Presentation on theme: "Writing a Compare and Contrast Essay with In-Text Citations Digital Communications- T.N.T."— Presentation transcript:
Writing a Compare and Contrast Essay with In-Text Citations Digital Communications- T.N.T.
Step 1: Choose two topics / subjects that can be compared and contrasted Poor examples: a book and a car, dirt bikes and candy, basketball and ice cream Good examples: mountains and beaches, middle school and high school, Ryan and Jordan *A great topic makes a great essay!
Step: 2 Begin researching your topics List Similarities and Differences Use charts or graphs to organize ideas Use Columns Venn Diagrams RyanJordan Differences Ryan SimilaritiesDifferences Jordan B-day- March Age 13Age: 7 Blue eyesGreen eyes
Step 3: Document Your Sources As you visit websites, write down information and record URL addresses For example: A beach is a geological landform along the shoreline of a body of water. (information) (URL address) A beach consists of loose particles which are often composed of rock, such as sand, gravel, shingle, pebbles, or cobblestones. (information) (URL address)
Step 4: Writing Your Thesis Your thesis will have two parts Part 1: will state your topic -Ryan and Jordan Part 2: will state the point of the essay -share many similarities and differences Thesis: Ryan and Jordan share many similarities and differences.
Step 5: Begin Writing Body Paragraphs Start by taking one of your main points and writing it in sentence form - Ryan has blue eyes whereas Jordan has green eyes like his dad. Continue this process for each of your points about your topics - The month of March is shared by both Ryan and Jordan as their birth month. -There are six years between the birth dates of Ryan, age 13, and Jordan, age7. *Experiment with your sentence structure…it will help you later
Step 6: Crafting of Body Paragraphs 1. Sort or group all similarity sentences together and all dissimilarity sentences 2. Begin linking sentences together with transition words (see next slide) 3. Add topic sentences and concluding sentences after all points are linked together
Transition Words / Phrases Transitions Words: Contrast: On the contrary, contrarily, notwithstanding, but, however, nevertheless, in spite of, in contrast, yet, on one hand, on the other hand, rather, or, nor, conversely, at the same time, while this may be true. Addition: in addition to, furthermore, moreover, besides, than, too, also, both- and, another, equally important, first, second, etc., again, further, last, finally, not only-but also, as well as, in the second place, next, likewise, similarly, in fact, as a result, consequently, in the same way, for example, for instance, however, thus, therefore, otherwise * These are just a few examples; feel free to research other transition words/phrases
Step 7: In-Text Citation Use in-text essay citations when you: 1. Add a direct quote to your essay 2. Paraphrase an idea from a source 3. Summarize information from a single source A beach is a geological landform along the shoreline of a body of water. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beach) In-text citation are also called parenthetical reference *Note, this is not a complete citation; only an extract of a citation
Step 8: Writing an Introduction Purpose: to attract the reader’s interest and attention. It should also inform the reader about the focus of the essay. Techniques: Anecdote Startling Information Dialogue Summary Interesting Fact A Thought Provoking Question
Introduction Techniques Anecdote-a short story the illustrates the point of the paper Startling Information- must be true and accurate; may need a sentence or two of explanation Dialogue- may only include two or three exchanges; no need to reveal speakers Summary- briefly explain your topic Interesting Fact- statistical information related to topic Thought Provoking Question- used to grab reader’s attention
Step 9: Conclusion Purpose: brings closure to the reader Method: sum up your main points and provide a final perspective on your topic and incorporate one of the Introduction Techniques (Anecdote, Startling Information, Dialogue, Summary, Interesting Fact, A Thought Provoking Question)