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Introduction to Library Research Leslie Murtha 609-463-4815 Composition II English 102 Nina Washington.

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Presentation on theme: "Introduction to Library Research Leslie Murtha 609-463-4815 Composition II English 102 Nina Washington."— Presentation transcript:

1 Introduction to Library Research Leslie Murtha Composition II English 102 Nina Washington

2 Today’s class Will cover An introduction to library services Getting started on research Using the library catalog and research databases to find information on a topic Evaluating and selecting information sources to support your writing Creating a citation in MLA format Learning Objectives Know about the services of the ACCC libraries Develop a preliminary search strategy Practice the basics of catalog and database searching Identify ways to tell if a source is appropriate and credible (believable) Practice formatting a citation for a Works Cited list.

3 Keys to the library Your ID card is your library card – You need your barcode and a PIN to use our self-service options You can use your ACCC card to get books from many libraries – We can deliver books from one library to another in a few days – Use your ACCC ID card to get a borrower’s card from other libraries – We can borrow materials for you from libraries all over the US It’s not just books! The libraries subscribe to many full-text magazines, scholarly journals, newspapers, and other online resources – You don’t have to be in the library to use our online resources Librarians are happy to help you find information and learn to be an effective researcher Remember to bring money for printing and copying, and a USB drive to save your work

4 Library Research Process Select a topic Find background information Draft research question(s) Tools Vocabulary Strategies Search for relevant information Read and digest Refine question(s) Relevant to your class Interesting to you Overview Issues & controversies Important people, places, events Key words and concepts Open-ended (not yes/no) Not too broad Not too narrow or local Examines relationships Books, articles, web sites, … Who studies this question? What words describe your topic?

5 Getting Started What is your research question? Where should you look? – What types of sources will be useful? Background and context Evidence What terms should you use for searching?

6 Research Question Broad Topic: Media violence Preliminary Research Question: How are children affected by media violence? Key Concepts

7 Choosing Search Terms Computers don’t think in sentences. Select the most important ideas in your question. Words like “effects,” “causes,” “issues” rarely work as search terms. Make a list of synonyms and related concepts to expand your search.

8

9 Using Boolean Operators OR Returns records containing any of the terms Use for words with similar meanings or for related concepts Combining terms with OR makes your set of results bigger

10 Using Boolean Operators OR

11 Using Boolean Operators OR

12 Using Boolean Operators OR Returns records containing any of the terms Use for words with similar meanings or for related concepts Combining terms with OR makes your set of results bigger AND Returns records containing all of the terms Use to make connections between 2 or more ideas Combining terms with AND makes your set of results smaller.

13 Using Boolean Operators AND

14 Using Boolean Operators AND

15 Discussion Question How do you decide whether or not to use a source for your paper?

16 Evaluation Criteria Relevance Audience Purpose Point of View Authority Accuracy Currency Clarity

17 Relevance Topic: bullying in schools Which book would you choose for this topic?

18 Audience and Purpose Topic: bullying in schools Which book would you choose for a college research paper?

19 Audience and Purpose Which periodical publishes scholarly research?

20 Scholarly Literature Authority: written by people who study the subject professionally. – Review by known experts enhances authority Audience: other experts and students Purpose: to report on the results of research and/or propose new theoretical ideas (explanations) Characteristics – Formal language – Literature review (ties current research to the work of others in the field – Bibliography and in-text citations

21 Scholarly Literature Authority: written by people who study the subject professionally. – Review by known experts enhances authority Audience: other experts and students Purpose: to report on the results of research and/or propose new theoretical ideas (explanations) Characteristics – Formal language – Literature review (ties current research to the work of others in the field – Bibliography and in-text citations

22 MLA Style Citations

23 Citing a book Components Author Title Place Publisher Year Publication Format In text Hoffer suggests that the United States, from the earliest European settlement, has been a nation of gamblers (1). Works Cited Hoffer, Richard. Jackpot Nation: Rambling and Gambling Across Our Landscape of Luck. New York: Harper Collins, Print.

24 Citing a Chapter in a Book Components Author Chapter Title Book Title *Editor(s)* Place Publisher Year Pages Publication format There is evidence to suggest that gambling is a growing problem among middle income professionals (Lee, 43). Lee, Bill. “White-Collar Gambling.” Born to Lose: Memoirs of a Compulsive Gambler. Center City, MN: Hazelden, Print. Online? Add Database Title Date of Access

25 Citing a Scholarly Article Components Author Article Title Journal Title Volume # *Issue #* Year Pages Publication Format Online? Add Database Title Date of Access Research by Cuillier and Ross suggests that Native American tribes whose economy is supported by casinos may tend to represent their identity through outdated stereotypes derived from White culture (211). Cuillier, David, and Ross, Susan D. “Gambling with Identity: Self- Representation of American Indians on Official Tribal Websites.” Howard Journal of Communications, 18 :3 (2007): Academic Search Premier. Web. 31 Jan

26 Citing a Magazine Article Components Author Date Article Title Magazine Title *Volume #* *Issue #* Pages Publication Format “The rise of Indian-owned casinos is an outgrowth of legislation enacted by Congress in the form of the Indian Gaming Regulatory Act of 1988” (Layng, 70). Layng, A. “Indian Casinos: Past Precedents and Future Prospects.” USA Today Magazine March. 1996: 70. Academic Search Premier. Web. 31 Jan Online? Add Database Title Date of Access

27 Citing a Section of a Web Site Components * Author * Section Title** Web Site Title Editor * Site Sponsor* Year** Publication Format URL*** Advocates for the legalization of online gambling declare that it is possible to regulate electronic gaming just as effectively as it is controlled in traditional casinos (“Compulsive”). “Compulsive Gambling Safeguards.” Safe & Secure Internet Gambling Initiative. Safe & Secure Internet Gambling Initiative, Web. 31 Jan 2011.http://www.safeandsecureig.org /node/19/

28 Works Cited “Compulsive Gambling Safeguards.” Safe & Secure Internet Gambling Initiative. Safe & Secure Internet Gambling Initiative, Web. 31 Jan 2011.http://www.safeandsecureig.org/node/19/ Cuillier, David, and Ross, Susan D. “Gambling with Identity: Self- Representation of American Indians on Official Tribal Websites.” Howard Journal of Communications, 18 :3 (2007): Academic Search Premier. Web. 31 Jan Hoffer, Richard. Jackpot Nation: Rambling and Gambling Across Our Landscape of Luck. New York: Harper Collins, Print. Layng, A. “Indian Casinos: Past Precedents and Future Prospects.” USA Today Magazine March. 1996: 70. Academic Search Premier. Web. 31 Jan Lee, Bill. (2005). “White-Collar Gambling.” Born to Lose: Memoirs of a Compulsive Gambler. Center City, MN: Hazelden, Print.

29 Review Remember to activate your library cards. Use encyclopedias and other reference books for background information. Identify key concepts – Use synonyms to expand your search Use OR for similar terms and AND for terms with different meanings Use the library catalog for books, and research databases for articles. Scholarly literature is written by experts for experts and students. – Always includes a bibliography Always be a little skeptical. Look beyond the surface to evaluate your sources. Take notes about the tools and search terms you use. Get started early. Research takes time


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