Presentation on theme: "MLA Format Citations and Works Cited Pages. In-Text Parenthetical Citations To document parenthetically, you must do two things: provide a signal phrase;"— Presentation transcript:
In-Text Parenthetical Citations To document parenthetically, you must do two things: provide a signal phrase; and identify the source of the quotation, paraphrase, or summary in parentheses after the information.
Signal Phrases According to Steven E. Landsburg, “if you know you’re going to treasure something, you don’t hesitate to buy it.”
Signal Phrases In his January 1991 letter to the editors of PMLA, Jason Mitchell suggests that the “pretentious gibberish” of modern literary critics—“Eurojive,” as he calls it—is often produced by English professors who need to prove that their professional status is equal to that of math and science faculty.
Signal Phrases Shakespeare uses alliteration in the following line from “Sonnet 30,” “Hen to the sessions of sweet silent thought/I summon up remembrance of things past” (1-2).
Citing the Source To identify the source of a quotation, paraphrase, or summary, place the author’s last name in parentheses after the cited material. If the source is not a computer source, include the page number where the information can be found. If the author’s name is not available, use the first piece of information from the Works Cited entry— usually the title of the piece.
Citing the Source One researcher stated that “Parents know in advance, and with near certainty, that they will be addicted to their children” (Landsberg). computer source
Citing the Source One researcher stated that “Parents know in advance, and with near certainty, that they will be addicted to their children” (Landsberg 89). book source
Citing the Source One researcher stated that “Parents know in advance, and with near certainty, that they will be addicted to their children” (“Parenting with Love”).
Guidelines A Works Cited page is a separate page that attaches to a research paper. It lists the sources that are actually cited in the paper.
Guidelines It is a separate page from the paper. It should be titled, Works Cited Center the title at the top of the page
Guidelines It should be double-spaced. Each entry should be alphabetized according to the first word of the entry excluding the words the, a, and Use reverse indentation The first line is NOT indented, but every line after it IS indented for that entry: Dean, Cornelia. "Executive on a Mission: Saving the Planet." New York Times. New York Times, 22 May 2007. Web. 25 May 2009.
Sample Works Cited Page "Blueprint Lays Out Clear Path for Climate Action." Environmental Defense Fund. Environmental Defense Fund, 8 May 2007. Web. 24 May 2009. Ebert, Roger. "An Inconvenient Truth." Rev. of An Inconvenient Truth, dir. Davis Guggenheim. rogerebert.com. Sun-Times News Group, 2 June 2006. Web. 24 May 2009. Uzawa, Hirofumi. Economic Theory and Global Warming. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2003. Print.
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