2Writing Process Definitions Pre- Writing: brainstormingAttention Getter: the first sentence in the introductionThesis Statement: the last sentence in the intro. ParagraphIntro: the first paragraph introducing the 3 main topicsBody: paragraphs describing and identifying your 3 main pointsConclusion: last paragraph restate thesis, summarizes, and clinches/projectsEssay Structure: the formation of the essayClincher: last sentence in the final paragraph proving your main pointTransition: links main body paragraphs to the next onePreview: gives the reader an idea showing what the essay will be aboutRevising: checking for grammar mistakesPublishing: submitting your final work or turning your final work in
36+1 DefinitionsIdeas: the heart of the message, the content of the piece of writing, the main theme, together with details that enrich and develop that theme.Organization: the internal structure of the piece, the thread of central meaning, the logical pattern of ideas in the piece.Voice: feelings and convictions of the individual writer coming out through the words.Word Choice: the use of rich, colorful, precise, language that moves and enlightens the reader.Sentence Fluency: the rhythm and flow of the language how the writing soundsConvections: the mechanical correctness of a piece of writingPresentation: focuses on the form and layout of your writing; this includes MLA format, neatness, and any graphics.
46+1 Questions What involves essay structure? Organization Pre-writing falls under? IdeasWhat do you check spelling and punctuation for? ConventionsWhat involves precise nouns? Word ChoiceTo check for this, you should read your writing aloud? Sentence FluencyShows the writer’s personality and writing style? VoiceFor this you must have correct MLA format? Presentation
5True and FalseUsing a graphic organizer is a pre-writing strategy. TrueYou should really worry about spelling and grammar in the drafting phase. FalsePublishing involves sharing your writing with others. TrueThe sentences in a paragraph that tells the main idea is the supporting sentence. FalseYour thesis statement should include three main points. TrueEach body paragraph in your essay should explain one of your main points. TrueYour conclusion should restate your thesis. TrueYou should always have at least two peer-editors. True
6Formal or Informal Writing B.B.Q. informals informalText messages informalWedding invitation formalBusiness letter formalEssays formal
8Subject-Verb Agreement On the sidewalk are many little lizards sunning themselves on the hot concrete.Not only the Smiths but also Tonya has agreed to try one of the world-famous chocolate-broccoli muffins.The Smiths, along with Tonya, hope avoid indigestion after eating these weird muffins.Grandpa claims that Martian measles causes green and purple spots to erupt all over a person’s body.
10Sentences, Fragment, or Run-ons Discovering what the wilderness is all about. FragmentMary loves reaching out to other people, which is why she volunteers. SentenceReaders love the new book by this famous author the author writes books that they love to read. Run-OnTo find a resolution to the problem that satisfies everyone. Fragment
11Passive and Active Sentences The banana is bright. PassiveThe bright yellow banana shined in the sun. ActiveThe boy was crying. PassiveThe boy burst into tears when he dropped his ice cream. ActiveThe breeze is cold. PassiveThe cold winter breeze blew by. Active
12Expository Writing Inform Explain Explore This is what Expository Writing is used for.It also helps readers figure out the main point!
13Persuasive Writing It tends to involve the types of appeal. Logical Appeal- appeal to reason, clear thinking, why something is the right thing to doEmotional Appeal- appeals to people’s hearts, their emotions, and feelings about an issueEthical Appeal- shows your credibility and character, shows the reader can trust youExpert Testimony- statements by people who are recognized authorities on the issueCall to Action- challenge your reader to take action to help your causeIt provides evidence behind your appealsAlso provides opposing arguments
14Narrative Writing To recount a personal experience or original story Examples- Novels, short stories, journals, playsAlso includes:Setting – where and when the story takes placeCharacters – participants in the storyPlot – events that happen in the story, including:Conflict – struggle or clash between opposing characters or forces in a storyRising Action – where most of the action takes place; conflict begins to develop; events that lead up to the climaxClimax – the moment in a story when a conflict reaches its highest point of tensionResolution – wraps up the story, resolves conflictOther Literary Elements (flashbacks, foreshadowing, irony, symbolism, themes)
15Narrative Writing Continued Do Not Forget:Create authentic characters with real feelings and interesting things to sayIdentify where and how the story beginsCenter the story around an unusual conflict, problem, or questionOrder the events of the plot to keep the reader wanting to know what will happen nextInclude a resolution to the conflict, problem, or questionInclude a story ending that’s satisfying to the reader