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October 9, 20111 International Recognition System for Accreditation Better Quality Infrastructure BEST Programme Rajinder Raj Sud Technical Adviser-BQI.

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Presentation on theme: "October 9, 20111 International Recognition System for Accreditation Better Quality Infrastructure BEST Programme Rajinder Raj Sud Technical Adviser-BQI."— Presentation transcript:

1 October 9, 20111 International Recognition System for Accreditation Better Quality Infrastructure BEST Programme Rajinder Raj Sud Technical Adviser-BQI Component UNIDO-BEST

2 October 9, 20112 National Conformity Assessment Infrastructure & Accreditation Industry, trade, agriculture, regulators (health, safety, environment, transport, manufacturing, etc) Calibration Laboratories National Accreditation Body (NAB) National Metrology Institute Test Laboratories Certification Bodies Inspection Bodies

3 October 9, 20113 Accreditations- Types & Standards Test Laboratories ISO/IEC 17025 Calibration ISO/IEC 17025 Medical Laboratories - ISO 15189 Inspection Bodies ISO/IEC 17020 Management System Certifiers ISO/IEC 17021 Product Certifiers ISO/IEC Guide 65 Personnel CertifiersISO/IEC 17024 Good Laboratory Practice OECD GLP Standards Proficiency Testing Providers ISO/IEC 17043 & ILAC Guide 13 Reference Material ProvidersISO/IEC Guide 34

4 October 9, 20114 ISO/IEC 17011 « General requirements for bodies providing assessment and accreditation » Accreditation

5 October 9, 20115 Impact of the 1995 WTO TBT Agreement WTO/TBT Agreement: Members obliged to use international standards for technical regulation, and conformity assessment Members to participate in international recognition agreements Encouraged to develop and participate in recognition agreements Members needed to develop national systems for certifcation, testing, calibration, accreditation in compliance with international standards Wide acceptance of accreditation as a basis for competence and recognition of labs globally

6 October 9, 20116 International Accreditation Developed in response to WTO/TBT Agreement objectives to reduce/remove trade barriers Acceptance of foreign test data, requires confidence in the competence of foreign laboratories Accreditation bodies developed as accreditation offers an accepted solution Led to development of recognition arrangements to support trade-such as APLAC/ILAC, CIPM MRA, IAF/PAC, IEC schemes, GLP; in the 1990s VISION : Once tested accepted everywhere

7 October 9, 20117 International Accreditation Forum (IAF) International Laboratory Accreditation Co- operation ( ILAC ) Pacific Accreditation Cooperation (PAC) Asia Pacific Laboratory Accreditation Cooperation (APLAC) details…. International and Regional Accreditation Bodies

8 October 9, 20118 International Laboratory Accreditation Cooperation (ILAC) Established in 1978 as an informal conference Transformed in 1996 to a formal cooperation ILAC recognition arrangement came into effect on 31 January 2001. International Accreditation Forum (IAF) Established in 1992 as an informal co-operation & incorporated in the US in 1998 IAF Multilateral Recognition Arrangement for certification bodies came into effect in 1998 43 signatories currently scope - Management systems & Product certification.

9 October 9, 20119 The Roles of (ILAC and APLAC) & (IAF and PAC) To develop the principles and practice of accreditation To harmonise procedures and criteria for accreditation To assist in the development of new programmes To facilitate mutual recognition of members’ programmes To help reduce technical barriers to trade To improve international acceptability of test, inspection results and certificates

10 October 9, 201110 THE ILAC MRA The ILAC Arrangement is a global network of accredited testing and calibration laboratories that are assessed and recognised as being competent by ILAC Arrangement signatory accreditation bodies.

11 October 9, 201111 ILAC Arrangement and IAF MLA ILAC 73 Full Members (Arrangement signatories), 21 Associates, 18 Affiliates APLAC + EA + IAAC+ SADCA + AFRAC IAF 127 Accreditation Body Members, 4 Regional Groups with Special Recognition, 53 accreditation body members are MLA members Many accreditation bodies are signatories to both IAF and ILAC agreements

12 October 9, 201112 ILAC Recognised Regional Cooperation Bodies Regional Mutual Recognition Arrangements (MRA/MLA) that have been successfully peer evaluated and accepted by ILAC : –Asia Pacific Laboratory Accreditation Cooperation (APLAC) –European co-operation for Accreditation (EA) –Inter American Accreditation Cooperation (IAAC), –Southern African Development Community in Accreditation (SADCA), –African Accreditation Cooperation (AFRAC),

13 October 9, 201113 Growth of ILAC Accredited Labs Worldwide there are almost 35,000 laboratories accredited by an ILAC signatory

14 October 9, 201114 Impact of Mutual Recognition Arrangement between accreditation bodies Laboratory Customer Accreditor B Accreditor C Laboratory Customer ILAC Mutual Recognition Arrangement

15 October 9, 201115 Aim of MRAs One Audit One Certificate Accepted Everywhere One Test One Report Accepted Everywhere Elimination of redundant and costly activities involving duplication of work,testing,and certification

16 October 9, 201116 Alternatives to Accreditation Recognition between laboratories on a bilateral basis Peer recognition systems – IEC schemes- CB scheme for electrical products, IEC Ex, IEC FCS Government designation

17 October 9, 201117 Application of ILAC/APLAC Recognition - Examples APEC E & E MRA ASEAN E & E MRA Test reports from APLAC accredited labs are accepted for regulated products in the signatory countries without further testing Acceptance in bilateral trade agreements Acceptance by industry in non-regulated sectors on basis of confidences Unilateral acceptance in some countries by regulators on basis of confidence Use of accreditation as basis appointment as a “notified body” in the EU –recent directives

18 October 9, 201118 APLAC & ILAC MRAs FOR ACCREDITATION OF TESTING LABs: ITS IMPLICATIONS Avoids re-test in importing countries provided test conducted to requirements/standards required by importing countries; Spurred the development of private laboratories- competition between labs Reliance on private sector laboratories by government increased in most developed countries. Demand for accredited test reports by private sector Does not mean automatic acceptance of products in all cases signatory IAF, PAC

19 October 9, 201119 Relationship with Metrology CIPM – ILAC MOU Cooperation Links ILAC MRA to CIPM MRA Recognition of KCDB for Traceability Accreditation of calibration laboratories as acceptance criteria


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