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Department of English Language and Literature Presents English Language I (0202100) Instructor: Ali Farhan NEXT Faculty of Arts EXIT.

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Presentation on theme: "Department of English Language and Literature Presents English Language I (0202100) Instructor: Ali Farhan NEXT Faculty of Arts EXIT."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Department of English Language and Literature Presents English Language I ( ) Instructor: Ali Farhan NEXT Faculty of Arts EXIT

3 This page is designed to help university students in practicing, using language forms used in English Language I The activities appear in Intermediate Matters It is advised that student prepare for lectures and get extra activities through visiting this site. Language Forms are introduced through a various, lighthearted various activities. NEXT EXIT

4 Course Description and Background Course Description and Background Course Description and Background Course Description and Background Help Teacher Manual Help Teacher ManualTeacher ManualTeacher Manual Student Manual Student ManualStudent ManualStudent Manual Aims of the Course Aims of the Course Aims of the Course Aims of the Course Pre-Test Pre-Test Pre-Test Units Units  Unit One Unit One Unit One  Unit Two Unit Two Unit Two  Unit Three Unit Three Unit Three  Unit Four Unit Four Unit Four  Unit Five Unit Five Unit Five  Unit Six  Unit Eight Post-Test Post-Test Post-Test Links Links Links End Show End Show

5 Post-Test Click the Correct Answer: 1. Open your (sea / book / head). sea book headsea book head 2. Go straight (door / on / window). dooron windowdooron window 3. Touch your (head / under / sky). headunderskyheadundersky 4. Turn (above / left / see). aboveleftseeaboveleftsee 5. Jump up and (date / down / late). datedownlatedatedownlate 6. Close your (head / eyes/ sea). headeyesseaheadeyessea 7. Sit at your (nose / seat / knees). noseseat kneesnoseseat knees 8. Walk to the (shoulders / window / show). shoulderswindowshowshoulderswindowshow 9. Bend your (class / knees/ school). classkneesschoolclasskneesschool 10. Swing your (arms / nose / day) armsnosedayarmsnoseday End Show End Show Check the Answers

6 Model Answers 1.book 2.on 3.head 4. left 5.down 6.eyes 7.seat 8.Window 9.knees 10.arms  End Show End Show Less than 8 sentences correct 8 or more sentences correct

7 You should work harder and try again Click and study hard

8 Lesson One (Q & A): Click the Correct Answer Go to the window. Open the door. Jump up and down. Open the window. Swim to the door. Clean the window. Open the window. Swim to the door. Clean the window. Clean the chalkboard. Turn left. Close the window. Clean the chalkboard. Turn left. Close the window. Bend your knees. Open your book. Turn right. Bend your knees. Open your book. Turn right. End Show End Show

9 Lesson Two: Q & A Click the Correct Answer Walk to the door. Run to the door. Jump up and down. Walk to the window. Swim to the door. Close your eyes. Point to the chalkboard. Turn left. Look at the floor Bend your knees. Sit at your seat. Turn right. End Show End Show

10 Lesson Three: Q & A Click the Correct Answer Turn left Stop. Come in. Turn right Go straight on. Go straight on. Don ’ t turn right. Turn left. Turn left. Bend your knees. Don ’ t turn left. Turn right. End Show End Show

11 Lesson Five (Q & A): Click the Correct Answer Come Here. Swing your arms Close the door. Touch your toes Open your eyes. Jump up and sown 1. Clap Your hands 2. Poit to the door. Turn to the left. Touch your head. Bend your knees Bend your knees. Clap your hands. Bend your hands End Show End Show

12 Excellent !!! End Show End Show

13 Sorry, try again Click the Button below to Go Back to Help : More Information & Training End Show End Show

14 Sorry, try again Click the Button below to Go Back to Help : More Information & Training End Show End Show

15 Sorry, try again Click the Button below to Go Back to Help : More Information & Training Help : More Information & Training End Show End Show

16 Sorry, try again Click the Button below to Go Back to Help : More Information & Training End Show End Show

17 Sorry, try again Click the Button below to Go Back to Help : More Information & Training Help : More Information & Training End Show End Show

18 Unit Two: Answers of Unit Two: Answers of Pre-reading Activities: End Show End Show A)1. She is a young healthy woman. She is smiling and wearing black. 2. She is a church minister and student advisor. 3. She works at college. 4. Her family lives in Swansea. 5. She usually get home around 5 p.m. B) Meanings of Words: sermon: religious speech really: in fact approve: agree with own: have or possess pinned: attached

19 Unit Two: How do I look?  Reading Reading  Language Points Language Points Language Points  Speaking Speaking  Vocabulary Vocabulary  Writing: Punctuation Marks Writing: Punctuation Marks Writing: Punctuation Marks  Listening Q & A Q & A End Show End Show

20 Unit Two: Writing - Punctuation Marks Unit Two: Writing - Punctuation Marks Punctuate the following Text: abstract the purpose of this study was to evaluate the new TEFL textbooks (action Back) for the fourth grade in jordan. this aim was done through finding teachers ’ general Evaluation of the new Action Back textbook for the fourth grade, In order to achieve this purpose an evaluation scale was made to determine the specifications of good quality textbook? The Checklist for Textbook Analysis designed by Professor khalaf al-makhzomy was adopted in this study to perform the study. the population of the study consisted of twenty TEFL teachers -10 males and 10 females) working in private as well as government schools. All of Them teach the fourth grade. The results of the study showed That the content of the textbook was irrelevant to the jordanian society or students ’ needs. It was reported to be as a non-culturally-bias free as it was originally not written for the Jordanian society. it was also found that the objectives of the textbook could not be achieved due to the shortage in the number of periods allocated for teaching it. The material was, in general- found to be irrelevant to students ’ background, interests and needs. however, the other features, the teacher ’ s book, workbook, methods, teaching aids and general aspects were reported to be suitable. End Show End Show Check Answers

21 Unit Two: Writing - Punctuation Marks Unit Two: Writing - Punctuation Marks Punctuate the following Text: Abstract The purpose of this study was to evaluate the new TEFL textbooks (Action Back) for the fourth grade in Jordan. This aim was done through finding teachers ’ general evaluation of the new Action Back textbook for the fourth grade. In order to achieve this purpose an evaluation scale was made to determine the specifications of good quality textbook. The Checklist for Textbook Analysis designed by Professor Khalaf Al-Makhzomy was adopted in this study to perform the study. The population of the study consisted of twenty TEFL teachers (10 males and 10 females) working in private as well as government schools. All of them teach the fourth grade. The results of the study showed that the content of the textbook was irrelevant to the Jordanian society or students ’ needs. It was reported to be as a non-culturally-bias free as it was originally not written for the Jordanian society. It was also found that the objectives of the textbook could not be achieved due to the shortage in the number of periods allocated for teaching it. The material was, in general, found to be irrelevant to students ’ background, interests and needs. However, the other features, the teacher ’ s book, workbook, methods, teaching aids and general aspects were reported to be suitable. End Show End Show

22 Unit Two: Writing - Punctuation Marks Unit Two: Writing - Punctuation Marks Punctuation Marks: ?=question mark and used at the end of questions e.g. Where do you live? ! = exclamation mark, expresses surprise e.g. What a great book! = full stop, used at the end of sentences e.g. She will present the first exam next month , = comma, used after Yes/No, as “ Yes, he is ”, when listing as “ He bought a pen, a pencil and a notebook ”, and follows the main clause of the complex sentence as “ Because he got some money, he bought a big house. ” ’ = apostrophe, used when a letter is contracted as “ I ’ m pleased to meet you ”, and in possession as “ Tohn ’ s car ” “ ” = inverted commas, they show direct speech as “ Hello, my name is Bill, ” he said I = the first person pronoun. It is always capitalised = dash, e.g. All students – except Sami – did their homework. End Show End Show Applications

23 Unit Two: Speaking Unit Two: Speaking What do you say in the following situations: Ask your instructor about the meaning of a sentence which you do not understand. Interrupt him as he speaks Ask your friend to help you pronounce the word “ permission ” Apologize for your boss for coming late How do you ask your teacher to spell a difficult word? You want to leave work early, what do you say to your boss? Introduce your brother to your teacher When a person says “ Thank you ” for giving him something ”, what do you say to him? how do you congratulate a friend when he succeed in an important exam How do you advise someone to study hard for the exam? How do you blame your brother for doing something wrong? End Show End Show Check Answers Check Answers

24 Unit Two Answers: Speaking Unit Two Answers: Speaking What do you say in the following situations: I am sorry for interrupting you. What does this sentence mean, please? What is the pronunciation of “ permission ”, please? I am very sorry for coming late. There was a car accident which stopped traffic for over half an hour Would you please spell this word? May I leave early today? I have to see the doctor at 2 p.m Teacher, this is my brother, Mohammad Don ’ t mention it/ You are welcome Congratulations! I ’ m very pleased to know that If I were you, I would study hard for the exam You fool! How many times I told you not smoke? End Show End Show

25 Unit Two: Vocabulary   sermon: religious speech   really: in fact   Approve: agree with   own: have or possess   pinned: attached   involves: includes   urge: motivate   earn: take   doubts: suspicion   wealthy: rich   Volvo: a kind of car   slump: sit on a chair   naughty: awful or unserious   maternal: related to mothers   pop: put or stick   unwind: relax   think: believe End Show End Show

26 Unit Two: The Definite Article “The” It is used in the following situations   Before nouns mentioned previously e.g. I saw a man. The man was wearing a hat.   Before post-modified nouns. e.g. This is the book I to you about.   Before unique nouns. e.g. The sun   Before superlative cases or adjectives: -the+short adj+est e.g. the tallest -the most + long adj e.g. the most impoprtant   Before union of countries e.g. the USA   Before names of rivers, canals, seas, oceans, lakes. E.g. The Nile, The Dead Sea   Before adj used as nouns.e.g. The rich   Before musical instruments. e.g. the guitar   Ranges of mountains. E.g. the Alps   Names familiar to the speakers. E.g. Sit by the fire. Close the door. It is not used in the following situations   Before personal nouns. E.g. The George   Before proper nouns. E.g. The Safeway   Before names of countries, cities, continents. E.g. Jordan, Asia, Zarka.   End Show End Show

27 Unit Two: Language Points  Present Simple Tense Present Simple TensePresent Simple Tense  Present Continuous Tense Present Continuous TensePresent Continuous Tense  The Definite Article “ The ” The Definite Article “ The ”The Definite Article “ The ” End Show End Show

28 Unit Two: The Present ContinuousTense   Affirmative: He/she/it/Ali/boy+ is+V-ing …… e.g. He is swimming. we/they/you/boys +are+V-ing … e.g. They are swimming. I +am+V-ing …… e.g. I am swimming.   Negative: He/she/it/Ali/boy+ is+not +V-ing … e.g. He is not swimming. We/they/you/boys +are+not+V-ing … e.g. They are not swimming. I +am+not+V-ing …… e.g. I am not swimming.   Yes/No Questions: Is/am/are+ Subjcet+V-ing …… ? e.g. Is he swimming? Are they swimming?   Yes/No Answer: Yes, subject+is/am/are e.g. Yes, he is/ Yes, they are. No, subject+isn ’ t/aren ’ t/amn ’ t e.g. No, he isn ’ t/ No, they aren ’ t.   Wh-questions: Wh-word+is/am/are+subject+V-ing ……..? e.g. Where is he swimming? / Where are they swimming?   Adverbs used: now, at this moment, verb! as Look! He is falling   Use: the simple present tense is used to talk about events that are taking place at this moment/now. e.g. I am reading at this moment. End Show End Show

29 Unit Two: The Simple Present Tense  Affirmative: He/she/it/Ali/boy+ V-s ……….e.g. He speaks French. I/we/they/you/boys +V …… e.g. They speak French. I/we/they/you/boys +V …… e.g. They speak French.  Negative: He/she/it/Ali/boy+ does +not +V … e.g. He does not speak French. I/we/they/you/boys +do+not+V … e.g. They do not speak French. I/we/they/you/boys +do+not+V … e.g. They do not speak French.  Yes/No Questions: Does+singularSubjcet+V …… ? e.g. Does he speak French? Do+plural Subjcet+V …… ? e.g. Do they speak French? Do+plural Subjcet+V …… ? e.g. Do they speak French?  Yes/No Answer: Yes, subject+does/do e.g. Yes, he does/ Yes, they do. No, subject+does/do+not e.g. No, he doesn ’ t/ No, they don ’ t. No, subject+does/do+not e.g. No, he doesn ’ t/ No, they don ’ t.  Wh-questions: Wh-word+does/do+subject+V ……..? e.g. Why do they speak French? / Why does he speak French? e.g. Why do they speak French? / Why does he speak French?  Adverbs used: always, never, occasionally, every+n as every day, n+ly as yearly, hardly, rarely, usually, scarcely, number+times+a+n as five times a day, often, sometimes, habitually, in fact, really.  Use: the simple present tense is used to talk about events that are: 1. facts e.g. The earth revolves around the sun. 1. facts e.g. The earth revolves around the sun. 2. habits e.g. Sami goes to the university in the morning. 2. habits e.g. Sami goes to the university in the morning. End Show End Show

30 Unit Two: Tow Do I Look? 24 Hours with Rachel Lewis I) Pre-reading Activity: A. Before you read the passage, answer the following questions: 1. Look at the picture of Rachel Lewis at Student ’ s Book Page 11, and describe her. 2. What is her job? 3. Where does she work? 4. Where does her family live? 5. When does she get home? B) Guess the meanings of the following words: really, sermon, approve, own, pinned. End Show End Show CONTINUE Check Answers Check Answers

31 UNIT Two: How Do I Look? 24 Hours with Rachel Lewis I) Post-reading Activity: A. After you read the passage, answer the following questions: 1. Where does Rachel Lewis live? 2. What does her lunch consist of? 3. Where is the main idea of paragraph 1, 8, 11 and 12? 4. Where is Rachel ’ s monthly salary? 5. When is the color of her dress in in work? 6. The adverb “ occasionally ” in paragraph 10 means …………… B) Answer with “ True ” or “ False ” 1. Rachel lives with her parents. 2. It is very difficult for her to get up in the morning. 3. She has got brothers but not sisters. 4. She used to have a pet, a cat named Satan. End Show End Show Check Answers Check Answers

32 Unit Two: Answers of Unit Two: Answers of Post-reading Activities: End Show End Show A) Answer the questions: 1. She lives in a small, modern house owned by the church. 2. Her lunch consists of low-fat yoghurt and fruit. 3. The main idea of Paragraph 6: what she does in the morning Paragraph 8: her work Paragraph 11: her friends Paragraph 12: what she does at bedtime 4. Her annual salary is £ She wears a black dress at work. 6. “ occasionally ” means “ from time to time ”. B) Answer with “ True ” or “ False ” : 1. False 2. True 3. False 4. True

33 Helpful Information for You You should answer the pre-test, and be able to use and be aware of the words listed in the exam items In order to get more information about the grammatical rules of English Language I, you may visit the websites and links listed at LinksLinks You can also get more helpful tips during the lessons by clicking the information button; In order to listen to an instruction or a sentence, click the title next to the speaker button; If you cannot answer any of the questions, click the help button: More Information and Training; 6. To go to questions and answers, click the button; End Show End Show Help : More Information & Training Help : More Information & Training Q & A Q & A

34 Pre-Test Before You Start the Lessons, You Have to Answer the Following Questions by Clicking the Correct Answer: He ….. English very well a. speakinga. speaking b. spoke c. speaks. spoke. speaks Close means.... a. shut b. open c. breaka. shut b. openc. break Can you close the a. door b. knee c. heada. doorb. kneec. head We write …… the chalkboard a. on b. of c. offa. onb. of c. off The car …… left. a. turneda. turned b. damaged b. seenb. damagedb. seen ……… you close the door please? It is a bit cold. a. Maya. May b. Must b. Dob. Mustb. Do That plural of “ man ” is …… a. mans b. men b. mens a. mansb. menb. mens The driver was ….in the accident. a. injured b. damaged b. cuta. injuredb. damagedb. cut He …… not clean his car. a. do b. does b. isa. dob. doesb. is He ’ s arrived. “’ s ” means b. was b. is c. hasb. wasb. isc. has End Show See the Answers See the Answers

35 Answers 1. c. speaks 2. a. shut 3. a. door 4. a. on 5. a. turned 6. a. May 7. b. men 8. a. injured 9. b. does 10. c. has End Show End Show Less than 8 sentences correct Less than 8 sentences correct 8 or more sentences correct 8 or more sentences correct

36 You should work harder and try again Click and study hard

37 Teacher Manual This is a presentation of English Language I. It is not intended to be a substitution for the instructor or the lecture; it is a tool that may be helpful to the instructor in the treatment of mid-level and low-level students in the English language. It is presented in away that ordinary students can use it easily. This is a presentation of English Language I. It is not intended to be a substitution for the instructor or the lecture; it is a tool that may be helpful to the instructor in the treatment of mid-level and low-level students in the English language. It is presented in away that ordinary students can use it easily. Likewise, instructors may make use of it as it can be used as a model lesson. When it was designed, the different educational elements such as student ’ s characteristics and behaviorists objectives were taken into consideration. Likewise, instructors may make use of it as it can be used as a model lesson. When it was designed, the different educational elements such as student ’ s characteristics and behaviorists objectives were taken into consideration. I am interested in getting feedback about this presentation. Your notes are welcomed. Please, me at I am interested in getting feedback about this presentation. Your notes are welcomed. Please, me at End Show

38 About This Program English Language I ( ) is a general English course in which participants are exposed to various communicative activities in the four language skills: reading, writing, speaking, and listening. All rights reserved for Zarka Private University ©2003. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or in any means: electronic, mechanical, photocopy, recording, or otherwise, without the prior permission of the designer. Students of the university are allowed to download the material and use it. EXIT

39 Aims of The Course By the end of this unit, students should be able to do the following at least 80% correctly: To read texts for gist and detailed information. To extract specific information from reading and listening texts. To work out the meaning of new lexical items from context. To form sentences, using the grammatical structures included in each unit. To write short essays on topics related to the main themes of the allotted units End Show

40 Links In order to get more information about the grammatical rules of “ instructions ”, you can visit the following websites: End Show

41 Unit One: Answers of Unit One: Answers of Pre-reading Activities: End Show End Show A)3. Things Henry likes: cats, watching police films, reading comedies, going on holidays, etc. 4. Things Henry does not like: violence, war, racist jokes, etc. B) Meanings of Words: entire: whole awful: dreadful fond of: love very much afford: able to pay detest: hate

42 Unit One: Memories  Reading Reading  Language Points Language Points Language Points  Speaking Speaking  Vocabulary Vocabulary  Writing: Punctuation Marks  Listening Q & A Q & A End Show End Show

43 Unit One: Writing - Punctuation Marks Unit One: Writing - Punctuation Marks Punctuate the following Text: abstract the purpose of this study was to evaluate the new TEFL textbooks (action Back) for the fourth grade in jordan. this aim was done through finding teachers ’ general Evaluation of the new Action Back textbook for the fourth grade, In order to achieve this purpose an evaluation scale was made to determine the specifications of good quality textbook? The Checklist for Textbook Analysis designed by Professor khalaf al-makhzomy was adopted in this study to perform the study. the population of the study consisted of twenty TEFL teachers -10 males and 10 females) working in private as well as government schools. All of Them teach the fourth grade. The results of the study showed That the content of the textbook was irrelevant to the jordanian society or students ’ needs. It was reported to be as a non-culturally-bias free as it was originally not written for the Jordanian society. it was also found that the objectives of the textbook could not be achieved due to the shortage in the number of periods allocated for teaching it. The material was, in general- found to be irrelevant to students ’ background, interests and needs. however, the other features, the teacher ’ s book, workbook, methods, teaching aids and general aspects were reported to be suitable. End Show End Show Check Answers

44 Unit One: Writing - Punctuation Marks Unit One: Writing - Punctuation Marks Punctuate the following Text: Abstract The purpose of this study was to evaluate the new TEFL textbooks (Action Back) for the fourth grade in Jordan. This aim was done through finding teachers ’ general evaluation of the new Action Back textbook for the fourth grade. In order to achieve this purpose an evaluation scale was made to determine the specifications of good quality textbook. The Checklist for Textbook Analysis designed by Professor Khalaf Al-Makhzomy was adopted in this study to perform the study. The population of the study consisted of twenty TEFL teachers (10 males and 10 females) working in private as well as government schools. All of them teach the fourth grade. The results of the study showed that the content of the textbook was irrelevant to the Jordanian society or students ’ needs. It was reported to be as a non-culturally-bias free as it was originally not written for the Jordanian society. It was also found that the objectives of the textbook could not be achieved due to the shortage in the number of periods allocated for teaching it. The material was, in general, found to be irrelevant to students ’ background, interests and needs. However, the other features, the teacher ’ s book, workbook, methods, teaching aids and general aspects were reported to be suitable. End Show End Show

45 Unit One: Writing - Punctuation Marks Unit One: Writing - Punctuation Marks Punctuation Marks: ?=question mark and used at the end of questions e.g. Where do you live? ! = exclamation mark, expresses surprise e.g. What a great book! = full stop, used at the end of sentences e.g. She will present the first exam next month , = comma, used after Yes/No, as “ Yes, he is ”, when listing as “ He bought a pen, a pencil and a notebook ”, and follows the main clause of the complex sentence as “ Because he got some money, he bought a big house. ” ’ = apostrophe, used when a letter is contracted as “ I ’ m pleased to meet you ”, and in possession as “ Tohn ’ s car ” “ ” = inverted commas, they show direct speech as “ Hello, my name is Bill, ” he said I = the first person pronoun. It is always capitalised = dash, e.g. All students – except Sami – did their homework. End Show End Show Applications

46 Unit One: Speaking Unit One: Speaking What do you say in the following situations: Ask your instructor about the meaning of a sentence which you do not understand. Interrupt him as he speaks Ask your friend to help you pronounce the word “ permission ” Apologize for your boss for coming late How do you ask your teacher to spell a difficult word? You want to leave work early, what do you say to your boss? Introduce your brother to your teacher When a person says “ Thank you ” for giving him something ”, what do you say to him? how do you congratulate a friend when he succeed in an important exam How do you advise someone to study hard for the exam? How do you blame your brother for doing something wrong? End Show End Show Check Answers Check Answers

47 Unit One Answers: Speaking Unit One Answers: Speaking What do you say in the following situations: I am sorry for interrupting you. What does this sentence mean, please? What is the pronunciation of “ permission ”, please? I am very sorry for coming late. There was a car accident which stopped traffic for over half an hour Would you please spell this word? May I leave early today? I have to see the doctor at 2 p.m Teacher, this is my brother, Mohammad Don ’ t mention it/ You are welcome Congratulations! I ’ m very pleased to know that If I were you, I would study hard for the exam You fool! How many times I told you not smoke? End Show End Show

48 Unit One: Vocabulary   priority: comes first   crazy: have no mind   entire: whole   contents: components   menu: list   adore: love very much   fond of: love   Look round: shopping   as well: also   afford: pay   exhausted: tired   filthy: not clean   tiny: very small   enormous: very big   detest: hate   lots of: many   indeed: really   don ’ t mind: careless   annoy: worry   ignorant: uneducated   dreadful: awful;   can ’ t stand: doesn ’ t like   fantastic: brilliant; terrific; great; wonderful; superb   keen on: like to do   furious: angry at End Show End Show

49 Unit One: The Definite Article “The” It is used in the following situations   Before nouns mentioned previously e.g. I saw a man. The man was wearing a hat.   Before nouns post-modified e.g. This is the book I to you about.   Before unique nouns. e.g. The sun   Before superlative cases or adjectives: -the+short adj+est e.g. the tallest -the most + long adj e.g. the most impoprtant   Before union of countries e.g. the USA   Before names of rivers, canals, seas, oceans, lakes. E.g. The Nile, The Dead Sea   Before adj used as nouns.e.g. The rich   Before musical instruments. e.g. the guitar   Ranges of mountains. E.g. the Alps   Names familiar to the speakers. E.g. Sit by the fire. Close the door. It is not used in the following situations   Before personal nouns. E.g. The George   Before proper nouns. E.g. The Safeway   Before names of countries, cities, continents. E.g. Jordan, Asia, Zarka. End Show End Show

50 Unit One: Language Points  Catenative Verbs Catenative VerbsCatenative Verbs  Similarities and Differences Similarities and DifferencesSimilarities and Differences  Question Forms and Short Answers  The Definite Article “ The ” The Definite Article “ The ”The Definite Article “ The ”  Direct and Less Direct Questions End Show End Show

51 Unit One: Catenative Verbs   The following verbs are followed by V-ing: adore, don ’ t mind, detest, can ’ t stand, enjoy, detest, be keen on, hate, be fond of, like, and love. E.g. He likes swimming. They detest speaking loudly. End Show End Show

52 Unit One: Similarities and Differences  Affirmative sentences are followed by So+ Auxiliary +Subject. e.g. He is running fast. So is Ali. e.g. He is running fast. So is Ali.  Negative sentences are followed by Neither + Auxiliary + Subject e.g. He is not running fast. Neither is Ali. e.g. He is not running fast. Neither is Ali.  Affirmative sentences without an auxiliary are followed by So+ do/does/did +Subject. So+ do/does/did +Subject. _ did: if the verb is in the past. E.g. He ran fast. So did Ali. _ did: if the verb is in the past. E.g. He ran fast. So did Ali. _ do: if the verb is in the past, the subject is plural or the pronoun I, YOU,WE,THEY. _ do: if the verb is in the past, the subject is plural or the pronoun I, YOU,WE,THEY. E.g. He runs fast. So do they. E.g. He runs fast. So do they. _ does: if the verb is in the present, the subject is singular. _ does: if the verb is in the present, the subject is singular. E.g. He runs fast. So does she. E.g. He runs fast. So does she.  Negative sentences without an auxiliary are followed by Neither + do/does/did + Subject. Neither + do/does/did + Subject. _ did: if the verb is in the past. E.g. He ran fast. Neither did Ali. _ did: if the verb is in the past. E.g. He ran fast. Neither did Ali. _ do: if the verb is in the past, the subject is plural or the pronoun I, YOU,WE,THEY E.g. He runs fast. Neither do they. _ do: if the verb is in the past, the subject is plural or the pronoun I, YOU,WE,THEY E.g. He runs fast. Neither do they. _ does: if the verb is in the present, the subject is singular. _ does: if the verb is in the present, the subject is singular. E.g. He runs fast. Neither does she. E.g. He runs fast. Neither does she. End Show End Show

53 Unit One: Memories Lenny Henry ’ s Favorite Things I) Pre-reading Activity: A. Before you read the passage, answer the following questions: 1. What are the things you like? 2. What are the things you hate? 3. Read the text and find three things Lenny Henry likes. 4. Read the text and find three things Lenny Henry hates. B) Guess the meanings of the following words: entire, awful, fond of, afford, detest. End Show End Show CONTINUE Check Answers Check Answers

54 UNIT One: Memories Lenny Henry ’ s Favorite Things I) Post-reading Activity: A. After you read the passage, answer the following questions: 1. Where does Henry prefer to spend holiday? 2. What is the main idea of the lesson? 3. The pronoun “ I ” in the text refers to ………………. 4. Find a word in the text which means “ unconventional destroying war ” 5. Does he detest to be interviewed? 6. Find a name of a comedian actor that Henry likes. B) Answer with “ True ” or “ False ” 1. Good food is not the interest of Henry. 2. He does not like violence and wars. 3. He prefers to spend holidays in cold countries as Russia. 4. He is not fond of listening to racist jokes. End Show End Show Check Answers Check Answers

55 Unit One: Answers of Unit One: Answers of Post-reading Activities: End Show End Show B) Answer with “ True ” or “ False ” : 1. False 2. True 3. False 4. True B) Answer the following questions: 1. Jamaica. 2. The main idea: The life of the actor Lenny Henry and his favorite things 3. Lenny Henry 4. Nuclear war 5. No, he doesn ’ t. 6. Peter Sellers


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