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Welcome to Fundamentals of Information Literacy InterAmerican College Library.

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1 Welcome to Fundamentals of Information Literacy InterAmerican College Library

2 OBJECTIVES Learn how to use Electronic Library – ProQuest, EBSCO & open source full text sourcesLearn how to use Electronic Library – ProQuest, EBSCO & open source full text sources Provide basic guidance to conduct online researchProvide basic guidance to conduct online research Avoid plagiarismAvoid plagiarism

3 CONTENTS I.APA Style in Academic Articles II.Proquest Database. Nursing & Allied Health Source III.Internet Search Engines- URL & Google Scholar IV.EBSCO Database. Medline full text V.Tutorials’ links VI.Plagiarism

4 I. APA Style in Academic Articles Suppose your Professor wants you to read the article cited below: Limentani, A. (1999).The role of ethical principles in health care and the implications for ethical codes. Journal of Medical Ethics,25(5), 394-398. Retrieved on November 17, 2006 from ProQuest.Limentani, A. (1999).The role of ethical principles in health care and the implications for ethical codes. Journal of Medical Ethics,25(5), 394-398. Retrieved on November 17, 2006 from ProQuest. For some it looks a bit foreign, right? No worries, it’s American Psychological Association (APA) style and let’s briefly address the style before learning how to retrieve articles from ProQuest, EBSCO, Google Scholar, & others.

5 Dissecting the Style The section below shows the article’s author, year and title.The section below shows the article’s author, year and title. –Limentani, A. (1999).The role of ethical principles in health care and the implications for ethical codes. Next, both the source (journal) and volume number are in italics. The issue number is in parentheses. So, the translation is ―Journal of Medical Ethics Volume 25, Issue Number 5.Next, both the source (journal) and volume number are in italics. The issue number is in parentheses. So, the translation is ―Journal of Medical Ethics Volume 25, Issue Number 5. Journal of Medical Ethics,25 (5),Journal of Medical Ethics,25 (5), Finally, page numbers are included regarding the specific article within the journal, and both when (date) and where (ProQuest, EBSCO or any DATABASE) we retrieved the article.Finally, page numbers are included regarding the specific article within the journal, and both when (date) and where (ProQuest, EBSCO or any DATABASE) we retrieved the article. 394-399. Retrieved on November 17, 2006 from ProQuest394-399. Retrieved on November 17, 2006 from ProQuest –Limentani, A. (1999).The role of ethical principles in health care and the implications for ethical codes. Journal of Medical Ethics, 25 (5), 394-399. Retrieved on November 17, 2006 from ProQuest

6 Let’s move to the next slide and enter ProQuest through IAC Library. http://iacnc.edu/student_services_library_databases.html Select ProQuest Nursing & Allied Health Source, go to your IAC e-mail for ID & Password

7 II. PROQUEST Data Base. After entering ProQuest through IAC Library, the screen below appears. For now, we will search for the article using the basic search. As you become more comfortable in the future, search for articles using the advanced, topics, and publications tabs.

8 1. Here, the article’s title is inserted in the basic search text box. 2. In the limit results area check ―Full text documents only and ―Scholarly journals. Full text shows full articles, if they are available, and not just abstracts. Scholarly journals satisfies the condition of scholarly articles as your Professor may require. 3. Next, click Search 1. Here, the article’s title is inserted in the basic search text box. 2. In the limit results area check ―Full text documents only and ―Scholarly journals. Full text shows full articles, if they are available, and not just abstracts. Scholarly journals satisfies the condition of scholarly articles as your Professor may require. 3. Next, click Search

9 The screen below shows the results from the basic search. There are two results from our search. The second article is an exact match of what we are looking for so let’s use this one. The next slide will briefly examine differences between Abstract, Full Text, and Full Text –PDF.

10 Abstract Clicking on abstract provides the reader with a brief summary of what the article is about. This is quite useful during searches concerning a topic of choice, because it eliminates unnecessary reading of entire articles. Yes, an abstract can become a timely academic life saver

11 Full Text –PDF Full Text –PDF is an electronic version of the article identical to the hard copy if you had it at hand. Notice ―Understanding the role of principles in medicine is on page 396. Full Text –PDF is ideal especially for outside reading assignments, and referencing page number in the assignments.

12 Full Text Clicking on Full Text gives the entire article but it does not show the page numbers associated with the article. For example, if I wanted to know the page number with information on ―Understanding the role of principles of medicine, full text does not provide that. However, some articles provide full text only and at least that’s better than just an abstract.

13 III. Internet Search Engines: URL &Google Scholar Sometimes Professors require outside readings beyond those assigned within the basic book. (Yes, we realize students have PLENTY of time for outside reading. Am I right?)Sometimes Professors require outside readings beyond those assigned within the basic book. (Yes, we realize students have PLENTY of time for outside reading. Am I right?) The Internet has hundreds of search engines to assist such as Google books, Google Scholar, MSN, Yahoo, etc.The Internet has hundreds of search engines to assist such as Google books, Google Scholar, MSN, Yahoo, etc. Consider the source when using the Internet:Consider the source when using the Internet: –Is the source credible? (Nationally recognized & academic- peer review journals versus chat room opinions)–Is the source credible? (Nationally recognized & academic- peer review journals versus chat room opinions) –Keep in mind that almost anything one can imagine may be found on the Internet and non credible material as well–Keep in mind that almost anything one can imagine may be found on the Internet and non credible material as well

14 Uniform Resource Locator (URL) What is URL? –Contains useful information about websites and we use it all the time. Here’s an example of an URL. Surprised? It gets easier!Uniform Resource Locator (URL) What is URL? –Contains useful information about websites and we use it all the time. Here’s an example of an URL. Surprised? It gets easier!

15 URL The URL is important because it tells the reader the EXACT location you retrieved the information. However, there is a structure to the URL. Let’s examine the structure of the URL from the previous slide: http://scholar.google.com/ http: The Internet protocol that sends information from the server to the computer Scholar. google: 1 st part of the domain name identifying Google Scholar as the host for the specific web page com: 2 nd part of the domain known as the top level domain. This informs the user of the type of organization, i.e., commercial. Can you guess what.edu denotes? Right, educational institution ! Unfortunately, when conducting Internet research the domain name alone may not provide enough information for the reader to retrieve the source. So...next slide, please!

16 Google Scholar How do we get there? 1. Keep it simple when searching the Internet, look at datesGoogle Scholar How do we get there? 1. Keep it simple when searching the Internet, look at dates

17 How do we get there? 2. Pick a reference relevant to the topic and click on the underlined topic’s link or full-text. For this example, I clicked the link.

18 How do we get there? 3. Am I satisfied with the previous article? I need more recent literature, therefore I first limit the search by retrieving only documents from 1994 to date, then pick a reference relevant to the topic and click on the underlined topic’s link or full-text. For this example, I clicked the link to the source.

19 4. As you can see, we are in the source home page, we can retrieve the pdf or briefly read the abstract first. The library staff strongly suggests students allot the necessary time to do their research.

20 5. Do not forget to copy/paste the URL of the article, you will need it for your APA citation. Remember Google Scholar is not a data base like PROQUEST, EBSCO, OVID, JSTOR & ACCESS MEDICINE. http://www.annals.org/content/146/9/666.full?ijkey=9 ed3ff97541931accaa7959397f7c13b83d9e333 http://www.annals.org/content/146/9/666.full?ijkey=9 ed3ff97541931accaa7959397f7c13b83d9e333

21 6. Providing the Exact Source When we started this journey, our topic was ethical principles in health care. To refresh our memories the citation is below: Limentani, Alexander E. (1999).The role of ethical principles in health care and the implications for ethical codes. Journal of Medical Ethics, 25(5), 394-399. Retrieved on November 17, 2006 from ProQuest

22 Fortunately, I discovered an article of interest in Google Scholar I plan to use to support arguments in my case assignment. It is as follows: Lynn, J., Baily, M., Bottrell, M., Jennings, B., levine, R., Davidoff, F., et al. (2007). The ethics of using quality improvements methods in health care. Annals of Internal Medicine, 146(9), 666-673. Retrieved March 3, 2010 from http://www.annals.org/content/146/9/666.full?ijkey=9ed3ff9 7541931accaa7959397f7c13b83d9e333 http://www.annals.org/content/146/9/666.full?ijkey=9ed3ff9 7541931accaa7959397f7c13b83d9e333 Notice I structured the reference identical to the Professor’s required reading, i.e., Limentani. Also, typing or pasting the URL in the address bar takes the reader to the article. Before going to the next slide to see how I retrieved the article, type or paste the URL in the address bar and see if it works for you.

23 By searching Don Berwick, I found his recent works. There are some good articles, but I will have to retrieve them from EBSCO MedlineBy searching Don Berwick, I found his recent works. There are some good articles, but I will have to retrieve them from EBSCO Medline From the instructor point of view, an assignment citing 3-5 articles & retrieved from different sources, supports a good discussion. Then let’s continue with Medline from Library web page IAC On line full text data bases, remember ID & passwords are in your IAC e-mailFrom the instructor point of view, an assignment citing 3-5 articles & retrieved from different sources, supports a good discussion. Then let’s continue with Medline from Library web page IAC On line full text data bases, remember ID & passwords are in your IAC e-mailIAC On line full text data basesIAC On line full text data bases

24 IV. Let’s start Medline-EBSCO journey. Copy/paste the article title from PubMed by D Berwick.

25 1. I can retrieve the PDF, but also mail, print, save to my folder and something you will like, it gives you different citations styles & APA. With the MeSh Terms you can expand your search, take some time and go through some of them. Click in the citation, copy/paste and go back to click on the author.

26 2. Isn’t it nice? Your APA citation is done. Now let’s search under the author Berwick

27

28 3. Things to remember: Sort by relevance, especially when you are combining more words & fields. Too many results, limited the search by reducing the years and just full text.

29 4. Now let’s take a trip to the keyword & subject area and choose: code of ethics. Sort by relevance & reduce the years to 2007

30 5. Limited by date: 2007-2020, update the results & select relevance

31 6. If you find a publication that you would like to receive alerts of the latest articles published, select publications

32 7. Journal alert: choose the name by copy/paste and open publication

33 8. Just with Medline you can reach to more than 1,450 Full text journals with a coverage dating back to 1965. You always have access to a library if you have computer access. Now choose Browse

34 9. After choosing Publications, you see full information of the journal. Be aware of publisher’s embargo, you will receive the alert with a delay, time varies, and in this case is 12 months, meaning that you will receive this month last year. Not all publications have embargo.

35 10. After selecting the journal of your interest, click in the alert/save. Then select Create an alert.

36 11. You must register into my EBSCOhost in order to proceed with the ALERT service

37 12. Click sign in to My EBSCOhost

38 13. Click to create a new Account

39 14. Fill all blank spaces. Remember to write down your user names and passwords in your personal notes.

40 15. Now I am registered, your name should appear like Not Catalina?

41 16. Now ask for the Alert, and select create an alert

42 17. Please write the email where you want to receive the alert of the Journal, it will contain a list of articles with its links

43 18. Now open your FOLDER and see in Journals Alerts your history.

44 19. Think of EBSCO server as your personal computer.

45 V. Tutorial Links. You have received a brief introduction of how to search PROQUEST & EBSCO. But to really be an expert in searching databases, go to each tutorial and learn in detail. SEE YOUR IAC e-MAIL for ID & Passwords Guide no. 1 Simple Search in Nursing EBSCO databaseGuide no. 1 Simple Search in Nursing EBSCO database Guide no. 2 Advance Search in Nursing EBSCO databasesGuide no. 2 Advance Search in Nursing EBSCO databases Guide no. 3 Simple Search in Education EBSCO databasesGuide no. 3 Simple Search in Education EBSCO databases Guide no. 4 Advance Search in Education EBSCO databasesGuide no. 4 Advance Search in Education EBSCO databases Guide no. 5 Searching Medline and Settings alertsGuide no. 5 Searching Medline and Settings alerts Guide no. 6 Simple Search in Nursing PROQUEST databaseGuide no. 6 Simple Search in Nursing PROQUEST database Guide no. 7 Advance Search in Nursing PROQUEST databaseGuide no. 7 Advance Search in Nursing PROQUEST database Guide no. 8 PlagiarismGuide no. 8 Plagiarism Guide no. 9 Searching ACCESS MEDICINE, McGraw Hill Medical e-booksGuide no. 9 Searching ACCESS MEDICINE, McGraw Hill Medical e-books Guide no. 10 APA Guide for Electronic SourcesGuide no. 10 APA Guide for Electronic Sources Guide o. 11 Writing EssaysGuide o. 11 Writing Essays

46 V. More Tutorial Links from the Publishers EBSCO CINAHL TUTORIALS:CINAHL WITH FULL TEXT BASIC SEARCHING http://support.epnet.com/training/flash_videos /CINAHLwFTBasic/CINAHLwFTBasic.htmEBSCO CINAHL TUTORIALS:CINAHL WITH FULL TEXT BASIC SEARCHING http://support.epnet.com/training/flash_videos /CINAHLwFTBasic/CINAHLwFTBasic.htm http://support.epnet.com/training/flash_videos /CINAHLwFTBasic/CINAHLwFTBasic.htm http://support.epnet.com/training/flash_videos /CINAHLwFTBasic/CINAHLwFTBasic.htm CINAHL WITH FULL TEXT ADVANCE SEARCHING TECHNIQUEShttp://support.epnet.com/trainin g/flash_videos/cinwftadv/cinwftadv.htmCINAHL WITH FULL TEXT ADVANCE SEARCHING TECHNIQUEShttp://support.epnet.com/trainin g/flash_videos/cinwftadv/cinwftadv.htmhttp://support.epnet.com/trainin g/flash_videos/cinwftadv/cinwftadv.htmhttp://support.epnet.com/trainin g/flash_videos/cinwftadv/cinwftadv.htm CINAHL PLUS WITH FULL TEXT: IN DEPTH REVIEW BASIC SEARCHhttp://support.epnet.com/training/flas h_videos/CINAHLBasicSearching/CINAHLBasi cSearching.htmCINAHL PLUS WITH FULL TEXT: IN DEPTH REVIEW BASIC SEARCHhttp://support.epnet.com/training/flas h_videos/CINAHLBasicSearching/CINAHLBasi cSearching.htmhttp://support.epnet.com/training/flas h_videos/CINAHLBasicSearching/CINAHLBasi cSearching.htmhttp://support.epnet.com/training/flas h_videos/CINAHLBasicSearching/CINAHLBasi cSearching.htm CINAHL PLUS WITH FULL TEXT ADVANCE SEARCHINGhttp://support.epnet.com/training/ flash_videos/CINAHLAdvancedSearching/CIN AHLAdvancedSearching.htmCINAHL PLUS WITH FULL TEXT ADVANCE SEARCHINGhttp://support.epnet.com/training/ flash_videos/CINAHLAdvancedSearching/CIN AHLAdvancedSearching.htmhttp://support.epnet.com/training/ flash_videos/CINAHLAdvancedSearching/CIN AHLAdvancedSearching.htmhttp://support.epnet.com/training/ flash_videos/CINAHLAdvancedSearching/CIN AHLAdvancedSearching.htm EBSCOEBSCO NURSING REFERENCENURSING REFERENCE TUTORIAL:TUTORIAL: http://support.epnet.com/traini ng/flash_videos/NRC.htmlhttp://support.epnet.com/traini ng/flash_videos/NRC.htmlhttp://support.epnet.com/traini ng/flash_videos/NRC.htmlhttp://support.epnet.com/traini ng/flash_videos/NRC.html EBSCO COCHRANEEBSCO COCHRANE NURSINGNURSING TUTORIALS:TUTORIALS: VIDEO TUTORIAL FOR COCHRANE AND CINAHL:VIDEO TUTORIAL FOR COCHRANE AND CINAHL: http://mhsla.wordpress.com/20 08/03/28/video-tutorials-for- cochrane-cinahl-and-more/http://mhsla.wordpress.com/20 08/03/28/video-tutorials-for- cochrane-cinahl-and-more/http://mhsla.wordpress.com/20 08/03/28/video-tutorials-for- cochrane-cinahl-and-more/http://mhsla.wordpress.com/20 08/03/28/video-tutorials-for- cochrane-cinahl-and-more/ VIDEO TUTORIAL FOR COCHRANE:VIDEO TUTORIAL FOR COCHRANE: http://www.lscc.edu/library/tuto rials/cochrane/Cochrane.htmlhttp://www.lscc.edu/library/tuto rials/cochrane/Cochrane.htmlhttp://www.lscc.edu/library/tuto rials/cochrane/Cochrane.htmlhttp://www.lscc.edu/library/tuto rials/cochrane/Cochrane.html

47 PROQUEST Nursing & Allied Health Source http://www.proquest.com/en- US/support/training/tutorials.shtml http://www.proquest.com/en- US/support/training/tutorials.shtml http://www.proquest.com/en- US/support/training/tutorials.shtml

48 Things to consider For ProQuest and EbscoHost (or any fee required Academic Database) the writer need only cite retrieved from and the name of the DATABASE ALWAYS check the link in the references section of your paper to make sure the links work A link will not work if it is not identical to the link you copied (Pasting links to your document will help avoid this problem). I know this seems like a lot of work but it’s necessary to avoid the “P” word—PLAGIARISM.

49 What is plagiarism? A. Webster (www.webster.com) defines plagiarize as: To steal and pass off (the ideas or words of another) as one's own : use (another's production) without crediting the source (transitive verb) To commit literary theft : present as new and original an idea or product derived from an existing source (intransitive verb) B. According to the MLA Handbook (Gibaldi, 2003) there are several forms of plagiarism: 1.Obtain and submit as your own a paper written by someone else 2.Repeating or paraphrasing wording 3.Taking a particularly apt phrase 4.Paraphrasing an argument or presenting a line of thinking VI. PLAGIARISM

50 C. Please review IAC definition and policy regarding plagiarism at: IAC Catalog p. 34 http://iacnc.edu/downloads/IAC%202010%20Catalog%203.1.2010.pdf 1)Click on the link above, then in the Table of Contents, see or Click ―Student Conduct, Rights and Responsibility-Violations of Student Code of Conduct OR 2)Copy and paste the link above in your address bar and press enter on the keyboard A wise advice:

51 Forms of Plagiarism Obtain and submit as your own a paper written by someone elseObtain and submit as your own a paper written by someone else –The most blatant form of plagiarism–The most blatant form of plagiarism –Don’t even think about this one!–Don’t even think about this one!

52 Forms of plagiarism Repeating or paraphrasing wording Suppose in our case assignment we cited a passage from Limentani’s article on page 396, under the topic ―Understanding the role of principles in medicine. (If you don’t remember that reference see slide number eleven). PLAGIARISM The role principles can play in medicine is influenced by the way ethics in general are conceived. SUGGESTION TO AVOID PLAGIARISM As the article’s author suggests, ―the role principles can play in medicine is influenced by the way ethics in general are conceived (Limentani, 1999, p. 396).

53 Forms of plagiarism? Taking a particularly apt phrase Perhaps, the author coined a phrase you particularly like such as ―”the idea of naturalism” as cited in the second paragraph on page 396 under the heading ―Understanding the role... PLAGIARISM The ―”idea of naturalism” in and of itself does not solve the problems of ethics in health care. SUGGESTION TO AVOID PLAGIARISM The ―idea of naturalism (Limentani, 1999, p. 396) in and of itself does not solve the problems of ethics in health care.

54 Forms of plagiarism? Paraphrasing an argument or presenting a line of thinking Using the same paragraph from the previous slide, i.e. p. 396, perhaps the author’s entire argument supports your line of thinking. PLAGIARISM However, the philosophical difficulties persist and cannot be overcome by simply extending the concept of nature to include social and psychological factors. SUGGESTION TO AVOID PLAGIARISM According to Limentani (1999), the philosophical difficulties persist and cannot be overcome by simply extending the concept of nature to include social and psychological factors (p. 396).

55 Plagiarizing according to the MLA handbook (Gibaldi, 2003) You have plagiarized if: –You took notes that did not distinguish summary/paraphrase from quotation and then presented wording from the notes as if it were all your own –While browsing the web, you copied text and pasted it into your paper without quotation marks or without citing the source –You presented facts without saying where you found them –You took someone else’s unique or particularly apt phrase without acknowledgment –You paraphrased someone else’s argument or presented someone else’s line of thought without acknowledgement –You brought or otherwise acquired a research paper and handed in part or all of it as your own Summing up plagiarism?

56 Avoiding plagiarism Avoiding plagiarism according to the MLA handbook (Gibaldi, 2003) You can avoid plagiarizing by: –Making a list of writers and viewpoints you discovered in your research and double checking the presentation material in your paper –Keeping the following categories distinct in your notes: (a) your ideas, (b) your summaries of others’ materials, and (c) exact wording you copy –Identifying the sources of all borrowed material—exact wording, paraphrases, ideas, arguments, and facts –Checking with your Professor when you are uncertain about your use of sources. O.K., now that we’re clear on the fundamentals of ProQuest & EBSCO access, Internet use, and plagiarism, let me provide just a few tips to make your Information Literacy journey at IAC even more enjoyable

57 Tips References page (bibliography) must include references cited within the essay (any assignment) If required to use APA style, it’s a good idea to read the APA manual regarding use of quotations, references etc. Ask the Professor about formatting concerns and review and writing style on the course assignments Have fun and enjoy your IAC experience!

58 References American Psychological Association. (2001). Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (5th ed.). Washington, D.C: Gibaldi, J. (2003).MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, (6th ed., pp. 69-75). New York, NY: Modern Language Association of America.


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