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Ms. Gikas Period 3 (S.T.E.P).  Accidents cost money on the job  Medical bills need to be paid  Fines & Lawsuits  Must be safe on the job & know all.

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Presentation on theme: "Ms. Gikas Period 3 (S.T.E.P).  Accidents cost money on the job  Medical bills need to be paid  Fines & Lawsuits  Must be safe on the job & know all."— Presentation transcript:

1 Ms. Gikas Period 3 (S.T.E.P)

2  Accidents cost money on the job  Medical bills need to be paid  Fines & Lawsuits  Must be safe on the job & know all safety rules to prevent accidents  1st Rule : know how to do your job the right way  Do not work equipment or tools unless you have been trained or know the proper way to handle them

3 1. Obey all company safety rules & signs 2. Follow all instructions. 3. Correct or report all unsafe conditions 4. Use the correct protective equipment; wear properly fitted clothes 5. Report all accidents; get first aid quickly 6. Use, adjust, & repair equipment only when authorized; report safety hazards immediately 7. Use right tools for the job; use it correctly & safely 8. When lifting bend your knees; get help for lifting heavy loads 9. DO NOT Goof off 10. Keep your work area clean

4  Do you always act safely?  95% of all accidents occur unsafe acts/conditions  Unsafe Acts cause by people, b/c people do things without thinking

5 1.wiping or cleaning moving machinery 2.failing to wear proper protective clothing 3.smoking in a no-smoking area 4.failing to follow safety rules & signs 5.Goofing off 6.lifting too heavy a load by yourself 7.removing or not using machine guards 8.taking chances

6  Causes accidents  Correct unsafe conditions, even if you didn’t cause them  ie: clean up spills so no one slips  ie: remove objects from steps, so no one falls down the stairs

7 1. poor house keeping 2. dim lighting 3. blocked fire exits 4. high stacks of boxes 5. overused electrical extension cords 6. opened drawers left unattended 7. dangerous objects over head 8. tools left lying around 9. oily rags in paper boxes

8  Your actions speak louder than words  Need to have a safety attitude b/c certain attitudes can lead to accidents

9 1. Forgetfulness – need to remember all safety acts 2. Disobedience - need to follow rules & signs 3. Carelessness – pay attention; know what your doing 4. Bad temper – do not react without thinking; control your temper 5. Uncertainly – do not perform a task if you do not know how – ask 6. Fatigue – need to be rested; cannot do things when tired 7. Laziness – if you are lazy, you are waiting for an accident to occur 8. Showing Off - a show-off takes unnecessary chances

10 1. Close desks & file drawers when they are unattended 2. Be careful when using manual paper-cutting machines 3. Turn off all office machines before cleaning, adjusting or adding fluid or paper rolls 4. Make sure electric machines & cords are kept in good shape and grounded 1. * Grounded: describes a plug that has an electrical connection with the earth to prevent shock 5. Do not touch electric machines or connections with wet hands

11 6. Do not lean too far back in a chair or sit at the edge of a seat 7. Replace worn electric cords or plugs (can cause sparks – fires) 8. Unplug electric cords by pulling the plug, not the cord 9. Do not overload electric circuits with too many machines or appliances (wires can heat up) 10. Use handrails on stairs 11. Clean floors clean and dry (avoid slips) 12. Do not stand on moveable office furniture 13. Read & follow all directions 14. Be careful with long jewelry, scars, long hair, etc when working with office machines

12  Guidelines should be followed when working with machinery & tools  Work at a safe speed (do not rush or take shortcuts)  Wear the right clothes; wear fitted ones (loose cloths can get caught in machines)  Protect your feet (do not wear your sneakers)

13  1st Rule : Think First  2 nd Rule : do not operate power tools or equipment unless you receive proper training

14  do not operate anything without training or instructions  hands are dry when plugging things in  off switch needs to be on OFF when plugging equipment  Examine equipment when turning it on  do not oil, clean or adjust equipment when on  if not using equipment, turn them off

15  Job-related injuries are caused by carelessness when lifting heavy objects, cleaning work area & using ladders.  Lifting  Improper lifting will turn into an injury  causes hernias or back injuries

16  lift with your leg & arm muscles  straight back  carry load close to your body  good footing  see where you are going  ask for help  use mechanical aids  keep work area free from tripping on anything  work smart, not hard

17  reduces hazards  clean areas are the safest  floors should be cleaned regularly  use safety cones/caution signs after mopping

18  most jobs require the use of ladders  do not put a metal ladder near electric equipment  check ladder before using it  do not overreach  face ladder when climbing up & down

19  Did you know that…  Careless smoking & faulty electric wiring/appliances lead to most fires

20  Faulty heating equipment  Grease buildup in kitchen ventilation hoods  Unattended open flames in kitchens & labs  Careless use of flammable liquids

21  Flammable liquid: a liquid that can easily ignite & burn rapidly  Fire Triangle: oxygen, fuel, & heat: 3 items that must be present for a fire to take place

22  Know location of fire alarms, fire distinguishers, & exits  Know how to use fire-alarm pull box  Know how to evacuate the building  Evacuate: to empty or vacate a place in an organized manner for protection  Know how to use fire distinguisher  Do not overload electric wires  Never store oily rags in open containers, they can build heat & ignite

23  Health affects your performance  Food & sleep; plenty of reset & nourishment  Follow hygiene rules  Wash your hands before eating or after touching chemicals  Watch for no-eating & no- smoking signs  Do not work if you are extremely ill  All injuries should be reported

24  Immediate, temporary treatment given in the event of an accident or sudden illness  Everyone should have some first aid training  Basic First Aid steps when someone is injured until help arrives:  Make sure food is not in the victims mouth, this can affect breathing  Stop any bleeding, apply pressure over wound  Prevent shock; keep the person warm; keep victim flat on back with head low  Call for medical help & stay with victim till help arrives  Remain calm

25  Occupational Safety & Health Act  * OSHA : a national act that calls for safe & healthy working conditions; also the title of a government agency  Federal law that calls for safe & healthy work conditions

26  proving a safe place to work  meet safety & healthy standards of work environment  safe tools & equipment  using color codes, posters, labels, or signs to warn employees of hazards  keeping OSHA records of work- related injuries  placing a OSHA poster in the workplace  inspections

27  reading OSHA poster on job site  knowing OSHA standards that apply at work  following all safety/healthy rules  wearing or using protective equipment  reporting unsafe conditions  reporting job-related injuries/illnesses  cooperating in ISHA health inspections

28  As a worker you are covered by worker’s compensation law.  * Workers Compensation: insurance against work-related accidents  The US has compensation laws fall into 2 categories:  compulsory & elective  compulsory : employers must participate in the plan  elective : employers decide for themselves weather to participate  Workers compensation should not cost money

29  Cost of medical treatment  doctor, hospital, rehab visits  payment of lost wages (% of regular wage)  death benefits (certain amount goes to your family)  insurance against occupational diseases  lung diseases or anything caused by working condition  income benefits for disability

30  * Disability : a temporary or permanently physical or mental condition that prevents an employee from working  Disability Insurance  If suffering long-term disability, social security will pay monthly benefits


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