Presentation on theme: "ARR04'08 PLAGIARISM Anti-Copy/Paste Campaign Allan Roi Roño."— Presentation transcript:
ARR04'08 PLAGIARISM Anti-Copy/Paste Campaign Allan Roi Roño
ARR04'08 PLAGIARISM Plagiarism is the willful or accidental stealing or use of someone else’s writing or other work and passing it off as one’s own. (McCuen- Metherell, Winkler, 2007, p.709) “work” has reference to literary and artistic creations including books and other literary, scholarly, and scientific works. (http://jlp-law.com/blog/intellectual- property-copyright-infringement/) The writing or work usually has academic or commercial value. It is a crime.
ARR04'08 PLAGIARISM Republic Act No. 8293 Intellectual Property Rights (P.D.49) (http://jlp-law.com/blog/intellectual- property-copyright-infringement/)http://jlp-law.com/blog/intellectual- property-copyright-infringement/ Intellectual property theft may consist of the following: Sec.177.1 Reproduction of the work or a substantial portion of the work; 177.2 Dramatization, translation, adaptation, abridgement, arrangement or other transformation of the work;
ARR04'08 PLAGIARISM 177.4 Rental of the original or a copy of an audiovisual or cinematographic work, a work embodied in a sound recording, a computer program, a compilation of data and other materials or a musical work in graphic form, irrespective of the ownership of the original or the copy which is the subject of the rental; DVD Sir, DVD Ma’am
ARR04'08 PLAGIARISM 177.5 Public display of the original or copy of the work; 177.6 Public performance of the work; and 177.7 Other communication to the public of the work
ARR04'08 EXEMPTIONS TO THE RULE Sec. 184.1 Limitations on copyright. - the following acts shall not constitute infringement of copyright: (a) the recitation or performance of a work, once it has been lawfully made accessible to the public, if done privately and free of charge or if made strictly for a charitable or religious institution or society; [Sec.10(1),P.D.No.49]
ARR04'08 EXEMPTIONS TO THE RULE (b) The making of quotations from a published work if they are compatible with fair use and only to the extent justified for the purpose, including quotations from newspaper articles and periodicals in the form of press summaries; Provided, that the source and the name of the author, if appearing on the work are mentioned; (Sec.11,3 rd par.P.D.49)
ARR04'08 EXEMPTIONS TO THE RULE (c) The inclusion of a work in a publication, broadcast, or other communication to the public, sound recording of film, if such inclusion is made by way of illustration for teaching purposes and is compatible with fair use: Provided, That the source and the name of the author, if appearing in the work is mentioned.
ARR04'08 PLAGIARISM How does it happen? How is it avoided? When can a work be considered original? Samples…
ARR04'08 Original Passage (McCuen-Metherell, Winkler, 2007, p.709) Even when Whitman was working at his career as a newspaperman, his casualness threatened his advancement. As the owners of the New York Aurora fired him from the editorial staff, they accused him in print of “loaferism,” describing him as, “the laziest fellow who ever undertook to edit a city paper.” Whitman never reformed. It remained his custom as editor to have the paper made up and ready for printing by noon, then to be off for a swim, a stroll, or a ride down Broadway on a horse-car. Even when working at that leisurely pace, he was complaining in the columns of the Brooklyn Daily Eagle that “most editors have far too much to do.”
ARR04'08 Reworded During his career as a newspaperman, Walt Whitman was considered a loafer because his bosses felt that he didn’t spend enough time in the newspaper office. In fact, he was fired from the editorial staff of the Aurora and labeled “the laziest fellow who ever undertook to edit a city paper.” Being fired never changed Whitman, who always felt that editors worked much too hard. It remained his custom as editor to have the paper made up and ready for printing by noon, then to be off for a swim, a stroll, or a ride down Broadway on a horse-car.
ARR04'08 PLAGIARISM PLAGIARIZED because: There is no source for the comments about Whitman. There is no attribution for the quotation. In effect, credit is taken by the writer who used the information It leaves the impression that it is original work.
ARR04'08 “My own words” Whitman was considered a lazy loafer by the owners of the New York Aurora who employed him. They even fired him from their editorial staff and called him “ the laziest fellow who ever undertook to edit a city paper.” Whitman never reformed. He continued his habit of having the paper ready for printing by noon so that he could be off on some adventure of his own– a swim, a stroll, or a ride down Broadway in a horse carriage (Bridgman vii, viii). Works Cited: Bridgeman, R. (1968). Introduction. Leaves of Grass. By Walt Whitman. San Francisco: Chandler
ARR04'08 PLAGIARISM STILL PLAGIARIZED because: The writer essentially retained too much of the original. It still leaves the impression that it is his own work, Despite the documentation, there is no real input from the writer. It may not get a zero for the paper, but it is not satisfactory in terms of academic work. “It’s a well-written, bad paper.” –Butch Dalisay
ARR04'08 Version 3 (good) According to most of Walt Whitman’s biographers, the poet did not have a compulsive or ambitious personality as far as his career as a journalist was concerned. In fact, “as the owners of the New York Aurora fired him from the editorial staff, they accused him in print of ‘loaferism,’ describing him as ‘the laziest fellow who ever undertook to edit a city paper’” (Bridgman vii, viii). Reading Whitman’s own letters to friends or studying his poetry makes one aware that part of his philosophy was that a worthwhile life included partying and working. Works Cited: Bridgeman, R. (1968). Introduction. Leaves of Grass. By Walt Whitman. San Francisco: Chandler
ARR04'08 Not plagiarized GOOD WORK because: The documentation is accurate. The passage is properly paraphrased to clarify the meaning and not merely reworded with synonyms. Ideas and information from the source are properly attributed with parentheticals and citations. Insight from own study is added thus contributing to the general body of knowledge.
ARR04'08 Floor debate There is no hard and fast rule as to how much can be taken from sources. It seems to vary per institution, the disciplines, and teachers. Is there a proper ratio for research as to original work?
ARR04'08 Practice paraphrasing Students rarely greet the research paper with joy, but it still remains one of the most important of all college assignments. Writing one entails thinking critically about a subject, tracking down and evaluating facts for relevance and truth, organizing materials in support of a thesis, and cultivating a readable style. Success in college depends largely on the acquisition of these skills, which are also essential for accomplishment in business, the major professions, and even in private life. (McCuen-Metherell, Winkler, 2007, p.705)
ARR04'08 Paraphrase and add insight What is communication? Communication is the combinatorial rule system of human language in which symbols are permuted into an unlimited set of combinations, each with a determinate meaning.
ARR04'08 Some guidelines Verify the legitimacy or veracity of the source. Always acknowledge ideas taken from any source. Quotations must be verbatim and placed in quotation marks. Quote only when necessary. Digest research and contribute educated insight. Provide a bibliographic entry for every source used.
ARR04'08 Documentation styles Modern Language Association (MLA) - used for English and other Humanities American Psychological Association (APA) - used for the social sciences Chicago style – used for History Council of Science Editors (CSE) - used for Biology and other Sciences.
ARR04'08 Samples of APA in-text citations Direct quotation “The beans are cooked in butter and chewed by the elders. Their spiritual powers thus enhanced, they pronounce a blessing on the proceedings and smear the holy coffee-scented butter on the participants’ foreheads. The beans are then mixed with sweet milk, and everybody drinks the liquid while reciting the prayer.” (Allen,1999,p.24) Works Cited: Allen, S. (1999). The devil’s cup, a history of the world according to coffee. New York: Ballantine
ARR04'08 Samples of APA in-text citations Quotation with a signal phrase Allen (1999) points out, “Who has gone to a business meeting where coffee is not offered? Its use as an intellectual lubricant, along with its ability to ‘swell our wealth’ per the Garri prayer, has made a pot ready for consumption an international business norm. Looked at this way, a modern business office is nothing more than a ‘tribe’ camped out about its own sacred pot…an archetype of the world’s most common social ritual.” (p.24) Works Cited: Allen, S. (1999). The devil’s cup, a history of the world according to coffee. New York: Ballantine
ARR04'08 Samples of APA in-text citations Paraphrase or summary with a signal phrase According to Allen (1999), the appearance of coffee in religious rituals can be traced to antiquity when the Garri worshipped the sky god Waaq. Scholars believe that this was one of the world’s first religions in which coffee was used and valued for it’s stimulant properties enabling worshippers to commune with their god, “a penchant today denigrated as mere substance abuse” (p.25, para.1). Works Cited: Allen, S. (1999). The devil’s cup, a history of the world according to coffee. New York: Ballantine
ARR04'08 Samples of APA in-text citations Simple paraphrase or summary In an obscure culture in Ethiopia called the Oromo, coffee is laden with sexual undertones. Tribal elders liken the bean to the female genitalia. In one ceremony they bite open the bean to symbolize the consummation of a marriage. The beans are then stirred into a butter mixture with a stick called dannaba, the Oromo word for penis (Allen, 1999, p.25, para.2). Works Cited: Allen, S. (1999). The devil’s cup, a history of the world according to coffee. New York: Ballantine
ARR04'08 Samples of APA in-text citations Direct quote from a website with signal phrase The website Coffee in Literature mentions that “By the late 1920s, early 1930s, Parisian cafés became the cultural centers for expatriate Americans living the bohemian life in France - including F. Scott and Zelda Fitzgerald, Ernest Hemingway, Gertrude Stein - far from the tensions of home. Black writers Langston Hughes, James Baldwin, and Richard Wright not only found a haven for their work, they found an affectionate homage to their final results.” (2007, para.3). Works Cited: Coffee in literature: for latte and literature. Retrieved May 7, 2008 from http://www.supermarketguru.com/page.cfm/31271
ARR04'08 How to catch Know how your students write Establish a baseline essay Teach your students proper attribution Limit or specify internet resourcing Revive library work
ARR04'08 References page Works Cited McCuen-Metherell, J., & Winkler, A. (2007). Readings for writers (12 th ed.). Boston: Thomson Bridgeman, R. (1968). Introduction. Leaves of Grass. By Walt Whitman. San Francisco: Chandler Allen, S. (1999). The devil’s cup, a history of the world according to coffee. New York: Ballantine Jaromay Laurente Pamaos Law Offices. (2006). Philippine e-legal forum. In Intellectual property copyright infringement. Retrieved April 25, 2008, from http://jlp-law.com/blog/intellectual-property- copyright-infringementhttp://jlp-law.com/blog/intellectual-property- copyright-infringement Coffee In Literature: For Latte and Literature... Head for Paris (December 2006). Retrieved May 2008 from http://www.supermarketguru.com/page.cfm/31271 http://www.supermarketguru.com/page.cfm/31271
ARR04'08 Books Readings For Writers (12 th ed.) By Jo Ray McCuen-Metherell & Anthony C. Winkler Research and Documentation in the Electronic Age (4 th ed.) By Diana Hacker (required for all students) Website: www.dianahacker.com/resdocwww.dianahacker.com/resdoc Available at the library for circulation or purchase.