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1 English SOL Institute Secondary Research Strand English SOL Institute Secondary Research Strand Introduction to the Literary Research Paper Rosa M. Reyes.

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Presentation on theme: "1 English SOL Institute Secondary Research Strand English SOL Institute Secondary Research Strand Introduction to the Literary Research Paper Rosa M. Reyes."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 English SOL Institute Secondary Research Strand English SOL Institute Secondary Research Strand Introduction to the Literary Research Paper Rosa M. Reyes

2 2 Secondary Research Key Points in Research Critically evaluate the accuracy, quality, and validity of the information Frame, analyze, and synthesize information to solve problems, answer questions, and generate new knowledge Key Points in Research Critically evaluate the accuracy, quality, and validity of the information Frame, analyze, and synthesize information to solve problems, answer questions, and generate new knowledge

3 3 Secondary Research Key Points in Research Citation of primary and secondary sources begins in grade 6 Consequences of plagiarism, following ethical and legal guidelines for gathering and using information stressed grades 3-12 Key Points in Research Citation of primary and secondary sources begins in grade 6 Consequences of plagiarism, following ethical and legal guidelines for gathering and using information stressed grades 3-12

4 Secondary Research Key Points in Research Each research “product” does not have to be a paper archIncorporate Media Literacy into research Research is now tested on the Writing SOL test Key Points in Research Each research “product” does not have to be a paper archIncorporate Media Literacy into research Research is now tested on the Writing SOL test 4

5 Writing a Literary Research Paper Rosa M. Reyes, M.A. Washington-Lee HS Arlington, Virginia Rosa M. Reyes, M.A. Washington-Lee HS Arlington, Virginia

6 To begin: You need a topic! To select a topic: You can …  Focus on an Author (Ex: Khalid Hosseini)  Focus on a Work (Ex: Hosseini’s Kite Runner or ATSS or compare/contrast the works of a given author)  Focus on a Biography (Ex: Hosseini’s life as a “mirror” image of his central character, Amir; or Shakespeare’s personal tragedy, the loss of his twin son, led to his writing Twelfth Night… for Hosseini, this does not yet apply—you can check to see if there are autobiographies)  Focus on the Historical (Ex: The influence of the Taliban…)  Focus on the Cultural (Ex: Afghan Marital Customs)  Focus on the Psychological (Ex: The influence of guilt on how a person deals with decision making…)  Focus on a Literary (technique) (Ex: Hosseini’s use of imagery, point of view, flashback or foreshadowing, etc…)  Focus on a Media (messages) (Ex: In the film industry, Afghan culture is often misrepresented using propaganda techniques such as…) To begin: You need a topic! To select a topic: You can …  Focus on an Author (Ex: Khalid Hosseini)  Focus on a Work (Ex: Hosseini’s Kite Runner or ATSS or compare/contrast the works of a given author)  Focus on a Biography (Ex: Hosseini’s life as a “mirror” image of his central character, Amir; or Shakespeare’s personal tragedy, the loss of his twin son, led to his writing Twelfth Night… for Hosseini, this does not yet apply—you can check to see if there are autobiographies)  Focus on the Historical (Ex: The influence of the Taliban…)  Focus on the Cultural (Ex: Afghan Marital Customs)  Focus on the Psychological (Ex: The influence of guilt on how a person deals with decision making…)  Focus on a Literary (technique) (Ex: Hosseini’s use of imagery, point of view, flashback or foreshadowing, etc…)  Focus on a Media (messages) (Ex: In the film industry, Afghan culture is often misrepresented using propaganda techniques such as…) Literary Research Writing

7 Once you have a topic selected, you need to FOCUS your SUPPLEMENTAL RESEARCH: Ask yourself… 1.Is enough information available on the topic? (You should be able to find/use at least 3-5 good sources; i.e. books, articles, non print sources—ABOVE THE PRIMARY SOURCE—THE NOVEL) 2.Is the topic OBJECTIVE? 3.Is the topic unique and interesting or does it simply restate other people’s ideas? 4.Does the topic need additional research to support? 5.How can I analyze the events of the plot within the context of my supplemental research to prove or disprove the author’s intent? Once you have a topic selected, you need to FOCUS your SUPPLEMENTAL RESEARCH: Ask yourself… 1.Is enough information available on the topic? (You should be able to find/use at least 3-5 good sources; i.e. books, articles, non print sources—ABOVE THE PRIMARY SOURCE—THE NOVEL) 2.Is the topic OBJECTIVE? 3.Is the topic unique and interesting or does it simply restate other people’s ideas? 4.Does the topic need additional research to support? 5.How can I analyze the events of the plot within the context of my supplemental research to prove or disprove the author’s intent? Literary Research Writing

8 BOOLEAN RESEARCH ENGINE ACTIVITY Literary Research Writing

9 To help FOCUS the TOPIC, consider:  Purpose: Your reason for writing this paper around an original synthesis of researched information that supports an ORIGINAL concept or interpretation you derived in your reading  Audience: Your readers are your peers and me  Tone: Using formal tone; 3 rd person objective*; appropriate grammar and syntax To help FOCUS the TOPIC, consider:  Purpose: Your reason for writing this paper around an original synthesis of researched information that supports an ORIGINAL concept or interpretation you derived in your reading  Audience: Your readers are your peers and me  Tone: Using formal tone; 3 rd person objective*; appropriate grammar and syntax

10 F.O.C.U.S. ACTIVITY Literary Research Writing

11 Example: 1 st POV vs 3 rd POV 1 st POV: I feel Hosseini’s use of the kite is a symbol for the struggle Afghans faced during the political uprisings that changed their way of life and customs by restricting their personal freedoms. A kite, like the basic fundamental right to freedom and the pursuit of happiness, is taken from them which I think is the root cause of all the conflicts we see in Afghanistan today… 3 rd POV: Hosseini’s use of the kite is a symbol for the struggle the people of Afghanistan faced during the political uprisings that changed their way of life and customs by restricting their personal freedoms. A kite, like the basic fundamental right to freedom and the pursuit of happiness, is taken from them which triggers the root cause of all the conflicts seen in Afghanistan today…. 1 st POV: I feel Hosseini’s use of the kite is a symbol for the struggle Afghans faced during the political uprisings that changed their way of life and customs by restricting their personal freedoms. A kite, like the basic fundamental right to freedom and the pursuit of happiness, is taken from them which I think is the root cause of all the conflicts we see in Afghanistan today… 3 rd POV: Hosseini’s use of the kite is a symbol for the struggle the people of Afghanistan faced during the political uprisings that changed their way of life and customs by restricting their personal freedoms. A kite, like the basic fundamental right to freedom and the pursuit of happiness, is taken from them which triggers the root cause of all the conflicts seen in Afghanistan today….

12 “SO, WHAT?” ACTIVITY [ONLINE GAME] Literary Research Writing

13 The paper expectations: This will be a Writing/Project Grade  A-B range: 5+ pages, typed, double-spaced, with a Bibliography page or Work Cited (page is not part of TOTAL range)  C-D range: 1-3+ pages, typed, double-spaced, with a Bibliography page or Work Cited (page is not part of TOTAL range) TIMELINE TO COMPLETE:  Think about a topic (try to identify at least 1 or 2 if you are indecisive) and at least 3 sources you think you will use for your research— TO ME BY __[date]____  DEVELOP AN OUTLINE FOR YOUR WRITING — TO ME BY __[date]____  FIRST/Second DRAFT [REQUIRED] FOR REVIEW — OR SEND VIA GOOGLE DOCS BY __[date]____  FINAL PAPER DUE [NO EXCEPTIONS] — OR UPLOAD TO GOOGLE BY __[date]____ The paper expectations: This will be a Writing/Project Grade  A-B range: 5+ pages, typed, double-spaced, with a Bibliography page or Work Cited (page is not part of TOTAL range)  C-D range: 1-3+ pages, typed, double-spaced, with a Bibliography page or Work Cited (page is not part of TOTAL range) TIMELINE TO COMPLETE:  Think about a topic (try to identify at least 1 or 2 if you are indecisive) and at least 3 sources you think you will use for your research— TO ME BY __[date]____  DEVELOP AN OUTLINE FOR YOUR WRITING — TO ME BY __[date]____  FIRST/Second DRAFT [REQUIRED] FOR REVIEW — OR SEND VIA GOOGLE DOCS BY __[date]____  FINAL PAPER DUE [NO EXCEPTIONS] — OR UPLOAD TO GOOGLE BY __[date]____ Literary Research Writing

14 THE NEXT SLIDES PROVIDE SOME DETAILS ON HOW TO WRITE THIS PAPER I HAVE PRIMARILY REFERENCED and PARAPHRASED FROM THE HOLT ANTHOLOGY FOR LANGUAGE USED IN GRADE 12 THE NEXT SLIDES PROVIDE SOME DETAILS ON HOW TO WRITE THIS PAPER I HAVE PRIMARILY REFERENCED and PARAPHRASED FROM THE HOLT ANTHOLOGY FOR LANGUAGE USED IN GRADE 12

15 Writing a Thesis Statement: (Holt, pg. 255)  What is it?  A thesis statement is a sentence or two identifying the main idea you intend to explain or prove in your paper. It is an act of synthesis, reviewing and pulling together all your information to state what your paper will say about your topic (main idea). Also referred to as a “map.”  What should my thesis statement have?  Specific wording that describes what you will address in your paper  Assertive ideas stated (3 rd person objective)  Arguable concepts that can have different opinions (strive for a concept most people don’t see)  Unique assertions (original thoughts) about the subject Writing a Thesis Statement: (Holt, pg. 255)  What is it?  A thesis statement is a sentence or two identifying the main idea you intend to explain or prove in your paper. It is an act of synthesis, reviewing and pulling together all your information to state what your paper will say about your topic (main idea). Also referred to as a “map.”  What should my thesis statement have?  Specific wording that describes what you will address in your paper  Assertive ideas stated (3 rd person objective)  Arguable concepts that can have different opinions (strive for a concept most people don’t see)  Unique assertions (original thoughts) about the subject Literary Research Writing

16 SAMPLE THESIS STATEMENTS  ANALYTICAL  Breaks down an issue or an idea into its component parts, evaluates the issue or idea, and presents this breakdown and evaluation to the audience.  EXPOSITORY  explains something to the audience  PERSUASIVE  makes a claim about a topic and justifies this claim with specific evidence. The claim could be an opinion, a policy proposal, an evaluation, a cause-and-effect statement, or an interpretation. The goal of the argumentative paper is to convince the audience that the claim is true based on the evidence provided. STUDENT EXAMPLES [SHARE] SAMPLE THESIS STATEMENTS  ANALYTICAL  Breaks down an issue or an idea into its component parts, evaluates the issue or idea, and presents this breakdown and evaluation to the audience.  EXPOSITORY  explains something to the audience  PERSUASIVE  makes a claim about a topic and justifies this claim with specific evidence. The claim could be an opinion, a policy proposal, an evaluation, a cause-and-effect statement, or an interpretation. The goal of the argumentative paper is to convince the audience that the claim is true based on the evidence provided. STUDENT EXAMPLES [SHARE] Literary Research Writing

17 Your Examples Student 1: man’s status in society Student 2: the impact of the soviet occupation of Afghanistan Student 3: comparing the Soviet and Taliban rule on women Student 4: comparison of Mariam’s life and Laila's life in a psychological way (ex: nurture vs nature) Student 4: comparison of Mariam’s life and Laila's life in a psychological way (ex: nurture vs nature) Student 1: man’s status in society Student 2: the impact of the soviet occupation of Afghanistan Student 3: comparing the Soviet and Taliban rule on women Student 4: comparison of Mariam’s life and Laila's life in a psychological way (ex: nurture vs nature) Student 4: comparison of Mariam’s life and Laila's life in a psychological way (ex: nurture vs nature)

18 Making an outline for your research paper:  Select a pattern you will use  Chronological  Order of Importance  Logical Order  Formal vs. Informal  Informal: allows you to organize ideas without arranging them into outline form with numbers and letters  Clustering and Mapping Making an outline for your research paper:  Select a pattern you will use  Chronological  Order of Importance  Logical Order  Formal vs. Informal  Informal: allows you to organize ideas without arranging them into outline form with numbers and letters  Clustering and Mapping Literary Research Writing

19 Formal outlines: serve as a table of contents for the finished paper. This outline must follow standard outline format. (Holt, pg ) You should also include a title to your paper: the title should describe the contents of your paper clearly and concisely. Formal outlines: serve as a table of contents for the finished paper. This outline must follow standard outline format. (Holt, pg ) You should also include a title to your paper: the title should describe the contents of your paper clearly and concisely. Literary Research Writing

20 MLA [Modern Language Association] MLA style specifies guidelines for formatting manuscripts and using the English language in writing. MLA style also provides writers with a system for referencing their sources through parenthetical citation in their essays and Works Cited pages. Writers who properly use MLA also build their credibility by demonstrating accountability to their source material. See link on my web site for available Online MLA Guides MLA [Modern Language Association] MLA style specifies guidelines for formatting manuscripts and using the English language in writing. MLA style also provides writers with a system for referencing their sources through parenthetical citation in their essays and Works Cited pages. Writers who properly use MLA also build their credibility by demonstrating accountability to their source material. See link on my web site for available Online MLA Guides Literary Research Writing

21 Evaluating Sources (Holt, pg )  Applying the “4R” test:  Relevant? Must contain information directly related to your topic  Recent? Use sources as current as possible  Reliable? Sources must be accurate (University sources.edu or.gov are considered reliable)  Representative? If topic is controversial, find sources that support both sides (opinions)—even if you draw your own conclusions Evaluating Sources (Holt, pg )  Applying the “4R” test:  Relevant? Must contain information directly related to your topic  Recent? Use sources as current as possible  Reliable? Sources must be accurate (University sources.edu or.gov are considered reliable)  Representative? If topic is controversial, find sources that support both sides (opinions)—even if you draw your own conclusions Literary Research Writing

22 Using your sources:  Keep NOTES on what you actually used or referred to for ideas Work Cited vs. Bibliography  Work Cited: must included EVERY SOURCE you USED or VIEWED (even if you didn’t quote from it)  Bibliographies: include ONLY SOURCE/S USED Using your sources:  Keep NOTES on what you actually used or referred to for ideas Work Cited vs. Bibliography  Work Cited: must included EVERY SOURCE you USED or VIEWED (even if you didn’t quote from it)  Bibliographies: include ONLY SOURCE/S USED Literary Research Writing

23 Documenting sources (while researching) :  Make a source card: a 3x5 card with bibliographic information on the source. Also include any page reference actually quoted and/or paraphrased in your writing; some cards even note the actual quote used. Could also make virtual cards.  Number your sources: this helps with the “pattern” you use for your outline  Record all publishing information: (title, subtitle, editor or translator, volume number, city, publisher, original publication date, revised edition date—see (Holt, page 272)  Note the call number or location of the sources AND DATE OF DOWNLOAD [for Online resources]— this helps if you need to go back to it Documenting sources (while researching) :  Make a source card: a 3x5 card with bibliographic information on the source. Also include any page reference actually quoted and/or paraphrased in your writing; some cards even note the actual quote used. Could also make virtual cards.  Number your sources: this helps with the “pattern” you use for your outline  Record all publishing information: (title, subtitle, editor or translator, volume number, city, publisher, original publication date, revised edition date—see (Holt, page 272)  Note the call number or location of the sources AND DATE OF DOWNLOAD [for Online resources]— this helps if you need to go back to it Literary Research Writing

24 While Researching: There are three ways to record information. (Holt, pg.252)  Summarizing  Paraphrasing  Quoting directly Drawing Conclusions: (Holt, pg.254)  Examine all the information in the text  Relate information in the text to prior knowledge  State your conclusions in precise language While Researching: There are three ways to record information. (Holt, pg.252)  Summarizing  Paraphrasing  Quoting directly Drawing Conclusions: (Holt, pg.254)  Examine all the information in the text  Relate information in the text to prior knowledge  State your conclusions in precise language Literary Research Writing

25 Pg258: The Research Paper Model Guide  Introduction, 1-2 paragraphs  Hook your readers  Provide necessary background  Include your thesis statement  Body, 3-20 paragraphs (average)  Develop the first idea that supports your thesis  Develop the second idea…and so on..  Conclusion, 1-3 paragraphs (average)  Restate your thesis (do not repeat it verbatim)  End with some final insights into your research  Create your Works Cited List (attach separately) Pg258: The Research Paper Model Guide  Introduction, 1-2 paragraphs  Hook your readers  Provide necessary background  Include your thesis statement  Body, 3-20 paragraphs (average)  Develop the first idea that supports your thesis  Develop the second idea…and so on..  Conclusion, 1-3 paragraphs (average)  Restate your thesis (do not repeat it verbatim)  End with some final insights into your research  Create your Works Cited List (attach separately) Literary Research Writing

26 Resources Referenced TEXT HOLT, RINEHART, and WINSTON. Elements of Language. 6 th ed. Austin: Holt, Print. ONLINE Resources Referenced TEXT HOLT, RINEHART, and WINSTON. Elements of Language. 6 th ed. Austin: Holt, Print. ONLINE Literary Research Writing

27 End of Presentation

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