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Planned Obsolescence: Publishing, Technology, and the Future of the Academy Kathleen Fitzpatrick

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Presentation on theme: "Planned Obsolescence: Publishing, Technology, and the Future of the Academy Kathleen Fitzpatrick"— Presentation transcript:

1 Planned Obsolescence: Publishing, Technology, and the Future of the Academy Kathleen Fitzpatrick

2 “In many cases, traditions last not because they are excellent, but because influential people are averse to change and because of the sheer burdens of transition to a better state.” — Cass Sunstein, Infotopia

3 “There is no way to stop the shake-up of the university press system from happening. It has already begun.” — Lindsay Waters, Enemies of Promise

4 obsolescence

5 death

6 The Anxiety of Obsolescence

7 death of the novel

8 cultural wildlife preserve

9 dot-com crash

10 “too much financial risk... to pursue in the current economy” — the marketing guys

11 “They were planning on making money off of your book?” — Mom

12 insupportable economic model

13

14 university presses

15 university libraries

16 rising costs of journals

17 collection sharing

18 one-third

19 subsidies

20 reduced number of titles published

21 marketing

22 the crisis in academic publishing

23 the academic book

24 no longer viable

25 but still required

26 undead

27 zombie

28

29

30

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32 death-in-livelihood

33 really?

34 undead

35 material

36 ink-on-paper

37 pixels-on-screens

38 print

39 fraction

40 digital

41 material obsolescence

42

43 persistences

44

45 ephemeral

46 durability

47 archives

48 interaction

49 institutional

50 system

51 “In fact I completely understand why that’s not realistic, and I’m not seriously advocating it. Nor am I suggesting that we all become our own online publishers, at least not unless that’s part of a continuum of different options. But the point is, the system’s broken and it’s time we got busy fixing it. What ought to count is peer review and scholarly merit, not the physical form in which the text is ultimately delivered.” — Matt Kirschenbaum

52 scholarly publishing

53

54 consider articles published by tenure candidates as seriously as books

55 acknowledge and fairly evaluate online scholarship

56 easier said than done

57 MediaCommons

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66 Planned Obsolescence

67 John Willinsky, The Access Principle Christine Borgman, Scholarship in the Digital Age

68 conservative

69 We Have Never Done It That Way Before

70 “While we are very adept at discussing the texts of novels, plays, poems, film, advertising, and even television shows, we are usually very reticent, if not wholly unwilling, to examine the textuality of our own profession, its scripts, values, biases, and behavioral norms.” — Donald Hall

71 self-criticism

72 change

73 social, intellectual and institutional change

74 cost access

75 the ways we research

76 the ways we write

77 the ways we review

78 peer review

79

80 but

81 “What ought to count is peer review and scholarly merit, not the physical form in which the text is ultimately delivered.”

82 disciplinary technology

83 self-policing

84 gatekeeping

85 scarcity is over

86 plenitude

87 create artificial scarcity

88 coping with abundance

89 impact

90 post-publication

91 whether a text should be published

92 how it has been (and should be) received

93 from regulation to communication

94 facilitating

95 “peer-to-peer review”

96 “the new metrics of scholarly authority” — Michael Jensen

97 scarcity

98 filters

99

100 31,650+ pageloads 12,100+ first-time visitors return visitors 295 comments 44 commenters

101 400

102 “publication”

103 authorship

104 products

105 processes

106 community

107 “We know now that a text consists not of a line of words, released a single ‘theological’ meaning (the ‘message’ of the Author-God), but of a multi- dimensional space in which are married and contested several writings, none of which is original: the text is a fabric of quotations, resulting from a thousand sources of culture.” — Roland Barthes

108 interaction

109 process

110 control

111 collaborative

112 originality

113 remix

114 publishers

115 libraries

116 universities

117 knowledge production

118 obsolescence

119 response

120 undead

121 change

122 thanks! Kathleen Fitzpatrick


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