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Why is good spelling important? Good spelling habits ie and ei –cede, –ceed, and –sede Prefixes Suffixes Plurals of nouns Review A Review B Improving Your.

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Presentation on theme: "Why is good spelling important? Good spelling habits ie and ei –cede, –ceed, and –sede Prefixes Suffixes Plurals of nouns Review A Review B Improving Your."— Presentation transcript:

1 Why is good spelling important? Good spelling habits ie and ei –cede, –ceed, and –sede Prefixes Suffixes Plurals of nouns Review A Review B Improving Your Spelling

2 Why is good spelling important? Misspelled words will distract your reader and keep you from communicating clearly. Poor spelling also sends the wrong message—about you. She must be pretty sloppy. This is so hard to read!

3 Good spelling habits Most of us are not “natural” spellers. But we can all improve if we pronounce words carefully use a dictionary spell words by syllables proofread for careless errors keep a spelling notebook

4 How do you pronounce athlete? If you say ath  e  lete instead of ath  lete, you might spell the word incorrectly. Good spelling habits Pronounce words carefully Practice saying a word. Study it. Write it from memory.

5 probably early Even good spellers have to look up words. Good spelling habits Spell words by syllables A syllable is a word part that is pronounced as one uninterrupted sound. When you’re learning to pronounce and spell a new word, it’s easier to break it up into syllables. ear/ly prob/a/bly Use a dictionary Don’t guess.

6 REMEMBER: Spellcheckers can help, but they cannot point out words that sound alike but are spelled differently (such as its and it’s). Read your work. Dot your i’s. Cross your t’s. Is that a g or a q? Should that word be its or it’s? Good spelling habits Proofread for careless errors

7 Good spelling habits Keep a spelling notebook Correct Spelling Syllables and Accents Trouble Spots Comments answer answer answer Silent w casually casually casuallycasual + ly ′ ′ Use a dictionary! Never enter a misspelled word. Which letters give you problems? Anything that will help you remember [End of Section]

8 ie and ei Write ie when the sound is a long e. achieve believe chief yield niece relief receive perceive ceiling When the long e comes after c, write ei.

9 ie and ei Write ei when the sound is not a long e. heightweigh friendkerchief mischief foreignveil heir counterfeit [End of Section] Exceptions seize leisure either

10 This rhyme will help you decide between ie and ei. Remember: Use this rhyme only when i and e are in the same syllable. I before e except after c or when sounded like a as in neighbor and weigh. ie and ei

11 Most other words with this sound end with –cede. –cede, – ceed, and – sede Only three words end in –ceed. supersede proceed intercede succeed Only one English word ends in –sede. precede secede exceed recedeaccede concede    

12 Choose the correct spelling in each pair of words below. Be prepared to explain your answer. ie and ei –cede, –ceed, and –sede 1.recieve 2.succeed 3.nieghbor 4.friend receive succede neighbor freind 5.conceed concede

13 receive Choose the correct spelling in each pair of words below. Be prepared to explain your answer. ie and ei –cede, –ceed, and –sede receive 1.recieve The sound is a long e, and the letters follow c. Write ei.

14 Succeed is one of only three words spelled with –ceed. The other two are proceed and exceed. Choose the correct spelling in each pair of words below. Be prepared to explain your answer. ie and ei –cede, –ceed, and –sede 2.succeed succede succeed

15 Choose the correct spelling in each pair of words below. Be prepared to explain your answer. ie and ei –cede, –ceed, and –sede The sound is not long e. Write ei. 3.nieghbor neighbor

16 Choose the correct spelling in each pair of words below. Be prepared to explain your answer. ie and ei –cede, –ceed, and –sede Friend is an exception to the rule. Most words that do not have a long e sound are written with ei. 4.friendfreind friend

17 Choose the correct spelling in each pair of words below. Be prepared to explain your answer. ie and ei –cede, –ceed, and –sede Like most English words with this sound, concede ends with –cede. 5.conceedconcede

18 On Your Own Correct any misspelled word in these sentences. If all the words are spelled correctly, write C. 1.Be careful whenever you lift wieghts. 2.My cousin Clyde plans to become a priest. 3.The color guard preceeded the marching band in the parade. 4.The new fire cheif will be Holly Whitehead. 5.Niether of the boys could acheive his goals. [End of Section] ie and ei –cede, –ceed, and –sede

19 Answers Correct any misspelled word in these sentences. If all the words are spelled correctly, write C. 1.Be careful whenever you lift weights. 2.My cousin Clyde plans to become a priest. 3.The color guard preceded the marching band in the parade. 4. The new fire chief will be Holly Whitehead. 5. Neither of the boys could achieve his goals. ie and ei –cede, –ceed, and –sede C

20 A prefix is a word part that is added before a base word or root. Prefixes When you add a prefix to a word, don’t change the spelling of the original word. [End of Section] dishonest selfish view un pre dishonest unselfish preview = = =

21 Notice that the spelling of the original word doesn’t change even when the original word begins with the same letter that ends the prefix. dissatisfied illegal overrate Prefixes

22 payment A suffix is a word part that is added after a base word or root. Suffixes nessdark payment darkness + + = = hopefulhopeful += sleepingsleeping +=

23 For most words ending in y, change y to i before adding –ly or –ness. Suffixes When you add the suffix –ly or –ness, do not change the spelling of the original word. lazy suddenlysuddenness Exception lazilylaziness heavyheavilyheaviness

24 Keep a final silent e when you add a suffix that begins with a consonant. Suffixes Drop a final silent e when you add a suffix that begins with a vowel. adore adoringadorable writewritten writing placementcarefullovely

25 Here are some exceptions to the rules for adding suffixes to words that end in silent e. truely + truly = awe ful + awful = argue ment + argument = trace able + traceable = dye ing + dyeing = Suffixes

26 Change the y to i if there’s a consonant right before the y, unless the suffix begins with i. Suffixes When you add a suffix to a word that ends in y: If there’s a vowel right before the y, just add the suffix. enjoy lonelyloneliest enjoyment carrycarrying

27 Here are some exceptions to the rules for adding suffixes to words that end in y. dryness + day ly + daily = say ed + said = pay ed + paid = dryness = Suffixes

28 Double the final consonant before adding –ing, – ed, –er, or –est if the word has only one syllable ends with a single consonant preceded by a single vowel beg + ing begging and = clap + ed clapped =

29 Suffixes Do NOT double the final consonant before adding –ing, –ed, –er, or –est if the final consonant does not have a single vowel right before it. edreapreaped += ercoldcolder +=

30 Prefixes and suffixes 1.mispent 2.awfuly 3.suspenseful 4.hurried misspent awfully suspensful hurryed 5.swimer swimmer Choose the correct spelling in each pair of words below. Be prepared to explain your answer.

31 misspent Choose the correct spelling in each pair of words below. Be prepared to explain your answer. Prefixes and suffixes misspent When adding a prefix, do not change the spelling of the original word. 1.mispent

32 When adding the suffix –ly, do not change the spelling of the original word. Choose the correct spelling in each pair of words below. Be prepared to explain your answer. Prefixes and suffixes 2.awfuly awfully

33 Choose the correct spelling in each pair of words below. Be prepared to explain your answer. Prefixes and suffixes Keep the final silent e when adding a suffix that begins with a consonant. 3.suspenseful suspensful suspenseful

34 Choose the correct spelling in each pair of words below. Be prepared to explain your answer. Prefixes and suffixes If a word ends in y preceded by a consonant, change the y to i unless the suffix begins with i. 4.hurried hurryed hurried

35 Choose the correct spelling in each pair of words below. Be prepared to explain your answer. Prefixes and suffixes Double the final consonant before adding –er if the word has one syllable and the consonant has a single vowel right before it. 5.swimer swimmer

36 On Your Own Provide the correct spelling of the word and the prefix or suffix in parentheses. 1.The judge will ______________ the lawyer’s objection. (over + rule) 2.Juno was the ___________ dog on the search- and-rescue team. (brave + est) 3.The children were ___________ their new swing set. (enjoy + ing) 4.Marta ________ for the movie tickets. (pay + ed) [End of Section] Prefixes and suffixes

37 Answers Provide the correct spelling of the word and the prefix or suffix in parentheses. 1.The judge will ______________ the lawyer’s objection. (over + rule) 2.Juno was the ___________ dog on the search- and-rescue team. (brave + est) 3.The children were ___________ their new swing set. (enjoy + ing) 4.Marta ________ for the movie tickets. (pay + ed) Prefixes and suffixes overrule bravest enjoying paid

38 Plurals of nouns The plurals of most nouns are formed by adding either s or es. For most nouns, simply add s. Add es if the noun ends in s, x, z, ch, or sh. girlgirls bananabananas mossmosses itchitches bushbushes Singular Plural

39 If a noun ends in y preceded by a consonant, change y to i and add es. Don’t change the y to i in proper nouns. Plurals of nouns storystories ladyladies hobbyhobbies CurryCurrys KellyKellys Singular Plural Nouns ending in y

40 Plurals of nouns keykeys turkeyturkeys highwayhighways Singular Plural If a noun ends in y preceded by a vowel, just add s. Nouns ending in y

41 Plurals of nouns For others, change the f to v before adding s or es. sheriff sheriffs gulfgulfs knifeknives thiefthieves loafloaves Singular Plural For some nouns that end in f or fe, add s. Nouns ending in f or fe

42 Plurals of nouns If the final o is preceded by a consonant, add es. rodeo rodeos iglooigloos vetovetoes heroheroes potatopotatoes Singular Plural For nouns that end in o preceded by a vowel, add s. Nouns ending in o

43 Some nouns that end in o can form their plurals either way. banjos banjo banjoes dominos domino dominoes Plurals of nouns

44 Also, just add s to proper nouns and to musical terms that end in o—even if the o is preceded by a consonant. Sotos Soto triostrio celloscello Plurals of nouns

45 Some nouns don’t change form at all. woman women goosegeese oxoxen childchildren deer Singular Plural Some nouns form their plurals in irregular ways. aircraft Nouns that have irregular plurals

46 1.Our soccer team has two (coachs, coaches). 2.Renee likes (berrys, berries) on her cereal. For each sentence, choose the correct spelling of the plural noun in parentheses. 3.Be careful with those (knives, knifes). Plurals of nouns 4.Jim added some (tomatoes, tomatos) to the salad.

47 1.Our soccer team has two (coachs, coaches). For each sentence, choose the correct spelling of the plural noun in parentheses. Plurals of nouns When a noun ends in s, x, z, ch, or sh, form the plural by adding es.

48 2.Renee likes (berrys, berries) on her cereal. For each sentence, choose the correct spelling of the plural noun in parentheses. Plurals of nouns When a noun ends in y preceded by a consonant, change y to i and add es.

49 3.Be careful with those (knives, knifes). For each sentence, choose the correct spelling of the plural noun in parentheses. Plurals of nouns For many nouns that end in f or fe, change the f to v before adding s or es.

50 4.Jim added some (tomatoes, tomatos) to the salad. For each sentence, choose the correct spelling of the plural noun in parentheses. Plurals of nouns When a noun ends in o preceded by a consonant, form the plural by adding es.

51 On Your Own Provide the correct plural of the noun in parentheses. 1.We passed several _________ on the way. (church) 2.Are all of the _________ healthy? (puppy) 3.Fireplaces and __________ must be cleaned regularly. (chimney) 4.Most of the rooms have _________. (patio) 5.The farmworkers had difficult _________. (life) 6.Jackie has five pet __________. (mouse) [End of Section] Plurals of nouns

52 Answers Provide the correct plural of the noun in parentheses. 1.We passed several _________ on the way. (church) 2.Are all of the _________ healthy? (puppy) 3.Fireplaces and __________ must be cleaned regularly. (chimney) 4.Most of the rooms have _________. (patio) 5.The farmworkers had difficult _________. (life) 6.Jackie has five pet __________. (mouse) Plurals of nouns churches puppies chimneys lives patios mice

53 [End of Section] Review A For each sentence, choose the correctly spelled word in parentheses. 1.Their wedding was a (joious, joyous) event. 2.All the (babies, babys) are asleep. 3.The little boy would never try to (deceive, decieve) his parents. 4.Tom was bothered by my (messyness, messiness). 5.The cast will hold your leg (immobile, imobile) until it heals.

54 For each sentence, choose the correctly spelled word in parentheses. 1.Their wedding was a (joious, joyous) event. 2.All the (babies, babys) are asleep. 3.The little boy would never try to (deceive, decieve) his parents. 4.Tom was bothered by my (messyness, messiness). 5.The cast will hold your leg (immobile, imobile) until it heals. Review A

55 [End of Section] Review B Correct each spelling error in the following sentences. 1. The frieght train ran off the tracks and crashed. 2.That argument sounds ilogical to me. 3.Max was sincerly sorry that he hurt my feellings. 4.I would happyly go to the play with you. 5.The horse faceing the fence is the one I like. 6.Do not excede the speed limit on these roades.

56 Correct each spelling error in the following sentences. 1. The frieght train ran off the tracks and crashed. 2.That argument sounds ilogical to me. 3.Max was sincerly sorry that he hurt my feellings. 4.I would happyly go to the play with you. 5.The horse faceing the fence is the one I like. 6.Do not excede the speed limit on these roades. Review B freight illogical feelings sincerely happily facing exceed roads

57 The End


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