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Study Guide For The Exam By: Elise Candies. Writing Process Definitions Pre- Writing: brainstorming Attention Getter: the first sentence in the introduction.

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Presentation on theme: "Study Guide For The Exam By: Elise Candies. Writing Process Definitions Pre- Writing: brainstorming Attention Getter: the first sentence in the introduction."— Presentation transcript:

1 Study Guide For The Exam By: Elise Candies

2 Writing Process Definitions Pre- Writing: brainstorming Attention Getter: the first sentence in the introduction Thesis Statement: the last sentence in the intro. Paragraph Intro: the first paragraph introducing the 3 main topics Body: paragraphs describing and identifying your 3 main points Conclusion: last paragraph restate thesis, summarizes, and clinches/projects Essay Structure: the formation of the essay Clincher: last sentence in the final paragraph proving your main point Transition: links main body paragraphs to the next one Preview: gives the reader an idea showing what the essay will be about Revising: checking for grammar mistakes Publishing: submitting your final work or turning your final work in

3 6+1 Definitions Ideas: the heart of the message, the content of the piece of writing, the main theme, together with details that enrich and develop that theme. Organization: the internal structure of the piece, the thread of central meaning, the logical pattern of ideas in the piece. Voice: feelings and convictions of the individual writer coming out through the words. Word Choice: the use of rich, colorful, precise, language that moves and enlightens the reader. Sentence Fluency: the rhythm and flow of the language how the writing sounds Convections: the mechanical correctness of a piece of writing Presentation: focuses on the form and layout of your writing; this includes MLA format, neatness, and any graphics.

4 6+1 Questions What involves essay structure? Organization Pre-writing falls under? Ideas What do you check spelling and punctuation for? Conventions What involves precise nouns? Word Choice To check for this, you should read your writing aloud? Sentence Fluency Shows the writer’s personality and writing style? Voice For this you must have correct MLA format? Presentation

5 True and False Using a graphic organizer is a pre-writing strategy. True You should really worry about spelling and grammar in the drafting phase. False Publishing involves sharing your writing with others. True The sentences in a paragraph that tells the main idea is the supporting sentence. False Your thesis statement should include three main points. True Each body paragraph in your essay should explain one of your main points. True Your conclusion should restate your thesis. True You should always have at least two peer-editors. True

6 Formal or Informal Writing B.B.Q. informal Emails informal Text messages informal Wedding invitation formal Business letter formal Essays formal

7 Linking Verbs Is Am Are Was Were Be Being Been

8 Subject-Verb Agreement On the sidewalk are many little lizards sunning themselves on the hot concrete. Not only the Smiths but also Tonya has agreed to try one of the world-famous chocolate- broccoli muffins. The Smiths, along with Tonya, hope avoid indigestion after eating these weird muffins. Grandpa claims that Martian measles causes green and purple spots to erupt all over a person’s body.

9 Steps of an Essay

10 Sentences, Fragment, or Run-ons Discovering what the wilderness is all about. Fragment Mary loves reaching out to other people, which is why she volunteers. Sentence Readers love the new book by this famous author the author writes books that they love to read. Run-On To find a resolution to the problem that satisfies everyone. Fragment

11 Passive and Active Sentences The banana is bright. Passive The bright yellow banana shined in the sun. Active The boy was crying. Passive The boy burst into tears when he dropped his ice cream. Active The breeze is cold. Passive The cold winter breeze blew by. Active

12 Expository Writing Inform Explain Explore This is what Expository Writing is used for. It also helps readers figure out the main point!

13 Persuasive Writing It tends to involve the types of appeal. Logical Appeal- appeal to reason, clear thinking, why something is the right thing to do Emotional Appeal- appeals to people’s hearts, their emotions, and feelings about an issue Ethical Appeal- shows your credibility and character, shows the reader can trust you Expert Testimony- statements by people who are recognized authorities on the issue Call to Action- challenge your reader to take action to help your cause It provides evidence behind your appeals Also provides opposing arguments

14 Narrative Writing T o recount a personal experience or original story Examples- Novels, short stories, journals, plays Also includes: Setting – where and when the story takes place Characters – participants in the story Plot – events that happen in the story, including: – Conflict – struggle or clash between opposing characters or forces in a story – Rising Action – where most of the action takes place; conflict begins to develop; events that lead up to the climax – Climax – the moment in a story when a conflict reaches its highest point of tension – Resolution – wraps up the story, resolves conflict Other Literary Elements (flashbacks, foreshadowing, irony, symbolism, themes)

15 Narrative Writing Continued Do Not Forget: Create authentic characters with real feelings and interesting things to say Identify where and how the story begins Center the story around an unusual conflict, problem, or question Order the events of the plot to keep the reader wanting to know what will happen next Include a resolution to the conflict, problem, or question Include a story ending that’s satisfying to the reader


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