Presentation on theme: "Part One: When your teacher states that you must use APA documentation style, he or she is simply directing you to use a system that reveals to your."— Presentation transcript:
When your teacher states that you must use APA documentation style, he or she is simply directing you to use a system that reveals to your reader what sources and information you have utilized in writing your paper. The documentation style also determines certain formatting practices in your paper.
Double space entire paper. Use 12 point, Times New Roman font Set all margins to 1” New paragraphs should be indented ½” from the margin
In-text (parenthetical) citation Bibliography (the References page) The in-text citation acts as a key to your bibliography and directs your reader to specific sources. The in-text citation includes the author’s last name (and/or) the title of the work so that you can easily locate the complete source information in the bibliography.
APA Title Page The page number Introduction of the running head of your essay, formatted Running head: TITLE OF ESSAY The title of the essay, your name, and the university name should appear centered, double spaced, and on the top half of the page. All text should be in 12 pt. Times New Roman font and should not be bolded. Author’s note (optional) contains contact information and acknowledgements and should be placed at the bottom half of essay.
Running Head (Title in all caps) Page number
An APA header is more complicated than an MLA header. On the first page, the header will have the words Running head: followed by the title in all caps (i.e. Running Head: TITLE OF ESSAY). This phrase is justified on the left. The page number is justified on the right. Subsequent pages do not include the words Running head: before the title.
Click the “Insert” tab. Select the “Page Number” icon.
1.Select the “Top of the Page” menu. 2.Select “Plain Number 1.”
Type the title of your paper in all caps. Tab twice to right justify the page number.
Remember: select the entire text and format it as 12 pt., Times New Roman font.
On the design tab, click the box labeled different first page. Your header will disappear, for now. (Don’t worry it will appear after you have more than one page).
Click the icon for the page number.
Type the words Running head: followed by the title in all caps, and then tab twice. (Don’t forget to format the font as 12 pt. Times New Roman)
To close the header, return to the “Design” tab. Click the “Close Header and Footer” Button. (It is red and located in the right corner of the screen.)
Create a title page
You need to give credit to a source any time you use information from the source in the following ways: Direct Quotation Paraphrase Summary
Block Quotations – must be longer than three lines, set off from main body of paragraph (like a block) Integrated Quotations – three lines of text or fewer, flows seamlessly in the paragraph
Indented 1” and double spaced Period comes at end of quote No quotation marks Citation follows the period
Quote integrated into paragraph Quotation marks needed Period follows citation Quotation mark precedes citation The governments usually use a very complex and intricate method to set these prevailing wages, “but because of the large number of distinct geographic labor markets and numerous occupational categories, the tendency is for wages to be set equal or approximate to those determined in local collective bargaining agreements between unions and contractors” (Vedder 1997).
It was during the Great Depression that the government of the United States first decided to implement prevailing wage laws. In those times, the national unemployment rate was at about 14 percent and was expected to rise even further, while the total output, or GDP, decreasing (Vedder & Gallaway 1997, 77). Period follows citation. The paraphrase or summary is in your own words and flows smoothly with the paragraph.
Author’s name (if available) Year of publication Page number (formatted p. #)
The author may be cited within either the sentence or in the parentheses following the sentence. The year immediately follows the author’s name.
Look at the following examples: The growth was most rapid among fast-food chains, which by 1999 were opening a new restaurant every two hours (Schlosser, 2001). Amanda Spake and Mary Brophy Marcus (2002) note, “When McDonald’s opened, its original burger, fries, and 12-ounce Coke provided 590 calories. Today, a supersize Extra Value Meal with a Quarter Pounder With Cheese, supersize fries, and a supersize drink is 1,550 calories” (p. 44).
With an explanatory statement and a colon With a verb and a comma Spot quotation mixed with paraphrase
Amanda Spake and Mary Brophy Marcus (2002) contend that the increase in portion sizes among American fast food companies has contributed to the obesity epidemic: “When McDonald’s opened, its original burger, fries, and 12-ounce Coke provided 590 calories. Today, a supersize Extra Value Meal with a Quarter Pounder WithCheese, supersize fries, and a supersize drink is 1,550 calories” (p. 44).
Amanda Spake and Mary Brophy Marcus (2002) note,“When McDonald’s opened, its original burger, fries, and 12-ounce Coke provided 590 calories. Today, a supersize Extra Value Meal with a Quarter Pounder WithCheese, supersize fries, and a supersize drink is 1,550 calories” (p. 44).
The increase in portion sizes from McDonald’s “original burger, fries, and 12-ounce Coke” that supplied only “590 calories” to today’s “Supersize Extra Value Meal” which supplies more than 1500 calories has contributed to obesity in children (Spake & Marcus, 2002, p. 44).
Start the References page at the top of a new page. (Use the insert Page Break icon. Do not hit enter repeatedly until you reach the top of a new page). Entries should be alphabetized by first word. All entries should have a hanging indent and be double spaced. All entries end with a period. Book titles and titles of periodicals should be italicized Authors are listed by last name and first initial. Capitalize only the first word of titles and subtitles.
Brownell, K. D., & Horgen, K. B. (2004). Food fight: The inside story of the food industry,America’s obesity crisis, and what we can do about it. Chicago: Contemporary Publishing.
O'Neil, J. M., & Egan, J. (1992). Men's and women's gender role journeys: Metaphor for healing, transition, and transformation. In B. R. Wainrib (Ed.), Gender issues across the life cycle (pp ). New York, NY: Springer.
Scruton, R. (1996). The eclipse of listening. The New Criterion, 15(30), 5-13.
Henry, W. A., III. (1990, April 9). Making the grade in today's schools. Time, 135,
Schultz, S. (2005, December 28). Calls made to strengthen state energy policies. The Country Today, pp. 1A, 2A.
Brownlie, D. (2007). Toward effective poster presentations: An annotated bibliography. European Journal of Marketing, 41(11/12), doi: /
Kenneth, I. A. (2000). A Buddhist response to the nature of human rights. Journal of Buddhist Ethics, 8. Retrieved from
The Online Writing Lab at Purdue The Online Writing Lab at Purdue This website includes accurate guides to both APA format, annotated sample papers, examples of different types of works cited entries, and detailed information concerning punctuation, grammar, and other writing related topics.
Create a title page for the following sources: m urnal/articles/fall_2010/pandey.htm Your textbook Use the examples from this presentation and examples from the OWL at Purdue APA Guide.