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MLA 7 th Edition Formatting and Style Guide Websites like this prevent you from having to memorize it all!!
Overview This presentation will cover: General MLA guidelines In-text citations (parenthetical and footnote) Formatting quotations Works Cited page Formatting your paper in MLA using Microsoft Word and/or Google Docs
What is MLA? MLA (Modern Language Association) style formatting is often used in various humanities disciplines.
What does MLA regulate? MLA regulates: Document Format In-text citations (way we refer to any method for acknowledging sources while writing) Works Cited (a list of all sources used in the paper)
MLA Update 2009 Changes in MLA: No more underlining (only use italics) Inclusion of publication medium (e.g. Print, Web, etc.) New abbreviations (e.g., “N.p.“ for “no publisher given“)
Your Instructor Knows Best #1 Rule for any formatting style: Always Follow your instructor’s Guidelines The #2 Rule is BE CONSISTENT. Your formatting style should not change, but remain consistent throughout the paper.
FORMAT YOUR PAPER How to
Format: General Guidelines Type on white 8.5“ x 11“ paper (duh) Double-space everything *except the heading* Use 12 pt. Times New Roman font (or similar font) Set all margins to 1 inch on all sides Indent the first line of paragraphs one half-inch - do not skip extra lines between paragraphs No “fun fonts”
Format: General Guidelines (continued) Header with page numbers in the upper right corner Use italics for titles Endnotes go on a separate page before your Works Cited page
Formatting the 1st Page No title page unless specified Create heading in the upper left corner 1 st page Your Name Due Date Instructor/Period Center the paper title (no underlining, italics, quote, or bold) Insert Page numbers in upper right corner, in the header (different from heading). Include your last name and page number.
Sample 1st Page Smith 1 Peter Smith October 12, 2008 English / Period 6 Current Issues Essay Building a Dream: Reasons to Expand Ross-Ade Stadium During the 2000 football season, the Purdue Boilermakers won the Big Ten Conference Title, earned their first trip to the Rose Bowl in thirty-four years, and played every game in front of a sold-out crowd. Looking ahead….
Formatting Section Headings Headings are generally optional Headings in essays should be numbered Headings should be consistent in grammar and formatting but are otherwise up to you
Sample Section Headings Numbered (all flush left with no underlining, bold, or italics): 1. Soil Conservation 1.1 Erosion 1.2 Terracing 2. Water Conservation 3. Energy Conservation Unnumbered (by level): Level 1 Heading: bold, flush left Level 2 Heading: italics, flush left Level 3 Heading: centered, bold Level 4 Heading: centered, italics Level 5 Heading: underlined, flush left
MLA CITATIONS How to create a
The Basic Pattern Whatever the style (MLA, APA, Chicago)… Each style has strict rules that MUST be followed for consistency and proper citation of all research. Trying to memorize the format for every type of source in each style is CRAZY. If you learn the pattern and always have something to check it against you will be much happier.
The Basic Pattern (Who, What, Where, and When) Need To KnowFor a bookFor a WebpageFor a Scholarly Article Creator Main Author or EditorAuthor (if there is one) Author Title of document, book, article, etc Title of book“Title of Page”“Title of Article” Editor or CompilerEditor or Translator (if applicable) Organization that compiled online resources Editor (if applicable) Identifying Volume, Issue, Number, etc. Volume or Edition Issue and/or Number Publishing Organization and Location Name of Publisher and City in which it was published Host WebsiteName of Scholarly Journal in which article was published Date of PublicationYear of PublicationCopyright Date or Last Updated Date of Publication (day, month, year) Identify Location (page, URL) Page numbersDate visited URL Page number within journal
Works Cited Page: Books Lastname, Firstname. “Chapter”. Title of Book. Place of Publication: Publisher, Year of Publication. Pages. Medium. Examples: Gleick, James. Chaos: Making a New Science. New York: Penguin, 1987. Print. Gillespie, Paula, and Neal Lerner. The Allyn and Bacon Guide to Peer Tutoring. Boston: Allyn, 2000. Print. Palmer, William J. Dickens and New Historicism. New York: St. Martin's, 1997. Print. ---. The Films of the Eighties: A Social History. Carbondale: Southern Illinois UP, 1993. Print.
Works Cited Page: Periodicals Article in a Magazine Forma t Author(s). “Title of Article.” Title of Periodical Day Month Year: pages. Medium of publication. Example: Buchman, Dana. “A Special Education.” Good Housekeeping Mar. 2006: 143-8. Print. Article in Scholarly Journal Format Author(s). “Title of Article.” Title of Journal Volume.Issue (Year): pages. Medium of publication. Example: Duvall, John N. “The (Super)Marketplace of Images: Television as Unmediated Mediation in DeLillo's White Noise.” Arizona Quarterly 50.3 (1994): 127- 53. Print.
Works Cited Page: Web Editor, author, or compiler name (if available). “Article Name.” Name of Site. Version number. Name of institution/organization affiliated with the site (sponsor or publisher). Date of last update. Medium of publication. Date of access. Examples: Bernstein, Mark. “10 Tips on Writing the Living Web.” A List Apart: For People Who Make Websites. A List Apart Mag., 16 Aug. 2002. Web. 4 May 2009. Felluga, Dino. Guide to Literary and Critical Theory. Purdue U, 28 Nov. 2003. Web. 10 May 2006. “How to Make Vegetarian Chili.” eHow.com. eHow. n.d. Web. 24 Feb. 2009.
Works Cited Page: The Basics Sample Works Cited Page:
IN-TEXT CITATIONS The Basics of
In-Text Citations: the Basics MLA most commonly uses PARENTHETICAL CITATIONS – this is what you will use in English class Parenthetical citations depend on the medium (e.g. Print, Web, DVD) Parenthetical citations also depend on the source’s entry on the Works Cited page Signal word in the text is the first thing in the corresponding entry on the Works Cited page
Author-Page Style In-text Example: Wordsworth stated that Romantic poetry was marked by a “spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings” (263). Romantic poetry is characterized by the “spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings” (Wordsworth 263). Wordsworth extensively explored the role of emotion in the creative process (263). Corresponding Works Cited Entry: Wordsworth, William. Lyrical Ballads. London: Oxford UP, 1967. Print.
FOOTNOTES/ENDNOTES The Basic of
Footnotes and Endnotes Footnotes and Endnotes are a one way to tell your readers where you got the information and quotes that appear in your paper. Your goal is to make it easy for your readers to see what sources you used -- and easy to find any that they might want to study further. Unlike other citation formats you may be used to, Footnotes and Endnotes do not appear in the body of the paper, but rather at the end of the page (in the case of a footnote) or the end of a document (in the case of an endnote).
Footnotes – The BASICS Your HISTORY CLASSES most commonly uses FOOTNOTE CITATIONS – Use continuous superscript numbers to indicate in-text citations Corresponding numbers appear at the bottom of the same page, where citations is located The FIRST TIME you cite a source, include the full bibliographic entry Every SUBSEQUENT time you cite that source in the same paper, you may use the abbreviated citation.
Formatting Long Quotations In-text Example: Nelly Dean treats Heathcliff poorly and dehumanizes him throughout her narration: They entirely refused to have it in bed with them, or even in their room, and I had no more sense, so, I put it on the landing of the stairs, hoping it would be gone on the morrow. By chance, or else attracted by hearing his voice, it crept to Mr. Earnshaw's door, and there he found it on quitting his chamber. Inquiries were made as to how it got there; I was obliged to confess, and in recompense for my cowardice and inhumanity was sent out of the house. (Bronte 78)
REMEMBER!!! Even if you paraphrase, summarize, or just mention an author’s work, you have to give a reference! Don’t risk plagiarizing!
MICROSOFT WORD (WINDOWS 2010) Formatting in
This is a Footnote
Make sure your cursor is in the location where you want to add the citation. Choose the REFERENCES tab at the top of the page. How to add a Footnote
3. Click the icon that says INSERT FOOTNOTE 4. The Footnote should appear at the bottom of the page you are typing on. Now you can add your citation How to add a Footnote (Continued)
To Edit your Footnotes: Select the small icon at the bottom right- hand corner near footnotes. How to add a Footnote (Continued)
To Edit your Footnotes: Now you can edit the location and number format of your footnotes. How to add a Footnote (Continued)
Adding a Endnote is very similar to adding a Footnote. Under the REFERENCES tab choose the INSERT ENDNOTE icon. You can still make changes to your endnotes in the same way you did with the footnotes. How to add an Endnote
OTHER FUN FEATURES ON WORD. Have you ever wondered how to: Change the margins Add page numbers Add a header Hanging Indent
How to Insert Page Numbers
How to Change Margins
Creating a Hanging Indent Use this when creating your bibliography.
GOOGLE DOCS Formatting in
Make sure your cursor is in the location where you want to add the citation. Choose the INSERT tab at the top of the page. Click FOOTNOTE How to add a Footnote
OTHER FUN FEATURES ON GOOGLE DOCS. Have you ever wondered how to: Change the margins Add page numbers Add a header Hanging Indent
How to Insert Page Numbers
How to Change Margins
Creating a Hanging Indent There is no easy way to do this on Google unfortunately… but there is a hard way
Creating a Hanging Indent 1.Make sure your bibliography is single spaced 2.Place your cursor on the second line of the bibliography entry 3.Click ENTER (only click it once. You won’t actually see anything change)
Creating a Hanging Indent 4. Click the INCREASE INDENT icon at in the toolbar at the top of the page
The Title Page Notice the Following: No page numbers
The Essay Notice the Following: page numbers (with name) Superscript Numbers (indicate Endnote)
The Notes Page Notice the Following: page numbers continue Full citation for first reference only
For More Information The Purdue OWLhttp://owl.english.purdue.eduhttp://owl.english.purdue.edu Purdue Writing Lab @ HEAV 226 Composition textbooks MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, 7 th ed.