5 I. Background knowledge Author: Margaret Laurence, one of the major contemporary Canadian writers, was born in 1926 and died of lung cancer in She was educated in Manitoba, a province in south central Canada. After marrying an engineer, she moved with her husband to Africa and lived there for a number of years.
6 I. Background knowledge About the Novel: THE LOONS is included in the 2nd section of her Norton Anthology (collection) of Short Fiction. Margaret Laurence wrote 5 separate short stories about this community. The Tonnerre family is one of the central families.
7 I. Background knowledge The touching story tells of the plight of Piquette Tonnerre, a girl from a French halfbreed of Indian Family.. Her people were marginalized by the white-dominating society. They were unable to exist independently in a respectable, decent and dignified way. They found it impossible to fit into the main currents of culture and difficult to be assimilated comfortably.
8 I. Background knowledge At school, Piquette felt out of place and ill at ease with the white children. When she had grown up she didn't have any chance to improve her life. In fact her situation became more and more messed up. In the end she was killed in a fire.
9 I. Background knowledge Her death is like the disappearance of the loons on Diamond Lake. Just as the narrator's father had predicted, the loons would go away when more cottages were built at the lake with more people moving in. The loons disappeared as nature was ruined by civilization. In a similar way, Piquette and her people failed to find their position in modern society.
10 I. Background knowledge 2. The comprehension and perception of the title:loon: any of several large fish-eating diving birds of the northern part of the northern hemisphere that have the legs placed far back under the body and as a result have a clumsy floundering gait on land
11 I. Background knowledge loon: distinctive Canadian bird, the bird of the lakesSeveral years ago, the Canadian government collected all the one-dollar paper notes and issued a one-dollar coin with a loon engraved on it. So, one dollar is slangily called a loony.
12 I. Background knowledge loony: (from lunatic)(person who is) crazy or eccentric; lunaticHe does have some pretty loony ideas.From the above coincidence, one can easily perceive the underlying reason why the author chooses such a title for her novel.
13 II. Detailed Study1. pebble: small stone made smooth and round by the action of water, eg. in a stream or on the seashore2. scrub: underdeveloped trees or shrubsoak 橡树， 栎树scrub oak: short, stunted (short, not-fully-grown) oak tree
14 II. Detailed Studycf:bush: (large) low growing plant with several or many woody stems coming out from the roottree: with a single trunkshrub: (small) plant with woody stem, lower than a tree, & usu. with several separate stems from the root
15 II. Detailed Study 3. chokecherry: North American wild cherry tree 4. thicket: a thick growth of shrubs, underbrush or small trees5. clearing: open space from which trees have been cleared in a forest6. shack: a small roughly built house, hut
16 II. Detailed Study7. dwelling: (fml) place of residence, house, flat, etc.Welcome to my humble dwelling.dwelling-house (esp. law): house used as a residence, not as a place of work8. cabin: small hut or shelter, usu made of wood cabin class: second highest standard of accommodation on a ship 二等舱
17 II. Detailed Study 9. poplar: 杨树 10. chink: close the narrow openings with, plaster11. Batoche:巴托什, a village at the centre of Saskatchewan Province, Canada. The battle ground where the Canadian militia beat the rebellious army in It’s been established as the National Park of History now.
18 II. Detailed Study12. Métis: [mei’ti:s] half-breed, one of mixed blood, esp. (often cap.) half breed 混血儿，尤指法国人与印第安人的混血后裔，杂种动物13. chaos: complete disorder or confusionThe burglars left the house in (a state of) chaos.The wintry weather has caused chaos on the roads.
19 II. Detailed Studychaotic: in a state of chaos; completely disorganizedWith no one to keep order, the situation in the classroom was chaotic.
20 II. Detailed Study14. lean-to: small building or shed with its roof resting against the side of a larger building, wall or fenceThey keep hens in a lean-to at the end of the garden.a lean-to greenhouse
21 II. Detailed Study15. warp: cause sth to become bent or twisted from the usual or natural shape, esp because of uneven shrinkage or expansionThe damp wood began to warp.The hot sun had warped the cover of the book.
22 II. Detailed Study16. lumber: (esp Brit) unwanted pieces of furniture, etc. that are stored away or take up space(esp US) = timber17. coop: cage for small creature18. tangle: (cause sth to) become twisted into a confused massHer hair got all tangled up in the barbed wire fence.
23 II. Detailed Study 19. strand: a single piece or thread Many strands are twisted together to form a rope.20. barb: the sharp point of a fish hook, arrow, etc, with a curved shape which prevents it from being easily pulled out
24 II. Detailed Study21. rust: the reddish brown surface that forms on iron when attacked by water and airrusty: covered with rust22. Patois a dialect other than the standard illiterate or provincial speech, jargon 洋泾浜英语
25 II. Detailed Study23. broken: (of a foreign language) spoken imperfectly; not fluentspeak in broken English(of land) having an uneven surface; roughan area of broken, rocky ground
26 II. Detailed Study(of a person) weakened and exhausted by illness or misfortuneHe was broken-hearted when his wife died.broken home: family in which the parents have divorced or separatedHe comes from a broken home.
27 II. Detailed Study24. obscene: (of words, thoughts, books, pictures, etc) indecent, esp sexually; disgusting and offensive; likely to corruptobscenity: offensive, repulsive remarks, cursing, vulgaritylaws against obscenity on the televisionfour letter words: fuck, shit, bull shit
28 II. Detailed Study25. belong: to be suitable or advantageous, be in the right placeI don't belong in a place like this.He doesn't belong in the beginner's class.I refuse to go abroad: I belong here.
29 II. Detailed Study 26. Cree: one of the Indian tribes in Canada 27. reservation: a piece of land set apart for N. American Indianscf: resort: (a) popular holiday centreseaside, skiing, health, etc resortsBeidaihe is a leading north coast resort.(b) (US) hotel or guest-house for holiday-makers
30 II. Detailed Study28. neither fish, flesh nor good red herring / neither flesh, fowl, nor good salt herring:difficult to identify or classify; vague; ambiguous
31 II. Detailed Study fowl: a. domestic cock or hen We keep a few fowls and some goats.b. flesh of certain types of birds, eaten for foodWe had fish for the first course, followed by roast fowl and fresh vegetables.c. any bird: the fowls of the airwaterfowl / barnyard fowl / wildfowl
32 II. Detailed Studyherring: Atlantic fish, usu swimming in very large shoals (鱼群）, used for food 鲱鱼29. odd: not regular, occasional, casual, occasional, randomLife would be very dull without the odd adventure now and then.30. section hands / gang: a group of workmen keeping one section of a railway line repaired
33 II. Detailed Study31. relief: aid in the form of goods, coupon or money given, as by a government agency, to persons unable to support themselveson relief: receiving government aid because of poverty, unemployment, etc.a relief teacher
34 II. Detailed Study32. …with a face that seemed totally unfamiliar with laughter, would knock at the doors of the town’s brick houses…This suggests that the Tonnerres lived a very miserable life. They had never experienced happiness in their whole life. The “brick houses” indicates the wealthy people’s home.
35 II. Detailed Study33. lard: pig fat made pure by melting, used in cookery34. pail: a usu. round open vessel of metal or wood, with handles, used for carrying liquids, bucket35. bruise: injury caused by a blow to the body or to a fruit, discolouring the skin but not breaking itHe was covered in bruises after falling off his bicycle.
36 II. Detailed Study 36. quarter: 25 cents dime: 10 cents buck: 1 dollar, loon, loonyyard: 100 / 1000 dollars37. brawl: noisy quarrel or fighta drunken brawl in a bar
37 II. Detailed Study38. howl: long loud wailing cry of a dog, wolf, etc , loud cry of a person expressing pain, scorn, amusement, etclet out a howl of laughter, agony, ragehowl: v.‘wolves howling in the forestto howl in agonysyn: bawl, moan, scream, wail, sob
38 II. Detailed Study39. Mountie: member of the Royal Canadian Mounted Policemount: ~ sb (on sth) get onto or put (sb) onto a horse, etc for riding; provide (sb) with a horse for ridingHe quickly mounted (his horse) and rode away.He mounted the boy on the horse.The policemen were mounted on (ie rode) black horses.
39 II. Detailed Study 40. cell: a small room in a prison 41. sporadic: happening or seen only occasionally or in a few places; occurring irregularlysporadic showerssporadic raids, gunfire, fightingsyn: irregular, infrequent, intermittent occasional
40 II. Detailed Study 42. negligible: too slight or unimportant to be worth any attention, of little importance or size; not worth consideringa negligible amount, error, effectThis year’s deficit in foreign trade is negligible.
41 II. Detailed Study'negligent: not taking or showing enough care, carelessHe has been negligent in not locking the doors as he was told to.She was negligent in her work.He was negligent of his duty.
42 II. Detailed Study43. She existed for me only as a vaguely embarrassing presence.As far as I am concerned, her presence would only make other people feel ill at ease / uncomfortable.44. hoarse: sounding or growling rough and harshHe shouted himself hoarse.
43 II. Detailed Study45. limp: walk unevenly, as when one foot or leg is hurt or stiffThat dog must be hurt; he's limping.The injured footballer limped slowly off the field.cf: shuffle: walk without lifting the feet completely clear of the groundThe prisoners shuffled along the corridor and into their cells.
44 II. Detailed Study totter: walk or move unsteadily hobble: walk with difficulty because the feet or legs hurtstagger: walk or move unsteadily as if about to fall (from carrying sth. heavy, being weak or drunk,etc)stumble: strike one’s foot against sth. and almost fallflop: move or fall clumsily
45 II. Detailed Study 46. grimy: dirty, messy, filthy grime: dirt, esp. in a layer on a surface47. peculiar: odd or strange, eccentric, strange in a troubling or displeasing waya peculiar taste, smell, noise, etca peculiar feeling that one has been here before.My keys have disappeared; it's most peculiar!He's a bit peculiar!
46 II. Detailed Study 48. flare: burn brightly but briefly or unsteadily The match flared in the darkness.flare up: burn suddenly more intenselyThe fire flared up as I put more logs on it.reach a more violent state, suddenly become angryRobbery has flared up again.
47 II. Detailed Study He flares up at the slightest provocation. (of an illness) recur, happen againMy back trouble has flared up again.49. It's under control all rightall right:(infml) certainly; beyond doubt; expressing absolute certaintyThat's the man I saw in the car all right.
48 II. Detailed Study50. the dickens: (infml euph) (used to give emphasis, esp in questions) the Devil Who / what / where the dickens is that? We had the dickens of a job finding the place.51. take off: go away, departI grabbed my hat and took off for the Town Hall.
49 II. Detailed Study 52. back: ago, into the past some few years back far back in the Middle ages53. contagious: (of a disease) that can be spread by touch, infectious54. distress: pain, agony, misery
50 II. Detailed Study55. bet:I'll bet you $5 that they'll win the next election.He bet me that I couldn't do it.I bet it rains / will rain tomorrow.You bet: certainlyWill you tell her? You bet.
51 II. Detailed Study56. for Peter’s sake: for God's / goodness' / Heaven's / gosh’s / pity's, etc. sakeused as an interjection before or after a command or request, or to express irritationFor God's sake, stop that whining!For goodness' sake! How can you be so stupid?
52 II. Detailed Study 57. cross: rather angry I was cross with him for being late.What are you so cross about?She gave me a cross look.crossly: madly, angrily, irritably
53 II. Detailed Study58. matron: woman in charge of the nurses in a hospital (now called a senior nursing officer)59. rigid: stiff; not bending or yielding; strict; firm; unchangingHer face was rigid with terror.He is a man of very rigid principlespractise rigid economy 厉行节约
54 II. Detailed Study60. cameo: ['kmi] (浮雕宝石) a piece of women's ornamental jewellery consisting of a raised shape or figure on the background of a small fine flat stone of a different colour61. mauve: [‘mv] (of) a pale purple colourvein（静脉）artery（动脉）blood capillary（毛细血管）
55 II. Detailed Study62. stifle: hold back, suppress, restrain, inhibit, make unable to breatheThe children were stifled (killed) by the smoke.I am stifling in this close room.She was getting sleepy and tried to stifle a yawn.cf: suffocate: to die as a result of not being to breathe
56 II. Detailed Study 63. at that: additionally, besides, as well It's an idea, and a good one at that.I made a mistake, and a very bad mistake at that.at that: perhapsShe suggested we should bring the car, and it's not a bad idea at that.
57 II. Detailed Study 64. muse: reflect, ponder Ogilvie's voice took on a musing note.65. roadway1. the part of a road that is used by traffic2. the strip of land over which a road passes.
58 II. Detailed Study66. Bide-a-Wee: tolerate a little, stay with us a little whileBide: stayWee: a littleBoonie Doon:boonie: love, beautifulMy Boonie lies over the OceanBonny: attractive, fair, excellent, fineA bonnie ship 美丽的小船
59 II. Detailed Study 67. bear: show (sth); carry visibly; display The document bore his signature.The ring bears an inscription.68. austere: without ornament, plainan austere style of paintingShe dressed austerely rather than smartly.
60 II. Detailed Study69. filigree: ornamental lace-like work of gold, silver or copper ware, delicate ornamental wire work 金、银、铜丝细工饰品silver filigree jewellery 银丝首饰70. fern 蕨类植物71. raspberry：覆盆子，山莓
61 II. Detailed Study72. moss: very small green or yellow flowerless plant growing in thick masses on damp surfaces or trees or stonesmoss-covered rocks, walls73. fragrant: aromatic, perfumed, having a sweet or pleasant smell (esp. of flowers)cf: flagrant
62 II. Detailed Study74. miniature: very small detailed painting, usu. of a personminiature dogsminiature bottles of brandy, etc.a miniature railway, ie a small model one on which people may ride for short distancesShe is just like her mother in miniature.
63 II. Detailed Study 75. scarlet: bright red She blushed scarlet when I spat forth the obscenities.scarlet fever: infectious / contagious disease causing scarlet marks on the skinscarlet woman (dated derog) immoral woman; prostitute
64 II. Detailed Study76. lantern: light for use outdoors in a transparent case that protects it from the wind, etc.77. moose: a type of large deer, with very large flat horns, that lives in the northern parts of America (and in some northern countries of Europe, where it is called an elk) (麋鹿)
65 II. Detailed Study78. antler: either of the pair of branched horns of a male deer79. bleach: whiten80. fissure: long deep crack in rock or earth
66 II. Detailed Study81. otherwise: in other or different respects; apart from thatThe rent is high, (but) otherwise the house is fine.Daddy still has a bit of his cold, but otherwise all are well.He has a brandy nose, but is otherwise a handsome fellow.
67 II. Detailed Study82. cone: fruit of certain evergreen trees, such as fir, pine and cedara solid object with a round base and a point at the topa hollow or solid object shaped like thisMany children would rather eat ice cream from cones than from dishes.
68 II. Detailed Study83. meticulous: giving or showing great precision and care; very attentive to detaila meticulous worker, researcher, etc.meticulous painting and free sketch painting 工笔 / 写意画84. tote: (infml) carryto tote a gun
69 II. Detailed Study 85. winter: spend the winter It became fashionable for the rich to winter in the sun.birds wintering in the south86. fell: to cut down (a tree)
70 II. Detailed Study87. lame: unable to walk normally because of an injury or defect88. scuff: scrape, to make a rough mark or marks, with one’s shoes, on the smooth surface of furniture, or floor, etcThe floor was badly scuffed up where they had been dancing.
71 II. Detailed Study89. coarse: not fine, rough or loose in texture, vulgar, crude, harsh a coarse complexion / skin coarse manners, laughter, tastes, etc
72 II. Detailed Study90. stamp: put (one's foot) down heavily on (the ground, etc); walk with loud heavy stepsstamping the ground to keep warmShe stamped the soil flat round the plant.Don't stamp, you'll wake everyone up.
73 II. Detailed Study91. bizarre: strange in appearance or effect; grotesque; eccentric92. Unlikely it may seem: although it may seem not likely to happen,…It is unlikely to rain.His condition is unlikely to improve.In the unlikely event of a strike, production would be badly affected.
74 II. Detailed Study as…as: (introduces adverbial clause of comparison) You know as much as I do.Sometimes the subject of the subordinate clause can be omitted:He said the situation there was not as bad as had been reported.The 2 houses were as clean as could be.
75 II. Detailed Study 93. spring from: arise or come from He is sprung from (springs from) royal blood: of royal ancestryIf you ask someone where they have sprung from you are asking them where they have come from in a rather surprised way, because they have appeared unexpectedly.
76 II. Detailed Study94. Tecumseh, , chief of the Shawnee Indians; born in Ohio. A noted military leader, he planned a confederacy of tribes to resist U.S. encroachment, but the defeat of his brother, the Shawnee Prophet in 1811 ended the Indian military movement. Tecumseh then fought alongside the British against the Americans in the War of He died in the battle of the Thames.
77 II. Detailed Study95. Iroquois:（易洛魁人） an American Indian confederacy of New York96. Brebeuf, Jean de, Saint, , French Roman Catholic missionary. One of the Jesuit Martyrs of North America. A missionary to the Huron Indians, Brebeuf with his colleague Gabriel Lalemant was killed by the Iroquois. 圣布雷伯夫， 法国天主教耶稣会传教士。
78 II. Detailed Study97. Emily Pauline Johnson, , Canadian Indian. Daughter of an Indian tribe chief and a British woman. Her poems sang high praise of the Indian tradition and were very popular at her time. She traveled around Canada, America and Britain, giving recitals in deer skin robes, which won enormous fame for her.
79 II. Detailed Study 98. exalt: elevate, exhilarate 99. prophetess: female prophetprophet: a man who tells, or claims to be able to tell the nature or course of future events. A person who spoke for God and who communicated God’s message courageously to God’s Chosen People. Elisha, Abraham, Moses, David, Nathan, Solomon, etc. are prophets.
80 II. Detailed Study100. impart: give, pass on (a secret, news, etc to sb.)A teacher's aim is to impart knowledge.The Prime Minister imparted the news at the conference.
81 II. Detailed Study101. coyote: small wolf of the plains of western N America102. She undoubtedly knew … whatever it was that it said in Hiawatha.It said this/ that/whatever in Hiawatha.It was whatever that it said in Hiawatha.She knew whatever it was that it said in Hiawatha.
82 II. Detailed Study 103. squash: flatten, crush 104. sullen: silently showing dislike, silently bad-tempered, unforgiving, dark, gloomy (Blackmail)look sullen, to wear a sullen look“Shut up”, D said. Sullenly, Ogilvie complied.
83 II. Detailed Study105. lore: knowledge or wisdom, esp. of an unscientific kind, about a certain subject or possessed by a certain group of people bird lore, a countryman's weather lore
84 II. Detailed Study106. reed: tall hollow stem of any of various types of grass-like plants growing near watercf: reef: ridge of rock, shingle, sand, etc at or near the surface of the sea a coral reef
85 II. Detailed Study107. nut:(sl derog) (a) (Brit also nutter) foolish, eccentric or mad personHe drives like a nut; he'll kill himself one day.b) (preceded by a n) person very interested in sth; fanatic a movie / fitness / health / soccer nut
86 II. Detailed Study108. dogged: (apprec.) determined; not giving up easilya dogged defence of the cityAlthough he's less talented, he won by sheer dogged persistence.
87 II. Detailed Study109. perseverance: continual steady effort made to fulfil some aim, persistence110. rebuff: rejectionMark Twain flirted with the colossal wealth available to the lucky and the persistent, and was rebuffed.
88 II. Detailed Study111. give: used in the idiom: sb. doesn't/couldn't give a damn, a hoot(cry of an owl), etc (about sb/sth) (infml): sb does not care at all (about sb/sth)He couldn't give a damn whether he passes the exam or not.Cf: BlackmailLike letting me know what gives and where…
89 II. Detailed Study112. dead loss: If you say that someone or something is a dead loss, you mean that they do not work properly or successfully, an infml expression.This pen is a dead loss: it just won't write properly.That goalkeeper is a dead loss.
90 II. Detailed Study113. scramble: to move or climb quickly, esp. over a rough or steep surfaceI scrambled up the rock for a better look at the sea.114. pier: an ornamental bridge-like framework built out into the sea at which boats can stop to take in or land their passengers or goods
91 II. Detailed Study115. undergrowth: (US underbrush) mass of shrubs, bushes, etc growing closely on the ground, esp under treesclear a path through the undergrowth116. bracken: a kind of fern, which grows in forests, on wasteland, and on the slopes of hills, and becomes a rich red-brown colour in autumncf: bush, scrub, shrub
92 II. Detailed Study117. streak: a line or mark of a different colour or texture from the ground, long, thin usu. irregular line or band118. amber: hard clear yellowish-brown gum used for making ornaments or jewellery 琥珀
93 II. Detailed Study119. flicker: shine with an unsteady light, wave, tremble, to move backwards and forwards unsteadilyThe self-assurance of Ogilvie flickered for an instant.flickering eyelidshadows flicked on the wallThe wind blew the flickering candle out.
94 II. Detailed Study120．phantom: a shadowy likeness of a dead person that seems to appear on earth; sth. which exists only in one's imagination; ghostly image or figure; ghostthe phantom of his dead fatherPhantom（鬼怪式） / Mirage（幻影式）fighter plane.
95 II. Detailed Study 121. ululate: howl or wail the ululations of the mourning women122. plaintive: expressing suffering and a desire for pity, lamentable, mournful, forlornThe plaintive cries of the child locked in the cupboard.a plaintive old song
96 II. Detailed Study123. chill: refrigerate, to cause to become cold, esp. without freezing chilled beercf: chilli
97 II. Detailed Study124. mock. make fun of (sb/sth), esp by mimicking him / it contemptuously; ridicule; defy (sb/sth) contemptuouslya mocking smile, voice, laughIt is wrong to mock cripples.mockery: ridicule, despising, open disrespect
98 II. Detailed Study125. aeon / eon [‘i:n] : a period of time too long to be measuredThe earth was formed aeons ago.126. chipmunk: small striped squirrel-like N American animal金花鼠
99 II. Detailed Study127. strike: If an idea or thought strikes you, it comes into your mind suddenlyThe next morning it struck me that there was no shower in the flat.If something strikes you in a particular way, it gives you a particular impression, usually a strong one.Betty strikes me as a very silly girl.How did London strike you?
100 II. Detailed Study128. birch: a type of northern forest tree with smooth bark and thin branches 白桦129. catch: If you catch someone doing something, you find them doing what they should not be doing.He caught them in bed together.She caught him smoking at the toilet.
101 II. Detailed Study130. squawk: (esp. of some birds) to make a loud rough-sounding cryhens squawking at the sight of the cat131. be ill at ease: not comfortable because of lack of skill or understandingShe was ill at ease as she had never been to such parties.I am terribly ill at ease with strangers.
102 II. Detailed Study 132. fail: neglect or be unable (to do sth) He never fails to write (ie always writes) to his mother every week.She did not fail to keep (ie She did keep) her word.Your promises have failed to (ie did not) materialize.
103 II. Detailed Study123. reproach: blame, sth. that brings disgrace or discreditShe remained as a reproach to me: I blame myself, because I could not reach her.The corrupt cadres are a reproach to the Party.The slums are a reproach to our city.
104 II. Detailed Study 134. immerse: to put deep under water I immersed myself in work so as to stop thinking about her.135. jukebox: coin-operated record player, about two times the size of a home refrigerator
105 II. Detailed Study 136. boom: to make a deep hollow sound, roar 137. tune: melody, esp a well-marked onetuneful：having a pleasing tune; melodious
106 II. Detailed Study138. chrome: (铬) an alloy of chromium （铬） with other metal (esp when used as a protective coating on other metals)Here: something plated / coated / gilded with chromium, it refers to the shining edge of the jukebox, which was made of chrome.
107 II. Detailed Study139. rainbow glass: on top of the jukebox is the cabin for storing all the records, the front of which is a piece of glass of some fancy colour like rainbows140. astound: amaze, astonish, surpriseWe were astounded to read your letter.141. stolid: showing no excitement when strong feelings might be expected
108 II. Detailed Study 142. carmine: deep purplish red colour scarlet: bright redcardinal: bright redcrimson: deep redflorid: (face) red143. frizzle: (of hair) to curl tightly, to set the hair in a mass of tight curlsfrizzy: (of hair) very curly, like wool
109 II. Detailed Study144. perm: (also permanent wave, AmE. infml permanent) the putting of waves or curls into straight hair by chemical treatment so that they will last for several months145. blunt: Here: not trying to be polite or tactful
110 II. Detailed Study146. to advantage: in a way that shows its good points or meritsThe picture is seen to better advantage from a distance.Hang the picture opposite the window so that it will show up to advantage.Her tight-fitting skirt and sweater in orange colour displayed a soft and slender body in an effect good enough to be envied.
111 II. Detailed Study147. teeter: to seesaw , to move up and down or to and fro, to move uncertainly or unsteadilyThe drunken man teetered on the edge of the pavement.She was teetering about in very high-heeled shoes.
112 II. Detailed Study148. sore: (of a part of the body) tender and painful, sensitive, hurting when toucheda sore knee149. jerkwater: remote and unimportant, trivial
113 II. Detailed Study 150. stink: to give a strong bad smell the stinking ninth category (in addition to landlords, rich peasants, counter revolutionaries, bad elements, Rightists, traitors, spies, and capitalist roaders)151. confide: to tell a secret, to tell sth. confidentially, reveal, disclose
114 II. Detailed Study152. blur: become unclear, obscure, dim; that appears hazy and indistinctThe town was just a blur on the horizon.Everything is a blur when I take my glasses off.Her eyes blurred with tears.
115 II. Detailed Study153. repel: to cause feeling of dislike, to drive back by or as if by forceLet go at once! You repel me.Her untidy appearance repelled him.His filthy hair and grimy clothes repelled her.Bryan carried a palm-fan like a sword to repel his enemy.
116 II. Detailed Study154. despise: to regard as worthless, low, bad; dislike very angrilyI despise such people; they've no character.He despises people who were lavish with their praises.cf: mockery
117 II. Detailed Study155. biddy: a hired woman, esp. a cleaner, an eccentric woman156. stockyard: a yard in which cattle, sheep, swine or horses are kept temporarily for slaughter, market or shipping
118 II. Detailed Study157. handle: (sl) title: have a handle to one's name, ie have a title, eg ‘Sir' or ‘Lord’Churchill has a handle to his name --- Sir.some handle: a special nameIsn't that an impressive name?some: considerable
119 II. Detailed Study 158. mere: nothing more than the merest: as small or unimportant as possibleThe merest little thing makes him nervous.159. defiant: showing defiance; openly opposing or resisting sb/stha defiant manner, look, speech
120 II. Detailed Study 160. momentary: lasting for a very short time 161. swell: stylish, socially prominent, excellent162. perturb: trouble, make anxious, agitatea perturbing rumour
121 II. Detailed Study163. gauche: socially awkward, clumsy, lacking social experience or grace164. slattern: an untidy slovenly woman, also slut, prostitute
122 II. Detailed Study165. dressed any old how: dressed in a very careless wayanyhow: without any regular order, in a careless mannerYou can arrange them anyhow.The well-groomed (taken good care of) woman can't wear her hair just anyhow.The books were lying on the shelves just/all anyhow.
123 II. Detailed Study He made notes anyhow across the page. Anyhow can be used as an adj. as wellThe room was all anyhow.old: used as an intensiveAny old thing will do.Come any old time.We’re having a high old time (very good time).
124 II. Detailed Study166. brew: to prepare beer, etc. by soaking or boiling grain, leaves, etc.167. attributes: the accessories, modifiers, nowadays so called, in China, hardware; what is needed for a resort to be considered flourishing; objects recognized as symbols
125 II. Detailed Study 168. place of belonging: place they belong to 169. Perhaps they had been unable to find such a place ...having ceased to care any longer whether they lived or not.
126 II. Detailed StudyThis obviously is an analogy (类比), in which the loons are compared to Piquette, who had been unable to find a place to live, and had simply died out, having ceased to care any longer whether SHE lived or not.
127 III. Structural Analysis Part I. ParasIntroduction of the novel, when, where, who, etc. The general background.Part II. Paras. 3 – 4 (p. 218)The whole storySection 1. Paras. 3 (p.206) - 6 (p.208)Introducing Piquette.
128 I. II. Structural Analysis Section 2. Paras. 7 (p.208) – 2 (p.214)Days together with Piquette at Diamond LakeSection 3. Paras. 3 (p. 214) – 2 (p.217)Second meeting with Piquette several years laterSection 4. Paras. 3 (p.217) – 4 (p.218)Piquette’s death
129 III. Structural Analysis Part III. Paras. 5(p. 218) – end.Analogy
130 IV. Rhetorical Devices Hyperbole …dresses that were always miles too long.…those voices belonged to a world separated by aeons from our neat world
131 IV. Rhetorical Devices Exaggeration by using numerals: 1. Thanks a million.2. The middle eastern bazaar takes you back hundreds even thousands of years.3. I see the ten thousand villages of Russia where the means of existence is wrung so hardly from the soil.
132 IV. Rhetorical DevicesB. Exaggeration by using comparative and superlative degrees of adjectives1. Sherlock Holmes is considered by many people as the greatest detective in fictional literature.2. There was never a child who loved her father more than I do.
133 IV. Rhetorical Devices 3. I never saw a prettier sight. 4. You write ten times better than any man in the class.. Exaggeration by using extravagant adjectives:1. … where goods of every conceivable kind are sold.
134 IV. Rhetorical Devices2. The burnished copper containers catches the light of innumerable lamps and braziers.3. The apprentices were incredibly young.
135 IV. Rhetorical Devices D. Exaggeration by using noun or verb phrases: 1. It is a vast cavern of a room, so thick with the dust of centuries that the mud-brick walls and vaulted roof are only dimly visible.2. I am already in debt again, and moving heaven and earth to save myself from exposure and destruction.
136 IV. Rhetorical Devices3. The sister cried her eyes out at the loss of the necklace.4. They beat him into all the colors of rainbow.5. Her dress was always miles too long.6. I was scared to death.
137 IV. Rhetorical Devices 7. I sat there for a while, frozen with horror. 8. She was so beautiful--- her beauty made the bright world dim.
138 IV. Rhetorical Devices Metaphor …the filigree of the spruce trees daughter of the forestI tried another lineA streak of amber
139 IV. Rhetorical Devices Personification The two grey squirrels were still there, gossiping…The news that somehow had not found its way into letters.
140 IV. Rhetorical Devices Transferred epithet All around, the spruce trees grew tall and close-set, branches blackly sharp against the sky which was lightened by a cold flickering of stars.I was ashamed, ashamed of my own timidity, the frightened tendency to look the other way.
141 IV. Rhetorical DevicesMy brother, Roderick, who had not been born when we were here last summer, sat on the car rug in the sunshine and examined a brown spruce core, meticulously turning it round and round in his small and curious hands.
142 IV. Rhetorical Devices Metonymy Those voices belonged to a world separated by aeons from our neat world of summer cottages and the lighted lamps of home. (our modern civilization)
143 IV. Rhetorical DevicesSynecdochethe damn bone’s flared up again