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Pollak Library Citation Workshop: To be covered in this workshop 1. Why it is important to cite sources and avoid plagiarism? 2. The types of citation.

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Presentation on theme: "Pollak Library Citation Workshop: To be covered in this workshop 1. Why it is important to cite sources and avoid plagiarism? 2. The types of citation."— Presentation transcript:

1 Pollak Library Citation Workshop: To be covered in this workshop 1. Why it is important to cite sources and avoid plagiarism? 2. The types of citation styles. 3. Parts of a citation 4. How to properly cite books using the style guide required by your professor or department. 5. How to properly cite articles using the style guide required by your professor or department 6. Mechanics of citing information inside the paper 7. Introduction to RefWorks

2 What is plagiarism and why is it important to cite sources and avoid plagiarism? "Plagiarism is defined as the act of taking the specific substance of another and offering it as one's own without giving credit to the sources. When sources are used, acknowledgement of the original author or source must be made following scholarly practice." Cal State Fullerton Catalog p Student Guide to Avoiding Plagiarism Sandra Rhoten, Associate Dean Judicial Affairs ng_plagia.htmStudent Guide to Avoiding Plagiarism

3 The types of citation styles. APA: The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 5th ed. (2001) is the authority used by writers in the social sciences and some natural sciences. MLA: The MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, 6th ed. (1999) is the authority used by writers in many disciplines in the humanities. Chicago: The Chicago Manual of Style, 15th ed. is the authority used by writers in many disciplines in the humanities and social sciences. Turabian: A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations by Kate L. Turabian (This is a simpler version of The Chicago Manual of Style.) Others: Anthropology: American Anthropological Assocation Style Guide Biology: Scientific Style and Format: The CBE Manual for Authors, (REF T11.S ) Chemistry: ACS Style Guide (American Chemical Society) REF QD8.5 A Geography: Annals of the Assocation of American Geographers Stylesheet Law: The Bluebook: A Uniform System of Citation REF KF245.B58 16th ed Linguistics: Language Style Sheet Medicine: American Medical Association Manual of Style REF R119.A Physics: API Style Manual (American Institute of Physics)REF R119.A American Anthropological Assocation Style GuideAnnals of the Assocation of American Geographers StylesheetLanguage Style SheetAPI Style Manual

4 EXAMPLES OF A CITATION FOR A BOOK: APA Format Adams, A. (1985). Ansel Adams, an autobiography. Boston: Little, Brown. MLA Format Adams, Ansel, Ansel Adams, an Autobiography. Boston : Little, Brown, Chicago/Turabian Format Adams, Ansel. Ansel Adams: An Autobiography. Boston: Little Brown and Company

5 EXAMPLES OF A CITATION FOR A JOURNAL ARTICLE: APA Format Spaulding, J. (1996). Yosemite and Ansel Adams: Art, commerce and western tourism. Pacific Historical Review 65, MLA Format Spaulding, Jonathan “Yosemite and Ansel Adams: Art, Commerce and Western Tourism.” Pacific Historical Review 65 (Nov 1996): Chicago/Turabian Format Spaulding, Jonathan. “Yosemite and Ansel Adams: Art, Commerce and Western Tourism.” Pacific Historical Review 65 (Nov 1996): 616.

6 3. Parts of a citation: The information needed for a book citation is: Author Title Publisher Place of Publication Date Information needed for an article citation: Author Title of the article Name of the journal Issue information (can be month, year, volume, issue, pages)

7 Instructions for “hands-on” portion of the workshop: Open Word (or use the back of the yellow sheet) Using the your required style guide handout, write out the following sample citations.

8 Sample Book Developing Study Skill, Taking Notes and Tests, Using Dictionaries and Libraries. Marcia J Coman and Kathy L. Heavers, NTC Publishing Group, Lincolnwood, Illinois, 1998 The information needed for a book citation is: Author Title Publisher Place of Publication Date

9 Sample book citation (the answer) APA Format Coman, M. J. & Heavers, K. L. (1998). Developing study skills, taking notes and tests, using dictionaries and libraries. 2nd Ed. Lincolnwood, IL: NTC Publishing Group. MLA Format Coman, Marcia J. and Kathy L. Heavers. Developing Study Skills, Taking Notes and Tests, Using Dictionaries and Libraries. Lincolnwood, IL: NTC Publishing Group, Chicago/Turabian Format Coman, Marcia J. and Kathy L. Heavers. Developing Study Skills, Taking Notes and Tests, Using Dictionaries and Libraries. Lincolnwood: NTC Publishing Group, 1998.

10 Sample journal article Journal of Higher Education Social Class and College Costs: Examining the Financial Nexus Between College Choice and Persistence by Michael B. Paulsen and Edward P. St. John March/April 2002, vol 73 issue #2 Information needed for an article citation: Author title of the article name of the journal issue information (can be month, year, volume, issue, pages)

11 Sample journal article citation (the answer) APA Format Paulsen, M. B. & St. John, E. P. (2002). Social class and college costs: Examining the financial nexus between college choice and persistence. The Journal of Higher Education, 73(2), MLA Format Paulsen, Michael B. and Edward P. St. John. “Social class and college costs: Examining the financial nexus between college choice and persistence.” The Journal of Higher Education, 73 (2002): Chicago/Turabian Format Paulsen, Michael B. and Edward P. St. John. “Social class and college costs: Examining the financial nexus between college choice and persistence.” The Journal of Higher Education, 73, no.2 (2002):

12 Citing an online article Court Restricts Free Speech for College Students. By Donna Euban Academe; Sep/Oct2005, Vol. 91 Issue 5, p11-12, 2p Abstract:This article reports on the decision of the U.S. Supreme Court for the Seventh District on the case Hosty v. Carter involving the restriction of free speech for college students in In the case, editors of the student newspaper The Innovator challenged the actions of Patricia Carter, a dean at Governors State University in Illinois, after she informed the newspaper printer that she had to approve the publication's content before production. A U.S. Supreme Court case that restricted high school students' First Amendment protections applies to student newspapers at colleges as well as at elementary and secondary schools, ruled the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit in June in Hosty v. Carter. By extending to higher education the results of the earlier case (Hazelwood District v. Kuhlmeier), the appeals court's decision significantly curtails the constitutional protection afforded the extracurricular speech of college and university students at public institutions. In Hosty v. Carter, editors of the student newspaper The Innovator challenged the actions of Patricia Carter, a dean at Governors State University in Illinois, after she informed the newspaper printer that she had to approve the publication's content before production. The students argued that the dean's action violated their First Amendment rights. In 2003, a unanimous three-judge panel agreed with the students, saying that "while Hazelwood teaches that younger students in a high-school setting must endure First Amendment restrictions, we see nothing in that case that should be interpreted to change the general view favoring broad First Amendment rights for students at the university level.“ In reversing the panel decision, a majority of the full appeals court reasoned that the analysis of such cases should depend not on whether the speech is curricular or extracurricular, but on whether the student publication is a public forum. Nevertheless, the majority held that Hazelwood applies to college and university newspapers. In so reasoning, the court raised the chilling specter that college and university administrations may censor college student extracurricular and curricular speech. The court opined that "academic freedom includes the authority of the university to manage an academic community … free from interference by other units of government.“ The four-judge dissent in Hosty asserted that the majority failed to distinguish properly between secondary and postsecondary students: "There are two reasons why the law treats high school students differently than it treats college students. … High school students are less mature and the missions of the respective institutions are different. These differences make it clear that Hazelwood does not apply is prepared to weigh in as an amicus, contending that Hazelwood should not apply to college and university student speech…………..

13 Citing an Online Article (the answer) APA Format Euban, D. (2005). Court restricts free speech for college students. Academe, 91, Retrieved July 15, 2007, from Academic Search Premier database. MLA Format Euban, Donna. “Court Restricts Free Speech for College Students.” Academe. 91(2005): Academic Search Elite. EBSCO. California State University Fullerton, Pollak Library. July Chicago/Turabian Euban, Donna. Court Restricts Free Speech for College Students. Academe, 91, no. 2 (2005): (accessed July 15, 2007).

14 Citing information inside the paper using APA style Random paragraph within a paper, written in APA style Ansel Adams was a prominent environmentalist and a board member of the Sierra Club from 1934 until During these years, he worked alongside David Brower to promote the cause of wilderness protection and the protection of the environment. (Cohen, 1998) Adams transformed his love of wilderness camping into a highly successful career of backcountry photography. His first extensive high Sierra trip was in Leading a laden burro and carrying a thirty-pound pack of photographic equipment, Adams spent the summer photographing Yosemite. It was a vocation that would continue for years, sometimes as an assistant manager of the Sierra Club outings and others times as a solitary backpacker. He loved the wilderness experiences but his focus was always on his photographic work. (Adams, 1985) The fine art images that resulted from these summer trips were especially influential in encouraging future backpackers to explore the remote mountain wilderness. Adams’ photographs were grandiose interpretations of the wilderness in which Adams, according to historian Jonathan Spaulding, “portrayed the national parks as sanctuaries for the worship of nature…linked in a harmonious web of nature.” (Spauding 1996, p. 620) Small piece of bibliography, written in APA format Adams, A, (1985). Ansel Adams, an autobiography. Boston: Little, Brown. Cohen, M.P. (1998) The history of the Sierra Club, San Francisco: Sierra Club Books. Spaulding, J (1996) Yosemite and Ansel Adams: Art, commerce and western tourism. Pacific Historical Review 65,

15 Citing within a paper using MLA Format Random paragraph within a paper, written in MLA style Ansel Adams was a prominent environmentalist and a board member of the Sierra Club from 1934 until During these years, he worked alongside David Brower to promote the cause of wilderness protection and the protection of the environment. Cohen (89) Adams transformed his love of wilderness camping into a highly successful career of backcountry photography. His first extensive high Sierra trip was in Leading a laden burro and carrying a thirty-pound pack of photographic equipment, Adams spent the summer photographing Yosemite. It was a vocation that would continue for years, sometimes as an assistant manager of the Sierra Club outings and others times as a solitary backpacker. He loved the wilderness experiences but his focus was always on his photographic work. Adams (140) The fine art images that resulted from these summer trips were especially influential in encouraging future backpackers to explore the remote mountain wilderness. Adams’ photographs were grandiose interpretations of the wilderness in which Adams, according to historian Jonathan Spaulding, “portrayed the national parks as sanctuaries for the worship of nature…linked in a harmonious web of nature.” Spaulding (620) Piece of a bibliography written in MLA format* Adams, Ansel, Ansel Adams, an Autobiography. Boston : Little, Brown, Cohen, Michael P. The History of the Sierra Club, San Francisco: Sierra Club Books, Spaulding, Jonathan “Yosemite and Ansel Adams: Art, Commerce and Western Tourism.” Pacific Historical Review 65 (Nov 1996):

16 Citing within a paper using Chicago/Turabian Format Random Paragraph on a paper, Chicago/Turbian Style Ansel Adams was a prominent environmentalist and a board member of the Sierra Club from 1934 until During these years, he worked alongside David Brower to promote the cause of wilderness protection and the protection of the environment. At the same time, Adams had transformed his love of wilderness camping into a highly successful career of backcountry photography. His first extensive high Sierra trip was in Leading a laden burro and carrying a thirty-pound pack of photographic equipment, Adams spent the summer photographing Yosemite.(1) It was a vocation that would continue for years, sometimes as an assistant manager of the Sierra Club outings and others times as a solitary backpacker. He loved the wilderness experiences but his focus was always on his photographic work.(2) The fine art images that resulted from these summer trips were especially influential in encouraging future backpackers to explore the remote mountain wilderness. Adams’ photographs were grandiose interpretations of the wilderness in which Adams, according to historian Jonathan Spaulding, “portrayed the national parks as sanctuaries for the worship of nature…linked in a harmonious web of nature.” (3) Yosemite National Park was one of his favorite locations and the source of some of his best-known pictures. The popularity of his photographs did much to increase the appeal of visiting the Park. (4) Piece of a bibliography, written in Chicago/Turabian Style (1) Ansel Adams, Ansel Adams: An Autobiography (Boston: Little Brown and Company, 1985), (2) Ibid., (3) Jonathan Spaulding, “Yosemite and Ansel Adams: Art, Commerce and Western Tourism.” Pacific Historical Review. v.65 n.4 (Nov 1996): 616. (4) Jonathan Spaulding, 630.

17 Introducing RefWorks What RefWorks can do for you: Online storage of your citation, with SFX links Can be arranged in folders by your subjects RefWorks will produce a bibliography in the correct format Write-N-Cite, a plug-in used to insert citations into your paper For more Information, click on What is RefWorks (found on the Library Home Page) Leads to information on setting up an account Tutorial on using this source Where to get help


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