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BUILDING VOCABULARY SKILLS Fourth Edition Sherrie L. Nist © 2010 Townsend Press.

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Presentation on theme: "BUILDING VOCABULARY SKILLS Fourth Edition Sherrie L. Nist © 2010 Townsend Press."— Presentation transcript:

1 BUILDING VOCABULARY SKILLS Fourth Edition Sherrie L. Nist © 2010 Townsend Press

2 Unit Two: Chapter 11 absurd compile adhere contempt affluent defect alienate doctrine assessdogmatic

3 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 1 absurd Absurd means A. responsible. B. challenging. C. ridiculous. When six-foot Randy came to the costume party in only a diaper, he looked so absurd that everyone burst into laughter. It seemed absurd to Helen that she had more cooking experience than the teacher of her cooking class. – adjective

4 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Absurd means A. responsible. B. challenging. C. ridiculous. Six-foot Randy wearing only a diaper would look ridiculous. If the student has more cooking experience than the cooking teacher, the situation would seem ridiculous. When six-foot Randy came to the costume party in only a diaper, he looked so absurd that everyone burst into laughter. It seemed absurd to Helen that she had more cooking experience than the teacher of her cooking class. 1 absurd – adjective

5 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 2 adhere – verb Adhere means A. to belong. B. to grow. C. to stick. Beware of sitting on a hot car seat in shorts—your thighs may adhere to the vinyl. Angie used bubble gum to make the poster of Justin Timberlake adhere to her bedroom wall.

6 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Adhere means A. to belong. B. to grow. C. to stick. A person’s skin sticks to a hot vinyl car seat. Angie would want to make the poster stick to her bedroom wall. Beware of sitting on a hot car seat in shorts—your thighs may adhere to the vinyl. Angie used bubble gum to make the poster of Justin Timberlake adhere to her bedroom wall. 2 adhere – verb

7 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 3 affluent Some people live an affluent lifestyle by overcharging on their credit cards—a bad habit that can lead to a mountain of debts. Why should tax regulations benefit affluent people more than poor people? – adjective Affluent means A. careless. B. friendly. C. rich. A house in an affluent neighborhood

8 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Some people live an affluent lifestyle by overcharging on their credit cards—a bad habit that can lead to a mountain of debts. Why should tax regulations benefit affluent people more than poor people? Affluent means A. careless. B. friendly. C. rich. If people overcharge on their credit cards and end up with a mountain of debts, they must be living a rich lifestyle. In the second item, the opposite of poor people is rich people. 3 affluent – adjective A house in an affluent neighborhood

9 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT The coach often insulted Maria. His rude behavior began to alienate the other players, who had once thought of him as a friend. Bill and Joanne thought their marriage could survive while they worked in different cities. But being apart so much eventually alienated them from each other. 4 alienate Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Alienate means A. to push away. B. to frighten. C. to comfort. – verb

10 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT The coach often insulted Maria. His rude behavior began to alienate the other players, who had once thought of him as a friend. Bill and Joanne thought their marriage could survive while they worked in different cities. But being apart so much eventually alienated them from each other. Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Alienate means A. to push away. B. to frighten. C. to comfort. The coach’s rude behavior would push the players away, making them no longer think of him as a friend. Being apart much of the time would eventually push a husband and wife away from each other. 4 alienate – verb

11 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Assess means A. to judge. B. to think of. C. to avoid. 5 assess – verb It is harder for teachers to assess answers to essay questions than to grade multiple-choice items. After the fire, insurance representatives came to assess the damage.

12 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Assess means A. to judge. B. to think of. C. to avoid. Teachers have to judge the answers to essay questions. The insurance representatives would need to judge the amount of damage in order to know how much insurance money to pay. It is harder for teachers to assess answers to essay questions than to grade multiple-choice items. After the fire, insurance representatives came to assess the damage. 5 assess – verb

13 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Compile means A. to read carefully. B. to divide. C. to put together. Before writing her essay, Sharon compiled a list of the points she wanted to make. The teacher asked students to compile reports on their family histories by interviewing parents and grandparents. 6 compile – verb

14 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Compile means A. to read carefully. B. to divide. C. to put together. Before writing her essay, Sharon compiled a list of the points she wanted to make. The teacher asked students to compile reports on their family histories by interviewing parents and grandparents. Sharon would put together a list of the points she wanted to make in her essay. By interviewing parents and grandparents, students would be able to put together reports on their family histories. 6 compile – verb

15 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Contempt means A. disrespect. B. acceptance. C. curiosity. Vera pitied the beggar, but her boyfriend felt only contempt, saying, “He’s too lazy to get a job.” Molly expressed her contempt for Art’s clumsy dancing by leaving him in the middle of the dance floor. 7 contempt – noun

16 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Contempt means A. disrespect. B. acceptance. C. curiosity. Vera pitied the beggar, but her boyfriend felt only contempt, saying, “He’s too lazy to get a job.” Molly expressed her contempt for Art’s clumsy dancing by leaving him in the middle of the dance floor. The boyfriend’s words show his disrespect for the beggar. Vera’s pity is contrasted with the boyfriend’s disrespect. By leaving Art in the middle of the dance floor, Molly is showing her disrespect for his clumsy dancing. 7 contempt – noun

17 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Defect means A. a fault. B. a strength. C. a pattern. The only defect in the actor’s good looks was that his ears stuck out. Careful camera angles and a longer haircut hid the problem. “Check these peaches for defects, Tom.” said the grocer to his new employee. “Remove any with dark spots, bruises, or other imperfections.” 8 defect – noun A lemon with a defect

18 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Defect means A. a fault. B. a strength. C. a pattern. The only defect in the actor’s good looks was that his ears stuck out. Careful camera angles and a longer haircut hid the problem. “Check these peaches for defects, Tom.” said the grocer to his new employee. “Remove any with dark spots, bruises, or other imperfections.” If the actor’s ears stick out, it is a fault in his good looks. The word problem is a clue. Dark spots, bruises, and imperfections are faults in peaches. 8 defect – noun A lemon with a defect

19 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Doctrine means A. a prediction. B. a teaching. C. a schedule. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. followed the doctrine of fighting for social change without violence. Many people sincerely practice their faith without understanding all of its doctrines. The fine points of religion do not interest everyone. 9 doctrine – noun

20 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Doctrine means A. a prediction. B. a teaching. C. a schedule. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. followed the doctrine of fighting for social change without violence. Many people sincerely practice their faith without understanding all of its doctrines. The fine points of religion do not interest everyone. Dr. King followed the teaching of social change without violence. There are many people do not understand all of the teachings of a religion but who, nevertheless, sincerely practice their faith. 9 doctrine – noun

21 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Dogmatic means A. wild. B. very patient. C. one-sided. 10 dogmatic The boss’s dogmatic style bothered me. He listened to only one person’s opinions—his own. A dogmatic teacher demands that students accept what is taught without question. – adjective

22 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Dogmatic means A. wild. B. very patient. C. one-sided. The boss’s dogmatic style bothered me. He listened to only one person’s opinions—his own. A dogmatic teacher demands that students accept what is taught without question. If the boss listened to only his own opinions, he would be one-sided. A teacher who demands students accept what is taught without question is one-sided. 10 dogmatic – adjective

23 Matching Words with Definitions 1.Contempt6.Alienate 2.Assess7.Affluent 3.Dogmatic8.Absurd 4.Adhere9.Compile 5.Defect10.Doctrine

24 SENTENCE CHECK 1 2.Many of the houses in __________ neighborhoods have burglar alarms. Residents know there have been problems with robberies. 1.You cannot always __________ a student’s progress by looking just at his or her grades. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. absurdB. adhereC. affluentD. alienateE. assess F. compileG. contemptH. defectI. doctrineJ. dogmatic

25 SENTENCE CHECK 1 2.Many of the houses in __________ neighborhoods have burglar alarms. Residents know there have been problems with robberies. 1.You cannot always __________ a student’s progress by looking just at his or her grades. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. absurdB. adhereC. affluentD. alienateE. assess F. compileG. contemptH. defectI. doctrineJ. dogmatic assess affluent One would evaluate a student’s progress. Robberies would be likely to occur in wealthy neighborhoods.

26 4.When Jerry cheated on the exam and then bragged about it as well, Eva felt __________ for him. SENTENCE CHECK 1 5.To __________ an encyclopedia takes many years. A huge number of facts need to be arranged into entries. 3.Margo’s parents’ constant arguments began to __________ her from them. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. absurdB. adhereC. affluentD. alienateE. assess F. compileG. contemptH. defectI. doctrineJ. dogmatic

27 4.When Jerry cheated on the exam and then bragged about it as well, Eva felt __________ for him. SENTENCE CHECK 1 5.To __________ an encyclopedia takes many years. A huge number of facts need to be arranged into entries. 3.Margo’s parents’ constant arguments began to __________ her from them. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. absurdB. adhereC. affluentD. alienateE. assess F. compileG. contemptH. defectI. doctrineJ. dogmatic Margo’s parents’ constant arguments would cause her to separate emotionally from them. If Jerry not only cheated but also bragged about it, Eva would feel disrespect for him. An encyclopedia gathers together a huge number of facts into an organized form. alienate contempt compile

28 SENTENCE CHECK 1 6.If you study the _________s of several religions, you may be surprised by the similarity of some of their teachings. 7.Something in a spider’s thread makes bugs that touch it __________ to the web. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. absurdB. adhereC. affluentD. alienateE. assess F. compileG. contemptH. defectI. doctrineJ. dogmatic

29 SENTENCE CHECK 1 6.If you study the __________ of several religions, you may be surprised by the similarity of some of their teachings. 7.Something in a spider’s thread makes bugs that touch it __________ to the web. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. absurdB. adhereC. affluentD. alienateE. assess F. compileG. contemptH. defectI. doctrineJ. dogmatic doctrines adhere The word teachings tells you the meaning of doctrines. Bugs stick to a spider web.

30 9.The boss has a(n) __________ way of running things—he wants workers to do exactly what he tells them, without asking any questions. SENTENCE CHECK 1 8.Vivian was about to buy a red dress when she noticed a small __________: some threads were loose on the collar. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. absurdB. adhereC. affluentD. alienateE. assess F. compileG. contemptH. defectI. doctrineJ. dogmatic 10.Jasmin thought Hiroshi was __________ to do a rain dance on their dry front lawn—until she saw the sky blacken and lightning flash immediately afterward.

31 9.The boss has a ____________ way of running things—he wants workers to do exactly what he tells them, without asking any questions. 10.Jasmin thought Hiroshi was __________ to do a rain dance on their dry front lawn—until she saw the sky blacken and lightning flash immediately afterward. SENTENCE CHECK 1 8.Vivian was about to buy a red dress when she noticed a small __________: some threads were loose on the collar. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. absurdB. adhereC. affluentD. alienateE. assess F. compileG. contemptH. defectI. doctrineJ. dogmatic Loose threads on the collar would be an imperfection. If the boss wants workers to do just what he says, he is opinionated. Jasmin might decide Hiroshi’s rain dance is not ridiculous once she sees the sky blacken and lightning flash. defect dogmatic absurd

32 Sentence Check 2 Answers 1.Assess6.Alienate 2.Compile7.Defect 3.Contempt8.Adhere 4.Doctrine9.Absurd 5. Dogmatic10.Affluent

33 Final Check 1. Adhere6.Affluent 2.Compile7.Doctrine 3.Alienate8.Defect 4.Absurd9.Contempt 5.Assess10.Dogmatic


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