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What do you Mean I Have to Cite my Sources? A Guide to MLA Format & Style Norris- 2013.

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Presentation on theme: "What do you Mean I Have to Cite my Sources? A Guide to MLA Format & Style Norris- 2013."— Presentation transcript:

1 What do you Mean I Have to Cite my Sources? A Guide to MLA Format & Style Norris- 2013

2 What is MLA? O MLA (Modern Language Association) style specifies guidelines for formatting documents and using the English language in writing. MLA style also provides writers with a system for referencing sources though parenthetical, or in-text citations, in his or her writing, as well as in the Work Cited page. Norris- 2013

3 Guide to MLA Format & Style O MLA Formatting O Parenthetical Citations or In-Text Citations O Works Cited Page Norris- 2013

4 General Formatting Guidelines O Type on white 8.5“ x 11“ paper O Double-space everything O Use 12 pt. Times New Roman font (or similar font) O Leave only one space after punctuation O Set all margins to 1 inch on all sides O Indent the first line of paragraphs one half-inch O Header with page numbers in the upper right corner O Use italics for titles O Endnotes go on a separate page before your Works Cited page Norris- 2013

5 MLA Format Example Header Heading Title 1” Norris- 2013

6 Margins and Spacing O All margins should be set to 1” 1. Select Page Layout 2. Select Margins 3. Select Normal Setting (top, bottom, right & left margins set to 1”) O Double space the entire document 1. Select Paragraph 2. Select Line Spacing 3. Select Double 4. Make sure that Spacing for both Before & After are set at 0pt. (these boxes are located right underneath the line spacing box) Norris- 2013

7 Header O Insert a header with your last name and the page number 1. Select Insert 2. Select Page Number 3. Select Top of Page 4. Select the option the right justifies the page number (Plain Number 3) 5. Move cursor to the left of the page number 6. Type your last name only 7. Insert one space between your name and the page number 8. Click out of the header area Norris- 2013

8 Heading O Create the heading (the heading goes on your first page only) 1. Type your full name 2. Type your teacher’s name 3. Type the name of the class – no abbreviations! 4. Type the date in MLA Style (smallest to largest) Day Month Year (30 October 2013) *Make sure your heading is double spaced, too. *Do not create a title page unless specifically instructed to do so by your teacher. Norris- 2013

9 Title and Text O Create a title 1. Select Home 2. Select Center Justification 3. Capitalize all important words (and first and last) 4. DO NOT: Underline, Italicize, Boldface 5. Make the title clever but indicative of your subject and direction your paper will take O Tap enter and start typing your text – NO extra spaces! O Save your document frequently to a place you can easily find it (your h-drive is the best option). Norris- 2013

10 What are Citations? O In MLA style, referring to the works of others in your text is done by using what is known as parenthetical citation, or an in-text citation. This method involves placing relevant source information in parentheses after a quote or a paraphrase. Norris- 2013

11 Why do we Need to Include Quotes & Paraphrases in our Writing? O To provide specific detail or evidence to support opinions O To include facts to illustrate or prove a point O To emphasize a point O To add credibility by including the opinions of experts. O It’s required!!! Norris- 2013

12 Why do we Need to Include Citations in our Writing? O Protects yourself from plagiarism O Allows readers to cross-reference your sources easily O Gives you credibility as a writer O It’s required!!! O The correct documentation of your sources is serious business! O If you plagiarize, even inadvertently, you may flunk your class, be expelled from college O Plagiarism in your professional career can result in being sued, fired, and publicly embarrassed Norris- 2013

13 When Should You Include Parenthetical or In-Text Citations? O When quoting any words that are not your own (quoting means to another source word for word, suing quotation marks) O BTW, simply changing a word or two in a quotation does not make it your words. Norris- 2013

14 When Should You Include Parenthetical or In-Text Citations? O When summarizing facts or ideas from a source. Summarizing involves putting the main idea(s) into your own words, including only the main point(s). O When paraphrasing facts or ideas from a source. Paraphrasing involves putting a passage from source material into your own words. Norris- 2013

15 CAUTION! O Don’t fall into the trap of paraphrasing. If the idea or information was not generated in your own mind, then you must cite the source it came from! Norris- 2013

16 What Does a Parenthetical or In- Text Citation Look Like? O Romantic poetry is characterized by the "spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings" (Wordsworth 263). O Wordsworth stated that Romantic poetry was marked by a "spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings" (263). O Wordsworth extensively explored the role of emotion in the creative process (263). Norris- 2013

17 Parenthetical or In-Text Citations Typical in-text citation: Citation with source author mentioned in text: Norris- 2013

18 Parenthetical or In-Text Citations Consecutive citations from the same source: Norris- 2013

19 Parenthetical or In-Text Citations O More than one author with the same last name (W. Wordsworth 23) (D. Wordsworth 224) O More than one work by the same author (Joyce, Portrait 121) (Joyce, Ulysses 556) O Different volumes of a multi-volume work (Jones 1: 336) O Citing indirect sources (Johnson qtd. in Boswell 450) Sometimes more information is necessary. Norris- 2013

20 Parenthetical or In-Text Citations Other problems: O If the source has no known author, then use an abbreviated version of the title: -Full Title: “California Cigarette Tax Deters Smokers” -In-text Citation: (“California ” A14) O If the source is only one page in length or is a web page with no apparent pagination: -Source: Dave Poland’s “Hot Button” web column -In-text Citation: (Poland) Norris- 2013

21 To Quote or to Paraphrase O It’s important to make sure that you have a healthy balance of quotes and paraphrases, combined with your own thoughts and ideas in your writing. You can’t have a paper full of nothing but quotes. Remember, the quotes, paraphrases and summaries are necessary to support your own ideas and thought. Norris- 2013

22 When To Use Quotations O Later Reference O Memorable Language O Authority O Accuracy O Brevity Norris- 2013

23 When To Use Quotations O Choose your quotations carefully and for specific reasons. O Use quotations to support your argument O A short phrase or sentence is more easily understood than a long quotation O Look for the "kernel" or the most important part of the quotation and extract it O Paraphrase a quotation in your own words when possible Norris- 2013

24 Long Quotations Norris- 2013

25 Parenthetical or In-Text Citations O There are many different combinations and variations of how to format your citations within MLA citation format. O If you run into something unusual, look it up! There’s always an answer. O The OWL (Online Writing Lab) at Purdue is a great MLA resource: https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/747/0 1/ https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/747/0 1/ Norris- 2013

26 Works Cited Page O According to MLA style, you must have a Works Cited page at the end of your research paper. All entries in the Works Cited page must correspond to the works cited in your main text. You MUST include complete source information in your Work Cited page for each source you cite in your writing. Norris- 2013

27 Works Cited Page MLA Format O Begin your Works Cited page on a separate page at the end of your research paper. It should have the same one-inch margins and last name, page number header as the rest of your paper. O Label the page Works Cited (do not italicize the words Works Cited or put them in quotation marks) and center the words Works Cited at the top of the page. O Double space all citations, but do not skip spaces between entries. O Indent the second and subsequent lines of citations by 0.5 inches to create a hanging indent. O Entries are ALWAYS listed alphabetically. If you are using a title instead of an author in your citation, do not consider the articles a, an, and or the if they are at the beginning of the title. Norris- 2013

28 How to Create a Hanging Indentation: Norris O Once you have all your sources copied onto your Work Cited page, highlight the entire contents of your Work Cited Page. O Select Page Layout. O Select Paragraph. O Locate the box labeled Special in the Indentation section and choose Hanging. O Make sure the Line Spacing option is set to Double and that the Spacing boxes (Before & After) are set to 0 pt. You need to make sure your entire paper is double-spaced with the Before & After settings at 0 pt.

29 Sample Works Cited Page Norris- 2013

30 Works Cited Page: Books Basic Format: Lastname, Firstname. Title of Book. Place of Publication: Publisher, Year of Publication. Medium of Publication. Examples: Gleick, James. Chaos: Making a New Science. New York: Penguin, Print. Gillespie, Paula, and Neal Lerner. The Allyn and Bacon Guide to Peer Tutoring. Boston: Allyn, Print. Palmer, William J. Dickens and New Historicism. New York: St. Martin's, Print. The Films of the Eighties: A Social History. Carbondale: Southern Illinois UP, Print. Norris- 2013

31 Works Cited Page: Periodicals Article in a Magazine Format: Author(s). “Title of Article.” Title of Periodical Day Month Year: pages. Medium of publication. Example: Buchman, Dana. “A Special Education.” Good Housekeeping Mar. 2006: Print. Article in Scholarly Journal Format: Author(s). “Title of Article.” Title of Journal Volume.Issue (Year): pages. Medium of publication. Example: Duvall, John N. “The (Super)Marketplace of Images: Television as Unmediated Mediation in DeLillo's White Noise.” Arizona Quarterly 50.3 (1994): Print. Norris- 2013

32 Works Cited Page: Web Web Source Format: Editor, author, or compiler name (if available). “Article Name.” Name of Site. Version number. Name of institution/organization affiliated with the site (sponsor or publisher). Date of last update. Medium of publication. Date of access. Norris- 2013

33 Works Cited Page: Web Cont. Examples: Bernstein, Mark. “10 Tips on Writing the Living Web.” A List Apart: For People Who Make Websites. A List Apart Mag., 16 Aug Web. 4 May Felluga, Dino. Guide to Literary and Critical Theory. Purdue U, 28 Nov Web. 10 May “How to Make Vegetarian Chili.” eHow.com. eHow. n.d. Web. 24 Feb Norris- 2013

34 Works Cited Page: Other Personal Interview Example: Purdue, Pete. Personal interview. 1 Dec Speech Example: Stein, Bob. Computers and Writing Conference. Purdue University. Union Club Hotel, West Lafayette, IN. 23 May Keynote address. Norris- 2013

35 Works Cited Page: Other Film Example: The Usual Suspects. Dir. Bryan Singer. Perf. Kevin Spacey, Gabriel Byrne, Chazz Palminteri, Stephen Baldwin, and Benecio del Toro. Polygram, Film. Norris- 2013

36 Citation Machine O tyleid=1&newstyle=1&stylebox=1 tyleid=1&newstyle=1&stylebox=1 Norris- 2013

37 Work Cited Page O There are many rules on what information to include in your Work Cited citations depending on the medium your using. Make sure you always look up the rules for the types of sources you’re using! O The OWL (Online Writing Lab) at Purdue is a great MLA resource: https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/74 7/01/ https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/74 7/01/ Norris- 2013

38 Sample MLA Paper O https://owl.english.purdue.edu/media/pdf/ _747.pdf https://owl.english.purdue.edu/media/pdf/ _747.pdf Norris- 2013

39 Work Cited Page "MLA Formatting and Style Guide." Purdue Online Writing Lab. Purdue University, Web. 23 Oct Norris- 2013


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