Presentation on theme: "The Trait Perspective 430-436. Trait A characteristic of behavior or a disposition to feel and act as assessed by self- reported inventories or peer reports."— Presentation transcript:
The Big Five – most current theory Emotional Stability (calm/anxious, secure/insecure, self-satisfied/self-pitying). Extraversion (sociable/retiring, fun- loving/sober, affectionate/reserved). Openness (imaginative/practical, variety/routine, independent, conforming)
The Big Five (Continued) Agreeableness (soft-hearted/ruthless, trusting/suspicious, helpful/uncooperative). Conscientiousness (organized/disorganized, careful/careless, disciplined/impulsive).
The Big Five Once you take a test that measures your personality according to the Big Five Scale…. Your traits will be stable over time. They can be attributed to your genetics They apply across different cultures They predict other attributes.
Idiographic Theorists Same set of traits used to classify all people is impossible each individual has a unique story Gordon Allport – 3 different parts of everyone’s personality. –Cardinal, Central, Secondary
Cardinal – person profoundly influenced by 1 trait. Very rare. Ex: MLK Central – large influence on personality – apparent to others. Secondary – apparent only in certain situations.
Assessing Our Traits Personality Inventories: a questionnaire where people respond to items attempting to gauge different aspects of their personality –Multiple related traits are clustered together
MMPI Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory: the most widely used personality test. Originally used to identify emotional disorders. representative sample had issues – now have MMPI-2 Now used for screening purposes (corporations).