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Unit 5 Dealing with AIDS. Preview Background Background Pre-reading activities Pre-reading activities Global understanding Global understanding Comprehension.

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Presentation on theme: "Unit 5 Dealing with AIDS. Preview Background Background Pre-reading activities Pre-reading activities Global understanding Global understanding Comprehension."— Presentation transcript:

1 Unit 5 Dealing with AIDS

2 Preview Background Background Pre-reading activities Pre-reading activities Global understanding Global understanding Comprehension check Comprehension check Getting to know new words Getting to know new words Review & Detailed study of Text I Review & Detailed study of Text I Practices Practices

3 Background What is AIDS? An acronym for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome An acronym for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome The most advanced stages of infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The most advanced stages of infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). HIV is a virus that kills or damages cells of the body's immune system. HIV is a virus that kills or damages cells of the body's immune system. SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome) SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome)

4 Background Causes unprotected sex with an infected person unprotected sex with an infected person sharing of drug needles sharing of drug needles contact with the blood of an infected person contact with the blood of an infected person passing from the mother to the baby during pregnancy or childbirth passing from the mother to the baby during pregnancy or childbirth

5 Background Symptoms HIV affects nearly every organ system. HIV affects nearly every organ system. People with AIDS also have an increased risk of developing various cancers. People with AIDS also have an increased risk of developing various cancers. People with AIDS often have systemic symptoms of infection like fevers, sweats (particularly at night), swollen glands (腺体肿大), chills, weakness, and weight loss. People with AIDS often have systemic symptoms of infection like fevers, sweats (particularly at night), swollen glands (腺体肿大), chills, weakness, and weight loss. Often, AIDS gives no symptoms unless it's too late. Often, AIDS gives no symptoms unless it's too late. Severe symptoms may not appear until months or years later. Severe symptoms may not appear until months or years later.

6 Background Consequences Is there a cure for AIDS? Is there a cure for AIDS? Sorry to say: no! Sorry to say: no! Most people die if they catch AIDS. Some people can survive for a very long period if they take a combination of drugs. Most people die if they catch AIDS. Some people can survive for a very long period if they take a combination of drugs. There are drugs that can slow down the HIV virus and slow down the damage to your immune system. There are drugs that can slow down the HIV virus and slow down the damage to your immune system. But there is no way to clear the HIV out of your body. But there is no way to clear the HIV out of your body.

7 Background Misconceptions AIDS can spread through casual contact. AIDS can spread through casual contact. Sexual intercourse with a virgin will cure AIDS. Sexual intercourse with a virgin will cure AIDS. HIV can infect only homosexual men and drug users. HIV can infect only homosexual men and drug users. Open discussion of homosexuality and HIV in schools will lead to increased rates of homosexuality and AIDS. Open discussion of homosexuality and HIV in schools will lead to increased rates of homosexuality and AIDS.

8 Background Stigma (mark of shame or disgrace) ostracism (refuse to accept as a group member), rejection, discrimination and avoidance of HIV infected people ostracism (refuse to accept as a group member), rejection, discrimination and avoidance of HIV infected people compulsory HIV testing without prior consent or protection of confidentiality compulsory HIV testing without prior consent or protection of confidentiality violence against HIV infected individuals or people who are perceived to be infected with HIV violence against HIV infected individuals or people who are perceived to be infected with HIV quarantine of HIV infected individuals quarantine of HIV infected individuals

9 Pre-reading Activities Global understanding Dealing with AIDS: taking action against AIDS Dealing with AIDS: taking action against AIDS Who were “dealing with AIDS”? Who were “dealing with AIDS”? David, “I”, David’s mother, doctor, David’s friends … David, “I”, David’s mother, doctor, David’s friends …

10 Pre-reading Activities Comprehension check What happened to David? How did he catch AIDS? What happened to David? How did he catch AIDS? What was our relationship like before he caught AIDS? What was our relationship like before he caught AIDS? What was “my” immediate reaction to David’s disease? What did “I” decide to do to help David? What was “my” immediate reaction to David’s disease? What did “I” decide to do to help David? How did our friends react to his illness? How did our friends react to his illness? How did “I” take care of David? How did “I” take care of David? What have “I” learned from this experience about friendship? What have “I” learned from this experience about friendship?

11 Getting to Know New Words Word derivation strengthen (v.) strength strong strengthen (v.) strength strong affect (v.) effect (n.) affection (n.) affectation (n.) affectionate affect (v.) effect (n.) affection (n.) affectation (n.) affectionate blame (v.) blame (n.) blameful blame (v.) blame (n.) blameful maintain (v.) maintenance maintainability maintainable maintain (v.) maintenance maintainability maintainable mark (v.) mark (n.) marked mark (v.) mark (n.) marked

12 Getting to Know New Words Word derivation stress (v.) stress (n.) stressful stress (v.) stress (n.) stressful mature (adj.) mature (v.) maturity maturation immature mature (adj.) mature (v.) maturity maturation immature invincible (adj.) invincibility invincible (adj.) invincibility grateful (adj.) gratefulness gratitude ungrateful grateful (adj.) gratefulness gratitude ungrateful

13 Getting to Know New Words Synonyms and antonyms: strengthen, reinforce, intensity, ≠weaken strengthen, reinforce, intensity, ≠weaken bond, tie, relation, link bond, tie, relation, link positive, active, optimistic, ≠negative positive, active, optimistic, ≠negative stress, pressure, tension, strain stress, pressure, tension, strain

14 Getting to Know New Words Word differentiation carefree, careless or thoughtless? carefree, careless or thoughtless? She daydreamed about a carefree holiday abroad. She daydreamed about a carefree holiday abroad. It is natural for careless writers to run into faults they never think of. It is natural for careless writers to run into faults they never think of. Only an idiot would make such a thoughtless remark. Only an idiot would make such a thoughtless remark.

15 Word formation duty-free, tax-free duty-free, tax-free pain-free, trouble-free, stress-free pain-free, trouble-free, stress-free fat-free (a fat-free yoghurt) fat-free (a fat-free yoghurt) dairy-free, melamine-free milk dairy-free, melamine-free milk a salt-free diet a salt-free diet They live in a house rent-free. They live in a house rent-free.

16 Getting to Know New Words Word differentiation mature vs. ripe mature vs. ripe Peach trees are considered mature / ripe when they begin bearing fruit. Peach trees are considered mature / ripe when they begin bearing fruit. He is not mature enough to be given too much responsibility. He is not mature enough to be given too much responsibility.

17 Getting to Know New Words Word differentiation affect vs. influence a disease that affects the central nervous system (bring about a change) a disease that affects the central nervous system (bring about a change) We were all deeply affected by her death. (make someone feel strong emotions) We were all deeply affected by her death. (make someone feel strong emotions) Alcohol has a very bad effect on drivers. Alcohol has a very bad effect on drivers. Our beliefs are influenced by our upbringing. (affect the way someone develops, behaves or thinks through example, admiration, etc, without using direct force) Our beliefs are influenced by our upbringing. (affect the way someone develops, behaves or thinks through example, admiration, etc, without using direct force) The influence of parents on their children The influence of parents on their children

18 Affect and effect have no senses in common. How smoking affects health. How smoking affects health. Effect means “to bring about or make sth. happen” Effect means “to bring about or make sth. happen” Many parents lack confidence in their ability to effect change in their children's behavior. Many parents lack confidence in their ability to effect change in their children's behavior. These measures may affect savings. These measures may affect savings. The measures may reduce savings that have already been realized. The measures may reduce savings that have already been realized. These measures may effect savings. These measures may effect savings. The measures will cause new savings to come about. The measures will cause new savings to come about.

19 Getting to Know New Words Word differentiation keep vs. maintain keep vs. maintain maintain the roads, a house, a car, etc (keep in good condition) maintain the roads, a house, a car, etc (keep in good condition) maintain friendly relations (make sth. continue in the same way) maintain friendly relations (make sth. continue in the same way) Critics maintain that these reforms will lead to a decline in educational standards. (=claim) Critics maintain that these reforms will lead to a decline in educational standards. (=claim)

20 Getting to Know New Words Word differentiation staff vs. stuff staff vs. stuff We need more staff in the office. We need more staff in the office. A kind of plastic stuff is used to make the plates. A kind of plastic stuff is used to make the plates.

21 Getting to Know New Words Word differentiation view vs. outlook view vs. outlook a narrow outlook on life a narrow outlook on life the long-term outlook for economic growth the long-term outlook for economic growth a positive outlook / view a positive outlook / view

22 Getting to Know New Words Word differentiation worried vs. troubled vs. disturbed vs. bothered worried vs. troubled vs. disturbed vs. bothered I just can’t be bothered to look after the house. I just can’t be bothered to look after the house. Benson looked troubled / worried when he heard the news. Benson looked troubled / worried when he heard the news. the care of emotionally disturbed children (not behaving normally) the care of emotionally disturbed children (not behaving normally)

23 Review & Text I Review of the words Review of the words A detailed study of the text A detailed study of the text

24 What’s the Word? Unbeatable Unbeatable A link that binds people together in a relationship A link that binds people together in a relationship A disease that spreads very rapidly A disease that spreads very rapidly An infected or diseased patch of skin An infected or diseased patch of skin Forced to remain in bed because of illness Forced to remain in bed because of illness A large clear plastic tent A large clear plastic tent A bacterium that can make you ill A bacterium that can make you ill

25 Complete the following sentences: His visit is intended to s_______ friendly relations between the two countries. His visit is intended to s_______ friendly relations between the two countries. I don't want to i_______ you either way, so I won't tell you my opinion. I don't want to i_______ you either way, so I won't tell you my opinion. I was impressed by her h______ of the affair. I was impressed by her h______ of the affair. If you fail the exam you'll only have yourself to b______. If you fail the exam you'll only have yourself to b______.

26 Complete the Following Sentences: Britain wants to m________ its position as a world power. Britain wants to m________ its position as a world power. His death m______ the end of an era. His death m______ the end of an era. Janet's been under a lot of s______ since her mother's illness. Janet's been under a lot of s______ since her mother's illness. She still has an optimistic o_________ for the future. She still has an optimistic o_________ for the future.

27 Questions for Discussion How is this narrative story organized? How is this narrative story organized? How is the concluding part related to the beginning? How is the concluding part related to the beginning? What are the advantages of the first person narration used in the text? What are the advantages of the first person narration used in the text?

28 Paraphrase Dealing with AIDS strengthens the bond of friendship, encourages emotional and mature growth. (para.1) Dealing with AIDS strengthens the bond of friendship, encourages emotional and mature growth. (para.1) Fighting against AIDS strengthens the tie of relationship between us, encourage our emotional growth and help us grow into maturity. Fighting against AIDS strengthens the tie of relationship between us, encourage our emotional growth and help us grow into maturity.

29 Paraphrase I had no worries and was just living life up. I had no worries and was just living life up. I had no worries and was just having a very enjoyable and exciting time. I had no worries and was just having a very enjoyable and exciting time. live it up informal : to do things that you enjoy and spend a lot of money live it up informal : to do things that you enjoy and spend a lot of money Sam was living it up in London. Sam was living it up in London. Now you've been left some money you can afford to live it up a bit. Now you've been left some money you can afford to live it up a bit.

30 Paraphrase We didn’t hang out as much. We didn’t hang out as much. We did not spend a lot of time together as we had done before we got to high school. We did not spend a lot of time together as we had done before we got to high school. hang out: (infml) visit a place often; spend a lot of time in a particular place hang out: (infml) visit a place often; spend a lot of time in a particular place Where has he been hanging out these days? Where has he been hanging out these days? They normally hang out in the public house. They normally hang out in the public house.

31 Paraphrase So I called him and he hung up on me. So I called him and he hung up on me. So I called him and he refused to talk to me on the phone by replacing the receiver. So I called him and he refused to talk to me on the phone by replacing the receiver.

32 Paraphrase I didn’t know what to do, so once again I blew if off. I didn’t know what to do, so once again I blew if off. …, so once again I didn’t take it seriously / I gave up my effort to talk to him. …, so once again I didn’t take it seriously / I gave up my effort to talk to him. blow … off: (slang) to treat someone or something as unimportant, for example by not meeting someone or not going to an event blow … off: (slang) to treat someone or something as unimportant, for example by not meeting someone or not going to an event Tanya just blew me off - she said she didn't want to see me any more. Tanya just blew me off - she said she didn't want to see me any more. Bud got into trouble for blowing off the meeting. Bud got into trouble for blowing off the meeting. They wanted us to come along, but we blew them off. They wanted us to come along, but we blew them off.

33 Paraphrase He pulled me aside and broke down in tears and said that he was dying. He pulled me aside and broke down in tears and said that he was dying. He pulled me aside, lost his control and started crying … He pulled me aside, lost his control and started crying … He broke down and wept when he heard the news. He broke down and wept when he heard the news. The telephone system has broken down. The telephone system has broken down. Negotiations between the two sides have broken down. Negotiations between the two sides have broken down.

34 Paraphrase When I got home things started to make sense. When I got home things started to make sense. When I came back home, I began to understand things. / When I returned home I began to realize the situation. When I came back home, I began to understand things. / When I returned home I began to realize the situation. These words are jumbled up and don't make sense. (have an understandable meaning) These words are jumbled up and don't make sense. (have an understandable meaning) It doesn't make sense to buy that very expensive leather coat when these cheaper ones are just as good. (be sensible; have or show sense) It doesn't make sense to buy that very expensive leather coat when these cheaper ones are just as good. (be sensible; have or show sense)

35 Paraphrase I couldn’t turn my back on him. I couldn’t turn my back on him. I couldn’t get away from him / refuse to be with him. I couldn’t get away from him / refuse to be with him. turn one's back on: refuse to be involved with, esp. unfairly or unkindly turn one's back on: refuse to be involved with, esp. unfairly or unkindly He turned his back on his relatives, though he was a millionaire. He turned his back on his relatives, though he was a millionaire. He is very kind to me. I cannot turn my back on him now that he needs my help. He is very kind to me. I cannot turn my back on him now that he needs my help.

36 Paraphrase The ones that still talked with me didn’t come too close in fear that they would catch the disease. The ones that still talked with me didn’t come too close in fear that they would catch the disease. …because they were afraid that they would catch AIDS. …because they were afraid that they would catch AIDS. in fear of sth./that…: in a state of fear about sth. / that … in fear of sth./that…: in a state of fear about sth. / that … The elderly live in fear of assault and murder. The elderly live in fear of assault and murder.

37 Paraphrase So I stuck it out and lost most of my friends. So I stuck it out and lost most of my friends. So I didn’t give up and lost most of my friends. So I didn’t give up and lost most of my friends. He hates the job, but he's determined to stick it out because he needs the money. He hates the job, but he's determined to stick it out because he needs the money. Although we are faced with many difficulties, we must stick it out and accomplish the research project on time. Although we are faced with many difficulties, we must stick it out and accomplish the research project on time.

38 Paraphrase I pushed all my emotions aside and was strong for him. I pushed all my emotions aside and was strong for him. I managed to conceal my emotions and was strong for him. I managed to conceal my emotions and was strong for him.

39 Paraphrase I still had to be the strong one and keep everything in. I still had to be the strong one and keep everything in. I still had to be the one with a strong will and restrain myself from revealing my emotions. I still had to be the one with a strong will and restrain myself from revealing my emotions. He could hardly keep in his indignation. (not express (an emotion); restrain sth) He could hardly keep in his indignation. (not express (an emotion); restrain sth) Hearing the news, she could scarcely keep in her excitement. Hearing the news, she could scarcely keep in her excitement.

40 Paraphrase In a way I was glad that It was over,… In a way I was glad that It was over,… To a certain extent, … To a certain extent, … The changes are an improvement in a way. The changes are an improvement in a way. In a way that rich man is charitable and generous. In a way that rich man is charitable and generous.

41 Paraphrase All the emotions that I had held in came rushing out. All the emotions that I had held in came rushing out. I was unable to control my bursting emotions any more. I was unable to control my bursting emotions any more. He's incapable of holding himself in when he gets extremely excited. He's incapable of holding himself in when he gets extremely excited. The man beat the table hard because he could not hold in/back his anger. The man beat the table hard because he could not hold in/back his anger.

42 Topics for Discussion Discuss with your partner on the following: How does this story impress you? How does this story impress you? Based on your own experience or any story from movies, TV series or books, tell us about a person who managed to deal with a serious disease and how his/her story impressed and inspired you. Based on your own experience or any story from movies, TV series or books, tell us about a person who managed to deal with a serious disease and how his/her story impressed and inspired you.

43 Practices Retelling Retelling Pronunciation practice Pronunciation practice Dictation Dictation Exercise check Exercise check

44 Retell the Story with Word Groups Given: Used to be so carefree Used to be so carefree Things changed on Oct. 16, 1995 when … Things changed on Oct. 16, 1995 when … Incredible … angry and powerless … Incredible … angry and powerless … Kept distance from me for fear that …, but I couldn’t turn my back on him … I stuck it out … Kept distance from me for fear that …, but I couldn’t turn my back on him … I stuck it out … Had full blown AIDS … death was sure to come Had full blown AIDS … death was sure to come Attitude means everything Attitude means everything After two weeks travelling with my family, I returned to find … had lost weight, had purple lesions all over his body, bed-ridden, … continued to deteriorate… After two weeks travelling with my family, I returned to find … had lost weight, had purple lesions all over his body, bed-ridden, … continued to deteriorate… maintained my positive outlook for him … spent every hour accompanying him … died peacefully on 5th of June, 1996 maintained my positive outlook for him … spent every hour accompanying him … died peacefully on 5th of June, 1996 My life was totally changed … My life was totally changed …

45 Pronunciation Practice P.74 P.74

46 Dictation One of the world's most deadly health problems / is spreading to new places. / The problem is heart disease / and it is affecting more and more people / in developing nations. / For years / heart disease has been the number one cause of death / in most industrial nations. / The heart disease has claimed more lives / than cancer or accidents. / Now the WHO has warned / that heart disease is increasing rapidly / in almost every developing nation. / Why is this happening? / One reason is / that people in developing nations / are living longer. / Another reason is / that many people have changed the way they live. / They now eat more fat and salt / and fewer fruits and vegetables. / One of the world's most deadly health problems / is spreading to new places. / The problem is heart disease / and it is affecting more and more people / in developing nations. / For years / heart disease has been the number one cause of death / in most industrial nations. / The heart disease has claimed more lives / than cancer or accidents. / Now the WHO has warned / that heart disease is increasing rapidly / in almost every developing nation. / Why is this happening? / One reason is / that people in developing nations / are living longer. / Another reason is / that many people have changed the way they live. / They now eat more fat and salt / and fewer fruits and vegetables. /

47 Exercise Check Questions & Answers Questions & Answers P P

48 Thank you!


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