Focus on deaths a risk The death focus means we lose sight of hospitalisations It means that drivers see crash risk in terms of extreme behaviours that make the headlines (“it’s about someone else”) Dec 2013-Jan 2014, over 60% of fatals were “normal people” paying a high price for mistakes
A change in understanding Fatal Crashes Extreme behaviour Lapse / error Minor illegal Wundersitz and Baldock (2011)
Crash hospitalisations > 1 day Average around 2700 a year (for more than a day) The five year national trend for quarterly hospitalisations is now showing a slight increase after a sustained period of reductions. Discernible upward trends are observable in the Auckland, Canterbury, Central, Northland and Wellington districts. The following districts recorded hospitalisation counts in the September 2013 quarter that were in excess of the average of the previous five September quarters: Southern (35%), Northland (17%), Canterbury (16%), Tasman (14%) and Auckland (2%). Why hospitalisations and not reported injuries from Traffic Crash Reports?
Percentage Change in Deaths, Hospitalisations, Population, Vehicle Kilometres Travelled (VKT) and Vehicle Numbers
Social Cost The total social cost of motor vehicle injury crashes in 2012 is estimated at approximately $3.29 billion (up from $3.26 billion in 2011).
Fatal Five Speed Alcohol and drug impaired driving Failure to wear Restraints Dangerous and careless driving behaviours High risk drivers
What are Police Doing to Improve Road Safety? Mobility devices and greater efficiency of roadside enforcement. Prevention through deployment of enforcement to crash risk. Speed Camera Expansion Programme, ANPR and other technologies Implementation of the lower blood alcohol limit and improved child restraint laws. High visibility campaigns and increased enforcement activity. Safer Summer – including trial of a reduced speed tolerance and coloured and marked Highway Patrol vehicles. ‘Safe Driver- Safe Vehicle’- checks on both driver compliance and vehicle safety.
What is the community thinking? 93% of New Zealanders would like police efforts to enforce road safety laws either - increased (41%) or - maintained at the current level (52%) How effective are demerits and fines in preventing reoffending? - Fines 81% ‘very’ or ‘quite’ effective - Demerit Points 81% ‘very’ or ‘quite’ effective Is there an opportunity to do more with demerit points?
One of our Our biggest challenges? Attitudes to speeding – kinetic energy management is critical to all aspects of the safe system Failure to understand collective risk (most people understand high personal risk) Perceptions of revenue gathering: “why don‘t you focus on the really bad drivers?”
Post Incident Response Introduction of robotic total station theodolites allowing faster clearing of scenes Purchase of additional district equipment. Continued focus on managing site efficiency vs. simply gathering evidential requirements. Crash debriefs embedded into the national Police Lessons Learned framework. Continued focus on training staff in crash investigation and attendance from handling minor through to fatal crashes.
Conclusions Good progress has been made to reduce serious crashes and fatalities on New Zealand roads over the last ten years. NZ Police is investing heavily in road policing through improved enforcement, better use of technology and the trialling of new enforcement tools. Police continues to support Safer Journeys partners to implement the Safer Journeys Action Plan and enable a change in the strategic policy direction and legislation (i.e. lower BAC limit) to enable a long-term decline in road trauma. NZ Police will continue to target the key drivers of road trauma to improve safety of New Zealand roads.