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Chapter 2: The Antebellum South Luke Keister. The Southern Economy Pg.27-29 The South did not modernize –Agriculture was very labor intensive –Agricultural.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 2: The Antebellum South Luke Keister. The Southern Economy Pg.27-29 The South did not modernize –Agriculture was very labor intensive –Agricultural."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 2: The Antebellum South Luke Keister

2 The Southern Economy Pg The South did not modernize –Agriculture was very labor intensive –Agricultural technology did not modernize from –South did not take to education and had very little commitment to education –Almost half the southern population was illiterate

3 The Southern Economy Pg North Modernized greatly –North had voluntary associations –North had reform movements –North had self improvement societies

4 The Southern Economy Pg The South valued tradition and stability The North hurtled toward a future of competitive, meritocratic, free labor capitalism The South responded with distaste and alarm “Southern separatism was rooted in resistance to this Northern vision of what America should become” (pg.27)

5 The South as a “Colonial” Economy Pg The South had four fifths of all colonial exports before 1776 Whitney’s Cotton Gin made large cotton plantations feasible The North’s textile industry made a much greater demand for cotton

6 My thoughts This made slaves a necessity for the growth of cotton, due to the fact that the south had no modernized machines or methods for planting, growing, and harvesting cotton Slaves were the only option for the production and harvesting of cotton Class thoughts on this point

7 The South as a “Colonial” Economy Pg The Southern output of cotton doubled every decade from Cotton was more then half of all America’s exports from Plantations were very profitable, but much of the money made want to outsiders The South had an economic relationship with the North and Great Britain

8 The South as a “Colonial” Economy Pg “’At present, the North fattens and grows rich upon the South’ declared an Alabama newspaper in 1851” (pg. 30) Southern economy grew but did not develop The South did not make a sustainable middle class, therefore not developing a diversified economy

9 The South as a “Colonial” Economy Pg Southern per capita wealth for free southerners in 1860 ($3,978) Northern per capita wealth in 1860 ($2,040) When slaves are included in the per capita wealth for the South, the South is 27% less then the North South believes slaves are improvements, the more slaves the better

10 Slavery in the American South Pg Slave labor in the 1850’s –10% in mining, transportation, construction, lumbering, and industry –15% in domestic servants or other non agriculture related labor –75% in agriculture 55% in cotton 10% in tobacco 10% in sugar, rice or hemp

11 Herrenvolk Democracy Pg “Slavery was not only a system of labor exploitation, it was also a method of racial control” (Pg. 37) “However much some nonslaveholders may have disliked slavery, few could see any alternative to means of preserving white supremacy” (Pg. 37) People believed that slavery was wrong, but equality wasn’t right

12 Herrenvolk Democracy Pg “The sociologist Pierre L. Van den Berghe has described this rationalization for slaver and white supremacy as “Herrenvolk Democracy”- the equal superiority of all who belong to the Herrenvolk (master race) over all who did not” (Pg. 37) This appeals to both the North and the South

13 Herrenvolk Democracy Pg Whites=WhitesBlacks=Blacks Jacksonian democrats advertized this This advertisement attracted Butternuts, Irish and unskilled laborers from the North to the Democratic party

14 Herrenvolk Democracy Pg “’Slavery is the poor man’s best government’ wrote Governor Joseph E. Brown of Georgia” (Pg. 38) “Slavery was for many whites the foundation of liberty and equality” (Pg. 38)

15 The Conditions of Slavery Pg “For the slaves, there was no paradox: slavery was slavery, and freedom was the opposite” (Pg.38) “Chattel bondage gave the master great power over the slaves to buy or sell, to punish without sanction of the courts, to separate families, to exploit sexually, even to kill with little fear of being held legally responsible. As a form of property, the slaves had few human rights in the eyes of the law” (Pg.38)

16 The Conditions of Slavery Pg Blacks have many restrictions, and being free is hardly any better then being enslaved Slaves spoke the same language and worshiped the same God as their masters Slaves died quickly in the early stages of slavery U.S. slave population increased an average of 27% per decade after 1810, which is almost the same as natural whites

17 The Conditions of Slavery Pg From 1820 on the sex ratio among slaves was virtually equal, in turn there were less large scale revolts in the U.S. then in Latin America where there were more men then women Slave owners broke up slave families very frequently

18 Slavery and the Work Ethic Pg Slaves can not move up the social ladder Slaves did slipshod work Slaves were inefficient Whites were able to accomplish twice as much work then a slave in the same amount of time Slaves were careless Slaves caused a technology lag in Southern agriculture

19 Slavery and the Work Ethic Pg Slaves were careless with and regularly abused the animals Slaves used mules, because mules were able to withstand the abuse better then horses 90% of slaves were illiterate South had a low literacy rate compared to the North Abolitionists said the South had a “backwardness” about it and slavery was immortal


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