten off the ground …without widespread public belief in the Freudian idea that horrible events can be pushed down into the unconscious and then accurately de-repressed in psychotherapy” Ethan Waters The above quotes were found from The San Francisco Examiner Magazine January 10, 1999 edition on The Freud Achieves 11

12 Freud-People & Extended Vocabulary Determinism Jean Charcot Hysteria Conversion reaction Josef Bruer Carthartic method Free association Dream Analysis Psychoanalysis Psycoanalytic theory Structuralism Iceberg analogy Topography of the mind(model) Unconscious Preconscious Conscious Freud’s Structural Model Id Ego Super Ego Pleasure principle Life instincts Eros Death instinct Thantos Libido Death wish Drives (two most important) Defense mechanisms Repression Antisocial behavior Displacement Sublimation Altruistic Urge Primary process Reality –testing Reality principle Secondary process Cathexes &Anti-cathexes Conscience Ego-ideal Psychopaths Psychoanalytic theory goal

13 5. Next: 1. Lecture on mixed models of human behavior 2. Text Chapter 1 Quiz 3. Assignment A01 and group discussions 12

14 Winter Review Models and Freud Today 13 Thursday 1.Freud Review Chapter 1 group discussions 2.A01 Due Tuesday quiz Chapter 1 1. Text Chapter 2 and Quiz: Scientific method? 2. Text Chapter 2 group discussions, Quiz Theory and begin Chapter 3 3. Midterm--after chapter reading Chpter 4(may not discuss) Next week

15 3a. Quiz Questions Pre Sigmund Freud Questions for Freud model (pretest) _____________1. Freud's initial interest and training was in _____________2. Freud believed, like others that all behavior is caused. This view is called _____________3. One of the components of Freud's "topography of the mind" ____________ 4. The most primitive "structural" part of the personality that contains all natural, inborn, instincts _____________5. The "structural" component of the personality that is developed as a result of the confrontation with reality (parents, siblings, etc.) _____________6. What is the Greek term Freud used to describe a son’s infatuation with his mother Name_____________________ School____________________ Group___________________ Grader__________________14 11 Don’t Print! MUST OMIT ONE

16 3a. Quiz Answers Pre Sigmund Freud 1. Freud's initial interest and training was medical patient prob. Medical (MD), organic diseases of the nervous system, nervous diseases, push model 2. Freud believed, like others that all behavior is caused. This view is called determinism 3. One of the components of Freud's "topography of the mind" Unconscious, conscious, pre conscious 4. The most primitive "structural" part of the personality that contains all natural, inborn, instincts ID 5. The "structural" component of the personality that is developed as a result of the confrontation with reality (parents, siblings, etc.) EGO 6a the Greek term Freud used to describe a son’s infatuation with his mother--Oedipus 6b. The "structural" component of the personality that represents social morals internalized by the individual SUPEREGO Name_____________________ School____________________ Grader__________________ 3 15 Don’t Print!

17 3b. Quiz Post Sigmund Freud (post test) (_ _)_______________________ group Last Name, First Name 16 ***Use back if you need more space**** ______________ 1. One of Freud’s two major instincts all humans are born with? ______________ 2. The defense mechanisms(2) of Freud that have a positive outcome? ______________ 3. Freud's specific stage of development where one is "in love" with one's father (girls) or mother "boys ? ______________ 4. To Freud an adult who is overly concerned with order, cleanliness is stuck at which stage? ______________ 5. To Freud a significant “structural” difference between adult males and females as a result of their development difference is? ______________ 6. A male in class said "I don't want to have sex with my Mother!" How would Freud respond? (Use back if needed) ______________ 7. Madonna's were painted on the Sistine Chapel by Leonardo da Vinci. Freud saw this as due to his early separation from his mother and thus his unsatisfied desire for her. This positive result from a developmental problem Freud classified as? ______________ 8. How does Freud explain suicide (back if needed) ______________ 9. For Freud's model the major purpose of psycho therapy was (back) ________________10. What is Freud’s “seduction theory” use back if needed Don’t Print! How would Freud explain and how would he treat a person who arrived at his office with the following (answer on back):

18 3b. Quiz Answers Post Sigmund Freud 1. For Freud one of the two instincts all humans are born with is libido(life), thantos(death/aggression) 2. The defense mechanisms(2) of Freud that have a positive effect? * Displacement (sublimation), Undoing repression, Rationalization fixation and regression, denial projection, *identification reaction formation, denial 3. The specific stage of development where one is "in love" with one's father (girls) or mother (boys) ? Phallic (electra(F) or Oedipus(M) 4. An adult who is overly concerned with order, cleanliness would be said to be stuck at which stage ? anal 5. To Freud a significant structural difference between adult males and females as a result of their development difference is? girls weaker superegos because never suffered from castration fear with Oedipus) C-F93 16 Don’t Print!

19 3c. Quiz Answers Sigmund Freud 6. A male Soc100 class member said "I don't want to have sex with my Mother" How would Freud respond? maturation, repression, regression, denial 7. Madonna's were painted on the Sistine Chapel by Leonardo da Vinci. Freud saw this as due to his early separation from his mother and thus his unsatisfied desire for her. This positive result from a developmental problem Freud classified as? sublimation 8. Freud explained suicide as Freud --death wish NOT ALTRUISM Morris -- Redirection of aggression in a “Zoo” like situation of crowding 9. The major purpose of psycho therapy for Freud bring issues to conscious level (from repressed and work through development stages to achieve "normalcy", "maturation“ 10. What is Freud’s “seduction theory” use back if needed ", “women were suffering from actual sexual trama C-F93 17 Don’t Print!


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