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Book 3: A Writer’s Research ManualChapter 36: MLA Style for Documenting Sources 1 of 25 Chapter 36 MLA Style for Documenting Sources Learning Outcome:

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Presentation on theme: "Book 3: A Writer’s Research ManualChapter 36: MLA Style for Documenting Sources 1 of 25 Chapter 36 MLA Style for Documenting Sources Learning Outcome:"— Presentation transcript:

1 Book 3: A Writer’s Research ManualChapter 36: MLA Style for Documenting Sources 1 of 25 Chapter 36 MLA Style for Documenting Sources Learning Outcome: Develop ideas with appropriate support and attributionCore Objective: Communication Skills (Written)

2 Book 3: A Writer’s Research ManualChapter 36: MLA Style for Documenting Sources 2 of 25 MLA (Modern Language Association)  Find extensive recommendations for crediting sources in libraries and the MLA website  Credit your sources every time you quote, paraphrase, or summarize someone else’s ideas  The only exception is when you use material that is general knowledge

3 Book 3: A Writer’s Research ManualChapter 36: MLA Style for Documenting Sources 3 of 25 MLA  The focus is on the author of the source, then the page number where the information is located  Keep in mind three questions:  Who wrote it?  What type of source is it?  How am I capturing the source material?  The rest of this chapter is devoted to addressing these questions

4 Book 3: A Writer’s Research ManualChapter 36: MLA Style for Documenting Sources 4 of 25 MLA: Who Wrote It? (How entries inside your paper should look)  Individual author not named in sentence  One approach to the complex politics of Puerto Rican statehood is to return to the island’s colonial history (Negrón-Muntaner 3).  Individual author named in sentence  The analysis of filmmaker and scholar Frances Negrón- Muntaner connects Puerto Rican history and politics with cultural influences (xvii).  Two or three authors  Ferriter and Toibin note Irish historical objectivity about the famine (5). ---OR---  Irish historians tend to report the famine dispassionately (Ferriter and Tiobin 5). NOTE: Text in blue indicates your material, and text in red indicates citation elements.

5 Book 3: A Writer’s Research ManualChapter 36: MLA Style for Documenting Sources 5 of 25 MLA: Who Wrote It?  Four authors or more: follow the first name with the expression “et al.”  Between 1870 and 1900, cities grew at an astonishing rate (Roark et al. 671).  Organization author: use only if site is sponsored by an organization and no other author is named (be sure to look carefully because sometimes authors’ names are listed at the end of an article)  Each year, the Kids Count program (Annie E. Casey Foundation) alert children’s advocates about the status of children.

6 Book 3: A Writer’s Research ManualChapter 36: MLA Style for Documenting Sources 6 of 25 MLA: Who Wrote It?  Author of an essay from a reader or collection (called an anthology).  Cite the author of the article or story, NOT the editor.  Tan explains the “Englishes” of her childhood and family (32).  Unidentified author: just use title of article.  Due to download codes and vinyl’s beauty, album sales are up (“Back to Black” 1).

7 Book 3: A Writer’s Research ManualChapter 36: MLA Style for Documenting Sources 7 of 25 MLA: Who Wrote It?  Same author with multiple works: make sure you clearly identify which is which  McKibben cites advocates of consistent economic expansion (Deep Economy 10) yet calls growth “the one big habit we finally must break” (Eaarth 48).  Different authors of multiple works: separate with a semicolon  Ray Charles and Quincy Jones worked together for many years and maintained a strong friendship (Jones 58-59; Lydon 386).

8 Book 3: A Writer’s Research ManualChapter 36: MLA Style for Documenting Sources 8 of 25 What Type of Source Is It?  Multivolume work  Malthus has long been credited with this conservative shift in population theory (Durant and Durant 11: ).  Indirect source: if you can’t find the original source, add “qtd. in”  Zill says that children in stepfamilies most resemble children in single-parent families (qtd. in Derber 119).  Visual material  Johnson’s 1870 painting Life in the South is a depiction of African Americans after the Civil War (see fig. 1). --THEN, below the visual, add:  Fig. 1. Eastman Johnson, Life in the South, High Museum of Art, Atlanta.

9 Book 3: A Writer’s Research ManualChapter 36: MLA Style for Documenting Sources 9 of 25 How Are You Capturing the Source Material?  Always set off the source’s words with indented lines (long quotations) or quotation marks (short quotations)  Overall summary or important idea  Specific summary or paraphrase  Blended paraphrase and quotation  To avoid generalizing about “people-with- dementia” (Pearce xxii), the author simply uses names.

10 Book 3: A Writer’s Research ManualChapter 36: MLA Style for Documenting Sources 10 of 25 How Are You Capturing the Source Material?  Brief quotation with formal launch statement  Brief quotation integrated in sentence  Long quotation  Use when quotation is longer than four typed lines  Double-space and indent 1 inch  Quotation from the Bible or other sacred texts

11 Book 3: A Writer’s Research ManualChapter 36: MLA Style for Documenting Sources 11 of 25 How Are You Capturing the Source Material?  Quotation from a novel or short story  Quotation from a play: list the act, scene, and line numbers, divided by periods  Love, Iago says, “is merely a lust of the blood and a permission of the will” (Oth, ).  Quotation from a poem: add a slash to show new lines  “The world is too much with us; late and soon, / Getting and spending, we lay waste our powers” (lines 1-2).

12 Book 3: A Writer’s Research ManualChapter 36: MLA Style for Documenting Sources 12 of 25 Listing Sources in MLA Style: Works Cited page  Listing sources correctly depends on following patterns and paying attention to details  Formatting:  List source on new page with double-spacing, hanging indent between entries, and no extra spaces between title or individual entries  Page number should be next page number after your last page of the paper  Use same margins as you did for your paper

13 Book 3: A Writer’s Research ManualChapter 36: MLA Style for Documenting Sources 13 of 25 Listing Sources in MLA Style: Works Cited page  Basically, place a period after each main part of the citation  Abbreviate months  List only first city and no state to locate publisher  List only first name of the publishing company  Use the most recent copyright date for a book  Add medium of publication such as Print, Web, etc.  Omit URL or Internet address unless the source would be hard to find or unless your professor asks you to

14 Book 3: A Writer’s Research ManualChapter 36: MLA Style for Documenting Sources 14 of 25 Who Wrote It? What entries in a Works Cited page should look like  Two or three authors: list in the order in which they are listed on the title page  Four authors or more: name all authors, or follow the name of the first author with the abbreviation “et al.” Hazzard, Shirley. The Great Fire. New York: Farrar, Print. Roark, James L., et al. The American Promise. 5th ed. Boston: Bedford, Print.  Individual author (note the hanging indent) NOTE: Not all examples are illustrated in the slides. Refer to your textbook often for specific examples.

15 Book 3: A Writer’s Research ManualChapter 36: MLA Style for Documenting Sources 15 of 25 Who Wrote It?  Same author with multiple works  Organization author  Author and editor  Author and translator  Unidentified author

16 Book 3: A Writer’s Research ManualChapter 36: MLA Style for Documenting Sources 16 of 25 What Type of Source Is It?  Article from a printed journal: provide the volume number issue number, year, page numbers, and medium for all journals McHaney, Pearl Amelia. “Eudora Welty ( ).” South Atlantic Review 66.4 (2001): Print.  Article from an online journal  Article accessed online through a library or subscription database Purdy, James P., and Joyce R. Walker. “Digital Breadcrumbs: Case Studies of Online Research.” Kairos 11.2 (2007): n. pg. Web. 29 May 2012.

17 Book 3: A Writer’s Research ManualChapter 36: MLA Style for Documenting Sources 17 of 25 What Type of Source Is It?  Article from a printed magazine  Article from an online magazine  Article from a printed newspaper  Article from an online newspaper  Editorial from a printed periodical  Editorial from an online periodical  Letter to the editor  Review

18 Book 3: A Writer’s Research ManualChapter 36: MLA Style for Documenting Sources 18 of 25 What Type of Source Is It?  Printed book  Online book  E-book  Multivolume work  Revised edition  Book published in a series  Book with co-publishers  Book without publisher, date, or page numbers

19 Book 3: A Writer’s Research ManualChapter 36: MLA Style for Documenting Sources 19 of 25 What Type of Source Is It?  Selection from a printed book, including essays, short stories, or poems: this is important if you are quoting readings from this course’s textbook, which has anthology elements. Remember to cite the author of the selection first, NOT the editors’ names.  Selection from an online book  Selection from an E-book King, Stephen. “Why We Crave Horror Movies.” Bedford Guide for College Writers. 10 th ed. Ed. X. J. Kennedy, Dorothy M. Kennedy, and Marcia F. Muth. Boston: Bedford, Print.

20 Book 3: A Writer’s Research ManualChapter 36: MLA Style for Documenting Sources 20 of 25 What Type of Source Is It?  Preface, introduction, foreword, or afterword  Two or more works from the same edited collection: If you have two or more selections from the same anthology, prepare an entry for the collection Cisneros, Sandra. “Only Daughter.” Martin Martin, Wendy, ed. The Beacon Book of Essays by Contemporary American Women. Boston: Beacon, Print. Tan, Amy. “Mother Tongue.” Martin

21 Book 3: A Writer’s Research ManualChapter 36: MLA Style for Documenting Sources 21 of 25 What Type of Source Is It?  Article from a printed reference work  Article from an online reference work  Printed government document  Online government document  Online document  Pamphlet  Doctoral dissertation or master’s thesis

22 Book 3: A Writer’s Research ManualChapter 36: MLA Style for Documenting Sources 22 of 25 What Type of Source Is It?  Internet or electronic source  Personal web page  Organization web page  Home page for campus department or course  Blog or blog entry  Publication on CD-ROM

23 Book 3: A Writer’s Research ManualChapter 36: MLA Style for Documenting Sources 23 of 25 What Type of Source Is It?  Visual or audio source  Advertisement  Comic or cartoon  Photograph  Work of art  Audiotape or recording  Program on television or radio  Film  Live performance Core Objective: Communication Skills (Visual)

24 Book 3: A Writer’s Research ManualChapter 36: MLA Style for Documenting Sources 24 of 25 What Type of Source Is It?  Conversation or field artifact  Personal, telephone, or interview  Broadcast interview  Published interview  Speech or lecture  Personal letter   Online posting Core Objective: Communication Skills (Oral)

25 Book 3: A Writer’s Research ManualChapter 36: MLA Style for Documenting Sources 25 of 25 A Sample of an MLA Paper


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