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 Definition  Example  Compare and contrast  Cause and effect  Classification  Process analysis.

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Presentation on theme: " Definition  Example  Compare and contrast  Cause and effect  Classification  Process analysis."— Presentation transcript:


2  Definition  Example  Compare and contrast  Cause and effect  Classification  Process analysis

3  Grab your reader’s attention  Ask a question  State a fact/statistic  Tell a short short story  Quote from someone famous  Thesis Statement  Also called controlling idea  Does 3 things  Announces the topic to the reader  Reflects judgment about the topic  Provides the reader with a blueprint for what is to come in the paper.

4  1. TOPIC: School uniforms  2. TOPIC: Your parents and trust  3. TOPIC: Texting and driving  4. TOPIC: Changing high schools  5. TOPIC: Endangered species protection  6. TOPIC: Life on other planets  7. TOPIC: Nutritious foods  8. TOPIC: Going to college  9. TOPIC: Legalizing gay marriages  10. TOPIC: Lowering the driving

5  How to evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of a thesis statement  Broad Thesis Statements are claims that are vague, ambiguous or over reading. These are claims that do not meet at least 2 of the 3 criteria and/or attempt to address a topic with too many issues to deal with in a given writing assignment.  Narrow Thesis Statements are claims that do not meet at least 2 of the 3 criteria and/or too specific and single-minded to be developed into a thorough essay.  Use the topic-comment approach to specifically identify what you believe to be your topic and the comments about the topic  By isolating the topics from the comments, writers can evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of the comments they are attempting to put forth.

6  Directions: For each of the following statements, identify whether the statement is strong, too narrow, or too broad. If the statement is too narrow or broad, rewrite it to fix the problem.  1. Media violence is harmful to society.  2. The death penalty is wrong.  3. School uniforms provide many benefits to students, parents and educators.  4. Technology has changed our lives.  5. Violent crime is up.  6. The recall election will do more harm than good.  7. I like my apartment.  8. Taking care of older pets can be challenging.  9. Participating in volunteer work is essential to the development of strong character.  10. The neighbor’s cat is unfriendly.

7  Topic Sentence  Major support/reasons for your position/thesis  Evidence  Backs up your major support/reason  You can use facts, examples, and/or expert opinions  Make sure that you provide proper citations and works cited when you are quoting someone else. You need 2-3 per body paragraph  One evidence may be more than one sentence.  Use as much detail as possible  Commentary  Sums up your paragraph

8  If the author's name is mentioned in the text  If the author's name is used in the text introducing the source material, then cite the page number(s) in parentheses:  Branscomb argues that "it's a good idea to lurk (i.e., read all the messages without contributing anything) for a few weeks, to ensure that you don't break any of the rules of netiquette" when joining a listserv (7).  Use the same rule if you used the same author in the previous quote  Parenthetical documentation goes at the end of the sentence. Period goes after the parenthetical documentation.

9  If the author's name is not mentioned in the text  If the author's name is not used in the sentence introducing the source material, then include the author's last name in the parenthetical citation before the page number(s). Note that no comma appears between the author's name and the page number(s).  The modern world requires both the ability to concentrate on one thing and the ability to attend to more than one thing at a time: "Ideally, each individual would cultivate a repertoire of styles of attention, appropriate to different situations, and would learn how to embed activities and types of attention one within another" (Bateson 97).

10  If no author is identified  If a source does not include an author's name, substitute for the author's name the title or an abbreviated title in the text or parenthetical citation. Underline the title if the source is a book; if the source is an article, use quotation marks:  The use of Customer Relationship Management (CRM) systems has grown substantially over the past five years as companies attempt to adapt to customer needs and to improve their profitability ("Making CRM Work").

11  Setting up the page  Title the page Works Cited  Center your title.  Continue with the header as in paper, if your paper ended on page 5, then your Works Cited page is page 6.  Continue with the same set up as the rest of the paper, so double space between all lines on the Work Cited page.  Setting up the entries  Begin each entry with the left margin.  Indent each additional line five spaces.  Single Spacebar after each period in a Works Cited page (usually double spacebar after each period in a paper.  List entries in alphabetical order.  Don’t number your entries. 

12  Attention grabber again  Like when you warm-up and cool down when working out, you must do the same with your essays.  You could even create a circular effect with your attention grabber in the introduction.  In a persuasive essay, this is your call to action  Restate Thesis with Main Points  Don’t be repetitive  Use different words  Add you main points/3 reasons from each body paragraph (topic sentences)

13  Don’t forget to use transitions between each paragraph and between different ideas within each paragraph. Example transitions: Above all Also Another fact to consider Another reason Another thing Best of all Consider that Especially For example In addition In the first place In particular More important Most important Remember The last point to consider Worst of all

14  Double Space- Skip lines  On the first page only, include your heading on the top left hand side of the page  First and last name  Teacher’s Name  Class Name – Period Number  Due Date  On pages past the first page (thus not on the first page), you must put your last name followed by the page number at the top right-hand side of the page.  Go to “View” -> click on “Header/Footer” -> click “right indent” from the main toolbar -> type last name -> click the spacebar -> click “insert page number” from header/footer toolbar -> click on “page setup” from header/footer toolbar -> click on the “layout” tab -> check the box marked “different first page” -> click “OK”

15  Must have 1 inch margins all the way around  Only 12 point Times New Roman font is allowed  Indent the beginning of a new paragraph  If you include dialogue, every time a different person speaks, it should be in a new paragraph.  Don’t put extra lines in between paragraphs  Don’t bold, italicize or underline anything!!!  Don’t use parenthesis, unless citing in a research paper  Give a creative title-  Can’t be bolded, underlined, change font type, color, or put in a larger font.  Centered

16  Do not include slang (ex. “ cause”, “gonna”, “hangin out ” ), except if it appears in the dialogue and enhances the story  Don’t use contractions (didn’t = did not, I’m = I am, They’re = They are, We’ve = We have)  Do not abbreviate words (ex. bc, etc.) or symbols ($, %, &, #, @) – you are not texting!!!!  Numbers one through nine must be spelled out, you may use numbers for 10 and beyond. If a number starts a sentence, the number must be spelled out, no matter the amount of the number.

17  Check for correct grammar, spelling, punctuation, capitalization ( the first word of a sentence, “I”, proper nouns, etc)  Be cautious of spell check because it will not pick up homophone errors, like their, there, and they’re or too, to, and two  Avoid Clichés  Avoid “very” – synonyms: awfully, dreadfully, exceedingly, exceptionally, extremely, greatly, etc.  Avoid “a lot” – synonyms: many, several, multiple, bountiful, plentiful, numerous, etc.

18  The most important thing you can do for your essay  All you have to do is turn your outline/prewriting into sentence format.

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