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1 The division of the mind that is very similar to short term memory in that it contains all the information a person is currently using and aware of is.

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Presentation on theme: "1 The division of the mind that is very similar to short term memory in that it contains all the information a person is currently using and aware of is."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 The division of the mind that is very similar to short term memory in that it contains all the information a person is currently using and aware of is called: 1.Conscious 2.Preconscious 3.Unconscious 4.Conscience 5.Subconscious LO 12.2

2 2 The division of the mind that is very similar to short term memory in that it contains all the information a person is currently using and aware of is called: 1.Conscious (p. 446) 2.Preconscious 3.Unconscious 4.Conscience 5.Subconscious LO 12.2

3 3 A person who experiences great hunger decides to just push people out of the way on the line to a grocery store. Which personality structure dominated the behavior of this person? 1.Ego ideal 2.Superego 3.Id 4.Conscience 5.Libido LO 12.3

4 4 A person who experiences great hunger decides to just push people out of the way on the line to a grocery store. Which personality structure dominated the behavior of this person? 1.Ego ideal 2.Superego 3.Id (p ) 4.Conscience 5.Libido LO 12.3

5 5 According to Freud, during what stage of personality development do most children identify with the same sex parent as a means of helping to develop appropriate understanding of gender roles? 1.Oral 2.Anal 3.Phallic 4.Latency 5.Genital LO 12.4

6 6 According to Freud, during what stage of personality development do most children identify with the same sex parent as a means of helping to develop appropriate understanding of gender roles? 1.Oral 2.Anal 3.Phallic (p ) 4.Latency 5.Genital LO 12.4

7 7 The Neo-Freudians (e.g., Jung, Horney) disagreed with all of the following ideas of Freud’s psychoanalysis EXCEPT: 1.Great emphasis on sexuality in personality development 2.The unconscious as part of the mind that stores simple anxieties and sexual and aggressive urges 3.The idea that women are inferior to men, developing feelings such as penis envy 4.Little emphasis on the influence of social relationships on personality development 5.The use of defense mechanisms to mask anxiety LO 12.5

8 8 The Neo-Freudians (e.g., Jung, Horney) disagreed with all of the following ideas of Freud’s psychoanalysis EXCEPT: 1.Great emphasis on sexuality in personality development 2.The unconscious as part of the mind that stores simple anxieties and sexual and aggressive urges 3.The idea that women are inferior to men, developing feelings such as penis envy 4.Little emphasis on the influence of social relationships on personality development 5.The use of defense mechanisms to mask anxiety (p ) LO 12.5

9 9 According to the strictest behaviorist view, personality development is influenced primarily by ______________. 1.self-efficacy 2.reciprocal determinism 3.habits 4.self-concept 5.cognitive processes LO 12.7

10 10 According to the strictest behaviorist view, personality development is influenced primarily by ______________. 1.self-efficacy 2.reciprocal determinism 3.habits (p ) 4.self-concept 5.cognitive processes LO 12.7

11 11 Jessica has experienced many successes in playing basketball and is encouraged by others of her competence; however, she has a low assessment of her basketball abilities. She is most likely to: 1.Have very high self-efficacy 2.Have very low self-efficacy 3.Have moderate self-efficacy 4.Never expect to succeed in basketball in the future 5.Avoid playing basketball again in the future LO 12.7

12 12 Jessica has experienced many successes in playing basketball and is encouraged by others of her competence; however, she has a low assessment of her basketball abilities. She is most likely to: 1.Have very high self-efficacy 2.Have very low self-efficacy 3.Have moderate self-efficacy (p ) 4.Never expect to succeed in basketball in the future 5.Avoid playing basketball again in the future LO 12.7

13 13 Billy’s parents show him love and affection when he brings home a report card with straight As. When he does not receive straight As in school, his parents become distant and cold. It is likely that Billy is experiencing _______________________. 1.conditional positive regard 2.unconditional positive regard 3.self-actualization 4.mismatch between real self and ideal self 5.full functioning LO 12.8

14 14 Billy’s parents show him love and affection when he brings home a report card with straight As. When he does not receive straight As in school, his parents become distant and cold. It is likely that Billy is experiencing _______________________. 1.conditional positive regard (p. 458) 2.unconditional positive regard 3.self-actualization 4.mismatch between real self and ideal self 5.full functioning LO 12.8

15 15 Which of the following statements about trait theories is FALSE? 1.They can be used to describe behavior. 2.They can be used to predict behavior. 3.They can be used to explain behavior. 4.Traits involve consistent, enduring ways of thinking, feeling, and behaving. 5.They are not very concerned with changing an individual’s personality. LO 12.10

16 16 Which of the following statements about trait theories is FALSE? 1.They can be used to describe behavior. 2.They can be used to predict behavior. 3.They can be used to explain behavior. (p. 459) 4.Traits involve consistent, enduring ways of thinking, feeling, and behaving. 5.They are not very concerned with changing an individual’s personality. LO 12.10

17 17 Organized, reliable, neat, and ambitious are all _________ traits of the more basic trait of consciousness. 1.source 2.surface 3.temperament 4.cardinal 5.character LO 12.10

18 18 Organized, reliable, neat, and ambitious are all _________ traits of the more basic trait of consciousness. 1.source 2.surface (p. 460) 3.temperament 4.cardinal 5.character LO 12.10

19 19 Which of the following Big Five personality traits is associated with traits such as good natured, trusting, and helpful? 1.Openness 2.Agreeableness 3.Neuroticism 4.Consciousness 5.Extraversion LO 12.11

20 20 Which of the following Big Five personality traits is associated with traits such as good natured, trusting, and helpful? 1.Openness 2.Agreeableness (p. 461) 3.Neuroticism 4.Consciousness 5.Extraversion LO 12.11

21 21 Twin studies examining the influence of biology on personality suggest that personality traits have a heritability of ____________ % % % % 5.0-4% LO 12.12

22 22 Twin studies examining the influence of biology on personality suggest that personality traits have a heritability of ____________ % (p. 464) % % % 5.0-4% LO 12.12

23 23 Which of the following is NOT a dimension of Hofstede’s dimensions of cultural personality? 1.Individualism/collectivism 2.Power distance 3.Masculinity/femininity 4.Uncertainty avoidance 5.Universal rituals LO 12.13

24 24 Which of the following is NOT a dimension of Hofstede’s dimensions of cultural personality? 1.Individualism/collectivism 2.Power distance 3.Masculinity/femininity 4.Uncertainty avoidance 5.Universal rituals (p ) LO 12.13

25 25 In a job interview, Jack accidentally stumbles over a chair as he approaches his potential employer to shake his hand. From that point on, the employer perceives everything that Jack says as evidence to suggest that he is clumsy and careless. This is an example of what? 1.Halo effect 2.Projection 3.Subjectivity of interview methods 4.Social desirability bias 5.The effect of the interviewer’s belief systems or prejudices LO 12.14

26 26 In a job interview, Jack accidentally stumbles over a chair as he approaches his potential employer to shake his hand. From that point on, the employer perceives everything that Jack says as evidence to suggest that he is clumsy and careless. This is an example of what? 1.Halo effect (p. 467) 2.Projection 3.Subjectivity of interview methods 4.Social desirability bias 5.The effect of the interviewer’s belief systems or prejudices LO 12.14

27 27 Which of the following methods would most likely be used by a psychoanalyst to assess personality? 1.Projective tests 2.Interview 3.Direct observation 4.Inventory 5.Case studies LO 12.15

28 28 Which of the following methods would most likely be used by a psychoanalyst to assess personality? 1.Projective tests (p ) 2.Interview 3.Direct observation 4.Inventory 5.Case studies LO 12.15

29 29 The personality test that is most concerned with assessing abnormalities in personality is called: 1.Keirsey Temperament Sorter 2.Myers-Briggs Inventory 3.MMPI-2 4.Big Five Personality Inventory 5.Eysenck Personality Questionnaire LO 12.17

30 30 The personality test that is most concerned with assessing abnormalities in personality is called: 1.Keirsey Temperament Sorter 2.Myers-Briggs Inventory 3.MMPI-2 (p. 470) 4.Big Five Personality Inventory 5.Eysenck Personality Questionnaire LO 12.17


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