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Avoiding Plagiarism: Modified MLA style of referencing… Adapted from Mrs. McGowan, Teacher-Librarian (2011) Adapted from Ms. E. Hansen, QE (2006) Adapted.

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Presentation on theme: "Avoiding Plagiarism: Modified MLA style of referencing… Adapted from Mrs. McGowan, Teacher-Librarian (2011) Adapted from Ms. E. Hansen, QE (2006) Adapted."— Presentation transcript:

1 Avoiding Plagiarism: Modified MLA style of referencing… Adapted from Mrs. McGowan, Teacher-Librarian (2011) Adapted from Ms. E. Hansen, QE (2006) Adapted from Ms. M. Mirka, Centennial (2004)

2 Do you know… What is Plagiarism? What is an in-text Citation? What is a reference list? What does paraphrasing mean?

3 Getting Started… What is Plagiarism? Plagiarism means using another’s work without giving them credit and saying that it is your own From: Mirka, 2004, The Plagiarism Trap. Powerpoint Presentation

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5 Examples of Plagiarism… Copying and pasting text from online encyclopedias Copying and pasting text from any web site Using photographs, video or audio without permission or acknowledgement Using another student’s or your parents’ work and claiming it as your own even with permission Using your own work without properly citing it! From: Mirka, 2004, The Plagiarism Trap. Powerpoint Presentation

6 More Examples of Plagiarism… Quoting a source without using quotation marks-even if you do cite it Citing sources you didn’t use Getting a research paper, story, poem, or article off the Internet Turning in the same paper for more than one class without the permission of both teachers (this is called self-plagiarism) Can you think of more? From: Mirka, 2004, The Plagiarism Trap. Powerpoint Presentation

7 How to Avoid Plagiarism… Use your own words and ideas Always give credit to the source where you have received your information If you use someone’s exact words - put them in quotes and give credit using in- text citations. Include the source in your references From: Mirka, 2004, The Plagiarism Trap. Powerpoint Presentation

8 How to Avoid Plagiarism… If you have paraphrased someone’s work, (summarizing a passage or rearranging the order of a sentence and changing some of the words)-always give credit Take very good notes--write down the source as you are taking notes. Do not wait until later to try and retrieve the original source Avoid using someone else’s work with minor “cosmetic” changes From: Mirka, 2004, The Plagiarism Trap. Powerpoint Presentation

9 Getting Started… What is a reference list? –A reference list at the end of a paper provides the full information necessary to identify and retrieve each source. It cites works that specifically support a particular article. –References should be alphabetically listed by author’s last name at the end of the paper or presentation. A bibliography? –A bibliography cites works for background or for further reading.

10 Getting Started… What is a Citation? –References and citations in text are the formal methods of acknowledging the use of a creator’s work. An In-Text Citation? –Direct citations and quotations are acknowledged in the body of a research assignment. (Right in the sentence or paragraph)

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12 How does plagiarism affect you?? WHAT happens if you plagiarize? In junior/senior high school? In post-secondary? In society?

13 Special Consideration: The INTERNET Special recognition needs to be given to the Internet as a source of information. Due to the transient nature of information on the Internet, you may choose to keep a copy (either paper or electronic) of the website used. WHY??? Internet sites must be evaluated very carefully for reliability, as all sources are not authoritative or trustworthy.  Who wrote it? What’s the source? Contact info?  Is the info accurate? Appropriate? Reliable?  When was the information last updated?  Does it agree with other credible sources?  Do the links work? Is it well laid out? Easy to navigate?

14 FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS Why use the MLA format regarding references? MLA is often used in grade schools and high schools, as well as higher education. It is not the only format. What other formats are there? APA, Turabian, Chicago – Use what the instructor asks! Purdue Owl MLA site University of Calgary Son of Citation Machine

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16 References American Psychological Association. (2010). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6 th ed.). Washington, DC: Author. APA Style.Org (2005). Electronic references: Citations in text of electronic material. Retrieved from Calgary Board of Education. (2000). References and citations in text: Formats for student research. Retrieved from

17 Bibliography (suggested for further information or investigation) American Psychological Association. (2010). American Psychological Association Psych Net. Retrieved from Bibliographic formats for citing electronic information. (2009). Retrieved from

18 For Better or For Worse – Lynn Johnston Source:

19 Source: H:\\samcgowan\Plagiarism&Citations.ppt


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