Presentation on theme: "Avoiding Plagiarism: and other writing tips…*"— Presentation transcript:
1 Avoiding Plagiarism: and other writing tips…* BUS 302The Gateway Experience*: Adapted from the University of Alberta in Canada
2 What Is Plagiarism? Use of another’s work without giving credit “Intentionally or knowingly representing the words, ideas, or work of another as one’s own in any academic exercise” (CSUN Catalog, Appendix E)
3 Discussion QuestionWhy should we be concerned about it?
4 Because… If you plagiarize, you are cheating yourself. You don’t learn to write out your thoughts in your own words, and you don’t get specific feedback geared to your individual needs and skills.Plagiarizing a paper is like sending a friend to basketball practice for you – you’ll never get the benefit of the practice yourself.Plagiarism is dishonest because it misrepresents the work of another as your own.Plagiarism devalues others' original work.Submitting another writer's work as yours is taking an unfair advantage over students who do their own work.
5 Because…It is wrong to take or use property (an author's work) without giving the owner the value or credit due.Copyright violations can result in fines or legal damages.Plagiarism violates the CSUN Code of Conduct and can result in suspension or expulsion.CSUN's reputation affects the value of your degree; student dishonesty hurts CSUN’s standing and can make your degree worth less.
6 Discussion Questions Why do people plagiarize? What can we do to prevent it?
7 Types of PlagiarismIntentional plagiarism: deliberate copying or use of another’s work without credit.Unintentional plagiarism can result from:not knowing citation standards (e.g., “I thought the Internet was free!”)sloppy research and poor note-taking habits, orcareless “copying and pasting” of electronic sources.Both types are subject to disciplinaryaction
8 The Spectrum of Offenses Deliberate PlagiarismPossibly Unintentional PlagiarismUsing a source too closely when paraphrasingBuilding on someone’s ideas without citationCopying from another source without citing (on purpose or by accident)Hiring someone to write your paperBuying, stealing, or borrowing a paper
9 Avoiding Plagiarism Manage your time Keep track of your sources Distinguish your ideas from the ideas in other sourcesBe careful when working with othersThink of the consequences
10 Proper Citation Know what to cite Know how to cite Keep track of original sourcesBe careful of “cut and paste” online researchThere are “no freebies”Beware of “common knowledge”Know how to citeProvide enough information so we can find the original sourceUse an accepted standard such as APA or MLAUse your own words and ideasIf you repeat another’s exact words, you must use quotation marks and cite the source.Avoid using others’ work with minor cosmetic changes.
11 Proper Citation – cont’d Know when to citeDirect quotationsParaphrased ideasFacts or information that isn’t common knowledgeWhen in doubt, you must cite
12 Plagiarism in Teams Team Assignments All members of the team are responsible for accuracy and honesty of team workKeep track of your own research and contributions to the teamProofread for each otherRead the paper before it is submittedStudy GroupsWhen working together on individual assignments, hand in your own words/answersDon’t give others your written answers. You can discuss how you got your solutions
13 Deciding When To Give Credit: Examples Below are some situations in which writers need to decide whether or not they are running the risk of plagiarizing. Indicate if you would need to document (Yes), or if it is not necessary to provide quotation marks or a citation (No). If you do need to give the source credit in some way, explain how you would handle it. If not, explain why.1You are writing new insights about your own experiences.2You are using an editorial from your school’s newspaper with which you disagree.3You use some information from a source without ever quoting it directly.4You have no other way of expressing the exact meaning of a text without using the original source verbatim.5You mention that many people in your discipline belong to a certain organization.6You want to begin your paper with a story that one of your classmates told about her experience in Bosnia.7The quote you want to use is too long, so you leave out a couple of phrases.8You really like the particular phrase somebody else made up, so you use it.
15 Types of Academic Dishonesty Cheating“Intentionally using or attempting to use unauthorized materials, information, or study aids in any academic exercise”Fabrication“Intentional falsification or invention of any information or citation in an academic exercise”Facilitating academic dishonesty“Intentionally or knowingly helping or attempting to help another to commit an act of academic dishonesty”PlagiarismSource: CSUN Catalog, Appendix E.
16 Academic Integrity Quiz* *: Adapted from the University of Alberta in Canada
17 Answer 1YES!If your instructor specifies that you are expected to do your own work, then both you and your friend can be charged with plagiarism. If you’re not sure whether or not you are allowed to work in groups, ASK!!!
18 Answer 2YES!Helping someone to cheat is frowned upon and is definitely a prohibited under the CSUN Policy on Academic Dishonesty . You could be charged and face penalties.
19 Answer 3YES!You are still copying someone else’s ideas without acknowledging the author, even if you were going to say the same thing. Every single time you quote from another source, you must include the citation.
20 Answer 4 NO – But this is a trick question! Altering a medical note falls under the category of Misrepresentation of Facts and carries penalties just as strict as the other instances of inappropriate academic behavior.
21 Answer 5YES!You could be charged with plagiarism (after all, you are handing someone else’s work in as your own), and your friend could be charged with participating in an offense.
22 Answer 6NO!It’s your choice whether or not to report someone else’s cheating. However, it’s you that’s going to lose out here – cheating skews the curve and gives someone an academic advantage through dishonest means. Do you really want that in your classes?
23 Answer 7YES!As strange as it sounds, re-submission falls under the category of Cheating. When your instructor assigns a paper, it is expected to be researched and written specifically for that purpose.
24 Answer 8 NO – But this is a trick question! You are misrepresenting facts by fabricating anything on your bibliography or any other assignment, for that matter. You are better off to head back to the library to find one more source.
25 Answer 9NO!Materials posted by professors for student use are legitimate and a great way to study. If professors post old exams for student use, you can use them as practice tests.
26 Answer 10YES!This is another case of Misrepresentation of Facts.